Cecile Gallea

Cecile Gallea
National Institutes of Health | NIH · National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)

About

68
Publications
10,772
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2,580
Citations
Citations since 2016
49 Research Items
1962 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300
20162017201820192020202120220100200300

Publications

Publications (68)
Preprint
Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) in schizophrenia (SZ) have been associated with abnormalities of the left arcuate fasciculus and transcallosal white matter projections linking homologous language areas of both hemispheres. While most studies have used a whole-tract approach, here we focused on analyzing local alterations of the above-mentioned...
Article
Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) in schizophrenia (SZ) have been associated with abnormalities of the left arcuate fasciculus and transcallosal white matter projections linking homologous language areas of both hemispheres. While most studies have used a whole-tract approach, here we focused on analyzing local alterations of the above-mentioned...
Article
Full-text available
Background: ADCY5-related dyskinesia is characterized by early-onset movement disorders. There is currently no validated treatment, but anecdotal clinical reports and biological hypotheses suggest efficacy of caffeine. Objective: The aim is to obtain further insight into the efficacy and safety of caffeine in patients with ADCY5-related dyskines...
Article
Background and Objectives The main culprit gene for paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia, characterized by brief and recurrent attacks of involuntary movements, is PRRT2 . The location of the primary dysfunction associated with paroxysmal dyskinesia remains a matter of debate and may vary depending on the etiology. While striatal dysfunction has often...
Article
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Dystonic tremor syndromes are highly burdensome and treatment is often inadequate. This is partly due to poor understanding of the underlying pathophysiology. Several lines of research suggest involvement of the cerebello-thalamo-cortical circuit and the basal ganglia in dystonic tremor syndromes, but their role is unclear. Here we aimed to investi...
Preprint
Dystonic tremor syndromes are highly burdensome and treatment is often inadequate. This is partly due to poor understanding of the underlying pathophysiology. Several lines of research suggest involvement of the cerebello-thalamo-cortical circuit and the basal ganglia in dystonic tremor syndromes, but their role is unclear. Here we aimed to investi...
Article
Action selection refers to the decision regarding which action to perform in order to reach a desired goal, that is, the “what” component of intention. Whether the action is freely chosen or externally instructed involves different brain networks during the selection phase, but it is assumed that the way an action is selected should not influence t...
Article
Full-text available
Tourette disorder (TD), which is characterized by motor and vocal tics, is not in general considered as a product of impulsivity, despite a frequent association with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and impulse control disorders. It is unclear which type of impulsivity, if any, is intrinsically related to TD and specifically to the severity...
Article
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For more than two decades, there has been converging evidence for an essential role of the cerebellum in non-motor functions. The cerebellum is not only important in learning and sensorimotor processes, some growing evidences show its implication in conditional learning and reward, which allows building our expectations about behavioral outcomes. M...
Article
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In humans, execution of unimanual movements requires lateralized activation of the primary motor cortex, which then transmits the motor command to the contralateral hand through the crossed corticospinal tract (CST). Mutations in NTN1 alter motor control lateralization, leading to congenital mirror movements. To address the role of midline Netrin-1...
Article
Freezing of gait is a challenging sign of Parkinson’s disease associated with disease severity and progression and involving the mesencephalic locomotor region. No predictive factor of freezing has been reported so far. The primary objective of this study was to identify predictors of freezing occurrence at 5 years. In addition, we tested whether f...
Article
Objectives The classic Braak neuropathologic staging model in Parkinson disease (PD) suggests that brain lesions progress from the medulla oblongata to the cortex. An alternative model in which neurodegeneration first occurs in the cortex has also been proposed. These 2 models may correspond to different patient phenotypes. To test these 2 models a...
Article
Introduction Une meilleure compréhension des réseaux neuronaux impliqués dans la physiopathologie du trouble du comportement en sommeil paradoxal idiopathique (TCSPi) pourraient nous aider à prédire le développement d’une synucléinopathie. Objectifs Le but de cette étude était d’étudier les anomalies fonctionnelles et structurelles des réseaux d’é...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance spectroscopy (DW-MRS) performed at ultra-high b-values enables the quantification of fine cell microstructural features such as dendritic spine density. Here, we measured in-vivo the diffusion of total N-acetyl-aspartate (tNAA) and choline compounds (tCho) in the human cerebellar and cerebral cortex at 3 T, up...
Preprint
Full-text available
