Cecilia Smith-Ramirez

Cecilia Smith-Ramirez
Universidad de Los Lagos · Department of Biological Sciences and Biodiversity

Professor

About

153
Publications
90,714
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,989
Citations
Introduction
Cecilia Smith-Ramirez currently works at the Department of Biological Sciences and Biodiversity, Universidad de Los Lagos. Cecilia does research in Botany and Ecology.

Publications

Publications (153)
Article
It has been debated if Chilean sclerophyllous vegetation can recover after fire of different severity and short and long term. We evaluated the resiliency of this vegetation type after single-occurrence fires of different severities that occurred 30, 20 and 10 years in Central Chile before the study. Two approaches were followed: satellite image an...
Article
Full-text available
One of the main visitors to Fabia bean crops (Vicia faba) in South America is the invasive bumblebee species Bombus terrestris. This is particularly true in Chile, where B. terrestris was first introduced in 1997 and is now common over much of the country. In this study, we evaluated the activity of the principal pollinators of V. faba over two cro...
Article
Soil loss has become one of the main problems associated with global change over the last decades. New assessments are needed in order to improve our understanding of the real impacts of human productive activities on the natural dynamics linked to erosion in lake basins. We analyzed the recent and historical dynamics of soil loss in a coastal lake...
Preprint
Full-text available
La Organización Mundial del Comercio tiene varios acuerdos sanitarios y fitosanitarios que regulan el comercio internacional. Las empresas productoras del abejorro comercial, B. terrestris, están vendiendo abejas con patógenos que no cumplen con los términos de estos acuerdos. Los principales productores de este abejorro exportan a América, Asia y...
Article
Full-text available
The order Diptera is the second most important group of pollinators worldwide. Many flies are considered generalist pollinators, but specialist flower flies' associations are rare or uncommon. The present study aimed to determine the level of specialization in pollination for Aneriophora aureorufa (Philippi, 1865) (Diptera: Syrphidae), an endemic s...
Article
Full-text available
Headwaters represent an essential component of hydrological, ecological, and socioeconomical systems, by providing constant water streams to the complete basin. However, despite the high importance of headwaters, there is a lack of vulnerability assessments worldwide. Identifying headwaters and their vulnerability in a spatially explicit manner can...
Article
Blueberry is one of the most relevant buzz‐pollinated crops worldwide and Chile is the most important global producer of fresh blueberries during wintertime in the Northern Hemisphere. Thousands of exotic Bombus terrestris are imported from Europe to pollinate blueberries. However, no study has investigated the performance of the native Chilean fau...
Article
Several authors have recommended that the incorporation of different stakeholders and the implementation of a holistic approach including social, economic, and ecological components be considered critical factors for the long‐term success of restoration programs. These recommendations are especially important for identifying priority areas to resto...
Article
Pollinators are declining worldwide, and commercial bees could partially replace pollination services. However, reared exotic pollinators are not as efficient pollinating many crops as wild pollinators. Besides, habitat preferences of reared and native bees could have differing effects on pollination services. Our goal was to evaluate richness and...
Article
Full-text available
En el presente trabajo, describimos la estrecha relación entre el abejorro gigante Bombus dahlbomii y el pueblo Mapuche, ambos nativos de Chile y Argentina. Se mencionan aspectos históricos, domésticos y espirituales, incluida la cosecha y el uso de la miel
Article
Full-text available
One of the main visitors to Fabia bean crops (Vicia faba) in South America is the invasive bumblebee species Bombus terrestris. This is particularly true in Chile, where B. terrestris was first introduced in 1997 and is now common over much of the country. In this study, we evaluated the activity of the principal pollinators of V. faba over two cro...
Article
The ecology of leeches worldwide has been scarcely studied, with the ecology of Neotropical leeches remaining highly unknown. Americobdella valdiviana, an endemic, carnivorous, and giant leech that inhabits the Valdivian evergreen forest in southern Chile, an ecosystem that has experienced an increase in its net loss from 3.6% to 12% in the last de...
Article
Full-text available
Post-fire recovery of sites in the Chilean Mediterranean vegetation were evaluated 20–30 years after the last fire. We mapped all fires that occurred between 1985 and 2015 in Central Chile using Landsat images. In order to conduct a spatial analysis of vegetation recovery and field sample, we chose sites burned between 1985 and 1995 that retained n...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological restoration is a global priority. Incorporating stakeholders' perceptions has been established as a critical factor to improve the success of restoration and conservation initiatives and decrease future social conflicts; however it has barely been incorporated. Our objective was to analyze and compare the differences in the perceptions o...
