Catherine Dupont

Catherine Dupont
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS · CReAAH UMR6566 / Université Rennes1

PhD - HDR

About

207
Publications
35,500
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
968
Citations
Citations since 2016
90 Research Items
629 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
Introduction
I am working on shells and crustaceans we find in archaeological contexts. My aim is to listen these artefacts to tell the histories of coastal populations form Prehistory to nowadays. These activities are varied form food, to ornament, dye, tool, wall's decoration... My news are visible on my blog https://catherinedupont.blogspot.com/
Additional affiliations
October 2007 - present
French National Centre for Scientific Research
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (207)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Les journées du GIS d’Histoire & Sciences de la mer sont ouvertes aux personnes extérieures au GIS. Attention, inscriptions obligatoires Toutes les infos sur https://catherinedupont.blogspot.com/2022/10/journees-interdisciplinaires-du-gis.html Pour en savoir plus sur le GIS : http://www.histoire-sciences-mer.org/ Pour en savoir plus que l'équipe...
Presentation
Video summary of the paper (in French) Après l'article Dupont, Catherine and Gruet, Yves. « Why Mesolithic Populations Started Eating Crabs on the European Atlantic Façade Only Over the Past 15 Years? » Open Archaeology, vol. 8, no. 1, 2022, pp. 670-695. https://www.youtube.com/embed/mE_qC3btqVc
Article
Full-text available
Mesolithic populations from coastal areas are known as hunter-gatherer-fishers. This way of life is visible in the landscape owing to the presence of large accumulations of shells named shell middens. These anthropogenic refuse heaps are composed of high proportions of marine resources, yet studies dedicated to marine components are relatively rece...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
L’objectif de cette étude est de mieux cerner les conséquences des variations relatives du niveau marin sur la transformation des paysages littoraux et leurs implications sur les sociétés humaines, en nous intéressant aux Pays de la Loire. Une première estimation de la remontée du niveau marin relatif est proposée sur les deux derniers millénaires...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Title of post: PhD position « Crustaceans: a tool for describing prehistoric human behaviour and palaeoenvironments in a maritime context in Atlantic Europe » (M/F) General information: Workplace: UMR 6566 CReAAH Rennes Date of publication: June 22, 2022 Scientific Responsible name: Catherine Dupont Type of contract: PhD Student contract / Thesis...
Presentation
Full-text available
“Maritime spaces, temporalities & global changes” Born in the 1970s (Lovelock & Margulies: 1974; Lovelock: 1999), the concept of global change refers to the study of short-, medium- and long-term interactions between the climate, the biosphere, the ocean, the land surface and, of course, human activities (Goudie, 2017). As a systemic conceptual fra...
Article
Full-text available
Provenance determination of archaeological remains is a valuable tool for reconstruction of past exchange networks. Among these materials, oyster shells are ubiquitous in sites from all prehistorical and historical periods. Thus, they seem to be promising candidates for provenance identification as they include chemical elements from the environmen...
Article
Le Mésolithique est une des périodes emblématiques des amas coquilliers dans le nord-ouest de la France comme le long du littoral atlantique européen. A cette période, c’est un lieu où l’on vit, mais aussi celui où on enterre les morts. Parmi les multiples activités mis au jour au sein de ces accumulations de coquilles, celle de la pêche aux poisso...
Article
The Atlantic coast of north-west France is one of the classic shell-midden regions of the European Mesolithic, made famous by the excavations of T ́eviec and Hoedic in the first half of the 20th century. At this time, there was a lack of interest in the food refuse component of shell middens. By the end of the 1990s new study methods and techniques...
Article
Abstract The Mesolithic burials of La Vergne delivered 3 297 marine shells, mostly from marine environments and collected on a foreshore located at less than 30 kilometers away. Most of the shells are pierced, through an anthropic action when nature had not already done its work. The traces of wear, for example the place of each item in the grave,...
