Charilaos Kephaliacos

Charilaos Kephaliacos
University of Toulouse · LEREPS

Professor Emeritus

About

53
Publications
3,155
Reads
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240
Citations
Citations since 2016
20 Research Items
178 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
Additional affiliations
July 2011 - January 2016
University of Toulouse
Position
  • Principal Investigator

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
CONTEXT The fast acceleration of climate changes contrasts strikingly with the slow implementation of any globally-coordinated mitigation response to climate threats. In many countries, the current priority is to maintain food production and avoid food crises through the adaptation of vulnerable agricultural systems. In this context, the introducti...
Article
Full-text available
Peri-urban agriculture can foster the resilience of metropolitan areas through the provision of local food and other multifunctional agricultural amenities and externalities. However, in peri-urban areas, farming is characterized by strong social uncertainties, which slow the intergenerational transfer of farm operations. In this article, we tackle...
Chapter
Full-text available
Societal demand for multifunctional agricultural landscapes keeps increasing. To promote such landscapes, it is necessary to identify which components of landscape heterogeneity support multiple ecosystem services, as well as levers of action to promote these landscape properties. The social-ecological theoretical framework for multifunctional land...
Article
Full-text available
Recent years have witnessed a substantial decline of both managed and wild bees in Europe due to the increase of pesticides use. Hence, many European agricultural systems depend on the buy/rental of managed bees in order to maintain sufficient levels of pollination services. However, this substitution of wild bees by managed ones apart from costly...
Article
Societal demand for multifunctional agricultural landscapes keeps increasing. To promote such landscapes, it is necessary to identify which components of landscape heterogeneity support multiple ecosystem services, as well as levers of action to promote these landscape properties. The social-ecological theoretical framework for multifunctional land...
Article
Modern agricultural systems use both managed and wild bees in order to secure the provision of pollination services. However, the decline of both bee species due to the increased use of pesticides raises concerns for the supply of pollination services in agriculture. Because European policies seem ineffective in safeguarding bees as they fail to ad...
Article
In a context of adaptation to climate changes, the recent development of hybrids with environmental traits, such as drought-tolerance, rejuvenates the question of farmers’ adoption of varietal innovation. In this article, due to the limitations of econometric models to investigate varietal innovation from an institutionalist perspective, we impleme...
Article
Full-text available
Deliberative approaches to ecosystem services valuation have grown in popularity. However, more research is needed to widen current uses, to examine to which applications these methods are most suited, and to standardize them. This study jointly implements individual non-deliberated and group deliberated Choice Experiments and investigates trade-of...
Article
Full-text available
In urban-influenced areas, farmers face new opportunities and constraints that shape their farming styles. In this article, we investigate the impact of two planning strategies, Ontario’s Greenbelt, Canada, and Toulouse InterSCoT, France, on farmers’ investment and discuss the consistency of farmers’ strategies and territorial projects. A theoretic...
Article
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L’urbanisation rapide questionne les conditions de préservation d’un secteur agricole viable dans les espaces périurbains. À travers le prisme des décisions d’investissement des agriculteurs, l’article interroge l’émergence d’une vision partagée du futur dans l’InterSCoT toulousain. Les auteurs analysent vingt entretiens avec des agriculteurs à la...
Article
Burkina Faso is currently facing a serious deterioration of water quality due to the use of pesticides in agriculture, which is an even greater challenge for the government since farmers are unaware of the toxicity of these chemicals. Therefore, reducing pesticide use requires updating farmers’ beliefs about the environmental and health consequence...
Article
As scholars have shown, acceptance is key to the success of Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) scheme. While many studies adopt a static costbenefit perspective, few address the social process leading to acceptance. Drawing on Suchman (1995), this article examines the legitimacy process underlying the acceptance of a PES in agriculture. In partic...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyzes the link between choices of production technologies and marketing contracts. We first develop an analytical model showing that both decisions are linked and influenced by risk and direct payments. Then, a numerical application based on a stochastic farm model is implemented on a representative farm from southwestern France. Amon...
Book
Éclairer et promouvoir les nouvelles raisons d’agir des acteurs de la pêche et de l’agriculture Partie 1 - Les savoirs professionnels revisités Chapitre 1 - Apprendre à pêcher aux pêcheurs : la formation professionnelle maritime en France, d’hier à demain Oppositions et rencontres entre l’école et les marins pêcheurs De l’école à la mer : savoir...
Book
Full-text available
La recherche conduite dans le projet MAEVEAU a développé une démarche d'évaluation intégrée de l'efficacité des Mesures Agro-Environnementales Territorialisées (MAET) à enjeu préservation de la qualité de l'eau vis-à-vis des pesticides sur la période 2007 à 2011. La question scientifique traite le concept d'efficacité de la politique en s'appuyant...
Article
This article focuses on a French particular public agro-environmental policy scheme, called mesures agro-environnementales territorialisées - Directive cadre sur l’Eau (Water Territorialized Agroenvironmental Measures / MAET-DCE). Launched in 2007 to meet the European Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC, these measures are voluntary and aim to enc...
Book
Full-text available
Pour préserver les ressources environnementales, la puissance publique dispose traditionnellement de deux instruments permettant d’infléchir les comportements économiques : l’incitation financière, qui consiste à indemniser les coûts liés à la préservation de l’environnement ; la réglementation, qui passe par la mise en œuvre de règles ou de normes...
Book
Chapitre 2. Quel rôle pour les coopératives dans la mise en œuvre de mesures agroenvironnementales ?
Article
Full-text available
Since the late 1980s, many alternative practices have been proposed to European farmers to reduce pesticide and input use in general. These practices have been promoted by agro-environmental contracts signed between individual farmers and the European Union and by which farmers engage themselves in changing their practices. The adoption rate of the...
Article
