Cécile Aenishaenslin

Cécile Aenishaenslin
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

DVM, MSc, PhD

About

59
Publications
10,842
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
510
Citations
Introduction
Cécile Aenishaenslin currently works at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal. Her research focusses on the design and evaluation of One Health approaches, systems and public policies for the surveillance, prevention and control of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and zoonotic diseases.
Additional affiliations
May 2018 - present
Université de Montréal
Position
  • Professor
Education
January 2016 - April 2018
McGill University
Field of study
  • Epidemiology
September 2010 - December 2015
Université de Montréal
Field of study
  • Epidemiology
January 2005 - January 2009
Université de Montréal
Field of study
  • International Studies

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Full-text available
The development of interventions that reduce Lyme disease incidence remains a challenge. Reservoir-targeted approaches aiming to reduce tick densities or tick infection prevalence with Borrelia burgdorferi have emerged as promising ways to reduce the density of infected ticks. Acaricides of the isoxazoline family offer high potential for reducing i...
Article
Full-text available
Background Tick-borne diseases, and especially Lyme Disease (LD), are on the rise in Canada and have been met with increasing public health concern. To face these emerging threats, education on the prevention of tick bites remains the mainstay of public health intervention. The objective of this study was to assess the adoption of preventive behavi...
Article
Full-text available
Background Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) is a decision support tool that can be used in public health emergency management. The use of a One Health lens in MCDA can support the prioritization of threats and interventions which cut across the human, animal, and environmental domains. Previous literature reviews have focused on creating a s...
Article
One Health (OH) is an integrated approach that aims to sustainably balance and optimize the health of people, animals, and ecosystems. On the basis of a review of OH doctoral programs, we advocate for integrating social-ecological systems thinking in OH doctoral training to maximize the impact of future OH research and interventions.
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between northern Indigenous people and dogs has evolved over the past years alongside events such as colonization, settlement, proliferation of snowmobiling and other socio-cultural and environmental changes. These changes have had negative impacts on this relationship, and with the endemic presence of arctic fox rabies, dog bites...
Article
Full-text available
Surveillance programs supporting the management of One Health issues such as antibiotic resistance are complex systems in themselves. Designing ethical surveillance systems is thus a complex task (retroactive and iterative), yet one that is also complicated to implement and evaluate (e.g., sharing, collaboration, and governance). The governance of...
Article
Full-text available
While One Health initiatives are gaining in popularity, it is unclear if and how they are evaluated when implementation at scale is intended. The main purpose of this scoping review was to describe how One Health initiatives targeting infectious diseases and antimicrobial resistance at a large scale are evaluated. Secondary objectives included iden...
Article
Full-text available
To tackle antimicrobial resistance (AMR), one of the major health threats of this century, the World Health Organization (WHO) endorsed a global action plan in 2015. This plan calls countries to develop national actions to address AMR. The province of Québec, Canada, adopted a new regulation on the 25 th of February 2019, to limit the use in food a...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to assess the association between pet ownership and quality of life (QoL), loneliness, anxiety, stress, overall health, and mental health of Canadians during the COVID-19 pandemic using a One Health perspective. An online bilingual survey was completed by 1500 Canadians in April–May 2021. Socio-demogr...
Article
In the province of Quebec, Canada, a new regulation restricting usage of antimicrobials of very high importance for human health (Health Canada: category 1 antimicrobials) in production animals is effective since February 2019. The objective of this study was to estimate changes in AM sales in dairy herds after the implementation of the regulation....
Article
Full-text available
Van Rensselaer Potter (1911-2001), le biologiste à l’origine du terme « bioéthique » dans les écrits nord-américains, considère que « real bioethics falls in the context of the ideals of [...] Aldo Leopold », un forestier, philosophe et poète ayant marqué le XXe siècle. Associer Leopold à Potter a pour effet de placer la bioéthique dans la famille...
Preprint
Institutional arrangements are key for problem-solving; therefore, pandemics require a strong governance response. While a plethora of ideas about prevention actions for pandemics have been advanced, there has been relatively limited consideration for how those can be operationalized through governance macro structures, particularly within the cont...
Article
Full-text available
Regular evaluation of integrated surveillance for antimicrobial use (AMU) and resistance (AMR) in animals, humans, and the environment is needed to ensure system effectiveness, but the question is how. In this study, six different evaluation tools were assessed after being applied to AMU and AMR surveillance in eight countries: (1) ATLASS: the Asse...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to identify priorities for transdisciplinary research on zoonotic diseases (ZDs) using a One Health perspective. In 2017, 69 Canadian experts from various disciplines participated in a three-round Delphi prioritization exercise. Round 1 started with three ZD-related research axes: the convergence between zoonoses and chronic diseas...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper examines whether the usage of the concept of One Health in Canada-based research aligns with traditional Indigenous notions of health and wellness. Methods A comprehensive search of the literature was conducted using primary databases, including Scholars Portal, ProQuest Social Science, Sociological Abstracts (ProQuest), OVID He...
