Chaminda Kumara

Chaminda Kumara
University of Ruhuna · Geography

BA, Msc, Mphil, PhD

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75
Publications
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50
Citations

Publications

Publications (75)
Article
Full-text available
The Sinharaja forest reserve is one of the least disturbed and biologically unique tropical lowland rain forests in Sri Lanka with the eastern Sinharaja consisting of moist sub-montane forests providing habitat par excellence for amphibians. However, the diversity of amphibians in the eastern and southern sections of Sinharaja is inadequately resea...
Article
Full-text available
The Sinharaja Forest Reserve is located in the Southern as well as Sabaragamuwa provinces in the wet zone, between latitudes 6 o 21-6 o 26 N and longitudes 80 o 21-80 o 34 E is one of the biologically unique Tropical Forest in Sri Lanka. Although Sinharaja is considered a lowland rain forest, the Eastern part of the forest consists montane and sub-...
Article
Full-text available
Hakkinda Islands surrounded by the Mahaweli River, close to the Kandy-Gatambe area is a bio-geographical hotspot in Sri Lanka, however, bio-geographical importance of these islands has been overlooked during the last few decades as a result of development projects and varied human activities. Considering that, the President of Sri Lanka has made an...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Most of the developing countries got capitalism superimposed during the colonial and post-colonial periods through processes of imperialism, globalization, liberalism and neo-liberalism. It was the main reason for the change in rural socio-economic settings. However, ‘lack of analytical knowledge regarding those changes’ could be identif...
Data
The concepts such as 'beautifulness/ugliness' or 'fair/ dark' can be considered dialectical binary systems, thus, one's being depends on the being of the other. How has the concept of 'beauty' been created? How far is it being influenced by political and economic hegemonies? The main research objective of this study is to analyze these two question...
Data
Community based ecotourism (CBET) is a well-established concept and its implementation has been an important component in many regional development strategies. However, CBET operates within geo-political contexts, which generate challenges for its implementation. This research examines a CBET initiative in the Kudawa-Sinharaja site, Sri Lanka which...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Tourism is an information-intensive industry. Thus, to cater the needs of the tourist, it is essential to understand the sources that tourists use to find information during their travel planning process. Hence, the objective of this study is to identify the types of information sources used by tourists to search travel information. The Sinharaja f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In village level, the stability of household food security is primarily based on their home gardens. In Sri Lanka, home gardening, an age-old practice in various parts of the country, is different from one to another mostly in terms of the variety of plant grown depending on season, soil and locality. Objective of this study is to identify the cont...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sinharaja is low land rain forest which has declared as a natural world heritage due to its huge biodiversity. Sinharaja Forest Reserve is the last viable remnant of Sri Lanka's tropical lowland rain forest; over 60% of the trees are endemic and many of these are rare; and there are 35 endemic bird species. There can be observed the relationship be...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Protecting the right of the local community/country to use their own genetic resources available in a particular area is an important aspect of community-based forest management (CBFM) as argued in the bottom up and sustainable development discourses. However, biopiracy has now become one of the main challenges in southern peripheral countries. Sin...
Article
Abstract: Protecting the right of the local community/country to use their own genetic resources available in a particular area is an important element of Community Based Forest Management (CBFM) as argued in the bottom up and sustainable development discourses, however, biopiracy has now become one of the main challenges in southern peripheral co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The concepts such as ‘beautifulness/ugliness’ or ‘white/ black’ can be considered dialectical, thus, one’s being depends on the being of the other. How has the concept of ‘beauty’ been created? How far has political and economic hegemony influenced it? The main research objectives of this study are to analyze these questions. Hence, qualitative dom...
Data
Most of the developing countries got capitalism superimposed during the colonial and post-colonial periods through processes of imperialism, globalization, liberalism and neo-liberalism. It was the main reason for the change in rural socio-economic settings. However, ‘lack of analytical knowledge regarding those changes’ could be identified as a ‘k...
Book
Full-text available
I am very happy to provide this foreword to the Abstracts Book of the 3rd International Conference in Humanities & Social Sciences organized by the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Ruhuna that coincides with the faculty’s completion of 40 years of service as part of a great seat of learning on the island of Sri Lanka. The...
Article
Full-text available
Protecting the right of the local community/country to use their own genetic resources available in a particular area is an important element of environmental and biodiversity conservation. However, one of the biggest biodiversity conservation challenges faced by southern peripheral countries is biopiracy and related issues. Community based ecotour...
Article
Full-text available
Protecting the right of the local community/country to use their own genetic resources available in a particular area is an important element of Community Based Forest Management as argued in the bottom up and sustainable development discourses, however, biopiracy has now become one of the main challenges in southern peripheral countries. Since bot...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Protecting the right of the local community/country to use their own genetic resources available in a particular area is an important element of environmental and biodiversity conservation. However, one of the main biodiversity conservation challenges in southern peripheral countries is biopiracy. Community based ecotourism (CBET) is a well-establi...
Article
Full-text available
Community based ecotourism (CBET) is a well-established concept and its implementation has been an important component for many regional development strategies. This research pepper argues that CBET originated as a Western concept, and there are many successful CBET projects. However, CBET operates within geo-political, economic and cultural contex...