Article
Full-text available
The data set comes from a tree inventory conducted in an evergreen forest fragment (dominated by Laureliopsis philippiana and Eucryphia cordifolia) and four fragments dominated by Nothofagus obliqua. The forests are located in an agroforestry matrix landscape of the Coastal Mountain Range of the Chilean Lake District. The data collection was carrie...
Book
Full-text available
La submesa Cambio de Uso del Suelo (CUS) tuvo como objetivo compilar y presentar en un informe la evidencia científica disponible sobre los cambios de uso del suelo y sus impactos en relación con las opciones de mitigación del cambio climático. Esta submesa contó con la participación de más de 30 científicos de diversas áreas de las ciencias ambien...
Book
Full-text available
El presente documento entrega los resultados obtenidos en el marco del Proyecto “Evaluación de técnicas pasivas y activas para la recuperación del bosque esclerófilo de Chile central” 007/2013, que ha sido financiado por el Fondo de Investigación del Bosque Nativo de CONAF.
Book
Full-text available
En esta edición conjunta entre la Universidad de Los Lagos y el Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad (IEB), presentamos una versión actualizada del conocimiento sobre los bosques nativos de la Cordillera de la Costa de Chile. Estos bosques son los más antiguos testigos que tenemos de los grandes cambios geológicos y climáticos que han ocurrido en...
Article
Full-text available
Economic development of rural people is not always feasible along with concomitant forest restoration, especially when meager reforestation incentives are oriented to poor rural people who probably are not willing to plant native species in their small plots of land. Forest restoration incentives have been created by the Chilean government to engag...
Chapter
Full-text available
Conservation efforts should be focused on the most threatened species and their habitats; frequently, these species are endemic to small areas. We conducted a review of vascular plants, vertebrates and some orders of invertebrates that are endemic to the ecosystems of the Temperate Chilean Coastal forests. We established that 45 species of vascular...
Chapter
Full-text available
In 2005, The book "Historia, Biodiversidad y Conservación de los Bosques Costeros de Chile" is published y differents authors. Now, the second edition of this book pretends to update the information and show the advances of many different groups of animals, plants, mushrooms, mosses, and phytoplankton. This prologue is brief synthesis about the new...
Article
Full-text available
The presence and attributes of perch trees in degraded areas may promote seed dispersal. We evaluated the effect of the distance from remnant forest fragments on seed rain of different fleshy-fruit tree species and examined whether the seed rain is favoured by some traits of the perch trees (Acacia caven), such as canopy diameter and tree height. T...
Article
Full-text available
Rubus ulmifolius is a highly invasive species that negatively affects biodiversity, especially on Robinson Crusoe Island (RCI), one of the two global mini-hotspots of vascular plants. The rust Phragmidium violaceum has been used as a biological control agent for some Rubus species in mainland Chile, New Zealand and Australia. We aim to quantify P....
Article
Full-text available
The global pollination crisis is not only produced by loss of pollinators but also by their homogenization, both processes caused by humans. This crisis impacts the persistence of many native plants species worldwide. In this document we analyze the ecological impacts that warrant the prohibition of new income of commercial bumblebee, Bombus terres...
Article
Full-text available
We estimate habitat loss and fragmentation in a hoverfly, Aneriophora aureorufa, used as a representative forest specialist species. This species is a pollinator specialist of two native trees, forming a triad endemic to the South American Temperate Rainforest (SATR). We combine Species Distribution Models with species-specific requirements to esti...
Article
Full-text available
The global pollination crisis is not only produced by loss of pollinators but also by their homogenization, both processes caused by humans. This crisis impacts the persistence of many native plants species worldwide. In this document we analyze the ecological impacts that warrant the prohibition of new income of commercial bumblebee, Bombus terres...
Article
Full-text available
International agreements combined with the recent Chilean Forestry Policy (2015‐2035) represent a challenge and an opportunity for forest landscape restoration in Chile. Nevertheless, restoring over 500,000 ha using mainly native species seems like a daunting task by 2035. Here, we discuss the three major bottlenecks that currently constrain the re...
Article
Full-text available
San Miguel is a Quechua speaking community inside the National Park Tunari (PNT), Cochabamba, Bolivia. In PNT there are remnants of the native forest of Polylepis subtusalbida (Kewiña, Rosaceae). This formation has been affected by human use and replaced by Pinus radiata and Eucalyptus globulus, exotic species well known to be harmful for the ecosy...
