Chad Staddon

Chad Staddon
University of the West of England, Bristol | UWE Bristol · Department of Geography and Environmental Management

PhD (Univ Kentucky)
Researching domestic water demand in the UK & sustainable off-grid water solutions in resource deprived communities.

About

143
Publications
31,012
Reads
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Introduction
I am an economic geographer specialising in water and forests resource economics and management. I am currently involved in research into the behavioural economics of water use in European and North American cities and sustainable off-grid water systems in LMICs. Currently I am Professor of Resource Economics and Policy at UWE, Bristol and Director of the International Water Security Network (www.watersecuritynetwork.org).
Additional affiliations
May 2014 - present
University of the West of England, Bristol
Position
  • Professor
May 2012 - May 2014
University of the West of England, Bristol
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 1996 - April 2012
University of the West of England, Bristol
Position
  • Lecturer
Education
September 1991 - August 1996
University of Kentucky
Field of study
  • Geography

Publications

Publications (143)
Article
Full-text available
In recent weeks, people all over the world have been settling into a ‘new normal’ of restricted mobility, online working, social distancing and enhanced hand hygiene. As part of the global fight against the spread of COVID-19 (the illness caused by SARS-CoV-2), we are repeatedly reminded by public health authorities that frequent and thorough hand-...
Article
In March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a set of public guidelines for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) prevention measures that highlighted handwashing, physical distancing, and household cleaning. These health behaviors are severely compromised in parts of the world that lack secure water supplies, particularly in low- and mi...
Article
Water scholarship has advanced considerably in recent decades. Despite this remarkable progress, water challenges may be growing more quickly than our capacity to solve them. While much progress has been made toward achieving Sustainable Development Goal 6 — water and sanitation for all — new stressors have emerged to threaten this progress. Far fr...
Book
Over the last decade, water security has replaced sustainability as the key optic for thinking about how we manage water. This reframing has offered benefits (including clear recognition of the link between humans, the environment and the right to water) and also posed challenges (the tendency in some quarters to interpret “security” solely in term...
Book
This book addresses the need for deeper understanding of regulatory and policy regimes around the world in relation to the use of water for the production of ‘unconventional’ hydrocarbons, including shale gas, coal bed methane and tight oil, through hydraulic fracturing. Legal, policy, political and regulatory issues surrounding the use of water fo...
Article
We are the Lheit-Lit'en-the "people from where the rivers meet." To understand us is to understand a people who once knew great abundance and much happiness. A people who lived as one with Mother-Nature. A people whose families were whole and whose children knew love and carefree days of laughter and running in the forest. To understand us is to un...
Article
In 2018, Albrecht et al., published a comprehensive review of water-energy-food nexus literature, coming to five main criticisms in nexus research based on their perception of the state-of-the-art. The five central conclusions of that review together with a consideration of more recent initiatives form the basis for this critical review. The curren...
Article
Blue and Green Infrastructure (BGI) is increasingly viewed as a promising solution to promoting a shift beyond traditionally engineered “grey” approaches towards more socially and environmentally sustainable infrastructure systems. The specific insights geographical scholarship on how to address issues of processes, scale and place in BGI design, i...
Article
Full-text available
Household survey data from 27 sites in 22 countries were collected in 2017–2018 in order to construct and validate a cross-cultural household-level water insecurity scale. The resultant Household Water Insecurity Experiences (HWISE) scale presents a useful tool for monitoring and evaluating water interventions as a complement to traditional metrics...
Preprint
Full-text available
Poor drinking water quality is a global crisis that affects billions of individuals. Understanding who is most impacted is necessary to develop programs that ensure sustainable, reliable, and resilient access to safe water. But current water indicators do not capture people’s experienced and anticipated harm from drinking water, which means we have...
Article
The sharp increase in the utilisation and demand of construction materials across the world, especially in road, pavements and transportation sectors has resulted in an unsustainable surge in the amount of carbon emissions. This study investigated the use of low-carbon materials in permeable pavements systems (PPS) and the effects of various low-ca...
