Catherine Lang

Catherine Lang
Swinburne University of Technology · Faculty of Science Technology and Engineering

PhD

About

62
Publications
8,075
Reads
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469
Citations
Introduction
Researcher; Academic; Gender and ICT; STEM and Preservice Teachers; Intercultural development of preservice teachers.
Additional affiliations
June 2013 - February 2015
La Trobe University
Position
  • Associate Professor (Outreach, Community and Professional Experience)
January 2001 - June 2013
Swinburne University of Technology
Position
  • Associate Dean Student Engagement

Publications

Publications (62)
Chapter
Overseas study abroad programs to Asia are funded by the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) and offered to Australian undergraduate students. In this chapter we investigate the theme of social justice in teacher education programs through short-term international mobility programs. Research aims reported in this chapter identify the ben...
Article
Despite significant efforts and many intervention programs over the years to encourage girls to study computing, we continue to see a declining interest. Girls’ lack of engagement with technology at school is resulting in fewer women entering the Information Technology (IT) workforce. Our research investigated whether a long-term intervention progr...
Chapter
Full-text available
Neo-liberal drivers that monitor efficiency and productivity shape the planning, development, and continued review of university courses in Australia. As an example, approved teacher education courses pass through three separate layers of regulatory and audit activities. These audit mechanisms exist to ensure that teacher education courses are fit...
Article
With the increased focus on the use of digital platforms to facilitate teaching and learning comes the challenge of creating connections between international students and their new classmates. The use of social media in higher education may be one avenue that can enable not only learning but also social connections between students to improve the...
Article
Full-text available
An Australian higher education experience often includes group work as an important social learning opportunity. For international students, taking part in a group assignment can positively influence learning and adjustment to the new cultural and educational context through social interaction. However, students are increasingly choosing to use dig...
Article
This paper presents an example of collaboration between teacher educators, pre-service teachers, current teachers and school students that had a primary aim to increase student interest in STEM activities through a MakerSpace STEM club, while improving pre-service teachers' confidence in delivering the Australian Curriculum: Technologies. The benef...
Chapter
The intensified school and university environments currently in Australia require universities and schools to develop new models of professional experience practice that meet political and economic drivers. In this chapter, we will present two examples where a paired placement professional experience model was implemented in partnership with local...
Chapter
There is a long research trail exploring the benefits of international education experiences for the learning of students in higher education (e.g., Bennett 1993; Deardorff 2006; Northcote et al. 2014). However, it is only recently that research has begun to focus on accompanying academics and the impact of international professional experiences on...
Chapter
New ways of utilizing technology in the online space are challenging how academics and students communicate, participate, and publish in modern universities, and thereby influence knowledge production, exchange, and transfer. Social media provides a suite of tools that are powerful additions to the pedagogy of academics and demonstrate that "the me...
Chapter
This chapter presents the experiences of a researcher conducting education research in the computing discipline, and in doing so provides evidence of a journey through several paradigms, hence the chapter title: paradigm surfing. A case-by-case retrospective analysis was conducted on several influential research projects with reference to the categ...
Article
Many higher education institutions around the world are increasingly motivated to incorporate social media for pedagogical benefit. At the same time, many institutions are also attracting an ever-growing number of students from overseas countries. With this in mind, researching how the use of social media applications impact on international studen...
Article
The importance of integrating technology into the classroom has become a priority at most levels of the curriculum in many countries around the world. This paper draws on the evaluation and research that informed four outreach programs. The authors acknowledge that teachers are generally time poor and often have limited information and communicatio...
Article
Full-text available
The benefits of international education experiences for students are well documented. The effect on the individual of international experiences has been researched and theorised by authors for at least the last 20 years. In this paper the experiences of three academics who accompanied pre-service teachers on a 3 week international practicum are exa...
Conference Paper
Many believe that the push to increase the number of skilled computer scientists must be a multi-pronged approach and be institutionalized at all levels of education. Some federal and local governments are requiring that all students become proficient in technical areas in primary and secondary schooling. Will the call for all schools to teach ever...
Article
There is a need for outreach programs to attract a diverse range of students to the computing discipline. The lack of qualified computing graduates to fill the growing number of computing vacancies is of concern to government and industry and there are few female students entering the computing pipeline at high school level. This paper presents thr...
Article
This article presents a reflective analysis of an outreach programme called the Digital Divas Club. This curriculum-based programme was delivered in Australian schools with the aim of stimulating junior and middle school girls’ interest in computing courses and careers. We believed that we had developed a strong intervention programme based on prev...
Article
We present a sustainable and innovative model for pre-service teacher paired professional placements called the Teaching School model. The Teaching School model was piloted initially in partnership with a Metropolitan University and a P-12 College located in Melbourne’s northern suburbs in 2013. It was expanded in 2014 to capitalise on an existing...
Chapter