Article
The La Vergne site form an exceptional funerary assemblage for recent prehistory on the Atlantic coast of Europe. The only comparative sites are those discovered on the Breton islets of Téviec and Hoëdic (Péquart et al. 1937, Péquart and Péquart 1954), notably on account of the abundance of ornamental elements sometimes presented as the remains of...
Presentation
Defense of my HDR (habilitation to direct researches), "When the archaeological shells tell us about People", November 18, 2020. To see the replay you can click on: https://catherinedupont.blogspot.com/2020/11/soutenance-hdr-quand-les-coquilles.html Sorry it is in French, This presentation is a summay of some aspects of my research I have done si...
Article
Full-text available
The settlement of Beg-er-Vil at Quiberon (Brittany, France) provides remarkable evidence of the lifestyles of the last maritime hunter-gatherers along the Atlantic coast during the 6200 cal BC climatic event. The site of Beg-er-Vil was first excavated by O. Kayser in the course of the 1980s, and has undergone extensive excavation since 2012. It has...
Presentation
French film "Shellfish and crustaceans". by André Espern With an introduction by Catherine Dupont' on past gathering of seashells on French coasts. Brittany's coastline is more than 1700 km, with cliffs and long beaches where many species of seashells live. Some, such as goose-barnacles, tellines, cockles, elvers or abalones are frequently consu...
Article
Fruits of the sea The origins of marine resource consumption by humans have been much debated. Zilhão et al. present evidence that, in Atlantic Iberia's coastal settings, Middle Paleolithic Neanderthals exploited marine resources at a scale on par with the modern human–associated Middle Stone Age of southern Africa (see the Perspective by Will). Ex...
Data
Paillard C. Faure D. Orlando L. Le séquençage à haut débit ouvre les archives fossiles de l’ADN ancien, dans 101 secrets de l’ADN. CNRS Editions. Editeurs D Faure, D. Joly, S Salamitou. 368 pages. 2019. ⟨ hal−02370904⟩
Conference Paper
This paper focuses on the exploitation of marine animal resources during the Bronze Age (fish, molluscs, crustaceans, sea urchins, birds and sea mammals) around the islands of the Iroise Sea off the coast of Brest (Finistere, Brittany). The study of three archaeological sites has given us the opportunity to overview the role of marine animals in th...
Article
Full-text available
Since prehistoric times, coastal populations exploited animal resources from the seashore. They are found alive or dead in the tide marks; or at low tide in the emerged areas. Thus, the archaeozoologist is confronted with a variety of possible acquisition techniques that he can sometimes describe through a detailed analysis of the parts of the anim...
Article
This article discusses the importance of empty shells used as artifacts and their differences with mollusks collected for subsistence by means of three French archaeological examples. The aim is to help archaeologists consider all shells as potential artifacts. The first example considers shell ornaments of hunter-gatherer populations who lived alo...
Chapter
Depuis 2011, plusieurs chercheurs se sont groupés dans le cadre d'un Projet Collectif de Recherche "les marais charentais au Moyen Âge et à l'époque moderne : peuplement, environnement, économie". Rapidement, la question environnementale, devenue incontournable, a été abordée par des chercheurs de diverses origines (archéologues, archéozoologues, h...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents two case studies from totally distinct geographic sectors and cultural environments-the Arroyo Seco II cemetery, in the Pampas in Argentina (7800-6300 BP and 4800-4300 BP), and La Vergne, in the west of France dated to the Early Mesolithic (9280-9000 BP), on opposite sides of the Atlantic Ocean. These two graveyards correspond...
Book
Exposition "Mer ... côte et coquillages" 1er juillet 2019 - 15 mars 2020, Musée des Marais Salants, Batz-sur-Mer (44), France
Chapter
With more than 80 species of detected marine invertebrates, Port-Blanc offers us a magnificent view of their exploitation in an island environment during the protohistory. Among these numerous species, only a few of them have been exploited in large quantities (limpets, dog-whelks and the edible crab). This is in accordance with what we know on pro...