Book
Full-text available
The monograph is devoted to problems of water services economics and policy, water usage, sewerage, management, quality and pollution of waters, monitoring, measures to improve the state of water objects, quality of water, system and technology of sewage treatment. The monograph prepared and funded under Erasmus+ Jean Monnet actions 597938-EPP-1-20...
Article
Full-text available
Scholars and practitioners have been working on methodologies to measure water security at a variety of scale and focus. In this paper, we critically examine the landscape of water security metrics, discussing the progress and gaps of this rich scholarship. We reviewed a total of 107 publications consisting of 17 conceptual papers and 90 methodolog...
Article
Time-limited Elsevier link to full-text: https://authors.elsevier.com/c/1c2eZ5Ce0rdYcg Recent high-profile analyses of trajectories and prognoses of ecosystem decline around the world have called for a renewed focus on embedding the values of the natural world across all areas of public policy. This paper reports the results of a UK-based deliberat...
Article
Full-text available
Water problems due to scarcity, inaccessibility, or poor quality are a major barrier to household functioning, livelihood, and health globally. Household-to-household water borrowing has been posited as a strategy to alleviate unmet water needs. However, the prevalence and predictors of this practice have not been systematically examined. Therefore...
Article
Full-text available
About a million Rohingyas have fled due to the ethnic cleansing in Myanmar and sought refuge in Bangladesh. The refugees are located in temporary settlements on hilly areas of Cox’s Bazar with inadequate water and sanitation facilities, giving rise to diseases such as cholera, typhoid, and diarrhea. This exploratory study reports drinking water sec...
Article
Full-text available
About a million Rohingyas have fled due to the ethnic cleansing in Myanmar and sought refuge in Bangladesh. The refugees are located in temporary settlements on hilly areas of Cox’s Bazar with inadequate water and sanitation facilities, giving rise to diseases such as cholera, typhoid, and diarrhea. This exploratory study reports drinking water sec...
Article
Full-text available
This issue of the UNC Water Institute WaSH Policy Research Digest explores the strengths and weaknesses of a newly published tool for assessing household scale water insecurity, the "HWISE Scale".
Article
In this commentary we draw attention to water sharing as political, highlighting the stakes and concerns around such practices. We engage a broad definition of politics, capturing everyday acts and practices that might be interpreted along a gradient ranging from mundane and banal forms of resistance, to refusal, to more obvious and visible acts of...
Article
Full-text available
There is rising international concern about the zoonotic origins of many global pandemics. Increasing human-animal interactions are perceived as driving factors in pathogen transfer, emphasising the close relationships between human, animal and environmental health. Contemporary livelihood and market patterns tend to degrade ecosystems and their se...
Article
Improving water governance is a top priority for addressing the global water crisis. Yet, there is a dearth of empirical data examining whether better water governance is associated with lower water insecurity and improved well-being. We, therefore, pooled household data from two Sustainable Water Effectiveness Reviews conducted by Oxfam GB in Zamb...
Article
Full-text available
With 2.3 billion people around the world lacking adequate sanitation services, attention has turned to alternative service provision models. This study suggests an approach for meeting the sanitation challenge, especially as expressed in Sustainable Development Goal 6.2, using a toilet technology system, such as Pee Power® that generates electricit...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter explores the main problems associated with the use of hydraulic fracturing for the production of shale gas in Ukraine. Special attention is paid to water issues. A detailed SWOT-analysis of the problem was carried out. Territorial distribution of water resources is uneven and unfortunately does not match the regions of greatest energy o...
Article
Billions of people globally, living with various degrees of water insecurity, obtain their household and drinking water from diverse sources that can absorb a disproportionate amount of a household's income. In theory, there are income and expenditure thresholds associated with effective mitigation of household water insecurity, but there is little...
