Cecilia C Furnus

Cecilia C Furnus
Universidad Nacional de La Plata | UNLP · Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias

Doctor of Natural Sciences

About

64
Publications
4,186
Reads
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1,858
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2004 - present
Instituto de Genética Veterinaria Ing. Fernando N. Dulout (IGEVET). Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias. Universidad Nacional de La Plata. CONICET.
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Education
January 1997 - December 2000
Universidad Nacional de La Plata
Field of study
  • Mammalian oocyte metabolism and early embryo development
February 1979 - August 1984

Publications

Publications (64)
Article
Full-text available
Trace minerals participate in reproductive processes and are crucial for oocyte maturation. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of combined supplementation with copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn) during bovine in vitro maturation (IVM) on subsequent embryo development and quality. The IVM medium wa...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between plasma copper (Cu) concentration and ovarian function during a fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) protocol and the effect of parenteral Cu administration (100 mg) at the start of such protocol (day 0) on area of preovulatory follicle (APF); area of corpus luteum (ACL), plasma estr...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to evaluate the genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of amitraz (AMZ) on the primary culture of bovine cumulus cells (CC) and oocyte nuclear maturation. Cytotoxicity was evaluated by assessing mitochondrial activity with the 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Genotoxicity was estimated...
Article
Ghrelin is a gut hormone related to energy balance and reproductive functions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ghrelin antagonist D‐Lys3‐GHRP‐6 (GA) as a potential agent that prevents ghrelin effects during bovine oocyte maturation on progesterone production, cumulus cell (CC) viability, CC DNA damage, and embryo development and...
Article
Sub-optimal cattle embryo development to the blastocyst stage still is a problem when conducting in vitro production (IVP) procedures. Supplementation of in vitro maturation (IVM) medium with omega 3-polyunsaturated eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is an approach that might have positive effects on lipid metabolism of cattle oocytes, potentially improvi...
Article
Full-text available
A negative energy balance (NEB) is detrimental to reproduction in animals. A suggested link between NEB and reproductive failure is the gastrointestinal hormone ghrelin, because of the association between ghrelin and the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis. The [D-Lys3]-Growth Hormone Releasing Peptide-6 ([D-Lys3]-GHRP-6) is a ghrelin antagonist tha...
Article
Zinc (Zn) has important functions in mammalian reproductive processes. In cattle, Zn status can be classified as deficient, marginal, and adequate, depending on the plasma Zn concentration. In addition, Zn deficiency can lead to reproductive failure. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of maternal Zn status at the beginning of a fix...
Article
Full-text available
Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element with important functions in animals and whose deficiency is associated with reproductive failures. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Se concentrations during in vitro maturation (IVM) of Bos taurus oocyte within the reference ranges for Se status in cattle. For this purpose, Aberdeen...
Article
In many species, alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) is essential for embryo development. There, therefore, was investigation of effects of ALA supplementation to culture media for in vitro development of cattle embryos. In Experiment I, there were assessments of embryo production and oxidative status of cattle embryos derived by in vitro maturation and fertil...
Article
This study evaluates the effects of ghrelin antagonist on mRNA abundance for metabolic hormone receptors in feed-restricted ewes. Ewes were randomly assigned to one of three treatments; Control (CO): feed above maintenance energy intake requirements and daily subcutaneous saline infusion; Feed restriction (FR): feed restricted and daily subcutaneou...
Article
Zinc (Zn) is a vital trace element for the body and its bioavailability influences numerous reproductive events. However, the mechanisms that regulate Zn homeostasis in the cumulus-oocyte complex (COC) are yet to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of estradiol 17-beta (E2), FSH and LH in Zn homeostasis regulation in bo...
Article
Full-text available
Zinc (Zn) is required for normal reproductive performance in cattle. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of subcutaneous injection of 400 mg Zn at the beginning of fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI) on preovulatory follicle and corpus luteum (CL) size, plasma estradiol (E2) and progesterone (P4) concentrations, and pregnancy rat...
Article
Glutathione (GSH) is an antioxidant synthesized from three constitutive amino acids (CAA): cysteine (Cys), glycine (Gly) and glutamate (Glu). Glutathione plays an important role in oocyte maturation, fertilization and early embryo development. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Cys (0.6 mM), Gly (0.6 mM) and Glu (0.9 mM) supplementation...
