Chaoqun Ni

Chaoqun Ni
University of Wisconsin–Madison | UW · School of Library and Information Studies

Doctor of Philosophy

About

42
Publications
26,884
Reads
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1,602
Citations

Publications

Publications (42)
Article
Full-text available
Using 9277 records from the 2020 China Graduate Student Satisfaction Survey, we examined the relationship between STEM Ph.D. students’ research training and their subsequent career interests. Based on the student involvement theory and social cognitive career theory, four dimensions of research training (quantitative involvement, qualitative involv...
Article
Full-text available
Being a parent has long been associated with gender disparities in academia. However, details of the mechanisms by which parenthood and gender influence academic career achievement and progression are not fully understood. Here, using data from a survey of 7,764 academics in North America and publication data from the Web of Science, we analyze gen...
Preprint
Parenthood has long been associated with gender disparities in academia. Yet, the underlying mechanism of how parenting is associated with career achievement gaps of academics remains unclear. Using data from a large-scale survey distributed to 7,764 scholars and their publication profiles from the Web of Science database, we analyze the gender dif...
Article
Full-text available
Authorship is the primary form of symbolic capital in science. Despite this, authorship is rife with injustice and malpractice, with women expressing concerns regarding the fair attribution of credit. Based on an international survey, we examine gendered practices in authorship communication, disagreement, and fairness. Our results demonstrate that...
Article
Information literacy skills are requisite to fulfilling one’s potential and are highly connected to a good quality of life. However, the ways in which information literacy is discussed within the academic canon are largely unexplored, particularly as these conversations take place through different cultural lenses. The ways in which such cultures a...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing research and development (R&D) investment has been a common strategy to advance the sustainable development of economy and competitiveness across the world. Instead of external determinants, exploring the influence of internal factors such as the characteristics of board members is an important topic, yet under-researched. This article a...
Article
The past three decades have witnessed the tremendous growth of the number of information schools (a.k.a., iSchools) and the size of their faculty bodies. However, there is little empirical evidence in faculty hiring patterns within the community. Analyzing hand-curated data of 81 junior and 485 senior faculty members from 27 iSchools in the United...
Article
Library and information science (LIS) dissertations cite a wide variety of literature, reflecting the interdisciplinary nature of the field. A review of 76 LIS dissertations was undertaken to determine whether the disciplinary background of the dissertation adviser influences the citing behaviors of the dissertation author. Of the 76 dissertations,...
Article
Full-text available
In 2015, Public Administration Review celebrated its 75th year of publication. For this milestone, the PAR Editorial Board selected the 75 most influential articles in the history of the journal and invited scholars to "revisit a selection of these articles" in order "to take stock of what these articles meant for the field." Bibliometrics offers a...
Article
In response to the lack of clarity concerning both the conceptual boundaries of information behavior (IB) and the interrelationship between IB and multiple related topics, this study attempts to establish an intellectual profile of IB scholarship by examining publications of IB and 13 other related topics. Results show a similar growth pattern of I...
Conference Paper
This paper performs an analysis on the influence of different factors on users' choices of specific word changes in query reformulation during a search session. We study three types of word changes: whether to remove or retain a word in the current query; whether or not to add a brand-new word to the query; whether or not to reuse a word (included...
Article
This study reports the results of a 2016 online survey on perceptions and uses of ASIS&T publications. The 190 survey respondents represented 26 countries and 5 continents, with 77% of participants coming from academia rather than practitioners. Among the emerging themes were calls for a wider scope of research from information science to be reflec...
Article
Full-text available
We analyzed gender disparities in patenting by country, technological area, and type of assignee using the 4.6 million utility patents issued between 1976 and 2013 by the United States Patent and Trade Office (USPTO). Our analyses of fractionalized inventorships demonstrate that women's rate of patenting has increased from 2.7% of total patenting a...
Article
This paper applied LDA and regression analysis to conduct a lead-lag analysis to identify different topic evolution patterns between preprints and papers from arXiv and Web of Science (WoS) in astrophysics over the last twenty years (1992-2011). Fifty topics in arXiv and WoS were generated using an LDA algorithm and then regression models were u...
Article
Full-text available
Gender disparities in science remain, despite decades of policies aimed at achieving gender parity. Yet, little is known about the macro-level factors affecting such disparities. This paper examines the degree to which country-level human development indicators (HDI) and gender inequality indicators (GII) gathered by the United Nations Development...
Article
Full-text available
Gender disparities persist in several areas of society and scientific research is no exception. This study describes the evolution of the place of women in Russian science from 1973 to 2012, in terms of published research output, research productivity, international and national collaboration, and scientific impact, taking into account the socioeco...
Article
Full-text available
The ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database contains records for approximately 2.3 million dissertations conferred at 1,490 research institutions across 66 countries. Despite the scope of the Dissertations and Theses database, no study has explicitly sought to validate the accuracy of the ProQuest SCs. This research examines the degree to which...
Article
Full-text available
Cassidy R. Sugimoto and colleagues present a bibliometric analysis confirming that gender imbalances persist in research output worldwide.
Article
Full-text available
There are many indicators of journal quality and prestige. Although acceptance rates are discussed anecdotally, there has been little systematic exploration of the relationship between acceptance rates and other journal measures. This study examines the variability of acceptance rates for a set of 5094 journals in five disciplines and the relations...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines authorship of LIS literature in the context of practitioner and non-practitioner production of published research. For this study, 4,827 peer-reviewed articles from twenty LIS journals published between 1956 and 2011 were examined to determine the percentage of articles written by practitioners. The study identified a decrease...