Chapter
The last 20 years have seen dramatic growth in the production of oil and gas from shale, as production techniques developed in the latter half of the twentieth century have advanced under largely favorable economic conditions. Hydraulic fracturing is a well stimulation technique in which sand and other proppants suspended in fluids are forced at hi...
Chapter
This volume addresses the growing need to improve understanding of effective regulatory and policy regimes in relation to water used to operate unconventional hydrocarbon operations around the world. As the chapters in this book clearly show, legal, policy, regulatory, and political issues surrounding the use of water for hydraulic fracturing are p...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Progress towards equitable and sufficient water has primarily been measured by population-level data on water availability. However, higher-resolution measures of water accessibility, adequacy, reliability and safety (ie, water insecurity) are needed to understand how problems with water impact health and well-being. Therefore, we develop...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Food and water insecurity have both been demonstrated as acute and chronic stressors and undermine human health and development. A basic untested proposition is that they chronically coexist, and that household water insecurity is a fundamental driver of household food insecurity. Methods: We provide a preliminary assessment of their...
Article
This paper gives an overview of the main challenges and achievements faced by Windhoek's water management sector. The paper highlights pertinent issues arising from increased water demand, and also explores current and future water supply augmentation options. Water planners experience management challenges as a result of a combination of factors,...
Article
Full-text available
Urban resilience emerges not only from 'what' is done in relation to critical infrastructure systems, but in the 'how' of their conception, co-creation and integration into complex socio-ecological-technical systems. For green infrastructure, where ownership and agency may be distributed amongst organisations and diverse communities, inclusiveness...
Article
Full-text available
Green infrastructure (GI) has been identified as a promising approach to help cities adapt to climate change through the provision of multiple ecosystem services. However, GI contributions to urban resilience will not be realized until it is more fully mainstreamed in the built environment and design professions. Here, we interrogate five key chall...
Article
Full-text available
In the UK, water supplies are under pressure from climate, population and lifestyle change. Showering is the largest component of domestic water consumption. Young adults are high water-users at a transitional life-stage, when practices are dynamic, and habits shaped. This paper presents the methodology, early findings and reflections on challenges...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction A wide range of water-related problems contribute to the global burden of disease. Despite the many plausible consequences for health and well-being, there is no validated tool to measure individual- or household-level water insecurity equivalently across varying cultural and ecological settings. Accordingly, we are developing the Hous...
Article
Full-text available
This article investigates the reasons householders do, and don’t, adopt domestic rainwater harvesting (DRWH). Using a mixed-methods research approach, we collected data in three districts in central Uganda. Factors that emerged as important with respect to uptake of DWRH to address water shortage, especially at the household scale, include the work...
Article
Full-text available
After briefly reviewing key resilience engineering perspectives and summarising some green infrastructure (GI) tools, we present the contributions that GI can make to enhancing urban resilience and maintaining critical system functionality across complex integrated social–ecological and technical systems. We then examine five key challenges for the...
Article
Water sharing offers insight into the everyday and, at times, invisible ties that bind people and households with water and to one another. Water sharing can take many forms, including so‐called “pure gifts,” balanced exchanges, and negative reciprocity. In this study, we examine water sharing between households as a culturally embedded practice th...
Article
Very large marine protected areas are in danger of becoming 'paper parks'. This paper uses an interdisciplinary team to investigate the use of remote sensing technologies to provide sufficient evidence for effective fisheries management. It uses the intended marine protected area around Ascension Island as a case study. Satellite technology provide...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Resilience engineering requires new approaches that take into consideration the multidimensional challenges that cities will likely face or are already facing (Ahern 2011). Against this backdrop, Green Infrastructure (GI) is becoming a critical part of cities’ approaches towards resilience.GI has the potential to enhance resilience to climate chang...
Article
Globally, groundwater is by far the largest store of liquid freshwater, making it a key component of a secure water supply. However, over the past few decades the amount of usable groundwater available around the world has rapidly decreased. This depletion is caused primarily by mismanagement (e.g., overpumping, contamination, and under-regulation)...