In human, execution of unimanual movements requires lateralized activation of the primary motor cortex, which then transmits the motor command to the contralateral hand through the crossed corticospinal tract (CST). Mutations in NETRIN-1 alter motor control lateralization, leading to congenital mirror movements. To address the role of midline Netri...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a neurodegenerative clinically heterogeneous disorder, formal diagnosis being based on postmortem histological brain examination. Objective: We aimed to perform a precise in vivo staging of neurodegeneration in PSP using quantitative multimodal MRI. The ability of MRI biomarkers to differentiat...
Article
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The human gait program involves many brain areas such as motor cortices, cerebellum, basal ganglia, brainstem, and spinal cord. The mesencephalic locomotor region (MLR), which contains the pedunculopontine (PPN) and cuneiform (CN) nuclei, is thought to be one of the key supraspinal gait generators. In daily life activities, gait primarily occurs in...
Article
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Although recently conceptualized as a neural node essential for a vast spectrum of associative and cognitive processes, the cerebellum has largely eluded attention in the research of aging, where it is marginalized mainly to structural analyses. In the current cross-sectional study of 67 healthy subjects of various ages (20 to 76 years), we sought...
Article
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Background The potential of non-invasive repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) to improve auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) in schizophrenia patients has been increasingly explored over the past decade. Despite highly promising results, high inter-individual variability of clinical response and ineffective outcomes in a significant...
Article
Full-text available
To understand brain circuits it is necessary both to record and manipulate their activity. Transcranial ultrasound stimulation (TUS) is a promising non-invasive brain stimulation technique. To date, investigations report short-lived neuromodulatory effects, but to deliver on its full potential for research and therapy, ultrasound protocols are requ...
Article
The execution of coordinated hand movements requires complex interactions between premotor and primary motor areas in the two hemispheres. The supplementary motor area (SMA) is involved in movement preparation and bimanual coordination. How the SMA controls bimanual coordination remains unclear, although there is evidence suggesting that the SMA co...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cognitive deficits in Parkinson's disease (PD) may result from damage in the cortex as well as in the dopaminergic, noradrenergic, and cholinergic inputs to the cortex. Cholinergic inputs to the cortex mainly originate from the basal forebrain and are clustered in several regions, called Ch1 to Ch4, that project to the hippocampus (Ch1‐...
Article
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DCC, a NETRIN-1 receptor, is considered as a cell-autonomous regulator for midline guidance of many commissural populations in the central nervous system. The corticospinal tract (CST), the principal motor pathway for voluntary movements, crosses the anatomic midline at the pyramidal decussation. CST fails to cross the midline in Kanga mice express...
Article
Objective: To investigate GABA-ergic receptor density and associated brain functional and grey matter changes in focal hand dystonia (FHD). Methods: 18 patients with FHD of the right hand and 18 age and gender matched healthy volunteers (HV) participated in this study. We measured the density of GABA-A receptors using [11C] Flumazenil and perfusion...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To investigate GABA-ergic receptor density and associated brain functional and grey matter changes in focal hand dystonia (FHD). Methods 18 patients with FHD of the right hand and 18 age and gender matched healthy volunteers (HV) participated in this study. We measured the density of GABA-A receptors using [¹¹C] Flumazenil and perfusion...
Article
Full-text available
Structural and functional differences are known to exist within the cortical sensorimotor networks with respect to the dominant vs. non-dominant hand. Similarly, the cerebellum, a key structure in the sensorimotor network with its cerebello-cortical connections, has been reported to respond differently when using the dominant vs. non-dominant hand....
Article
Netrin-1 is a secreted protein that was first identified 20 years ago as an axon guidance molecule that regulates midline crossing in the CNS. It plays critical roles in various tissues throughout development and is implicated in tumorigenesis and inflammation in adulthood. Despite extensive studies, no inherited human disease has been directly ass...
Article
Full-text available
A role for the cerebellum in causing ataxia, a disorder characterized by uncoordinated movement, is widely accepted. Recent work has suggested that alterations in activity, connectivity, and structure of the cerebellum are also associated with dystonia, a neurological disorder characterized by abnormal and sustained muscle contractions often leadin...
Article
Background: The objective of this study was to investigate pedunculopontine nucleus network dysfunctions that mediate impaired postural control and sleep disorder in Parkinson's disease. Methods: We examined (1) Parkinson's disease patients with impaired postural control and rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (further abbreviated as slee...
Article
Background: Although dystonia is traditionally conceptualized as a basal ganglia disorder, increasing interest has been directed at a different neural network node, the cerebellum, which may play a significant role in the pathophysiology of dystonia. Abnormal sensorimotor processing and disturbed motor schemes, possibly attributable to cerebellar...
Article
Full-text available