Preprint
Full-text available
San Miguel is a Quechua speaking community inside the National Park Tunari (PNT), Cochabamba, Bolivia. In PNT there are remnants of the native forest of Polylepis subtusalbida (Kewiña, Rosaceae). This formation has been affected by human use and replaced by Pinus radiata and Eucalyptus globulus, exotic species well known to be harmful for the ecosy...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Traditionally, animals are considered the main primary seed dispersers away from the parental plants of fleshy-fruited species. We considered whether wind could also be an important primary seed vector of fleshy fruits. Aims: This is the first study that compares seed-rain density and Seed Dispersal Effectiveness of fleshy-fruited spec...
Preprint
Full-text available
The global pollination crisis is not only produced by loss of pollinators but also by their homogenization, both processes caused by humans. This crisis impacts the persistence of many native plants species worldwide. In this document we analyze the ecological impacts that warrant the prohibition of new income of commercial bumblebee, Bombus terres...
Presentation
Full-text available
Se mencionan brevemente los beneficios económicos en polinización que aporta Bombus terrestris, y sus perjuicios a uno de los componentes de la biodiversidad, esto es Bombus dahlbomii, se revisa la legislación y si hay delito y dolo en la internación de terrestris a Chile.
Article
Full-text available
1. The global trade of species promotes diverse human activities but also facilitates the introduction of potentially invasive species into new environments. As species ignore national boundaries, unilateral national decisions concerning species trade set the stage for transnational species invasion with significant conservation, economic and polit...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Biogeographic approaches usually have been developed apart from population ecology, resulting in predictive models without key parameters needed to account for reproductive and behavioral limitations on dispersal. Our aim was to incorporate fully spatially explicit population traits into a classic species distribution model (SDM) using Geograp...
Research
Full-text available
https://hualves.wordpress.com/ ¿QUÉ SON LOS HUALVES? Los hualves, hualhues o pitrantos son bosques pantanosos, es decir, ecosistemas de humedal de agua dulce dominados por árboles, los cuales se encuentran inundados de manera estacional o permanente por el aporte de las precipitaciones, aguas subterráneas y/o por estar asociados a ríos o esteros y...
Article
Full-text available
Our goal was to establish the tolerance to flooding and drought of seedlings from a hydric gradient of different seed sources to provide recommendations for forest restoration in the face of climate change. We used Drimys winteri var. chilensis, a tree species that grows from extreme arid zones to wetlands along Chile, as the study subject. We expe...
Article
Full-text available
Mechanical and chemical controls are the most common methods used to detain the advance of plant invasions. In some areas, clear cutting of invasive plants produces soil loss, one of the worst impacts on ecosystems. It has been argued that cutting invasive plants in small areas with root retention could be an adequate control management strategy to...
Poster
Full-text available
San Miguel es una comunidad quechua dentro del Parque Nacional Tunari (PNT), Cochabamba, Bolivia. Dentro de esta existen remanentes del bosque nativo de Polylepis subtusalbida (Kewiña). Esta formación ha sido afectada por el uso humano y reemplazada por Pinus radiata y Eucalyptus globulus, especies exóticas conocidas por ser perjudiciales para el e...
Article
Full-text available
The seeds of fleshy-fruited species growing in aquatic environments fall into water, with or without their pericarp depending upon whether gravity or animals disperse the seeds, with consequences little explored for seed ecology and dispersal in wetlands. In this styudy, we evaluated the germination of seeds with and without fleshy pericarp after w...
Article
Full-text available
Islands are susceptible to exotic plant invasion, and Robinson Crusoe Island (RCI), Juan Fernandez Archipelago (33°S, 78°7′W, Chile) is no exception. Through a literature review, we assessed plant invasion and compared it to other oceanic islands worldwide. Here, we discuss measures to enhance forest recovery on RCI based on knowledge accumulated f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La pérdida y fragmentación constituyen serias amenazas para la biodiversidad a nivel mundial, debido principalmente al cambio de uso y cobertura del suelo. Los bosques nativos que sustentan una riqueza excepcional de especies y comunidades altamente intolerantes a la degradación han sido seriamente afectados. Un ejemplo de ello son los bosques temp...