New ways of utilizing technology in the online space are challenging how academics and students communicate, participate and publish in modern universities and thereby influence knowledge production, exchange and transfer. Social media provides a suite of tools that are powerful additions to the pedagogy of academics and demonstrate that “the mediu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper the ‘Teaching School model’ of professional experience is presented through the voices of teacher educators, school principals and pre-service teachers, who validate that this is a professional experience that works for all. The model was piloted initially in partnership with a Metropolitan University and a P-12 College located on its...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There is a growing awareness of the importance of including computing education in the curriculum of secondary schools in countries like the United States of America, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, and South Korea. Consequently, we have seen serious efforts to introduce computing education to the core curriculum and/or to improve it. Recent repor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite over 20 years of Information Technology (IT) intervention programs, the proportion of females in the discipline has decreased this century. The depiction of the IT profession on television is a significant source of information about IT careers and may influence student career decisions. In this study, the ways in which male and female IT e...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes the development and delivery of an outreach program that targeted secondary school Information Technology (IT) teachers. Like many westernised nations Australia has also seen a dramatic decline in school student interest and realization of computing courses. This in turn appears to have a flow-on effect to student enrolment in...
Conference Paper
The low numbers of female students in computing and computer science courses is still of concern. Initiatives to bring together women in technology to share their experiences, is an important aspect of increasing the numbers of female students entering the computing profession. A very successful celebration of Women in Technology was recently held...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores two different schools’ approaches to implementing an iPad program and a Netbook program to a year level of students. The aim of the study was to determine how these mobile devices were being used in the classroom and whether they enhanced teaching and learning. The experiences of students and parents were obtained through questi...
Chapter
In this chapter we present an overview of female participation in the workforce in Australia with a particular lens into the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) profession. We draw attention to several in-depth case studies that have been carried out in recent years to shed light on the disparity of gender representation in ICT and the a...
Conference Paper
This paper discusses the experiences of women working in the Australian IT workforce. With increasing demand for information technology professionals, organisations need to both attract the best qualified people as well as keep those they already have. In western developed countries in recent years we have seen a decline in women's participation in...
Article
EduBits, your quarterly roundup of ACM educational activities, focuses on education policy and the way it affects the K--12 educational space. Cameron Wilson, Director of Public Policy for ACM, gives us a glimpse into the challenges of improving CS education ...
Article
Working with community partners on research projects where the community members are part of the research team presents its own challenges. The challenges include the possible mismatch of expectations between academic team members and community members, as well as in defining the different roles people play, and managing the process. This paper rep...
Article
Purpose – This paper aims to present results of interviews with Australian students in junior, middle and senior secondary-school. It also aims to provide a current insight into the declining diversity of the information technology (IT) student cohort that is not captured in the existing literature. Educational psychology theories of self-efficacy...
Article
A multimedia university programme with relatively equal numbers of male and female students in elective programming subjects provided a rare opportunity to investigate female motivation to study and pursue computer programming in a career. The MSLQ was used to survey 85 participants. In common with research into deterrence of females from STEM doma...
Conference Paper
Computer science faces the same problem worldwide: too few women in computing, low enrollment and high failure rates in university programs. There is growing consciousness which has led to various ideas and programs to deal with these problems. My talk ...
Conference Paper
In Australia, as elsewhere, women's participation rates in Information Technology (IT) have been low. IT is the generic term used to refer to the many courses in the Computer Science, and Information Systems disciplines. While there have been a number of intervention programmes implemented aimed at encouraging women into IT and retaining them once...
Article
The number of students choosing to study computing at university continues to decline this century, with an even sharper decline in female students. This article presents the results of a series of interviews with university students studying computing courses in Australia that uncovered the influence of happenstance and compromise on course choice...
Conference Paper
Over the last 20 years much has been done to encourage female students to choose computing courses and computing careers. Some instances of positive effects have been reported, yet the proportional disparity in gender in this discipline continues to grow. This paper reports on a program called 'Digital Divas'. Digital Divas aims to scaffold positiv...
Conference Paper
This paper revisits the reported dualism associated with the perceptions of the ICT industry and the actual work experiences of women with this career. Eighteen female ICT professionals participated in a series of interviews in which their journeys towards their current employment roles were traced. Given the low numbers of women attracted to the I...
Article
Full-text available
This paper uses information contributed by ACM-W Ambassadors from nine countries to build a picture of women working to improve the gender balance in IT around the world. The focus on women’s participation in education, the workforce and the political arena is presented using Hofstede and Hofstede’s (2005) dimensions of cultural masculinity, power...