Article
Household water insecurity has serious implications for the health, livelihoods and wellbeing of people around the world. Existing methods to assess the state of household water insecurity focus largely on water quality, quantity or adequacy, source or reliability, and affordability. These methods have significant advantages in terms of their simpl...
Chapter
Full-text available
Increasingly relied upon, groundwater is nevertheless relatively underappreciated and understudied. Perhaps as a consequence of these facts, around the world unregulated exploitation is placing this resource under increasingly intense pressure, necessitating new governance systems if a negative spiral of ecological, social and economic decline is t...
Article
Our aim in this paper is not to abandon, but rather reconceptualize, water security in ways that explicitly link to broader social and political relations that enable benefits to water related services (e.g., drinking, recreation, productive uses, cultural practices) rather than focus on the materiality of access to water in and of itself. Our conc...
Article
Full-text available
Increased use of reclaimed water could be one of the solutions to Beijing’s growing water shortage, particularly for non-potable (e.g. landscaping) purposes. The dragon-shaped river, a large artificial waterscape built on the site of the 2008 Beijing Olympic games, offers a useful case study of the issues and challenges attendant on wastewater recl...
Chapter
Full-text available
Urban governance is as much about infrastructure as it is about people and processes. In particular, the history of urban governance is closely intertwined with the history of urban water services. Historically, as urban areas became larger and more densely inhabited, the collective need for better water services (drinking water, sanitation and flo...
Book
Full-text available
The monograph is devoted to problems of water services economics and policy, water usage, sewerage, management, quality and pollution of waters, monitoring, measures to improve the state of water objects, quality of water, system and technology of sewage treatment. The monograph was published with the support of British Council in the joint project...
Article
Full-text available
As there is no general right to be defended from flooding, any measures taken to protect communities from flooding would appear to be motivated by political considerations. This article explores the possibilities open to a party seeking to benefit from flood defences on another person’s land. The possibilities include an action in nuisance (which i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In 2012 UWE, Bristol entered into partnership with Bristol Water to initiate a longitudinal, multimethod study of water consumption by students in first year accommodations on the main UWE campus at Frenchay, Bristol. Now in the third cycle (each runs from September to June, following the academic year) of this study we are in a position to report...
Article
Full-text available
Hydraulic fracturing, or 'fracking', involves the extraction of natural gas from shale formations deep underground using vertical and horizontal drilling technologies and vast quantities of chemically treated water injected into the wells under high pressure. Although commercial fracking has been underway in the USA since the 1990s, the industry is...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
“How Much Water Do We Use, and How Much Can We Save? Data from a Joint Initiative with Bristol Water, PLC” • The largest experimental study of its kind, studying both “all water” and “hot water” use • Mixed quantitative and qualitative methodology • Baseline water consumption is higher than expected • Water conservation interventions often have per...
Technical Report
Stakeholder handbook and case studies from the SWAN Project
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper I argue that the global water crisis is a full "hydrosocial" phenomenon -- emerging from the crucible of governmentalities linked to control over population and nature. This argument is not merely "academic", but has implications for the challenge of providing water services to all world citizens, including the non-human ones.
Technical Report
Full-text available
I prepared these guidelines to help collaborators prepare balanced and comparable case studies of urban water services development for any city around the world.
Article
Full-text available
Chapter
Full-text available
Over the last decade the concept of water security has emerged from the policy literature linked to international security and hydropolitics, rapidly becoming discursively hegemonic. Indeed, in some quarters it seems even to be supplanting the hegemonic position hitherto occupied by the concept of sustainable water. Analytical reviews of the litera...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores certain dimensions of the transformation since 1989 in attitudes towards the environment in one largely rural locality of southwest Bulgaria. There is something of a paradox apparent in rural attitudes and behaviours to the environment: nakedly expropriative on the one hand whilst simultaneously deeply concerned and celebratory...