Article
Full-text available
While dogs can have a positive impact on physical and mental health, they also represent a public health risk in terms of bites and zoonotic diseases. In the specific context of Inuit villages, the role, care, and value of dogs are culturally different than in southern Canada. Furthermore, rabies is endemic to the region. Dogs are frequently kept o...
Article
Full-text available
Several experts have expressed their concerns regarding the potential increase in antimicrobial resistance (AMR) during the COVID-19 pandemic as a consequence of the increase in antimicrobial and biocide use in humans globally. However, the impact of the pandemic on antimicrobial use (AMU) and AMR in animals has yet to be discussed and evaluated. I...
Poster
Full-text available
Au Québec, les chiens font partie intégrante de l'environnement social et culturel des régions nordiques habitées principalement par des communautés inuites, cries, naskapies et innues. Si les populations de chiens contribuent au bien-être des humains, leur présence génère divers risques pour la santé, tels que la transmission de la rage par des mo...
Article
Full-text available
It is now widely acknowledged that surveillance of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) must adopt a "One Health" (OH) approach to successfully address the significant threats this global public health issue poses to humans, animals, and the environment. While many protocols exist for the evaluation of surveillance, the specific aspect of the integration...
Chapter
The second edition of this book contains 32 chapters divided into 4 main sections that discuss the theoretical foundations of One Health; methods, skills and perspectives for the practice of One Health; the application of One Health in infectious and non-infectious diseases and governance and capacity building, all of which are related to the globa...
Article
Full-text available
Arctic rabies virus variant (ARVV) is enzootic in Quebec (Canada) north of the 55th parallel. With climate change, increased risk of re-incursion of ARVV in more densely populated southern regions raises public and animal health concerns. The objective of this study was to prioritise geographical areas to target for an early detection of ARVV incur...
Poster
Full-text available
Until now, interventions addressing health issues at the human-dog interface in northern communities are focusing mainly on reducing dogs-related risks (bites, rabies). They tend to neglect dogs-related benefits (like emotional support), local perspectives or dog's well-being. Adopting a One Health, participatory approach, we aim to create a collab...
Poster
Full-text available
Until now, interventions addressing health issues at the human dog interface in northern communities focus mainly on reducing dogs-related risks (bites, rabies). They tend to neglect dogs-related benefits (like emotional support), local perspectives or dog wellbeing. Therefore, our project aims to create a collaborative decision tool to identify th...
Poster
Full-text available
Dog bites are a major public health issue in Canadian and Alaskan northern indigenous communities. However, our scoping review shows that they remain poorly described and understood. More research is needed to explore risk factors associated with dog bites in-depth. Further works should better integrate indigenous perspectives and knowledge, and ad...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Recent evidence suggests that climate change and other factors are leading to the emergence of Lyme disease in the province of Quebec, where it previously did not exist. As risk areas expand further north, the population can adopt specific preventive behaviors to limit chances of infection. The objectives of this study were to (1) crea...
Article
Full-text available
Background: To monitor the adoption of climate change adaptive behaviors in the population, public health authorities have to conduct national surveys, which can help them target vulnerable subpopulations. To ensure reliable estimates of the adoption of these preventive behaviors, many data collection methods are offered by polling firms. The aim...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Lyme disease (LD) is an increasing public health threat in temperate zones of the northern hemisphere, yet relatively few methods exist for reducing LD risk in endemic areas. Disrupting the LD transmission cycle in nature is a promising avenue for risk reduction. This experimental study evaluated the efficacy of fluralaner, a recent ora...
Article
The quality of information presented on health-related websites-in terms of comprehensiveness, accuracy and consistency-is a public health concern. To date, the consistency of information across Canadian websites devoted to Lyme disease (LD) prevention has not been evaluated. The first aim of this study was to describe the contents and recommendati...
Presentation
Lyme disease (LD) represent an important threat for public heath worldwide and an emerging threat in Canada. Yet, few methods exist to reduce the LD transmission risk in endemic area. A promising avenue to achieve risk reduction is the disruption of LD transmission cycle in nature by treating the small rodent reservoirs of its etiological agent, th...
Article
Full-text available
The economic evaluation of health surveillance systems and of health information is a methodological challenge, as for information systems in general. Main present threads are considering cost-effectiveness solutions, minimizing costs for a given technically required output, or cost-benefit analysis, balancing costs with economic benefits of duly i...
Poster
Context. Lyme disease (LD) is an important North American tick-born disease that is emerging in Canada. In parallel, new effective drugs against ticks like fluralaner, an Isoxazoline, appear on the market. Objective. Reduce LD transmission risk to humans by treating ecological reservoirs of its etiological agent with fluralaner. Methodology. Evalua...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to document climate change adaptation interventions targeting Lyme disease at the municipal level in the province of Quebec (Canada). This exploratory study relies on the theory of planned behavior and certain constructs from the health belief model to identify the factors leading municipal authorities to implement preventi...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction/background: The aim of this study is to examine the current state of health-related adaptation at the municipal level in the province of Quebec (Canada), especially interventions targeting Lyme disease. This study relies on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and certain constructs from the health belief model to identify the factors...
