Cecilia Osterman

Cecilia Osterman
Linnaeus University | lnu · Kalmar Maritime Academy

PhD

About

55
Publications
28,276
Reads
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247
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2013 - present
Linnaeus University
Position
  • Senior Lecturer in Maritime Science
April 2013 - present
Linnaeus University
Position
  • Senior Lecturer in Maritime Science
Description
  • Lecturing, course leadership and course development at undergraduate, graduate and PhD levels in scientific method, project management and maritime human factors and safety studies.
January 2008 - December 2012
Chalmers University of Technology
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Research projects on the economic effects of proactive safety and ergonomics work within the shipping industry.

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
The context for this study is the maritime domain and the design of shipboard workspaces. Due to the globalized nature of shipping, the traditional approach to a participative ergonomics process can be a logistical challenge since stakeholders like designers, manufacturers and operators are often scattered both geographically and organizationally....
Article
Full-text available
Environmental considerations, concerning the negative impacts of ship exhaust gases and particles on ambient air quality, are behind the requirements of cleaner marine fuels currently applied in designated emission control areas (ECAs). We investigated the impact of a ship operating on two types of fuel on the indoor air quality onboard. Gaseous an...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Working in front of computer screens is visually demanding and related to adverse eye symptoms. Occurrence of glare further increases visual fatigue. Objective: This paper presents results from an examination of visual ergonomics in control room environments at two Swedish process industries. Methods: Visual conditions were examine...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to test the usefulness of polyurethane foam (PUF) passive air samplers as stationary, and, for the first time, as personal samplers for one week’s sampling period of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in occupational air. Routine monitoring of workplace exposure is commonly performed with active sampling. However, act...
Article
Full-text available
The service crew is a vital part of the customer experience on board passenger ships, but also has important duties in the safety organization in case of emergencies. Yet, they are not always recognized as seafarers and have received less attention in research that addresses occupational safety and health in the maritime domain. This study explores...
Article
Full-text available
Seafaring is a masculine-coded occupation with a strong professional culture that values practical experience. Traditionally, youths were accepted on board ships to be guided, socialised, and often bullied into the working and living cultures at sea. The maritime industry is characterised by several factors known from research to constitute a hotbe...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Denna slutrapport presenterar resultaten av projektet Betydelsen av en optimerad synergonomi för ett hållbart kontrollrumsarbete. Projektet har genomförts under tre år mellan 2017 och 2020. Synergonomi handlar om samspelet mellan vår syn, ljuset och objektet vi tittar på. Dator- och bildskärmsarbete som ställer höga krav på syn och koncentration ö...
Book
Full-text available
Även om symptomen av kränkande särbehandling främst syns hos den enskilde individen är det viktigt att komma ihåg att det förebyggande arbetet måste omfatta den organisatoriska och sociala arbetsmiljön. Brister och otydligheter i organisationen, oklarheter om vem som förväntas göra vad, chefer utan tillräckliga kunskaper och förutsättningar, hög ar...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The purpose of the project presented in this report has been to identify, evaluate and compile existing strategies and methods to reduce the risk of workplace bullying and harassment and strengthen the work for a good organizational and social work environment in an equal maritime industry. This has been done through a systematic literature review,...
Article
Full-text available
The present study focuses on the pattern of organizational commitment and job satisfaction among seafarers working on passenger vessels, compared to those working on board other types of ships. The dependent variable in the study is organizational commitment. Work position, age and job satisfaction are used as independent variables. The question po...
Article
Full-text available
Shipping can be regarded as a high‐risk domain with a large complexity in operations. Accidents and incidents may involve serious danger for seafarers and passengers, as well as for the environment and society at large. Education and training play a crucial role for the safe conduct of ships. While technical skills have been at the core of a marine...
Article
Computer work is a visually demanding task associated with adverse eye symptoms. Frequent use of digital displays is known to cause a deterioration of the so-called binocular control. Direct glare further reduces the capacity for binocular coordination during computer work, leading to reduced reading ability and increased eye symptoms. The purpose...
Chapter
The objective of this paper is to present the rationale for, and the development process of, a new international master’s programme in Ergonomics, here framed as ‘Technology, Work and Health’, at KTH, Royal Institute of Technology in Sweden. The masters’ programme is designed for two years of full-time studies (120 credits).
Chapter