Conference Paper
In this paper, we studied interdisciplinary structures by looking into how online academic groups of different disciplines share members and followers. Results based on Mendeley online groups show clear interdisciplinary structures, indicating Mendeley online groups as a promising data source and a new perspective of disciplinarity and interdiscipl...
Article
Journals in the Information Science & Library Science category of Journal Citation Reports (JCR) were compared using both bibliometric and bibliographic features. Data collected covered journal impact factor (JIF), number of issues per year, number of authors per article, longevity, editorial board membership, frequency of publication, number of da...
Article
Full-text available
This paper extends Borgman’s (Communication Research 16: 583, 1989) three-facet framework (artifacts, producers, concepts) for bibliometric analyses of scholarly communication by adding a fourth gatekeepers. The four-facet framework was applied to the field of Library and Information Science to test for variations in the networks produced using ope...
Article
Conceptualizations of disciplinarity often focus on the social aspects of disciplines; that is, disciplines are defined by the set of individuals who participate in their activities and communications. However, operationalizations of disciplinarity often demarcate the boundaries of disciplines by standard classification schemes, which may be inflex...
Article
We examined the correlations between an article's citation count (as an indicator of the article's quality) and different impact measures regarding the article's references (as indicators of the quality of the authors' information seeking while producing the article). Two research questions of interest were studied. First, do authors' information s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We propose a method to dynamically estimate the utility of documents in a search session by modeling the users' browsing behaviors and novelty. The method can be applied to evaluate query reformulations in a search session.
Article
There has been a longstanding debate about the merits of collaborative research, with most studies focusing on the citation advantage of such research. However, citation studies provide only one lens on the issues. New methods of inquiry are necessary to incorporate other audiences of scholarly literature. Reader response surveys were used to evalu...
Article
This paper displays a preliminary result of studying disciplinarity and interdisciplinarity based on a new source of data: doctoral dissertations. By looking into the doctoral dissertations across more than a century, this paper aims to report the overall development of disciplines and the interaction among disciplines. Preliminary results demonstr...
Article
Interdisciplinarity has been studied using cognitive connections among individuals in corresponding domains, but rarely from the perspective of academic genealogy. This article utilizes academic genealogy network data from 3,038 PhD dissertations in Library and Information Science (LIS) over a span of 80 years (1930–2009) to describe interdisciplin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Citation-based methods have been widely studied and employed for clustering academic resources and mapping science. Although effective, these methods suffer from citation delay. In this study, we extend reference and citation analysis to a broader notion from social perspective. We coin the term "social reference" to refer to the references of lite...
Article
Studying scientific collaboration using coauthorship networks has attracted much attention in recent years. How and in what context two authors collaborate remain among the major questions. Previous studies, however, have focused on either exploring the global topology of coauthorship networks (macro perspective) or ranking the impact of individual...
Article
Full-text available
The neologism, the biblioblogsphere, has emerged in recent years to describe the institutional publication of blogs of libraries and the personal, typically professionally-oriented publication of blogs by librarians. Much literature on this trend has been anecdotal in nature, though a growing body of research literature has emerged in the past seve...
Article
This short paper compares the clustering of journals through three elements identified by Borgman (1989) as the main variables for bibliometric research: artifacts, producers, and concepts. In addition, this work extends this framework by adding "gatekeepers" as a variable. Fifty-eight journals from Information Science and Library Science (IS/LS) c...
Article
Full-text available
Three group centrality measures--degree, closeness, and betweenness--are utilized in this paper to explore the role of disciplines in two journal co-citation networks by using 677 journals from 40 disciplines categorized by Web of Knowledge. The result shows that social science disciplines play a more central role in knowledge communication and int...
Article
This paper is an exploration of mapping journals in library and information science (LIS) through interlocking editorship information. Forty-eight LIS journals are clustered into four clusters. Possible reasons for some boundary-spanning journals and ten journals uninvolved in interlocking editorship are given. Results suggest that interlocking edi...
Article
Full-text available
Author co-citation analysis (ACA) is an important method for discovering the intellectual structure of a given scientific field. Since traditional ACA was confined to ISI Web of Knowledge (WoK), the co-citation counts of pairs of authors mainly depended on the data indexed in WoK. Fortunately, Google Scholar has integrated different academic databa...
Conference Paper
Mining core group from a network community is significant for researches on information communication, since the core group impacts greatly on information controlling and information producing in network community. In this paper, we have an empirical study on DONEWS, and our approach to find out the core group involves the following considerations....
Article
This article evaluates the scientific research competitiveness of world universities in computer science. The data source is the Essential Science Indicator (ESI) database with a time span of more than 10 years, from 01/01/1996 to 08/31/2006. We establish a hierarchical indicator system including four primary indicators which consist of scientific...

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Projects

Project (1)
Archived project
The increasing popularity of academic social networking sites (ASNSs) requires studies on the usage of ASNSs among scholars, and evaluations of the effectiveness of these ASNSs.