Article
The eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is an n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) present in the lipid composition of bovine oocytes. Little is known about the importance of EPA in bovine oocyte maturation and embryo development in vitro. Although previous work suggest that n-3 PUFAs may inhibit oocyte maturation, the available data are inconsistent. In...
Article
Sperm–zona pellucida (ZP) binding is a necessary event for successful fertilization. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of trace minerals such as copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn) on bovine spermatozoa binding to ZP. Sperm viability, functional membrane integrity, acrosomal status (AS), total antioxidant capaci...
Article
The effect of doramectin (DOR) was tested on two experimental somatic bovine cells in vitro: peripheral lymphocytes (PL) and cumulus cells (CC). The cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of DOR were assessed using 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, single cell gel electrophoresis assay (SCGE) and cytokinesis-block...
Article
Energy balance is regulated by ghrelin which is a neuroendocrine modulator. Ghrelin is expressed in reproductive organs. However, the role of ghrelin during in vitro maturation (IVM) and bovine preimplantational development is limited. The purpose of this study was to measure the expression of ghrelin (GHRL) and its receptor growth hormone secretag...
Article
Full-text available
The in vitro effect of enrofloxacin (EFZ) was tested on two experimental somatic bovine cells in vitro: peripheral lymphocytes (PLs) and cumulus cells (CCs). The cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of this veterinary antibiotic were assessed using 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays, single-cell gel electrophores...
Preprint
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of feeding an enriched diet with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) to finishing lambs born from ewes supplemented either with or without EPA and DHA during late gestation on productive performance, muscle fatty acid (FA), and hypothalamus mRNA concentration of metabol...
Article
Full-text available
Maternal nutrition produces metabolic and endocrine changes that may cause fetal programming effects. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of feeding an enriched diet with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) to ewes during late gestation and its effect to their offspring on the hypothalamus gene expression o...
Article
Maternal nutrition produces metabolic and endocrine changes that may cause fetal programming effects. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of feeding an enriched diet with EPA and DHA to ewes during late gestation and its effect on offspring performance and metabolism during the finishing period. Lambs used were born from ewes...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of acylated ghrelin supplementation during in vitro maturation (IVM) of bovine oocytes. IVM medium was supplemented with 20, 40 or 60 pM acylated ghrelin concentrations. Cumulus expansion area and oocyte nuclear maturation were studied as maturation parameters. Cumulus–oocyte complexes (COC) were...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate the cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of high copper (Cu) concentrations on bovine cumulus cells (CCs) cultured in vitro. We evaluated the effect of 0, 120, 240, and 360 μg/dL Cu added to in vitro maturation (IVM) medium on CC viability assessed by the trypan blue (TB)–fluorescein diacetate (FDA) and 3-(4,5-di...
Article
Adequate dietary intake of copper (Cu) is required for normal reproductive performance in cattle. The objective of this study was to investigate the pregnancy rates from cattle with deficient, marginal and adequate Cu plasma concentration at the beginning of artificial insemination protocol. Moreover, we determined Cu concentrations present in bovi...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of copper (Cu) during in vitro maturation (IVM) on apoptosis and DNA integrity of cumulus cells (CC); and oocyte viability. Also, the role of CC in the transport of Cu during IVM was evaluated on oocyte developmental capacity. Damage of DNA was higher in CC matured without Cu (0 µg/dl Cu, P < 0...
Article
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) supplementation during in vitro maturation (IVM) of bovine oocytes. The concentrations tested in all experiments were 1 nM, 1 μM and 1 mM EPA. The effect of EPA was evaluated on cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) by oocyte maturation [cumulus expansion area and o...
Article
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of VEGF and Cysteamine during in vitro maturation (IVM) of bovine oocytes on GSH content and developmental competence. For this purpose, experiments were designed to evaluate the effect of 0, 100, 300 and 500 ng/mL VEGF in IVM medium on: GSH content in oocytes and cumulus cells (Exp. 1), and...
Article
Full-text available
Summary Adequate dietary intake of manganese (Mn) is required for normal reproductive performance in cattle. This study was carried out to investigate the effect of Mn during in vitro maturation of bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) on apoptosis of cumulus cells, cumulus expansion, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the COC. The role of...
