Catrinel Craciun

Catrinel Craciun
Freie Universität Berlin | FUB · Institute of Psychology

Phd Health Psychology

About

49
Publications
12,779
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512
Citations
Introduction
Catrinel Craciun currently works at the Institute of Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin. Catrinel does research in Positive Psychology and Health Psychology. Their current project is 'Resources for positive aging http://www.ewi-psy.fu-berlin.de/einrichtungen/arbeitsbereiche/qualitative_sozial-_bildungsforschung/forschung/Positive-Aging/index.html'.

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
Background and Objectives Previous studies have linked COVID-19 to a rise in ageism. While a growing body of research examined hostile ageism during the pandemic, benevolent ageism received less attention. Drawing on the stereotype content theory and the classic tripartite model of attitudes, the current study explored how benevolent and hostile ag...
Article
Background: Kidney transplantation is considered an optimal treatment option for patients with end-stage kidney disease in terms of survival rate, quality of life and cost-effectiveness. However, posttransplant life involves many medical, psychological and social challenges for transplant recipients. Understanding individuals' challenges and needs...
Article
Purpose: Concerning psychosocial aproaches to disability, Romania is characterized by significant discrepancies between the Disability Rights legislation and reality, while the input of people with disabilities regarding the matter is largely overlooked. This study aims to explore perceptions regarding Romania's built and sociocultural environment,...
Article
The article analyses children’s views on aging in the context of social changes in Romania. Data from drawings and interviews conducted with 120 middle school children (75 girls and 45 boys) aged from 11 to 14 years, illustrate how views on aging and old people reflect cultural notions of aging and older individuals. Findings point out a mixture of...
Article
Background: Understanding lay perceptions concerning vaccination and identifying the most important psychological determinants of vaccine acceptability are relevant for health promotion campaigns. Methods: This cross-sectional study aimed to identify the psychological determinants of HPV vaccine and seasonal flu vaccine acceptability in a nation...
Article
Full-text available
Despite active aging discourses and labor force integration goals, unemployment and dependency on welfare institutions among older workers still prevails, especially among vulnerable groups like immigrants or women. However, little is known about how older immigrants understand or cope with unemployment. The present study investigates the interplay...
Chapter
This chapter explores how positive aging theories shape views on aging. The chapter starts off with defining positive aging and goes on to provide an overview of the successful aging theory and its main critiques. The key critical points are organized around the question of whether we should think differently about aging ? Since theory inspires dif...
Chapter
This chapter explores how precarious middle-aged workers perceive the reality of precarity and their own aging. The chapter starts off with the definition of the precariat provided by Standing (2011) and goes on to analyze the characteristics and importance of the rising aging precariat. In the following, the German aging precariat is described to...
Chapter
This chapter argues that precarity shapes views on aging by generating and encouraging specific negative images concerning old age, by stimulating the reinvention of positive aging images and by increasing the discrepancy between positive aging ideals and the social reality of precarity. First, the chapter examines the negative images forged by pre...
Chapter
This chapter considers the issue of preparation for old age in precarious times. It is argued that precarity shapes old age preparations by constructing the aging context, by affecting mental preparations and by creating distinctive resources for old age. First, the chapter analyses how precarity shapes the health and work settings leading to the a...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the decisions and actions that precarious and financially secure middle-aged Germans take in preparation for old age. The first part of the chapter discusses the dilemma of preparing for old age in precarious times. Next, the chapter examines the strategies applied by precarious workers when preparing for old age. These stra...
Chapter
The introduction sets out to describe the issue of aging being perceived either as a challenge or problem for contemporary society. The links between positive aging theory, active aging policy and views on aging are outlined, and the main research questions and book aims are formulated. A further section of the introduction is dedicated to the meth...
Chapter
This chapter explores views on aging that emerge within a precarious social reality. Since the social reality is shared by individuals with precarious jobs and those who still enjoy financial security, the views on aging of the two groups are contrasted and compared. Views on aging are discussed by pointing out that the aging process provides new c...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the social reality of aging, emphasizing the discrepancy between positive aging discourse and the social reality of aging in precarious times. The chapter starts out by describing what it means to be living in precarious times, referring to Baumann’s (2007) “living in liquid times” and Grenier’s “new culture of risk” (Grenier...
