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Cédric Delattre

Cédric Delattre
Université Clermont Auvergne & Institut Universitaire de France (IUF) · Institut Pascal

PhD, Associate Professor

About

257
Publications
93,544
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Introduction
Cédric Delattre currently works at the Institut Pascal, Université Clermont Auvergne. Cédric does research in Marine Biology, Ethnobotany and Biotechnology. Cédric is an international expert in: polysaccharide field , biobased and bio-inspired material. Their current project is 'ANR DEMETHER, ANR POLYSALGUE, ANR CHITOWINE.

Publications

Publications (257)
Article
Full-text available
In the food industry, the development of microbial biofilms is a serious problem that leads to the contamination and deterioration of food products. To overcome that, our aim consists of searching for natural antimicrobial and non-toxic compounds (essential oils EOs), which might be used alone or adsorbed on natural biopolymer films (chitosan). In...
Article
Full-text available
The brown Tunisian seaweed Halopteris scoparia was used as a feedstock for producing renewable bioethanol, biogas, and biodiesel to demonstrate the proof of concept for the North African energy sector. A quantitative and qualitative quantification of H. scoparia composition using different colorimetric methods was completed to highlight its bioconv...
Article
Given the increasing interest that is being paid to polysaccharides derived from algae as plant natural defense stimulators, the degree of sulfation of exopolysaccharides produced by P. sordidum for inducing defense responses in date palm vitroplants was investigated. Firstly, the culture parameters of P. sordidum were optimized to maximize the amo...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Exopolysaccharides (EPSs) are high-value functional biomaterials mainly produced by bacteria and fungi, with nutraceutical, therapeutic and industrial potentials. Objectives: This study sought to characterize and assess the biological properties of the EPS produced by the yeast Papiliotrema terrestris PT22AV. Methods: After extra...
Article
Full-text available
Wound healing is a complex process and rapid healing necessitates a proper micro-environment. Therefore, design and fabrication of an efficacious wound dressing is an impressive innovation in the field of wound healing. The fabricated wound dressing in this scenario was designed using a combination of the appropriate coagulating and anti-bacterial...
Article
Full-text available
In vitro culture of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) was exposed to chitosan oligosaccharides (COS) in order to investigate the effects on the growth and secondary metabolites content in roots and shoots. COS are fragments of chitosan released from the fungal cell wall during plant-pathogen interactions. They can be perceived by the plant as pathogen-...
Article
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Sulfated glycoproteins extracted for the first time from the Moroccan green seaweed Codium decorticatum were investigated for their ability to induce a natural defense metabolism in the roots and the upper leaves of tomato seedlings. The crude (AGB) and the purified fractions (AGP) were characterized chemically (Colorimetric assays) and structurall...
Article
Full-text available
3D nanocomposite scaffolds have attracted significant attention in bone tissue engineering applications. In the current study, we fabricated a 3D nanocomposite scaffold based on a bacterial polyglucuronic acid (PGU) and sodium alginate (Alg) composite with carbon nanofibers (CNFs) as the bone tissue engineering scaffold. The CNFs were obtained from...
Article
Lignocellulosic by-products are frequently disposed by means of combustion. This study investigates an alternative route for corn cob and Kraft lignin resources in order to support circular economy. The respective plant-based fibres and filler were compounded for the first time together with a poly(lactic acid) (PLA) matrix. Consecutively, seven di...
Article
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In the current context of the COVID-19 pandemic, it appears that our scientific resources and the medical community are not sufficiently developed to combat rapid viral spread all over the world. A number of viruses causing epidemics have already disseminated across the world in the last few years, such as the dengue or chinkungunya virus, the Ebol...
Article
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In this present work, fungal nanochitosans, with very interesting particle size distribution of 22 µm, were efficiently generated in high-yield production using a high-pressure water jet system (Star Burst System, Sugino, Japan) after 10 passes of mechanical treatment under high pressure. The specific characterization of fungal chitosan nanofibers...
Article
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Nowadays, microalgae and cyanobacteria have become a promising and sustainable source of useful products, thanks to their richness in bioactive metabolites of high value (antibiotics, toxins, pharmaceutically active compounds, plant growth regulators, and others). These photoautotroph microorganisms generate biomass using photosynthesis. This revie...