Article
Full-text available
ContentsThe aim of this study was to investigate the influence of zinc (Zn) on the health of cumulus–oocyte complex (COC) during in vitro maturation (IVM). Experiments were designed to evaluate the effect of Zn added to IVM medium on: DNA integrity, apoptosis, cumulus expansion and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity of cumulus cells (CC). Also, ro...
Article
We have investigated the effect of different Mn concentrations on (1) DNA integrity of cumulus cells by Olive Tail Moment (OTM); (2) cumulus cells apoptosis by Annexin V staining assay; (3) intracellular total glutathione (GSH-GSSG) content; and (4) oocyte nuclear maturation and embryo cleavage after in vitro fertilization (IVF). For this purpose,...
Article
Manganese (Mn) is a trace element present in forages and cereals, and its concentration depends on soil status. Manganese deficiency in cattle, goats and ewes not only impairs oestrous cycle but reduces calf birth weight. The achievement of the first oestrus is delayed, and more attempts are necessary to obtain a successful conception. This study w...
Article
THE OBJECTIVES WERE TO EVALUATE: 1) copper (Cu) concentrations in plasma and follicular fluid (FF) from cattle ovaries; 2) the effects of supplemental Cu during in vitro maturation (IVM) on DNA damage of cumulus cells and glutathione (GSH) content in oocytes and cumulus cells; and 3) supplementary Cu during IVM on subsequent embryo development. Cop...
Article
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Zn (zinc) concentration on CCs (cumulus cells) during in vitro maturation. For this purpose, DNA integrity of CCs by addition of different Zn concentrations [0 (control); 0.7 μg/ml (Zn1); 1.1 μg/ml (Zn2) and 1.5 μg/ml (Zn3)] to the culture medium was evaluated by comet assay. In addition, e...
Article
The objective was to investigate the effects of supplementary zinc (Zn) during in vitro maturation (IVM) of bovine oocytes. The DNA damage in cumulus cells was low with supplemental Zn concentrations of 1.1 and 1.5 μg/mL in the IVM medium (mean ± SEM index of DNA damage was 67.52 ± 9.32, 68.52 ± 13.34, 33.80 ± 4.89, and 34.65 ± 7.92 for supplementa...
Article
Zinc is an essential trace element. It has been known that a non adequate level of zinc can alter not only gene expression but also a variety of cellular functions with severe consequences on animal health. Little is known about the role of zinc on the reproductive performance of bovines, especially in oocyte maturation. The objective of the presen...
Article
Glutathione (GSH) concentration increases in bovine oocytes during in vitro maturation (IVM). The constitutive amino acids involved in GSH synthesis are glycine (Gly), glutamate (Glu) and cysteine (Cys). The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of the availability of glucose, Cys, Gly and Glu on GSH synthesis during IVM. The effect...
Article
Full-text available
Angiogenesis is an essential process in the progression of malignant tumors and the most potent angiogenic factor is the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). On the other hand, the CD34 is an endothelial antigen that has been used to highlight the microvasculature vessel density (MVD) as a direct marker of the degree of neoangiogenesis. In th...
Article
The purpose of this study was to evaluate different cryopreservation protocols for in vitro-produced ovine embryos and assess the survival rate after cryopreservation. The experiment was also designed to examine whether this technique is feasible to apply in large-scale operations. In a first experiment, ovine embryos cryopreserved in ethylene glyc...
Article
Full-text available
Hypocuprosis is the most widespread mineral deficiency affecting grazing cattle. Preliminary reports suggest that DNA damage is one of the most precocious consecuences of copper deficiency. This effect might be related to a decrease in the organic antioxidant capacity. The present study was carried out to estabilish the existence and speed of DNA d...
Article
Full-text available
In previous studies have been reported a controversy between the reactivity of mono and polyclonal antibodies in different cells populations of the mouse. In this study we focus on the immunoreactivity of the monoclonal antibody VEGF (C- 1) in order to analyze its expression in two cell populations of regenerating mouse liver (hepatocytes and endot...
Article
Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a high molecular weight polysaccharide found in the extracellular matrix of most animal tissues, that exerts a profound influence on cell behavior. HA is one of the most abundant glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in the uterine, oviductal and follicular fluids in mouse, pig, human and cattle. CD44, the principal cell membrane recept...
Article
In liver regeneration the formation of new capillary blood vessels is a fundamental requirement for cellular proliferation. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is involved in the events of angiogenesis, the mRNA of which is expressed in both hepatocytes and non-parenchymal cells. In this experimental design we try to establish if during liver...
Article
Full-text available
The efficacy of different vitrification solutions to cryopreserve in vitro produced bovine blastocysts was evaluated based upon in vitro development of embryos in culture and on in vivo development of embryos transferred into recipients. In the first experiment, ethylene glycol + glycerol (Eg + Gly) + different sucrose concentrations were evaluated...