Article
Full-text available
Community based ecotourism (CBET) is a well-established concept and its implementation has been an important component for many regional development strategies. This research pepper argues that CBET originated as a Western concept, and there are many successful CBET projects. However, CBET operates within geo-political, economic and cultural contex...
Thesis
Full-text available
Abstract Community based ecotourism (CBET) is a well-established concept and its implementation has been an important component for many regional development strategies. This thesis argues that CBET originated as a Western concept, and there are many successful CBET projects. However, CBET operates within geopolitical, economic and cultural context...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract Community based eco-tourism (CBET) is a well-established concept that based on sustainable development discourse and its implementation has been an important component for many regional development and eco-system management strategies. This research paper argues that CBET under the sustainable development discourse has originated as a wes...
Book
Full-text available
ABSTRACT The Sinharaja forest comes under the category of “Tropical Rain Forests” and it was declared a UNESCO World Natural Heritage Reserve in 1989. It is located between latitudes 6˚ 21- 6˚ 26 N and longitudes 80˚ 30-80˚ 34 E. It consists of 11187 hectares spread over an elevation range of 150-1150 above sea land. The Sinharaja forest spans thre...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The 1987 Bruntland report (Our Common Future) initiated a widespread discussion on sustainable development, especially regarding the issues associated with environmental vulnerability and unlimited, uncontrolled economic development. My research is based on this discourse on ‘sustainable development’ and ‘social equity’ with especial focus on commu...
Thesis
Full-text available
ABSTRACT The Sinharaja forest comes under the category of “Tropical Rain Forests” and it was declared a UNESCO World Natural Heritage Reserve in 1989. It is located between latitudes 6˚ 21́- 6˚ 26́ N and longitudes 80˚ 30́-80˚ 34́ E. It consists of 11187 hectares spread over an elevation range of 150-1150 above sea land. The Sinharaja forest spans...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The Sinharaja forest comes under the category of 'tropical rain forests' andhas been declared as UNESCO World Natural Heritage Reserve in 1989. It islocated between 6° 211 - 6° 261N and 80° 341 E. It encompasses parts of theGalle, Matara and Ratnapura districts. The inhabitants of some 27 peripheralvillages of this primeval forest have in...
Article
Full-text available
Domestic and international migration provide the point of entry for an investigation of social and economic transformations that are altering the function and functioning of the household at two sites in rural Sri Lanka. Based on a survey questionnaire of one hundred households complemented by interviews with a subsample of fifty migrants or their...
Thesis
Full-text available
The Sripada Tropical Peak Wilderness Sanctuary (STPWS) in Sri Lanka which is located between latitudes 6˚- 45 ́- 6˚- 57 ́ N and longitudes 80˚- 27́-80˚-50 ́ E comes under the category of ‘Wet Ever Green Tropical Rain Forests’ and spreads over 224 square kilometers around the Sripada mountain range. In the peripheral areas of the forest sanctuary, t...
Article
Full-text available
Sri Lanka has been experiencing an ethnic problem for more then two decades that consequently begotten loss of both human and physical resources and systematic and widespread violation of human rights in the country. At present, at national as well as at international level, there are argumentations over finding an easy way out of this ethnic crisi...
Article
Full-text available
The term ‘leadership’ has been differently defined over years and a number of theories for example the main two leadership theories- the Traditional and Collective Leadership Theories have been raised. In consideration of the module of these two theories, the Traditional Leadership Theory is leader-centred while the Collective Leadership centres on...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Sinharaja forest, a 'Tropical Wet Evergreen Rain Forest', situated between 6 21-6 26' N and 80 31-80 34 E in Sri Lanka has a lot of fragmented forest areas called 'forest patches'. In the study of the Landscape Ecology thereof, three selected forest patches located in the southern boundary of 'Sinharaja' are considered. The importance of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sri Lanka has been experiencing an ethnic problem for more then two decades that consequently begotten loss of both human and physical resources and systematic and widespread violation of human rights in the country. At present, at national as well as at international level, there are argumentations over finding an easy way out of this ethnic crisi...
Conference Paper
The Sinharaja forest reserve is one of the least disturbed and biologically unique Tropical Wet Evergreen Rain Forests in Sri Lanka located in the Southern as well as Sabaragamuwa provinces in the wet zone. In addition, the forest reservation comprises two isolated villages located within it and twenty-five villages at its vicinity. Many of the vil...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sinharaja, a 'Tropical Wet Ever Green Rain Forest' situated between latitude 6º 21´-21´-6º 26´N 26´N and longitude 80º 31´–31´– 80º 34É in Sri Lanka is surrounded by more than 27 peripheral villages. The villagers have interacted with the forest for many years .The objective of this study is to verify the aptness of introducing the Agro-forestry Sy...
Article
Full-text available
The Sinharaja forest, a 'Tropical Wet Evergreen Rain Forest', situated between 6 21 -6 26' N and 80 31-80 34 E in Sri Lanka has a lot of fragmented forest areas called 'forest patches'. In the study of the Landscape Ecology thereof, three selected forest patches located in the southern boundary of 'Sinharaja' are considered. The importance o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Sinharaja forest reserve is one of the least disturbed and biologically unique Tropical Wet Evergreen Rain Forests in Sri Lanka located in the Southern as well as Sabaragamuwa provinces in the wet zone. In addition, the forest reservation comprises two isolated villages located within it and twenty-five villages at its vicinity. Many of the vil...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Archived project
i. To create an information table about dragonfly species found in this area. ii. To identify these dragonfly species under the categories: ‘vulnerable species’, ‘common species’, ‘endemic species’ and ‘endangered species’ .
Archived project
i. To create an information table about dragonfly species found in this area. ii. To identify these dragonfly species under the categories: ‘vulnerable species’, ‘common species’, ‘endemic species’ and ‘endangered species’ .