Cecile Allet

Cecile Allet
French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Inserm · Centre de Recherche Jean Pierre Aubert U837

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15
Publications
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Publications

Publications (15)
Article
Full-text available
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons provide a fundamental signal for the onset of puberty and subsequent reproductive functions by secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone. Their disrupted development or function leads to congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CHH). To model the development of human GnRH neurons, we generated a stab...
Article
Full-text available
Optic nerve atrophy represents the most common form of hereditary optic neuropathies leading to vision impairment. The recently described Bosch-Boonstra-Schaaf optic atrophy (BBSOA) syndrome denotes an autosomal dominant genetic form of neuropathy caused by mutations or deletions in the NR2F1 gene. Herein, we describe a mouse model recapitulating k...
Article
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Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CHH) is a condition characterized by absent puberty and infertility due to gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) deficiency, which is often associated with anosmia (Kallmann syndrome, KS). We identified loss-of-function heterozygous mutations in anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and its receptor, AMHR2, in 3% of...
Article
Full-text available
Fertility in mammals is controlled by hypothalamic neurons that secrete gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). These neurons differentiate in the olfactory placodes during embryogenesis and migrate from the nose to the hypothalamus before birth. Information regarding this process in humans is sparse. Here, we adapted new tissue-clearing and whole-m...
Article
Cytoplasmic inclusions are found in a variety of diseases that are characteristic morphological features of several hepatic, muscular and neurodegenerative disorders. They display a predominantly filamentous ultrastructure that is also observed in malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT). A cellular clone containing an intracytoplasmic body was isolated from...
Article
B cells possess the ability to regulate either pathogenic or protective events in several autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) and its experimental model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Given the extensive use of B-cell-targeting treatments, it appears crucial to more precisely define the dual role of B cells in the...
Article
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As the final common pathway for the central control of gonadotropin secretion, GnRH neurons are subjected to numerous regulatory homeostatic and external factors to achieve levels of fertility appropriate to the organism. The GnRH system thus provides an excellent model in which to investigate the complex relationships between neurosecretion, morph...
Article
Studies in rodents have shown that astroglial erbB tyrosine kinase receptors are key regulatory elements in neuron-glia communication. Although both astrocytes and deregulation of erbB functions have been implicated in the pathogenesis of many common human brain disorders, erbB signaling in native human brain astrocytes has never been explored. Tak...
Article
Epidemiological data suggest that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) consumption may be inversely correlated to the prevalence and severity of depression but little is known about the underlying mechanisms. In this study, we experimentally investigated whether a chronic supplementation with PUFA may induce antidepressant-like effects in mic...
Article
In rodents, there is compelling evidence indicating that dynamic cell-to-cell communications involving cross talk between astroglial cells (such as astrocytes and specialised ependymoglial cells known as tanycytes) and neurones are important in regulating the secretion of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH), the neurohormone that controls both s...
Article
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An instability of the mature cell phenotype is thought to participate to the formation of gliomas, primary brain tumors deriving from astrocytes and/or neural stem cells. Transforming growth factor (TGF) is an erbB1 ligand overexpressed in the earliest stages of gliomas, and exerts trophic effects on gliomal cells and astrocytes. Here, we questione...
Article
Full-text available
Astrocyte death has been implicated in several neuropathological diseases, but the identification of molecules susceptible of promoting astrocyte survival has been elusive. We investigated whether transforming growth factor alpha (TGFalpha), an erbB1/EGFR ligand, which promotes glioma progression and affects astrocyte metabolism at embryonic and ad...
Article
But de l’étude certains travaux récents chez le rongeur, ont mis en évidence le rôle fondamental des interactions neuro-gliales dans le fonctionnement physiologique du SNC et en particulier, dans l’hypothalamus, dans la régulation de la sécrétion de gonadotrophin-releasing-hormone (GnRH). Cette neurohormone, sécrétée par des neurones spécialisés, c...