Article
Full-text available
Waterlogging decreases a plant's metabolism, stomatal conductance (gs) and photosynthetic rate (A); however, some evergreen species show acclimation to waterlogging. By studying both the physiological and morphological responses to waterlogging, the objective of this study was to assess the acclimation capacity of four swamp forest species that res...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Palabras claves: pérdida de hábitat, polinización, especialista de bosque, requerimientos de hábitat. La pérdida de hábitat es la principal causa de extinción a nivel global. Los bosques en Chile han sido transformados por el cambio de uso de suelo, siendo seriamente afectadas las especies que las habitan. Aneriophora aureorufa Stuardo & Cortés 195...
Article
Full-text available
Although fleshy fruits are usually dispersed by animals and gravity, our research shows that the fleshy fruits of invasive plants on Robinson Crusoe Island (RC) are also moved by wind. To determine whether a bird (Turdus falcklandii), wind, and gravity could be legitimate dispersers of fleshy fruits from the invasive plant species Aristotelia chile...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological processes in the upper canopy of temperate forests have been seldom studied because of the limited accessibility. Here, we present the results of the first survey of the pollinator assemblage and the frequency of insect visits to flowers in the upper branches of ulmo, Eucryphia cordifolia Cav., an emergent 30-40 m-tall tree in rainforest...
Article
Full-text available
To design preventive and management measures it is crucial to identify the mechanisms that facilitate an invasion process. We evaluated how microsites affect establishment success of the alien small tree Aristotelia chilensis, the alien climber Rubus ulmifolius, and endemic tree species on Robinson Crusoe Island forest. Seedling and sapling densiti...
Article
Full-text available
An important issue in ecological restoration of forest ecosystems is to establish where reforestation is more limited by ecological factors and thus where additional treatments (e.g. irrigation, shading) are more needed. Population growth, density and reproduction in plants have frequently been documented to decrease with altitude, although in semi...
Article
Full-text available
Cultivated land has increased in Chile as a result of a process in which native woodland sites were converted to agricultural production. This process had an intermediate step in which sclerophyll species were replaced by Acacia caven, prior to cattle grazing. This land use change presents environmental impacts resulting from carbon losses of ecosy...
Article
Full-text available
Frugivory is a common interaction mechanism between plants and animals in the temperate rainforest of southern South America. In this study, we examined primary dispersal and predation stages of Persea lingue (Ruiz et Pav.) Nees (Lauraceae), an endemic large-seeded tree of these forests. The main goal was to determine the identity of vertebrate see...
Chapter
Full-text available
Los ecosistemas iberoamericanos están sujetos a fuertes procesos de transformación y deterioro. Resulta prioritario unir esfuerzos para la formulación e implementación de estrategias de recuperación y conservación a partir del trabajo conjunto de la academia, los entes gubernamentales y el sector privado. Desde la primera década del siglo XXI exist...
Article
Full-text available
Degradation of ecosystems is ongoing in Latin America but there is also a strong upswing in conservation and restoration efforts. SIACRE – the Ibero-American and Caribbean Society for Ecological Restoration – is playing a key role in coordinating and promoting this trend at international, national, and subnational levels. In October 2014, SIACRE me...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological restoration is a discipline that was born just under 30 years. In Latin America it is in a formation stage, with Chile as one of the countries that has led in some aspects of restoration. The purpose of this paper is to review the state of the art of Ecological Restoration (ER) in Chile. Specifically we aim to: i) a brief compilation of...
Article
Full-text available
Salvage logging has been described as a controversial environmental practice in developed countries, but in developing countries this conflict has not been evaluated. We describe salvage logging of Fitzroya cupressoides, an endemic conifer of the South American temperate forests. In Chile, the Huilliche—an ethnical group—extract deadwood of Fitzroy...
Article
Full-text available
Frugivorous birds are phenologically linked to the fruits that they eat. When there is less fruit in seasonal environments, frugivorous birds complement their diet by eating invertebrates. The depth of the phenological link between frugivorous birds and their dietary resources has not been studied until now. The objective was to determine the possi...
Article
Full-text available
Long-term studies of plant-pollinator interactions are almost nonexistent in the scientific literature. The objective of the present study was to determine changes and trends in the pollinator assemblage of ulmo (Eucryphia cordifolia; Cunoniaceae), a canopy-emergent tree found in Chilean temperate rainforests. We assessed the temporal variability o...
Article
Full-text available
Se plantea la necesidad de que las Fuerzas Armadas de Chile realicen el control de plantas invasoras en el archipiélago de Juan Fernández. Se hace un llamado de cooperación para la conservación del patrimonio medioambiental a la línea de las Fuerzas Armadas que trata sobre responsabilidad social y empresarial, y que cuenta con experiencia en el tra...