Article
Full-text available
One Health surveillance for antimicrobial resistance has been promoted by the scientific community and by international organizations for more than a decade. In this article, we highlight issues that need to be addressed to improve the understanding of the effectiveness of One Health surveillance for antimicrobial resistance. We also outline the ev...
Article
Full-text available
Dogs have been an integral part of the Inuit social and cultural environment for generations, but their presence also generates public health risks such as bites and exposure to zoonotic diseases such as rabies. In Nunavik, Canada, some prevention and control interventions targeting dogs have been implemented but have not demonstrated their effecti...
Article
Full-text available
Adjusting to global climate and socio-environmental changes has become a major issue for many societies, especially in the Arctic. Many Inuit wish to better understand the changes taking place. In 2013, an international Observatory of Human–Environment Interactions (OHMi) was established in Nunavik to identify these changes, study their cumulative...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The risk of contracting Lyme disease (LD) can vary spatially because of spatial heterogeneity in risk factors such as social-behavior and exposure to ecological risk factors. Integrating these risk factors to inform decision-making should therefore increase the effectiveness of mitigation interventions. Objectives: The objective of t...
Poster
Full-text available
In Nunavik, the role of domestic dogs in harbouring and transmitting gastrointestinal parasites to people is poorly documented. The objectives of our study were to: 1) document spatio-temporal activity patterns of the Kuujjuaq dog population 2) measure the prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in dogs 3) determine what factors influence parasiti...
Article
Lyme disease (LD) risk is increasing in Canada. In 2014, the government of Canada launched a national communication campaign to raise awareness and promote the adoption of individual preventive behaviours toward ticks and LD. The objectives of this study were to evaluate and compare the adoption of LD preventive behaviours and the exposure to tick...
Article
Full-text available
Lyme disease (LD) is emerging in Canada. A key preventive strategy is promoting the adoption by the general public of personal preventive behaviors regarding tick bites. The aim of this study was to measure the changes in public awareness toward ticks and LD before and after the launch of a national communication campaign in Canada using data from...
Poster
Full-text available
Contact details of the presenting author: cecile.aenishaenslin@umontreal.ca, 3200 Sicotte, Saint-Hyacinthe, Québec, J2S 7C6 Background: The recent emergence of Lyme disease in Quebec, Canada, is a good example of a complex health issue. Preventive interventions can have environmental, social and economic impacts and decision-making requires a syste...
Article
Full-text available
Background Lyme disease control strategies may include tick control interventions in high risk areas. Public authorities may be interested to assess how these types of interventions are perceived by the public which may then impact their acceptability. The aims of this paper are to compare socio-cognitive factors associated with high acceptability...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Lyme disease (LD) is a vector-borne disease that is endemic in many temperate countries, including Switzerland, and is currently emerging in Canada. This study compares the importance of knowledge, exposure and risk perception for the adoption of individual preventive measures, within and between two different populations, one that has...
Article
Full-text available
Designing preventive programs relevant to vector-borne diseases such as Lyme disease (LD) can be complex given the need to include multiple issues and perspectives into prioritizing public health actions. A multi-criteria decision aid (MCDA) model was previously used to rank interventions for LD prevention in Quebec, Canada, where the disease is em...
Article
Full-text available
Lyme disease (LD) is a tick-borne emerging disease in Canada that has been endemic in many temperate countries for decades. Currently, one of the main approaches for LD prevention is the promotion of individual-level preventive behaviors against ticks. Health behaviors are influenced by individual and social factors, one important of which is risk...
Article
Full-text available
Rabies is endemic throughout arctic areas including the region of Nunavik, situated north of the 55th parallel of Québec, Canada, and raises public health concerns. The aim of this paper is to provide a descriptive overview of the temporal and regional distributions of three important components of arctic rabies in Nunavik from 1999 to 2012, follow...
Article
Full-text available
Zoonoses are a growing international threat interacting at the human-animal-environment interface and call for transdisciplinary and multi-sectoral approaches in order to achieve effective disease management. The recent emergence of Lyme disease in Quebec, Canada is a good example of a complex health issue for which the public health sector must fi...
Article
Beginning in 2006, point infection control operations and aerial distribution of oral rabies vaccines along the US border were performed in Quebec, Canada, to control the potential spread of raccoon rabies. A benefit-cost analysis assessed the economic efficiency of this rabies control programme into the future. In this study, a mathematical simula...
Article
Full-text available
The complex epidemiology of vector-borne diseases creates significant challenges in the design and delivery of prevention and control strategies, especially in light of rapid social and environmental changes. Spatial models for predicting disease risk based on environmental factors such as climate and landscape have been developed for a number of i...

Network

Cited By