This paper presents findings from a study concerning the work environment on board Swedish passenger vessels. The study explored work-related expe-riences of personnel in the service department (hotel, restaurant, catering, shops) based on individual and group interviews, observations, survey data and social insurance statistics concerning sick lea...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper describes the results of the conceptual and practical strategy work performed by the Swedish Ergonomics and Human Factors Society (EHSS) today. The rationale of EHSS is to strengthen the quality of ergonomics/human factors knowledge and practice in Sweden and form a multidisciplinary platform across disciplines and professions for collab...
Chapter
This paper presents results from a case study at a Swedish paper mill. The study is part of a larger ongoing research project aiming to investigate visual ergonomics in control room environments. Visual conditions were measured and evaluated in five control rooms, and nine process operators answered questions about perceived workload and visual exp...
Article
The benefits of having users evaluate product or workplace design during the development process are well known. This is often achieved by letting users interact with one or more models of the design proposal, in order to elicit feedback. The issue for product developers is to choose what type(s) of models to use (from paper drawings to physical or...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents findings from three workshops focused on the physical, organizational and social work environment of service crew working on board Swedish passenger vessels. The first workshop aimed to identify underlying causes of long‐term sick leave among employees in the service department, and potential measures that can be taken to reduce...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The purpose of the project presented in this report was to map the personal exposure of the toxic substances benzene, nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), all of which can be traced to the marine fuel and/or diesel exhaust emissions. The measured exposure has been analysed to identify any differences in exposure betwe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study is part of a larger research project investigating working conditions for employees in the service department on board passenger ships. A mixed methods approach was adopted, and this paper focuses on the findings related to the physical work environment. The main findings show the physical factors to be largely related to high physical l...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents findings from a workshop focused on the physical, social and organizational work envi-ronment in the service department on board Swedish passenger vessels. Twenty-seven maritime profession-als participated to provide input to potential causes and measures for long-term sick leave. During the work-shop, an affinity diagram was cr...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Det här projektet undersöker arbetsmiljön för intendenturpersonalen på svenska passagerarfar-tyg. Bakgrunden till projektet ligger i upptäckten att intendenturpersonal ombord passagerar-fartyg år 2010 uppvisade en betydligt högre upplevelse av utmattning, jämfört med andra per-sonalgrupper. Utmattningsupplevelsen indikerades med ett utmattningsinde...
Article
Full-text available
The study presented in this paper aims at investigating what safety measures that can be taken to improve the operational safety during icebreaker operations in the Baltic Sea. During icebreaker operations, the icebreaker and the assisted vessel operate in close proximity to each other, a distance which can be even smaller if weather and ice condit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to examine crew members’ personal exposure and perceived air quality on board a Swedish passenger ferry before and after a change of fuel type. Personal exposure was measured in the breathing zone of 20 crew members and quantified in terms of concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and total volatile organic compounds...
Conference Paper
This study intends to investigate how a change of fuel type from Heavy Fuel Oil to ultra-low sulphur hybrid oil affects the indoor air quality on board a passenger ferry. The indoor air quality was assessed with respect to the concentration of NO2, SO2 and TVOC, temperature and relative humidity. The efficiency of the ventilation system on the ferr...
Article
Despite significant changes in work tasks performed on board, towards more sedentary monitoring and administrative work, the incidence of occupational injuries and disorders remains high among seafarers. In order to improve safety standards, industry stakeholders increasingly require written documentation of numerous routines, procedures and tasks...
Article
Full-text available
Ongoing research has indicated important effects on seafarers’ occupational commitment due to gender and family situation. In this study, these findings have been elaborated further by controlling for the effect of perceived work content. Statistical analyses were employed, using a survey material of Swedish seafarers collected from a national regi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Professional cleaners work in a complex work environment, subjected to various physical and mental loads. During the period 2005-2009, IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute headed a research program for measures on how to reduce musculoskeletal disorders among cleaners. As a result, the website “Allt om städ” (All about Cleaning) was devel...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT: Today, the shipping industry faces important environmental challenges to reduce the impact of sea transport to the marine environment. In order to enhance compliance and encourage safe and efficient maritime operations, the implementation of a safety culture in both shore organisation and on board ships has been advocated. Similarly, it c...
Technical Report
Full-text available