Background Primary orthostatic tremor is a rare disorder that is still under-diagnosed or misdiagnosed. Motor symptoms are fairly characteristics but the real impact on the patient’s every day life and quality of life is under-estimated. The ”how my patients taught me” format describes the impact on the patients’ every day life with their own words...
Article
Handwriting with the dominant hand is a highly skilled task singularly acquired in humans. This skill is the isolated deficit in patients with writer's cramp (WC), a form of dystonia with maladaptive plasticity, acquired through intensive and repetitive motor practice. When a skill is highly trained, a motor program is created in the brain to execu...
Article
See Muthuraman et al. (doi:10.1093/aww164) for a scientific commentary on this article. Primary orthostatic tremor is characterized by high frequency tremor affecting the legs and trunk during the standing position. Cerebellar defects were suggested in orthostatic tremor without direct evidence. We aimed to characterize the anatomo-functional defec...
Article
Background: Posterior cortical atrophy (PCA) induces progressive dysfunction of ventral and dorsal visual networks. Little is known, however, about corresponding changes in functional connectivity (FC). Objectives: To investigate FC changes in the visual networks, their relationship with cortical atrophy, and the association with Alzheimer's dis...
Article
Full-text available
Essential tremor is a movement disorder characterized by tremor during voluntary movements, mainly affecting the upper limbs. The cerebellum and its connections to the cortex are known to be involved in essential tremor, but no task-free intrinsic signatures of tremor related to structural cerebellar defects have so far been found in the cortical m...
Article
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Lateralization of motor control refers to the ability to produce pure unilateral or asymmetric movements. It is required for a variety of coordinated activities, including skilled bimanual tasks and locomotion. Here we discuss the neuroanatomical substrates and pathophysiological underpinnings of lateralized motor outputs. Significant breakthroughs...
Article
Full-text available
Mirror movements are involuntary symmetrical movements of one side of the body that mirror voluntary movements of the other side. Congenital mirror movement disorder is a rare condition characterized by mirror movements that persist throughout adulthood in subjects with no other clinical abnormalities. The affected individuals have mirror movements...
Article
Full-text available
To date, the most frequently used Parkinson’s disease (PD) biomarkers are the brain imaging measures of dopaminergic dysfunction using positron emission tomography and single photon emission computed tomography. However, major advances have occurred in the development of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) biomarkers for PD in the past decade. Althoug...
Article
Full-text available
While writing performed by any body part is similar in style, indicating a common program, writing with the dominant hand is particularly skilled. We hypothesized that this skill utilizes a special motor network supplementing the motor equivalence areas. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in 13 normal subjects, we studied nine conditions:...
Article
Full-text available
In Parkinson's disease, rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder is an early non-dopaminergic syndrome with nocturnal violence and increased muscle tone during rapid eye movement sleep that can precede Parkinsonism by several years. The neuronal origin of rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder in Parkinson's disease is not precisely known;...
Article
To better understand deficient selective motor control in focal hand dystonia by determining changes in striatal activation and connectivity in patients performing individuated finger control. Functional imaging with a 3-Tesla magnetic resonance scanner was performed on 18 patients and 17 controls during non-symptom producing tasks requiring right-...
Article
Conversion disorder (CD) is characterized by unexplained neurological symptoms presumed related to psychological issues. The main hypotheses to explain conversion paralysis, characterized by a lack of movement, include impairments in either motor intention or disruption of motor execution, and further, that hyperactive self-monitoring, limbic proce...
Article
The neurochemical basis of dystonia is unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess the differences of the inhibitory neurotransmitter, gamma amino butyric acid (GABA), in the sensorimotor cortex and the basal ganglia using magnetic resonance spectroscopy with optimized GABA sensitivity. Twenty-two patients with focal hand dystonia and 22 healt...
Article
Myoclonus dystonia and idiopathic dystonia are associated with a greater frequency of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and major depression. We investigated the frequency of OCD in 39 patients with primary focal hand dystonia (FHD) using a semistructured interview. OCD and subsyndromal OCD was diagnosed in 5 of 39 (12.82%) patients with FHD, whe...
Article
Full-text available
Conversion disorder is characterized by neurological signs and symptoms related to an underlying psychological issue. Amygdala activity to affective stimuli is well characterized in healthy volunteers with greater amygdala activity to both negative and positive stimuli relative to neutral stimuli, and greater activity to negative relative to positi...
Article
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Self-agency (SA) is the individual's perception that an action is the consequence of his/her own intention. The neural networks underlying SA are not well understood. We carried out a novel, ecologically valid, virtual-reality experiment using blood oxygen level–dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) where SA could be modulated in r...