Cathryn Broderick

Cathryn Broderick
The University of Edinburgh | UoE · Usher Institute

About

28
Publications
1,495
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1,104
Citations

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
Background: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common life-threatening cardiovascular condition, with an incidence of 23 to 69 new cases per 100,000 people each year. For selected low-risk patients with acute PE, outpatient treatment might provide several advantages over traditional inpatient treatment, such as reduction of hospitalisations, substantial...
Article
Background: Acute limb ischaemia usually is caused by a blood clot blocking an artery or a bypass graft. Severe acute ischaemia will lead to irreversible damage to muscles and nerves if blood flow is not restored in a few hours. Once irreversible damage occurs, amputation will be necessary and the condition can be life-threatening. Infusion of clo...
Article
Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a collective term for two conditions: deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). A proportion of people with VTE have no underlying or immediately predisposing risk factors and the VTE is referred to as unprovoked. Unprovoked VTE can often be the first clinical manifestation of an underlying...
Article
Background: Air travel might increase the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). It has been suggested that wearing compression stockings might reduce this risk. This is an update of the review first published in 2006. Objectives: To assess the effects of wearing compression stockings versus not wearing them for preventing DVT in people travelling...
Article
Background: Standard treatment for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) aims to reduce immediate complications. Use of thrombolytic clot removal strategies (i.e. thrombolysis (clot dissolving drugs), with or without additional endovascular techniques), could reduce the long-term complications of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) including pain, swelling, skin...
Article
Background: Intermittent claudication (IC) is a symptom of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Pentoxifylline, one of many drugs used to treat IC, acts by decreasing blood viscosity, improving erythrocyte flexibility, and promoting microcirculatory flow and tissue oxygen concentration. Many studie...
Article
Full-text available
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common life-threatening cardiovascular condition, with an incidence of 23 to 69 new cases per 100,000 people each year. For selected low-risk patients with acute PE, outpatient treatment might provide several advantages over traditional inpatient treatment, such as reduction of hospitalisations, substantial cost savings...
Article
Full-text available
Background: It is estimated that up to 1% of people in high-income countries suffer from a leg ulcer at some time in their life. The majority of leg ulcers are associated with circulation problems; poor blood return in the veins causes venous ulcers (around 70% of ulcers) and poor blood supply to the legs causes arterial ulcers (around 22% of ulce...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common life-threatening cardiovascular condition, with an incidence of 23 to 69 new cases per 100,000 people each year. For selected low-risk patients with acute PE, outpatient treatment might provide several advantages over traditional inpatient treatment, such as reduction of hospitalisations, substantial...
Article
Background: Post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) is a long-term complication of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) that is characterised by pain, swelling, and skin changes in the affected limb. One in three patients with DVT will develop post-thrombotic sequelae within five years. Rutosides are a group of compounds derived from horse chestnut (Aesculus hippo...
Article
Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a collective term for two conditions: deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). A proportion of people with VTE have no underlying or immediately predisposing risk factors and the VTE is referred to as unprovoked. Unprovoked VTE can often be the first clinical manifestation of an underlying...
Article
Background: Standard treatment for deep vein thrombosis aims to reduce immediate complications. Use of thrombolysis or clot dissolving drugs could reduce the long-term complications of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) including pain, swelling, skin discolouration, or venous ulceration in the affected leg. This is the third update of a review first p...
Article
Background: Air travel might increase the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). It has been suggested that wearing compression stockings might reduce this risk. This is an update of the review first published in 2006. Objectives: To assess the effects of wearing compression stockings versus not wearing them for preventing DVT in people travelling...
Article
Standard treatment for deep vein thrombosis aims to reduce immediate complications. Use of thrombolysis or clot dissolving drugs could reduce the long-term complications of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) (pain, swelling, skin discolouration, or venous ulceration) in the affected leg. This is the second update of a review first published in 2004. To...
Article
Full-text available
Adeno-associated virus serotype 2 (AAV2) vectors show considerable promise for ocular gene transfer. However, one potential barrier to efficacious long-term therapy is the development of immune responses against the vector or transgene product. We evaluated cellular and humoral responses in mice following both single and repeated subretinal adminis...
Article
Full-text available
Uveitis is a sight threatening inflammatory disorder that remains a significant cause of visual loss. We investigated lentiviral gene delivery of interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) or interleukin (IL)-10 to ameliorate murine endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU). An human immunodeficiency virus-1-based vector containing the mIL-1ra or mIL-10 cDNA...
Article
Full-text available
Autoimmune posterior uveitis is a chronic, potentially blinding inflammatory disease of the eye. It is commonly treated with immunosuppressive drugs that have adverse long-term effects. Advances in gene transfer techniques have enabled long-term, stable transduction of retinal cells following subretinal injection with adeno-associated viral (AAV) v...
Article
Minocycline, a semi-synthetic tetracycline antibiotic is reported to be neuroprotective in degenerative and ischaemic models of central nervous system disease, via mechanisms involving suppression of both cytotoxic microglial activity and caspase-dependent apoptosis. We have investigated the effect of minocycline treatment on a mouse model of retin...
Article
Combating myeloid cell-mediated destruction of the retina during inflammation or neurodegeneration is dependent on the integrity of homeostatic mechanisms within the tissue that may suppress T cell activation and their subsequent cytokine responses, modulate infiltrating macrophage activation, and facilitate healthy tissue repair. Success is depend...
Article
Full-text available
Recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vectors are attractive candidates for the treatment of inherited and acquired retinal disease. Although rAAV vectors are well characterized in rodent models, a prerequisite to their clinical application in human patients is the thorough evaluation of their efficacy and safety in intermediate animal models....
Article
Recent evidence supports the notion that tissue OX2 (CD200) constitutively provides down-regulatory signals to myeloid-lineage cells via CD200-receptor (CD200R). Thus, mice lacking CD200 (CD200(-/-)) show increased susceptibility to and accelerated onset of tissue-specific autoimmunity. In the retina there is extensive expression of CD200 on neuron...
Article
OX2 is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily expressed on a broad range of tissues including neurons of the central and peripheral nervous systems, thymocytes, and endothelium. The recently identified OX2 receptor (OX2R) is restricted to the surfaces of myeloid lineage cells, including microglia. Functional data have implicated the OX2-OX2R in...
Article
Human retinal microglia (MG) express constitutively major histocompatability complex (MHC) class II molecules and have thus been highlighted as potential immunocompetent antigen-presenting cells (APCs). This study was undertaken to characterize microglial expression of coaccessory molecules and the functional changes in antigen expression, cytokine...
Article
PURPOSE. Human retinal microglia (MG) express constitutively major histocompatability complex (MHC) class II molecules and have thus been highlighted as potential immunocompetent antigen-presenting cells (APCs). This study was undertaken to characterize microglial expression of coaccessory molecules and the functional changes in antigen expression,...
Article
Full-text available
Despite ocular immune privilege, (auto)immune-mediated acute anterior uveitis (AAU) is relatively common. However, although relapses of AAU are usually self-limiting, possible regulatory mechanisms remain undefined in humans. Experimentally, Fas-Ligand (FasL)-mediated apoptosis of Fas+ inflammatory cells contributes to the immune privilege within t...

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