Chapter
This chapter comprises the research conclusions and implications for practice and policy. The chapter argues that positive aging can exist in precarious contexts, because precarity models how middle-aged individuals imagine old age and how they enact preparations for old age. The research conclusions are framed by the discussion of how individuals...
Chapter
This chapter examines the politics of positive aging. It starts off by defining active aging and exploring how positive aging theories contributed to shaping aging policy. The chapter continues with an analysis of how active aging policy and images of aging are interlinked and how they evolved historically. It is argued that images of aging are not...
Book
This book explores positive aging through the lens of precarity, aiming to ground positive aging theories in current social contexts. In recent years, research on aging has been branded by growing disagreements between supporters of the successful aging model and critical gerontologists who highlight the widening inequalities, disadvantages and pre...
Article
The study used mixed-methods to illustrate the complexity of the interplay between the contexts in Bulgaria and Romania and women’s attitudes and behaviors related to screening. A secondary analysis of quantitative data from Romanian (n = 1053) and Bulgarian (n = 1099) women and qualitative interviews (n = 30 Romanian, n = 35 Bulgarian) was perform...
Chapter
The paper explores the role of gender and precariousness in shaping views on aging and preparations for old age in middle-aged women and men. Based on study results from a larger research project on resources for positive aging conducted by the author, it argues that gender plays a less important part than precariousness in shaping views on aging a...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen. Propósito: Los cambios demográficos hacen necesario mejorar la comunicación con pacientes mayores y diseñar promoción de la salud sensible al género. El presente artículo explora cómo médicos generales perciben la adultez mayor y qué rol puede jugar el género en sus representaciones sobre el envejecimiento. También examina si el género de...
Article
The present study explores views on aging and how these differ according to gender and precariousness status. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 10 men and 10 women with secure and insecure pensions. Themes like fear of illness and health decline were more present in men, while fear of losing their attractiveness in old age more present...
Article
Full-text available
Implementing positive aging ideas developed in Western Europe may be difficult to achieve in Eastern European contexts such as the Romanian health system. This might result in inequalities between EU countries in what positive aging is concerned. How health professionals construct old age reflects in the health communication with their aging patien...
Article
Full-text available
Studies investigating the role of gender and different self-regulation (SR) strategies in relationship to eating habits are surprisingly scarce. The present research investigates the role of food worry, gender and self-regulation on unhealthy snacking habits of adolescents using a moderated mediation model. A total of 1500 participants with ages ra...
Article
Preparing for positive aging is shaped by the social context a person lives in. The present qualitative study explores and compares representations about preparatory actions in precarious workers (i.e., with temporary job contracts and insecure pension plans) and individuals with secure pension plans living in Germany. It also examines, the discrep...
Article
Purpose of the study: Precariousness, defined as low income combined with lack of security for retirement, can influence the way people grow old and result in health inequalities in old age. Design and methods: A sequential mixed methods approach was used to identify differences in behavioral (physical activity), social (social network), and psy...
Article
Precariousness, defined as job insecurity and uncertain financial perspectives for retirement, might shape the kind of views that individuals imagine to represent a positive old age. The present study explored and compared positive views on aging in two different categories of middle-aged Germans. Interviews were conducted with middle-aged individu...
Article
How the social and institutional context is structured and represented by its actors has an impact on positive aging representations. This qualitative study explores professionals' views on positive aging, how they promote positive aging in their practice and what disparities occur between their discourses and the actual practice of promoting posit...
Chapter
The social and institutional context has an impact on positive aging. An increasing demand of care services to promote positive aging creates a need to clearly define what the role of health professionals is and howthey should go about promoting healthy aging. The chapter aims to explore the positive views on aging of health professionals (e.g., do...
Article
Nowadays people are growing old in a context where youth culture is the norm and where self-initiative is required in order to prepare for a good old age. However, planning old age may be more difficult for certain social groups with insecure work and living conditions. Precariousness, defined as bad financial conditions but also as having an insec...