Article
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In many African countries, the Bayoud is a common disease spread involving the fungus Fusarium oxusporum f. sp. albedinis (Foa). The induction of plant natural defenses through the use of seaweed polysaccharides to help plants against pathogens is currently a biological and ecological approach that is gaining more and more importance. In the presen...
Chapter
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Glucuronan and succinoglycan are two anionic exopoysaccharides produced by some soil bacteria and abundantly published by the community working on high valuable hydrocolloids. The glucuronan is a linear homopolymer of β-(1,4)-D�glucuronic acids sometimes subsituted by O-acetyl, whereas succinoglycan is ramified heteropolymer of β-(1,6) and β-(1,4)...
Chapter
Three-dimensional (3D) printing or additive manufacturing is a technology that has drastically developed in recent years for numerous industrial applications. Among the 3D printing methods, fused deposition modeling requires filaments to generate 3D objects. Currently, the polymers used in this technology are synthetic ones derived from nonrenewabl...
Article
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In the current paper, we fabricated, characterized, and applied nanocomposite hydrogel based on alginate (Alg) and nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA) loaded with phenolic purified extracts from the aerial part of Linum usitatissimum (LOH) as the bone tissue engineering scaffold. nHA was synthesized based on the wet chemical technique/precipitation reaction...
Article
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This study investigated the biocomposite pectin films enriched with murta (Ugni molinae T.) seed polyphenolic extract and reinforced by chitin nanofiber. The structural, morphological, mechanical, barrier, colorimetric, and antioxidant activity of films were evaluated. The obtained data clearly demonstrated that the addition of murta seed extract a...
Article
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Abstract: According to the World Health Organization, obesity has nearly tripled since the 1970s. Obesity and overweight are major risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, inflammatory‐ mediated diseases, and other serious medical conditions. Moreover, recent data suggest that obesity, overweight, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases ar...
Chapter
As a general rule, in a sustainable food model for the future of the growing world population, food biotechnology could be considered as a reliable for improving and increasing food production and processing. Food biotechnology consist of (1) genetic engineering approach (on plants, animals, or microorganisms) to improve food quality, (2) commercia...
Article
Full-text available
The anti-inflammatory and antihyperglycemic effects of polysaccharides extracted from Alhagi maurorum Medik. seeds, spontaneous shrub collected in Southern of Algerian Sahara were investigated. Their water extraction followed by alcoholic precipitation was conducted to obtain two water-soluble polysaccharides extracts (WSPAM1 and WSPAM2). They were...
Article
Alhagi maurorum Medik. (Fabaceae) is a spontaneous shrub native to the region extending from Russia to the Mediterranean and used by rural and Saharan Algerian people for its medicinal effects. This study aims to document the medicinal uses of A. maurorum in Illizi (southern Algeria). Ethnobotanical survey was carried out in Illizi between June and...
Article
Full-text available
Chitosan is a bio-sourced polysaccharide widely used in different fields from health to wastewater treatment through food supplements. Another important use of this polymer is adhesion. Indeed, the current demand to replace non-natural and hazardous polymers by greener ones is well present in the adhesive field and open good opportunities for chito...
Article
Presently, researches are oriented towards the management of health and the environment to prevent various dreadful diseases. Recently, natural products from different biological resources are gaining attention due to them being harmless, non-toxic, renewable, sustainable, and biodegradable. Microalgae, the unicellular eukaryotic photosynthetic org...
Article
The physical functions of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), viz., by-product of microphytobenthos (MPB), in tidal flat system are well documented, but some ecological aspects remain unknown. We investigated MPB biomass (Chl-a), EPS, diatom assemblage, and erodibility in two contrasting tidal flat environments (megatidal vs. macrotidal flat)...
Article
Full-text available
In this present work, we developed a phenol grafted polyglucuronic acid (PGU) and investigated the usefulness in tissue engineering field by using this derivative as a bioink component allowing gelation in extrusion-based 3D bioprinting. The PGU derivative was obtained by conjugating with tyramine, and the aqueous solution of the derivative was cur...
Article
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The intensive development of micro- and nanotechnologies in recent years has offered a wide horizon of new possibilities for drug delivery in dentistry. The use of polymeric drug carriers turned out to be a very successful technique for formulating micro- and nanoparticles with controlled or targeted drug release in the oral cavity. Such innovative...
Article
Cette étude porte sur la caractérisation structurale partielle et les activités biologiques d'une fraction polysaccharidique (GFC) isolée, par macération à chaud, de la gomme-résine de Ferula communis L. (Apiaceae) récoltée au Sahara. Le rendement massique de l'extrait était de 33,5 %. L'étude de la composition biochimique de cet extrait a révélé q...
