Cécile Rousseau

Cécile Rousseau
McGill University | McGill · Department of Psychiatry

M.D.

About

370
Publications
149,654
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10,316
Citations
Citations since 2016
152 Research Items
7288 Citations
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (370)
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic had devastating effects around the world, yet it was not experienced equally by all. The emergence of the virus has been linked with the intensification of discrimination and inequities, as well as other systemic issues already present in society prior to the pandemic. The CoVivre Program was created with the mission to facili...
Article
The association of ideologically motivated violence with mental health disorders raises specific challenges for security agencies and clinical services. The aim of this paper is to describe the clientele of a specialized intervention program based in Montreal, Quebec, in terms of type of violent ideology and clinical presentation. We conducted a re...
Article
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Studies from the United States and United Kingdom show that Black patients are disproportionately diagnosed with psychosis and receive excess coercive medical intervention. There has been little discussion of this topic in Canada, and of how coercive interventions may have influenced Black patient attitudes towards mental health services. To addres...
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Objectives Vaccine hesitancy is a multifaceted decision process that encompasses various factors for which an individual may choose to get vaccinated or not. We aimed to identify the relationship between COVID-19 conspiracy theories, general attitudes towards vaccines, current COVID-19 vaccine factors, and COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy.Methods The pre...
Preprint
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Background: By living in dangerous areas, children in Afghanistan have been exposed to traumatic events and chaotic education; the ongoing Taliban’s comeback continues to jeopardize access to school for girls, hardly secured in the past. Objectives: The objectives were to evaluate children mental health in a high-risk situation and the protective e...
Article
On-site experiences and reports have shown that the multiple outbreaks of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) resulted in pervasive experience of stigma against many people who have recovered from EVD as well as their families and close relatives. Three evidence-based protective factors which are supposed to miti...
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Refining the cultural safety concept to include an acknowledgement of both the discomfort inherent in training and care and the time needed to overcome multiple layers of oppression may partially buffer the feelings of failure or fraud that often arise from unrealistic expectations regarding equity, diversity and inclusion policies.
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This article presents an analysis of the lived experiences of youth mental health practitioners taking part in Transcultural Interinstitutional and Interdisciplinary Case Discussion Seminars (TIICDS), an intercultural training initiative developed in Montréal (Québec, Canada), while considering the current context of increasing social polarizations...
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Purpose Social adversity experiences have increased during the pandemic and are potential risk factors for both depression and support for violent radicalization (VR). However, the cumulative and independent effects of various social adversity experiences on support for VR have yet to be explored. This paper examines the cumulative and independent...
Article
Schools must address immigrant and refugee children’s specific needs to enhance their psychosocial development. While most existing programs focusing on children’s emotional and developmental needs assume that they have a basic knowledge of the language of schooling, less verbal interventions, especially sandplay, provide other promising avenues. T...
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Ebola virus disease (EVD) survivors and healthcare workers (HCWs) face stress, fear, and stigma during the COVID-19 pandemic that can induce severe symptoms of anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We examined the prevalence and factors related to severe PTSD and anxiety symptoms, using a representative sample of survivors of the 2018-...
Article
Background Associated with high mortality rate, fear, and anxiety, Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a significant risk factor for mental distress. This longitudinal study aims to investigate the prevalence and predictors associated with mental distress among populations affected by EVD outbreaks in the Province of Equateur in DR Congo. Methods Surveys...
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In the past decade there has been an increase in focus on the concept of deservingness and how it plays out in debates around health care for migrant populations with precarious legal status. This study uses latent class analysis to identify subtypes of attitudes regarding asylum seeker access to health care and endorsement of support for asylum se...
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Background Although the literature in medical anthropology and transcultural psychiatry has documented how cultural representations shape individual experiences and perceptions of psychosocial distress and its management, less attention has been given to what is actually meant when the concept of culture is used in professional practice, and how th...
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Since 2001, attacks attributed to extremist movements or “lone actors” have intensified and spread around the world, prompting governments to invest significant sums of money into preventing violent radicalization. Nonetheless, knowledge regarding best practices for prevention remains disparate, and the effectiveness of current practices is not cle...
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The COVID-19 pandemic has increased levels of uncertainty and social polarization in our societies, compromising young people's capacity to envision a positive future and maintain a meaningful sense of purpose in life. Within a positive youth development framework, the present study investigates the associations of a positive future orientation, pr...
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Objectives High mortality rates, anxiety and distress associated with Ebola virus disease (EVD) are risk factors for mood disorders in affected communities. This study aims to document the prevalence and risk factors associated with depressive symptoms among a representative sample of individuals affected by EVD. Design Cross-sectional study. Set...
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Information is needed on the relationship between coronavirus disease (COVID-19) social distancing restrictions and their relationship with mental health. In particular, there is limited investigation into how COVID-related adversities have positively mobilized individuals. We use latent class analysis (LCA) to identify subtypes of positive and neg...
