Charles Baird

Charles Baird
California State University, East Bay | CSUEB · Department of Economics

Ph. D.

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38
Publications
1,242
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149
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (38)
Article
Correctly understood, Person A's freedom of association is the right to associate with any other person (or group of persons) who is willing to associate with Person A. Any association not based on mutual consent is a forced association. Many union apologists speak of labor rights rather than human rights, and include in labor rights, rights that o...
Article
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In what follows, I will set out my formulation of the criteria for voluntary exchange in any market, including the labor market, and consider what these criteria imply for strikes and “yellow-dog” (union-free) contracts. Next, I will show how the NLA and the NLRA violate those criteria. Then I will briefly examine what Hayek and Hutt had to say abo...
Article
While American unions have a low and declining market share, they remain very significant, especially in the political marketplace. That political influence makes it possible for unions to yield far more power in the private sector than their market share in that sector (7.5 percent) implies. All this is possible because of the substantial goodwill...
Article
There are at least three commonly asserted versions of the “right to work”: guaranteed employment, absence of union security in collective bargaining, and voluntary exchange. The first two versions are explained and critically evaluated. The third version is exposited and examined in depth beginning with a discussion of the criteria for voluntary e...
Article
Catholic Social Teaching on labor unions as promulgated by Pope Leo XIII and several of his successors is contrary to the form of unionism imposed on American workers and employers by the National Labor Relations Act. Since many of the coercive aspects of the NLRA are replicated in laws adopted in several to papal condemnation. The 1986 pastoral le...
Article
Since the adoption of the National Labor Relations Act in 1935, individual workers have been chained to the will of the majority of their colleagues in choosing representatives to bargain over the terms of their employment. Under the NLRA, union representation typically is determined by a majority-takes-all vote; the union selected by the majority...
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Industrial relations are in flux in many nations, perhaps most notably in Germany and Britain. That said, comparatively little is known in any detail of the changing pattern of the institutions of collective bargaining and worker representation in Germany and still less in both countries about firm transitions between these institutions over time....
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Carl Menger and Armen Alchian told stories of the emergence of money as a spontaneous order involving two types of costs--costs of recognizing attributes of goods and costs of finding willing exchange partners. Menger assumed that the first are zero and the second are positive. Alchian assumed the opposite. In the real world both types of costs are...
Article
I am optimistic about the future of labor economics. The socialist world-view, and the sentimentality that made that world-view so attractive to so many well inten-tioned people, has collapsed. Eventually even pro-union labor economists will have to accept that fact. The impulse to treat labor as a special case was, I believe, based on socialist se...
Article
Japanese union-management relations are reputed to be cooperative, while American union-management relations are perceivede="Abs1">Japanese union-management relations are reputed to be cooperative, while American union-management relations are perceived to be adversarial. This study examines three sources of the adversarial union-management relatio...
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The concept of comparable worth is criticized for possible problems it could cause in the assessment of comparable values of different occupational categories, the cost to taxpayers, and the chaos it could cause in the economic system. (MD)
Article
It is incorrect and misleading to speak of unionization as a ‘human right’. The only human right is ‘self-ownership’, i.e. to pursue goals with one's own abilities but with no force or fraud against others. Government cannot dispense rights, only privileges and protections to some at the expense of others. A minimal degree of coercion exercised by...
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This paper has two purposes: to establish that the most frequently proposed form of value-added tax is really a proportional income tax rather than, as it is popularly seen, an inflationary, regressive sales tax; and to propose that this value-added tax be adopted as an alternative to all existing federal personal and corporate income, as well as f...
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Based on the ground rules recently developed by Patinkin et al., are the monetary and value theories of Knut Wicksell consistent with one another? In the two volumes of his Lectures and in his Interest and Prices Wicksell considers three models relevant to this question: simple exchange with no money market, exchange with a money market, and produc...
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A s of July 2001, 62 municipalities (cities, counties, and government school dis-tricts) in 24 states had enacted "living wage" regulations affecting all private and nonprofit enterprises with which they do business. California, Michigan, and Wisconsin have more living-wage ordinances (LWOs) than other states, but LWOs are spread widely over the en...
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Overview In a market economy, interactions between people take place within the context of voluntary exchange. The principal role for government in a market economy is to enforce the rules of voluntary exchange by protecting individual rights. That limited-government role allows for the largest degree of personal freedom, while also spurring econom...
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Full-text available
Lane Kirkland, the president ofthe AFL-CIO, recently claimed that the reason why labor unions are currently unpopular is "for the same reason journalists are unpopular. We both assert our First Amend-ment rights." In a 1984 monograph 2 I argued that American labor unions enjoy more respectability than they deserve because most of the conventional w...
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Full-text available
In Praise of the ECA I think that May 15 ought henceforth to be officially designated as Freedom of Labour Day in New Zealand. The Employment Contracts Act 1991 (ECA) is a bold, giant step toward the worthy goal of restoring freedom of contract to New Zealand labour markets. It has totally abolished compulsory unionism and obliterated the special p...
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The proposal is made to grant tax credits against the personal income tax for 75 to 80 percent of all health care expenditures other than those made for the initial visit to a physician per illness. This in effect provides all individuals in the United States with a health insurance policy which has deductible and coinsurance clauses to cope with t...

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