Article
The purpose of this study is to improve microbiological qualities of black tiger nut tubers. Thereby, black variety of tiger nut tubers (Cyperus esculentus) were differently processed in ascorbic acid and alkaline (Ca(OH)2 and Kanwa (alkaline calcium carbonate locally used to soften vegetable)) solutions at different concentrations and temperatures...
Article
Full-text available
Application of wound-healing/dressing biomaterials is amongst the most promising approaches for wound repair through protection from pathogen invasion/contamination, maintaining moisture, absorbing exudates, modulating inflammation, and facilitating the healing process. A wide range of materials are used to fabricate wound-healing/dressing biomater...
Article
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Adaptogens are synthetic compounds (bromantane, levamisole, aphobazole, bemethyl, etc.) or plant extracts that have the ability to enhance the body’s stability against physical loads without increasing oxygen consumption. Extracts from Panax ginseng, Eleutherococcus senticosus, Rhaponticum carthamoides, Rhodiola rosea, and Schisandra chinensis are...
Preprint
Black variety of tiger nut tubers (Cyperus esculentus) were differently processed in ascorbic acid and alkaline (Ca(OH)2 and Kanwa) solutions at different concentrations and temperatures. The effect of these treatments on the water content (swelling), soluble loss, dehulling efficiency and microbial load was investigated. Water content or swelling...
Article
Full-text available
Currently, pectins are widely used in the cosmetic, pharmaceutical, and food industries, mainly as texturizing, emulsifying, stabilizing, and gelling agents. Pectins are polysaccharides composed of a large linear segment of α-(1,4) linked d-galactopyranosyluronic acids interrupted by β-(1,2)-linked l-rhamnoses and ramified by short chains composed...
Article
Full-text available
For bone tissue engineering, stem cell-based therapy has become a promising option. Recently, cell transplantation supported by polymeric carriers has been increasingly evaluated. Herein, we encapsulated human olfactory ectomesenchymal stem cells (OE-MSC) in the collagen hydrogel system, and their osteogenic potential was assessed in vitro and in v...
Article
The oil cake from argan, an available raw material in Morocco, was explored for biodiesel production. The residual lipids of roasted and unroasted argan cakes were transesterified under alkaline conditions. The best biodiesel yield (94%) was obtained after transesterification of residual lipids from roasted argan cake using a methanol:lipid ratio o...
Article
Full-text available
Polysaccharides are highly variable and complex biomolecules whose inventory of structures is still very incomplete, as nature still preserves unexplored biotopes. Plants, macroalgae and microalgae are an integral part of the daily life of human being regardless of culture, time, or knowledge development of a country. Natural medicine is an ancestr...
Article
Alginic acids and alginates have important applications in food, medicine, pharmaceutical industry, dentistry and textile. The sodium alginate from Nizimuddinia zanardini (an Iranian brown seaweed) was extracted with high voltage electrical discharge to investigate the influence of this extraction method on its structural and physico-chemical chara...
Patent
The present invention relates generally to polymeric compounds of glucuronic acid and a method of hydrogelation of such compounds. The present invention also relates to the use of the hydrogel structures (particles, films or 3D-structures) obtained by this method, notably as three-dimensional cell culture material to support biological molecules us...
Article
Full-text available
Today, an ethnobotanical approach makes sense for identifying new active bioactive chemicals from uses of indigenous plants. Two water-soluble enriched polysaccharide fractions (L-PSPN and S-PSPN) were extracted by hot water extraction from the leaves and seeds of Plantago ciliata Desf. (1798), a Mzab indigenous herb currently used in Algeria by tr...
Article
Arabinogalactans (AGs) are plant heteropolysaccharides with complex structures occasionally attached to proteins (AGPs). AGs in cell matrix of different parts of plant are freely available or chemically bound to pectin rhamnogalactan. Type I with predominantly β-d-(1 → 4)-galactan and type II with β-d-(1 → 3) and/or (1 → 6)-galactan structural back...
Article
Full-text available
Argan pulp is an abundant byproduct from the argan oil process. It was investigated to study the feasibility of second-generation bioethanol production using, for the first time, enzymatic hydrolysis pretreatment. Argan pulp was subjected to an industrial grinding process before enzymatic hydrolysis using Viscozyme L and Celluclast 1.5 L, followed...
