Chad Milando

Chad Milando
Boston University | BU · Department of Environmental Health

PhD

About

24
Publications
1,685
Reads
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213
Citations

Publications

Publications (24)
Article
Objective: Children may be exposed to numerous in-home environmental exposures (IHEE) that trigger asthma exacerbations. Spatially linking social and environmental exposures to electronic health records (EHR) can aid exposure assessment, epidemiology, and clinical treatment, but EHR data on exposures are missing for many children with asthma. To a...
Article
Many techniques for estimating exposure to airborne contaminants do not account for building characteristics that can magnify contaminant contributions from indoor and outdoor sources. Building characteristics that influence exposure can be challenging to obtain at scale, but some may be incorporated into exposure assessments using public datasets....
Article
Full-text available
Publicly available tools to perform whole-building simulation of indoor air quality, ventilation, and energy have been available for several decades. Until recently, these tools were developed in isolation, such as the whole-building contaminant transport and airflow analysis tool, CONTAM, developed by the National Institute of Standards and Techno...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Publicly available tools to perform whole-building simulation of indoor air quality, ventilation, and energy have been available for several decades. Until recently, these tools were developed in isolation, such as the whole-building contaminant transport and airflow analysis tool, CONTAM, developed by the National Institute of Standards and Techno...
Article
Localized variations in traffic volume and speed can influence air pollutant emissions and corresponding concentrations in nearby communities, but most studies have utilized only aggregated traffic activity data. In this study, we compared the estimated influence of highway traffic activity on concentrations of primary oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and...
Article
Full-text available
Efforts to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in the United States have led to widespread interest in energy-efficient retrofits in the residential sector. Weatherization retrofits, such as air sealing and insulation, lower residential energy consumption, resulting in reduced fuel and electricity-related emissions, improved ambi...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Approximately 2 billion workers globally are employed in informal settings, which are characterized by substantial risk from hazardous exposures and varying job tasks and schedules. Existing methods for identifying occupational hazards must be adapted for unregulated and challenging work environments. We designed and applied a method f...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Exposures of nail salon technicians have received attention due to the potentially toxic materials used in nail products, which include volatile organic compounds (VOCs) such as formaldehyde and methyl methacrylate (MMA). This study characterized area and personal concentrations and other indoor air parameters in 17 nail salons in fall and...
Article
The intake fraction (iF) expresses population exposure resulting from pollutant emissions. City-wide iFs estimated using simple one-compartment models, which have been used in a number of previous studies, have significant uncertainties and do not capture the intra-urban variation in exposure that is important for estimating health effects associat...
Article
Full-text available
The development of air quality management (AQM) strategies provides opportunities to improve public health and reduce health inequalities. This study evaluates health and inequality impacts of alternate SO2 control strategies in Detroit, MI, a designated non-attainment area. Control alternatives include uniform reductions across sources, ranking ap...
Article
The development of accurate and appropriate exposure metrics for health effect studies of traffic-related air pollutants (TRAPs) remains challenging and important given that traffic has become the dominant urban exposure source and that exposure estimates can affect estimates of associated health risk. Exposure estimates obtained using dispersion m...
Article
Exposure to traffic-related air pollutants (TRAP) remains a key public health issue, and improved exposure measures are needed to support health impact and epidemiologic studies and inform regulatory responses. The recently developed Research LINE source model (RLINE), a Gaussian line source dispersion model, has been used in several epidemiologic...
Thesis
Strategies for reducing exposure to ambient air pollution in urban areas may be less effective as pollutants and their sources have shifted from being dominated by large point sources to more complex mixtures that include a sizeable fraction of traffic-related air pollutants (TRAP). In past decades, urban air pollution management strategies were de...
Article
Full-text available
The environmental burden of disease is the mortality and morbidity attributable to exposures of air pollution and other stressors. The inequality metrics used in cumulative impact and environmental justice studies can be incorporated into environmental burden studies to better understand the health disparities of ambient air pollutant exposures. Th...
Article
Comparative evaluations are needed to assess the suitability of near-road air pollution models for traffic-related ultrafine particle number concentration (PNC). Our goal was to evaluate the ability of dispersion (CALINE4, AERMOD, R-LINE, and QUIC) and regression models to predict PNC in a residential neighborhood (Somerville) and an urban center (...
Article
In air quality management, reducing emissions from pollutant sources often forms the primary response to attaining air quality standards and guidelines. Despite the broad success of air quality management in the US, challenges remain. As examples: allocating emissions reductions among multiple sources is complex and can require many rounds of negot...

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