Book
This book presents a gendered analysis of factors that shape adolescent attitudes to Information Technology (IT) at key stages in their education. Results of interviews with students in junior, middle and senior secondary-schools in Australia are presented alongside those from students studying IT at two universities. The study found that many youn...
Article
Currently, women occupy less than 20% of places in the ICT courses offered by higher education institutions in Victoria and, as of 2007, women held only 16% of ICT jobs in the state (Multimedia Victoria 2008 p 25). At the secondary school level there has in fact been a marked downturn in girls' interest in such courses, reflecting a more general de...
Article
An assessment of student achievement according to gender in core units of study of a Faculty of Information and Communication Technology program tested four hypotheses. The first of these related to the role-model effect of female academics; the second related to the advantages of formal education qualifications of academics; the third to the appli...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The first documented day-long program to encourage girls to consider computing as a career was held in 1987 in the U.K. Over the last 20 years these one-day events, labeled Girls into Computing days, have been conducted by academics and professionals to foster female-student interest in information technology (IT) degrees and careers. This paper ch...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents research findings from an Australian Faculty of Information and Communication Technology (FICT) against a backdrop of declining interest amongst women in courses and careers in Information and Communication Technology (ICT). It poses the question of why research conversations around women in ICT are still pedagogically ignored,...
Article
This paper investigates the Australian literature relating to female under-representation in the information technology (IT) sphere of careers and education. This summary of the current body of literature presented through the lens of the nature of the discipline includes emerging theories that explore the masculinization of the discipline, followe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the process of establishing an audit of student achievement by gender as part of a Women in IT project, seven factors were identified that affect student success. These seven factors had minimal effect when they occurred in isolation within a unit of study, but certain combinations of factors created a learning environment that was detrimental t...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years there have been fewer students enrolling into ICT courses and subsequently there has been a significant decline in ICT graduates. The decline in participation by females has been even greater than for males resulting in a further widening of the gender imbalance in this discipline. Much of the research indicates that it is the early...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the 'new' crisis in the low numbers of women choosing to study Information and Communication Technology (ICT) courses at universities in Australia and indeed around the western industrialised world. In Australian universities, the spectre of all male ICT classes is becoming more commonplace, particularly in the more technica...
Article
The number of young people selecting a university Information Technology (IT) course is low and has been declining alarmingly in the last few years. While young women appear to be rejecting the discipline at a greater rate than young men, the declining popularity of IT university courses is a worrying trend that is affecting the culture of the disc...
Chapter
Full-text available
Australia, like other western nations, is experiencing a downturn in the proportion of females choosing higher education Information Technology (IT) courses. In the past this was not always the case although there were differential participation rates within the different streams of the IT field of study. This paper will present enrolment trends in...
Chapter
Australia, like other western nations, is experiencing a downturn in overall enrollments in higher education information technology (IT) degree courses as well as in the proportion of females selecting these courses. The percentage of women enrolled at a university in Australia, as a proportion of all enrolments, has increased steadily over the las...
Conference Paper
Despite significant efforts and many intervention programs over the years to encourage girls to study computing we continue to see a declining interest in computing by girls. Girls’ lack of engagement with technology at school is resulting in fewer women interested in an information technology (IT) career and entering the IT workforce. To address t...
Article
Full-text available
Is mathematics anxiety contributing to the declining numbers of females enrolling in tertiary computing courses? Initial observation of enrolments in tertiary computing courses at an Australian university suggests a direct correlation between the number of females in a course and the prerequisite level of mathematics required at entry. A study invo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper serves as both an example and a warning to academics seeking an alternative to traditional instructional methods for an increasingly computer literate cohort. Survey results confirmed that Graduate Diploma students were entering the Information Technology course with existing spreadsheet and database skills, but not to the extent that th...
Conference Paper
As a female computer science educator, I've watched with growing alarm the drop in enrollment in our Computer Science programs from a ratio of 1:1 of males and females in 1983, to a current ratio of 5:1. The lack of interest of female students in Computer Science is still a very serious problem. As educators we should all be watching our own campus...
Conference Paper
As a female computer science educator, I've watched with growing alarm the drop in enrollment in our Computer Science programs from a ratio of 1:1 of males and females in 1983, to a current ratio of 5:1. The lack of interest of female students in Computer Science is still a very serious problem. As educators we should all be watching our own campus...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the implementation of a transition program for Graduate Diploma students in the Information Technology (IT) discipline. These students were experiencing their first year of higher education in several years, or their first year in higher education in a new country. The program was implemented to cater for a mid-year intake of f...

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