Article
Full-text available
chitin was isolated from marine waste, giant Humboldt squid Dosidicus gigas, and further converted to nanofibers by use of a collider machine under acidic conditions (pH 3). The FTIR, TGA, and NMR analysis confirmed the efficient extraction of β-chitin. The SEM, TEM, and XRD characterization results verified that β-chitin crystalline structure were...
Article
Full-text available
Loss of skin integrity can lead to serious problems and even death. In this study, for the first time, the effect of exopolysaccharide (EPS) produced by cold-adapted yeast R. mucilaginosa sp. GUMS16 on a full-thickness wound in rats was evaluated. The GUMS16 strain’s EPS was precipitated by adding cold ethanol and then lyophilized. Afterward, the E...
Article
Full-text available
Commercial adhesives present a high bond strength and water resistance, but they are considered non-healthier products. Chitosan can be considered as an interesting biosourced and biodegradable alternative, despite its low water resistance. Here, its wood bonding implementation and its tensile shear strength in dry and wet conditions were investiga...
Article
Presently, researches are oriented towards the management of health and the environment to prevent various dreadful diseases. Recently, natural products from different biological resources are gaining attention due to them being harmless, non-toxic, renewable, sustainable, and biodegradable. Microalgae, the unicellular eukaryotic photosynthetic org...
Article
Full-text available
Fucoidans from Moroccan brown seaweed Bifurcaria bifurcata and Fucus spiralis were tested for their elicitor activity after their purification and complete characterization. The fucoidans of B. bifurcata (BBF) and of F. spiralis (FSF) were extracted and purified then characterized by infrared spectroscopy, proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectros...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decades, many studies have been conducted on new materials to meet a growing industrial demand and to move scientific research forward. Superabsorbents are good examples of materials that have generated special attention in many fields for their ability to absorb and retain water up to 1000 times of their dry weight. They found many app...
Article
Full-text available
Inflammation is the initial response of the immune system to potentially harmful stimuli (e.g., injury, stress, and infections). The process involves activation of macrophages and neutrophils, which produce mediators, such as nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. The pro-inflammatory cytokines...
Article
Full-text available
Bifunctional enzymes created by the fusion of a glucuronan lyase (TrGL) and a chitinase (ThCHIT42) from Trichoderma sp. have been constructed with the aim to validate a proof of concept regarding the potential of the chimera lyase/hydrolase by analyzing the functionality and the efficiency of the chimeric constructions compared to parental enzymes....
Article
Full-text available
Polysaccharides extracted from marine algae have attracted much attention due to their biotechnological applications, including therapeutics, cosmetics, and mainly in agriculture and horticulture as biostimulants, biofertilizers, and stimulators of the natural defenses of plants. This study aimed to evaluate the ability of alginate isolated from Bi...
Article
Full-text available
Brettanomyces bruxellensis is the main spoilage microbial agent in red wines. The use of fungal chitosan has been authorized since 2009 as a curative treatment to eliminate this yeast in conventional wines and in 2018 in organic wines. As this species is known to exhibit great genetic and phenotypic diversity, we examined whether all the strains re...
Article
Full-text available
Bioactive compounds with diverse chemical structures play a significant role in disease prevention and maintenance of physiological functions. Due to the increase in industrial demand for new biosourced molecules, several types of biomasses are being exploited for the identification of bioactive metabolites and techno-functional biomolecules that a...
Article
Bioactive compounds with diverse chemical structures play a significant role in disease prevention and maintenance of physiological functions. Due to the increase in industrial demand for new biosourced molecules, several types of biomasses are being exploited for the identification of bioactive metabolites and techno-functional biomolecules that a...
Article
Full-text available
Tigernut tubers (Cyperus esculentus) are used for the production of vegetable milk, commonly known as "Horchata de chufa" in Spain. The presence of starch in the tuber limits the yield of the milk, since this carbohydrate gelatinizes during the pasteurization of the milk and leads to the considerable solidification of this drink. The present work a...
Article
Full-text available
Myrrha, the gum resin exudate from Commiphora myrrha (Nees) Engl. tree, has been extensively used in traditional medicine for their beneficial effects. In this work, we isolated and purified water-soluble polysaccharide fraction (WSP), which afforded a yield of 42%. The chemical composition of WSP was mainly consisted of 83.33±2.63% carbohydrates,...