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The COVID-19 pandemic led to lockdown measures where congregational faith-based activities were prohibited. With time, the collateral impacts of confinement emerged as priorities, and impositions had to be balanced with the collaboration of the population. In this process, faith-based organizations played a key role in encouraging their congregatio...
Article
This article presents a preliminary evaluation of training sessions promoting a systemic approach to violent radicalization (VR) offered to first-line health and education professionals in Quebec. We describe the rationale and content for the training program, its general principles and implementation modalities. The mixed-method evaluation indicat...
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This article introduces a thematic issue of Transcultural Psychiatry with selected papers from the McGill Advanced Study Institute in Cultural Psychiatry on "Pluralism and Polarization: Cultural Contexts and Dynamics of Radicalization," which took place June 20-22, 2017. The ASI brought together an interdisciplinary group scholars to consider the r...
Article
The present study examines the moderating role of total, intrinsic, and extrinsic religiosity in the relation between perceived discrimination and sympathy for violent radicalization (VR) among college students in Quebec, Canada. A total of 931 students responded to an online questionnaire and were included in this study. Linear mixed-effects model...
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Health care personnel attitudes toward refugee claimant entitlement to health care are influenced by multilevel factors including institutional and societal culture. Although individual attitudes may be modified through training, macro- and meso-issues require system-level interventions. This paper analyzes the role of individual-, institutional-,...
Preprint
This mixed-method study explores the accessibility of developmental assets among Egyptian and Roma minority youth in Albania during the COVID-19 pandemic. Six focus groups were conducted in August 2020 with Egyptian (n=16) and Roma (n=15) adolescents (14-20 years, Mage = 16.71; SDage = 2.00; 14 girls and 17 boys). In addition, adolescents rated how...
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Objectives On July 24, the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo declared the end of the 2018 Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in the Equateur Province. Conducted seven months after, this study aimed to examine knowledge and misconceptions related to EVD in a representative sample of affected communities in order to develop e...
Article
Objective: An increasing body of literature emphasizes the role of refugees' social context, with social conditions both at home and in the host society having an impact on the possibility of power redistribution and the mobilization of agency in collaborative research practices. Our aim is to develop a contextualized understanding of research par...
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Few instruments assess community resilience. In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, the capacity of communities to support resilience of members deserves to be assessed to develop programs for improving mental health of affected populations. This article presents the development of the Ottawa-Community Resilience Scale (O-CRS), its underlying facto...
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The COVID-19 pandemic has spread uncertainty, promoted psychological distress, and fueled interpersonal conflict. The concomitant upsurge in endorsement of COVID-19 conspiracy theories is worrisome because they are associated with both non-adherence to public health guidelines and intention to commit violence. This study investigates associations b...
Article
Objective: Using a retrospective sample, the authors sought to determine whether Black patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP) in Canada were at a higher risk for coercive referral and coercive intervention than non-Black patients with FEP. Methods: Retrospective data from patients referred to an FEP program in 2008-2018 were collected via c...
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Purpose The objective of this study is to identify the relationship between COVID-19 experiences, perceived COVID-19 behavioral control, social norms and attitudes, and future intention to follow social distancing guidelines. Design This is a cross-sectional study. Setting Participants responded to an on-line survey in June 2020. Subjects The st...
Research
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Le Réseau des praticiens canadiens pour la prévention de la radicalisation et de l’extrémisme violent (RPC-PREV; https://cpnprev.ca/fr) a effectué une revue systématique de la littérature portant sur l’efficacité des programmes de prévention primaire, secondaire et tertiaire dans le domaine de la radicalisation menant à la violence. Cette revue ava...
Article
Background . Mechanisms worsening the development of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among individuals affected by high-mortality epidemics are unclear. This study examined the prevalence of PTSD and related risk factors among populations affected by the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak, and investigated whether peritraumatic distre...
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Countering violent radicalization is a priority in many countries, prompting research that assesses attitudes and beliefs about violent radicalization in the general population. The majority of violent radicalization assessments have been developed among specific populations, with limited investigation into the generalizability and cross-cultural a...
Article
Résumé Objectifs Les violences politiques peuvent pousser sur les routes de l’exil là où les soutiens amicaux, familiaux et culturels sont moins présents et les adversités se vivent par conséquent souvent seules. Ces bouleversements existentiels affectent les sexualités des personnes survivant ces violences. Pourtant, celles-ci sont rarement au cœ...
Article
The perception of epidemic risk has been associated with the production of narratives in which figures such as villains and heroes emerge. This article critically analyzes social media users’ construction of heroic figures during the 2013–2016 Ebola epidemic. We used international Twitter and Facebook comments as our raw material, collected by key...
Research
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The Canadian Practitioners Network for the Prevention of Radicalization and Extremist Violence (CPN-PREV; https://cpnprev.ca/) has conducted a systematic review on the effectiveness of primary and secondary prevention programs in the field of preventing violent extremism. The goals of this review were threefold: 1) to determine if primary and secon...