Based on an original multi-partnership experience of agri-environmental measure (MAET-DCE) carried by a cooperative, this study aims to analyse the role of collective learning on the reduction of risks associated with the adoption of alternative agricultural practices. The process of transmission of technical information and the associated forms of...
Article
Full-text available
In order to promote sustainable development, governments can resort to incentive-based or regulatory measures. Institutional economists however have highlighted the fact that institutional change cannot simply be narrowed down to changing the rewards and sanctions within a legal system. These economists believe that the social acceptability of new...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The objective of this paper is to study the effect of agricultural policies on marketing decisions as well as the link between marketing and production decisions. We develop an analytical model to study how policies affect marketing decisions and conditions under which the two types of decisions are separable. We found that government policies impa...
Article
Full-text available
L'article présente un travail de recherche visant à analyser les conditions d'insertion d'arbres d'eucalyptus en Taillis à Courte Rotation (TCR) au sein d'un canton périurbain de l'agglomération toulousaine (Rieumes). L'analyse porte plus particulièrement sur les modalités de diffusion de cette innovation technique dans le système de production agr...
Article
The formal announcement of the 1999 Agricultural Orientation Law demonstrates the intention of French public authorities to implement a more ambitious environmental policy in a business sector which has long been subject to specific sectorial regulation 1 . To this end, a new mechanism, the territorial farm contract (CTE) was implemented in France...
Article
Full-text available
The 2003 review of the common agricultural policy (CAP) has introduced several new policy tools, among which is cross compliance. The introduction of this new policy entails production costs, along with other types of costs arising at the farm level: administrative, information and organisational costs, called transaction costs. The purpose of this...
Article
Full-text available
With the increasing commodity prices volatility over the last years and the successive agricultural policy reforms, European grain producers face greater uncertainty. To better understand consequences of a price risk increase on production decisions, marketing decisions and farm revenue as well as linkage between production and marketing decisions,...
Article
The issue addressed in this paper is whether implementation of the CAP MTR, (involving decoupled payments reduced by "modulations" and subject to cross-compliance measures) can be effective in improving the environmental impact of arable farming. The focus is on two French cross-compliance measures (compulsory buffer strips along rivers and crop di...
Article
Full-text available
The 2003 review of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has introduced several new policy tools, among which cross-compliance. The introduction of this new policy entails production costs, along with other types of costs arising at the farm level: administrative, information, organisational costs, called transaction costs. The purpose of this paper...
Article
Full-text available
Dans le contexte actuel de changement de la Politique agricole commune, l'introduction de conditionnalités environnementales sur les aides directes conduit les agriculteurs à reconsidérer leurs choix techniques. Nous proposons une analyse économique des conditions de développement des systèmes de prés-vergers à partir d'un travail de modélisation d...
Article
Full-text available
Avec la généralisation de la conditionnalité des aides et son caractère désormais obligatoire, la réforme de la Politique Agricole Commune de juin 2003 fait un pas de plus dans le renforcement de la promotion d’une agriculture respectueuse de l’environnement. Parmi les différents champs couverts par la conditionnalité, l’article s’intéresse à la me...
Article
Full-text available
Avec la généralisation de la conditionnalité des aides et son caractère désormais obligatoire, la réforme de la Politique Agricole Commune de juin 2003 fait un pas de plus dans le renforcement de la promotion d’une agriculture respectueuse de l’environnement. Parmi les différents champs couverts par la conditionnalité, l’article s’intéresse à la me...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of the new CAP, decoupling subsidies from production should incite farmers to reorganize their production systems, particularly through diversification opportunities. In this paper we focus our analysis on the conditions that could permit the development of extensive orchards by modelling mixed crop livestock farms, which incorporate...
Article
Since 1999, in France, a new public intervention scheme called "CTE" has been proposed to farmers. Inside this contractual scheme, economic agents may coordinate collectively to jointly attain traditional economic objectives and environmental targets through collective projects. We are interested in the reduction of transaction costs that these pro...
Article
We try, in this paper, to emphasise the role of market structure in the adoption of cleaner production technologies. The paper comes within the framework of the research carried out around the Porter hypothesis, according to which the integration of environmental constraints by firms can induce an improvement of their competitive position. We show...
Chapter
The current economic development is characterized by two fundamental imbalances: an under-exploitation of labor force resources and an over-exploitation of natural resources and energy. This is certainly the reason why an important theoretical debate focuses on the relationships between the different measures directed to the environmental protectio...
Article
Depending on the nature of the environmental protection policy put into effect by the authorities, the companies in the regulated sector can opt for different solutions in order to fight against the pollution they produce and in this way induce three different types of evolution for the environmental sector. It is therefore advisable to analyze the...
Article
Ce papier a pour objectif d'analyser les consequences sur l'emploi de l'adoption par une economie d'une trajectoire de croissance qualitative. La particularite d'une telle croissance est de prendre explicitement en compte les specificites liees au fonctionnement et a la reproduction dans le temps des differents ecosystemes.
Article
Full-text available
Since the late 80's, many legal and voluntary measures have been initiated among farmers in European regions to change farm management practices in order to reduce pesticides and nitrogen pollution. However the adoption rate of these measures by farmers in south-western France still remains very low. This research analyses how income impacts, labou...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of the new CAP, decoupling subsidies from production should incite farmers to reorganize their production systems, particularly through diversification opportunities. In this paper we focus our analysis of the conditions for development of extensive orchards by modelling mixed crop livestock farms which incorporate orchards. We const...