Article
Supplementation of IVM medium with cysteamine, beta-mercaptoethanol, cysteine and cystine induced bovine oocyte glutathione (GSH) synthesis, but only the effect of cysteamine on the developmental competence of these oocytes was tested. During IVM of sheep oocytes, cysteamine but not beta-mercaptoethanol increased embryo development. However, it is...
Article
The efficacy of different vitrification solutions to cryopreserve in vitro-produced bovine blastocysts was evaluated based on in vitro development of embryos in culture and on in vivo development of embryos transferred into recipients. In the first experiment, 2 vitrification solutions were compared: propylene glycol + glycerol (Pg + Gly) and ethyl...
Article
Glutamine (GLN) is a metabolic precursor for hexosamine synthesis and its inclusion in culture medium has been reported to improve cumulus expansion. Glutamine and cysteine share the same transport system. Excess external GLN may act as a competitive inhibitor for the uptake of cysteine and stimulate loss of cellular cysteine, interfering this with...
Article
The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of hyaluronic acid (HA) added to the culture medium on bovine embryo development to the blastocyst stage as well as embryo quality and viability after freezing and thawing. In vitro matured and fertilized (IVM/IVF) bovine oocytes from slaughterhouse ovaries were cultured for 8 d in SOFm suppl...
Article
Full-text available
Glutathione (GSH) synthesis during in vitro maturation (IVM) has been shown to play an important role in embryo development. The present study was carried out to evaluate the role of cumulus cells in GSH synthesis during IVM of bovine oocytes in the presence of cystine, cysteine, the cysteine analogue N-acetylcysteine, and cysteamine. For this purp...
Article
The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of glucose absence during the first 24 h of culture on blastocyst quality and survival after freezing and thawing. In Experiment 1, IVM/TVF bovine zygotes from a slaughterhouse were cultured for 24 h in SOFm, either in the absence or in the presence of 1.5 mM glucose and then further cultured...
Article
We have measured sperm-bound amidase activity in fresh, cooled and frozen/thawed ram spermatozoa, in order to study if freezing and thawing led to some degree of acrosome damage of motile/viable spermatozoa not detected by optical methods. This assay was based on the fact that membrane damage would result in an increased access of the enzyme substr...
Article
Full-text available
Glutathione (GSH) has been shown to play an important role in embryo development. In a previous study, we demonstrated that cysteamine supplementation of in vitro maturation (IVM) medium increased the intracellular GSH content in bovine oocytes and improved subsequent embryo development to the blastocyst stage. The present study was carried out to...
Article
Three different gonadotrophin regimens for the stimulation of donors for laparoscopic folliculocentesis were tested in a total of 142 ewes. The recovered oocytes were subjected to in vitro maturation, fertilization, and culture (IVM/IVF/IVC) for 7 d using standard procedures for sheep. The estrous cycles of all ewes were synchronized using intravag...
Article
The present study was carried out to evaluate if the addition of cysteamine to the culture medium during in vitro maturation of bovine oocytes increased the glutathione (GSH) levels in the mature oocytes, and if these changes may promote an improvement on in vitro development to the blastocyst stage. Follicular oocytes from slaughterhouse ovaries w...
Article
The effect of protein malnutrition and alcohol consumption on the yield of chromosomal damage induced by cyclophosphamide (CP) was studied. Chromosomal damage induced in bone marrow cells of BALB/c mice was established by scoring the frequency of dicentric chromosomes in C-banded slides. Results obtained showed that CP induced a significant increas...
Article
A simple and inexpensive pipette for in vivo recovery of sheep oocytes by folliculocentesis was developed. Two experiments were conducted to assess the recovery rate. In Experiment 1, 20 Merino × Corriedale ewes were heat synchronized using intravaginal sponges containing 60 mg of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) for a period of 12 days. In Experi...
Article
The combined effects of mitomycin C (MMC) and thio-tepa (TT) with gamma-ray doses of 5 and 9 Gy on mouse stem cells were studied using the spermatocyte test. Both chemicals induced very low yields of translocations after single treatments. In combined treatments with a dose of 5 Gy, a subadditive effect of MMC and an additive effect of TT were foun...
Article
The induction of aneuploidy in cultured Chinese hamster cells by propionaldehyde (PA) and chloral hydrate (CH) has been studied. Chinese hamster embryonic diploid (CHED) cells were grown as a monolayer in cover glasses. Treatments were performed with doses of 5 × 10−4, 1 × 10 −3 and 2 × 10−3% of PA for 3 h and doses of 1 × 10−3, 2 × 10−3 and 3 × 10...
Article
In this paper we report the cytogenetic activity of ethanol (EA) and its main metabolic derivative, acetaldehyde (AA) in cultured Chinese hamster cells. AA induced an increase of aneuploidy and chromosome breaks and exchanges. EA only induced an increase of achromatic lesions (gaps). However, following treatment with AA, the most notable effect was...

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