Article
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Objectives: We examine the association between perceived discrimination, mental health, social support, and support for violent radicalization (VR) in young adults from three locations across two countries: Montréal and Toronto, Canada, and Boston, United States. A secondary goal is to test the moderating role of location. Methods: A total of 791 y...
Chapter
In this chapter on children and vulnerable groups services we discuss the challenges involved in the provision of services to migrant and refugee families and young people. Firstly, obstacles preventing migrant and refugee populations from accessing services are identified, and the importance of culturally adapted and culturally safe services is un...
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Minorities and marginalized groups have increasingly become the target of discriminatory actions related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Detailed information about the manifestation of COVID-related discrimination is required to develop preventive actions that are not stigmatizing for such groups. The present study investigates experiences of perceived d...
Article
Objectives: Currently, there is little data on the mental health consequences of the pandemic in low-and middle income countries (LMICs). This study aims to examine the pooled and separate prevalence and determinants of depression during the pandemic in samples from four LMICs. Methods: Participants (N= 1267, 40.9% women) were recruited from the D...
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PurposeEbola virus disease (EVD) is associated with high anxiety and multiple bereavement that can induce severe psychological distress (SPD) in individuals living in affected communities. Using data from the EVD and Mental Health project (EboMH), this study assessed the prevalence and determinants of SPD symptoms in a representative sample of adul...
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Background Although social and structural inequalities associated with COVID-19 have been documented since the start of the pandemic, few studies have explored the association between pandemic-specific risk factors and the mental health of minority populations. Aims We investigated the association of exposure to the virus, COVID-19-related discrim...
Article
Support for violent radicalization (VR) is a multidimensional phenomenon determined by individual, social, and contextual variables. However, how local contexts influence the configurations of risk and protective factors leading to the process of VR remains an open question. In line with a socioecological framework, this study aims to investigate l...
Article
Drawing from the perspectives of 18 youth (characterized as adherent, ambivalent, nonadherent), 13 relatives and 8 clinicians, this qualitative study, using semi-structured individual interviews and a focus group, explores why individuals suffering from early psychosis accept or refuse treatment. Identity and relationships, understanding of the dia...
Article
The crossroads between the roads of power and clinical pathways In this article, we invite the reader to explore how power dynamics in society intersect with psychoanalysis. Using the example of intersectional theory, derived from African-American feminist struggles, we investigate the dialogue between political theories and psychoanalysis in the c...
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Globally, the COVID-19 pandemic is causing extensive morbidity and mortality and is fueling psychological distress across populations. Early evidence has shown an increase in anxiety, depression and sleep problems in the general population.1,2 Although pandemics shatter the functioning of communities and families globally, there is a paucity of stu...
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Complicated grief across cultures: Diagnostic challenges and limitations of international classifications Complicated grief remains a controversial topic. Although this concept is found in many cultures, few scientific studies address it from a transcultural perspective. This article, through the presentation of a clinical case and a literature re...
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The pandemic has highlighted the complexity of public health measures and their side effects, the intricacy of the underlying health, social and political phenomena at play as well as their specificity for marginalized minority communities. Based on this experience, this commentary suggests that it would be relevant in the future to develop consult...
Article
Objective Studies have documented the significant direct and indirect psychological, social, and economic consequences of the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in many countries but little is known on its impact in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) already facing difficult living conditions and having vulnerable health systems that create...
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We write as academics who study the impact of culture on mental health, clinicians who strive to provide equitable mental health care and representatives of organizations devoted to advancing the field of cultural psychiatry. We join our voices to those in the USA and around the world calling for social change to address the longstanding violence a...
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Cambridge Core - Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology - Working with Refugee Families - edited by Lucia De Haene
Article
Never before has there been such a high level of mobilization around mental health during an epidemic (Pappa et al. 2020). International agencies, with the UN General Secretary at the forefront, the Director of the World Health Organization, as well as researchers, policy makers and civil society leaders have all drawn attention to the need for men...
Chapter
Multiple stressors and adverse events can influence the development and well-being of refugee children and adolescents resettled in high-income country. This chapter proposes to use an eco-systemic approach to develop culturally sensitive interventions adapted to the youth level of development. A phased intervention, which distinguishes the arrival...
Article
[This position paper has been substantially revised by the Canadian Psychiatric Association (CPA)’s Section on Transcultural Psychiatry and the Standing Committee on Education and approved for republication by the CPA’s Board of Directors on February 8, 2019. The original position paper was first approved by the CPA Board on September 28, 2011] Ca...
Book
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Ce guide contient 9 modules dont certains doivent être réalisés sur plusieurs séances. Le premier module présente les premiers secours psychologiques, très utiles en situation épidémique et qui permettent de répondre à des besoins psychologiques et sociaux immédiats des personnes durant une épidémie. Le deuxième module offre la possibilité d’une év...
Book
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This guide contains 9 modules, some of which must be completed over several sessions. The module 1 presents psychological first aid, which is very useful in an epidemic situation and helps to meet people's immediate psychological and social needs during an epidemic. The second module offers the possibility of extensively assessing the needs of the...