An indoor environment on-board ship is important for the crew’s well-being, healt and work efficiency . Indoor air quality and thermal comfort are important aspects of the environment which have not been studied extensively on vessels. On long trips that last for weeks or even months and that may pass through several climatic zones there is no way...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper reports a case study examining the effects on the shipboard work environment of an operative decision to change fuel oil type on two Swedish passenger vessels operating in the Baltic Sea. The results show positive changes in work tasks, reduced exposure to harmful pollutants evaporating from the fuel, reduced use of chemicals for cleanin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to present a comparison between 2D and 3D models as tools for evaluating workplaces. The comparison focus on differences in the comments given when evaluation with 2D and 3D models. The results make strong indication that overall layout, line of sight and space are perceived differently in 2D and 3D models.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Knowledge and application of human factors and ergonomics (HFE) has significant potential as a useful tool and solution provider in the development, design and implementation of safe, efficient and sustainable artefacts and systems. Yet, it seems that this HFE knowledge is not utilised to its full potential. In a world of competing financial and co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present study focuses on the pattern of Swedish seafarers’ occupational commitment relative to gender and family situation. Statistical analyses are employed, using a survey material of Swedish seafarers randomly collected from a national register in 2010. It was hypothesized that the effect from having children at home should be negative on co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The benefits of involving users in a development process are well described. This paper describes a procedure for using 2D and 3D models in a workplace design process, which is based on three rounds of user studies within the maritime domain. The process includes various kinds of models that can be used in order to elicit design feedback in a cost-...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This workshop aims to discuss and explore the relationships between three central concepts for the workplaces of the future: Ergonomics, Social Sustainability, and CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility). What meanings do these concepts convey to the participants? In which professional environments are they most frequently used? Are they relevant for...
Article
Full-text available
Piracy can lead to risks so high that they, according to the International Maritime Organization, are tolerable only if risk reduction is not practicable or is disproportionate to the benefits achieved. Therefore, there is a need for reducing ship security risks in relation to antagonistic threats such as piracy. The aim of this study is to identif...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The indoor air quality (IAQ) on-board the Swedish icebreaker Oden was examined during two field campaigns, in winter and in summer 2013. The measured parameters were temperature, relative humidity, air exchange rate and concentration of CO, CO2, NO, NO2, ozone, SO2, volatile organic compounds (VOC), formaldehyde, PAH, PM10, PM2.5 and submicron and...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper reports a case study examining a conceptual framework for assessing financial impact of occupational maritime ergonomics in a Swedish shipping company. Specifically, the aim was to study the availability and applicability of suggested determinants for operational performance, routines for estimating the effects of ergonomics and t...
Chapter
Full-text available
Seafaring as an occupation, and the maritime community as a whole, is still a male-dominated industry. In order to encourage more women to engage in a career at sea, a number of campaigns have been launched by various stakeholders. Since gender gaps in education generally are larger in the developing world, while steadily closing in the developed c...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper reports a study composed of three research activities exploring the economics of ergonomics in a shipping context. First, a literature study aimed to review previous studies on the economics of ergonomics in general and within the maritime domain in particular; and moreover, to ascertain the key ergonomic factors addressed in cont...
Article
Full-text available
Growing customer demands and more stringent regulations to reduce harmful air emissions from ships have resulted in an increased interest for the installation of shipboard abatement technologies. Specifically, the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) technology to reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) was early adopted by several Swedish shippin...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Archived project
Projektet har syftat till att identifiera, utvärdera och sammanställa befintliga strategier och metoder för att minska risken för kränkande särbehandling och stärka arbetet för en god organisatorisk och social arbetsmiljö i en jämställd sjöfart. Projektet finansierades under åren 2019-2021 av AFA Försäkring.
Project
The indoor air environment of a vessel is largely characterized by chemical compounds that originate from fuel, lubricants and engine exhausts. It is a complex mixture containing mostly carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, as well as hydrocarbons such as benzene, toluene, xylene, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Several of these compounds are carcinogenic or harmful to health in another way. This project place summarizes key findings from three research projects (one is still ongoing) that investigate and map the indoor air quality onboard, the personal exposure to harmful air pollutants, and how various fuel types affect the indoor air and the work environment.