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
In the context of climate change, agriculture must adjust to new environmental constraints and to the growing scarcity of water. To address these challenges, public and private stakeholders in the sunflower sector have joined forces on the SUNRISE project. This project was part of the “Investments for the Future” program set up by the French National Research Agency. With a substential funding (21 M€ budget), SUNRISE was a structuring opportunity for the french sunflower community. SUNRISE initial objectives • Improve sustainable oil production in climate change conditions. • Understand the genetic and molecular mechanisms controlling the physiology and development of the sunflower plant in order to predict the characteristics of hybrids. • Develop sector-wide tools and methods to better manage sunflower crop. A partnership centered around Toulouse The Occitanie region is a cluster for seed industry research center, a technical institute and public research lab. This concentration of diverse expertise allowed for a tight and efficient partnership. Conclusion SUNRISE has been a unique opportunity to better federate the French sunflower community around the development of genomic, genetics and modeling tools and resources. The SUNRISE project ended but the work on Sunflower continue within the partners. Redaction : redacteur de la rubrique Creation date : 23 March 2021 Updated : 31 March 2021
Archived project
The research is assessing the effectiveness, efficiency and transaction costs of French "local agri-environmental schemes", a policy measure within 2007-2013 Rural Development Program aiming to reduce non-point source pollution in watersheds.
Project
The cross-disciplinary project MONOIL takes part in the scientific description of the human vulnerability to environmental change caused by oil industry activity in Ecuador. Its principal objective is the improvement of understanding, monitoring, reduction and prevention of oil contamination and its impact on environment and society. This involves either the co-construction of strategies to reduce this vulnerability, or the construction of ecologically sustainable, economically viable, sociologically appropriate and politically pertinent adaptation strategies.