Article
Self-medication with antibiotics, irrational prescribing and use of over-the-counter medicines and antibiotics represent a global concern, with implications for antibiotic resistance, clinical outcomes and costs of health care. This paper set out to make an in-depth exploration of the factors that influence self-medication in Romania. Specifically,...
Article
Age related symptoms appear earlier than retirement. Considering the beginning of ageing earlier than the age of 65, our research seeks to explore ageing representations of middle-aged adults (age 50-60) facing the transition to the third age, successful ageing representations and strategies they employ in order to reduce the discrepancy between re...
Article
Because Romania has the highest incidence of cervical cancer in Europe, in 2008 a HPV vaccination campaign was introduced targeting 10-11 year old girls. However, only 2.5% of the eligible girls were given parental for vaccination. Campaign failure makes it important to look for possible reasons and investigate mothers' attitudes and perceptions of...
Article
To promote sun safety by implementing different plans for sunscreen use, different psychological interventions are compared. Self-regulatory strategies such as action planning and coping planning are seen as proximal predictors of actual behavior. The study compares a pure planning intervention with a broader resource communication and examines dif...
Article
Romanian pensioners are among the poorest in the European Union, making them a vulnerable group in terms of health and well-being. Social capital could act as a buffer and protect old people from health inequalities. Although the percentage of old persons has increased in Romania, little is known about their social capital, namely their social netw...
Article
The present study uses the concept mapping methodology to investigate the ideas children and adolescents have about their own self-regulation (defined as strategies for controlling behaviour, thoughts or emotions in order to achieve relevant goals) in relation to resisting unhealthy food temptations. Also, it aimed to compare self-regulatory strate...
Article
The study examines whether self-efficacy mediates between intention and behavior, and whether appearance norms and self-efficacy are additive or synergistic predictors of sunscreen use. At two measurement points in time, 14 weeks apart, 154 individuals responded to an online questionnaire. Moderated mediation was tested by hierarchical regression a...
Article
Latest statistics show that the number of elderly individuals has increased in Romania but little is known about their perceptions of ageing and their strategies in coping with this issue. The present study set out to explore representations, experiences and perceptions of aging in Romanian elders. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11...
Article
This study compares a motivational skin cancer prevention approach with a volitional planning and self-efficacy intervention to enhance regular sunscreen use. A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted with 205 women (mean age 25 years) in three groups: motivational; volitional; and control. Sunscreen use, action planning, coping planning an...
Article
Sun safety behaviors to prevent skin cancer, such as sunscreen use, are difficult to adopt and maintain. Most social-cognitive theories assume that the intention to change a behavior is the best predictor of actual change. But unforeseen barriers emerge, or people give in to temptations, such as getting a tan despite their initial good intentions....
Article
Planning is supposed to mediate between intention and behavior. The study examines whether such a mediation also exists in the context of sunscreen use. Moreover, the question is raised whether health risk perception might moderate such a mechanism. A longitudinal online study was conducted with three measurement points in time. Sunscreen use, inte...
Article
This chapter looks at how internal and external assets relate to the mental health and health behaviour of Romanian adolescents. Data from the Health Behaviour of School-Aged children survey is used to measure mental health status against indices of school social capital. Results demonstrate that changes in family structure, parenting patterns and...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to find possible links between factors influencing the level of distress experienced by children with cancer. The first objective was to explore the relationship between children’s distress and their parents’ maladaptive behaviors. Using the Common Sense Model of Illness as a theoretical background we measured the c...
Article
Full-text available
Changing health-risk behavior has been shown to decrease morbidity and mortality and enhance quality of life. The present review aims to describe the models and theories that underpin effective interventions and the empirical studies that warrant their successful use with specific health risk-behaviors. Motivational, behavioral enactment and multi-...
Article
Full-text available
Adopting healthy eating habits in childhood is important because these contribute to an optimal physical and intellectual development. However, children are eating more junk food than healthy snacks (e.g., chips, chocolate croissants) during school brakes signaling a need to intervene and help change these unhealthy habits. The goal of this study i...

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