Research
Full-text available
Ce séminaire ouvert au public est récurrent depuis plusieurs années. Il s’adresse aux étudiants en archéologie, aux professionnels et aux collaborateurs bénévoles des prospections et chantiers archéologiques. Il a pour but de suivre l’actualité de la recherche sur l’archéologie littorale et marine le long des littoraux français et au-delà. Labellis...
Article
The Beg-er-Vil coastal site (Quiberon, Morbihan, France), initially excavated in the 1980s, and more extensively since 2012, is exposed to strong marine and anthropic erosion. At the present time, the main challenge is to define the status of the site by describing its formation dynamics. This necessitates investigating the taphonomic and erosive m...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes an archeological site which leaves to the sea. "La Plage du Lomer" is a site of dye production. We describe the production processes of dye with Nucella lapillus by means of the scraps of site which leave to the sea. DUPONT C., DEBRAY J., GROLIER J.P., HERMOUET J., MILLET C., PAVAGEAU S., TALNEAU J.L., THOMAS P. 2018 – Analyse...
Book
Les dix-neuf textes que comporte ce volume sont issus du colloque organisé dans le cadre du 141ème Congrès du CTHS « L’animal et l’homme » qui s’est déroulé à Rouen du 11 au 16 avril 2016. Proposé par la section préhistoire et protohistoire du CTHS, ce colloque avait pour objectif d’aborder les relations Homme/Animal sous ses multiples facettes, de...
Chapter
Free access: http://www.cths.fr/ed/edition.php?id=7403 Un petit ensemble sépulcral du Bronze ancien composé de trois tombes individuelles a été découvert sur le site du Mas de Champ Redon (Luxé, Charente, France), fouillé par l'INRAP en 2011 sous la direction de V. Audé. Deux des trois sépultures ont livré quarante perles discoïdes ; trente-neuf en...
Chapter
free access: http://www.cths.fr/ed/edition.php?id=7400 Introduction of the book "Animal symbolisé, animal exploité : du Paléolithique à la Protohistoire"
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Collection : Actes des congrès nationaux des sociétés historiques et scientifiques (édition électronique)
Article
Le témoignage du matériel osseux moderne retrouvé dans les cités charentaises, en particulier dans le golfe d’Aunis, fait apparaître clairement le rôle prépondérant des produits issus de l’élevage au cours des périodes modernes. Le trait marquant est le rôle important dévolu au mouton. La structure d’abattage déduite de l’analyse des restes dentair...
Chapter
Some marine seashells have been found in the Gallo-Roman sanctuary of Gué-de-Sciaux in Antigny (West-Central France), located approximately 150 km away from the seashore and 100 km away from the eastern limits of the Marais Poitevin. The studied levels are dated from the 1st to the 4th century. The data obtained show that the shellfish discovered a...
Chapter
Full-text available
MOUGNE C., DUPONT C. 2018 - Consommation de coquillages marins. In Bertrand I. et Richard C. (eds.), Le sanctuaire du Gué-de-Sciaux à Antigny (Vienne, France) : évolution d’un lieu de culte picton du Ier s. av. J.-C. au Ve s. ap. J.-C. Association des publications Chauvinoises, Mémoire L, vol. II, Chauvigny. 967-980. Des coquillages marins ont été...
Conference Paper
Over the past years, the study of Early to Mid-Holocene coastal adaptations has emerged as a key research topic to understand processes of economic intensification and human resilience to environmental change. As the sea level rose during the Lateglacial Interstadial coastal configuration dramatically changed, inducing sedimentary infilling of estu...
Chapter
The production of purple dye with shell is known on all the continents. Its inventory on the French Atlantic coast testifies of an activity which exists from the Protohistory to, at least until, the 14th century. The antique site of Pouplinière is one of the rare examples where the production of dye with shells was integrated to the scientific ques...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes a balance assessment of the analysis of the marine invertebrates in France. A first part deals with the necessary adequacy between method of excavation and envisaged analyses, to direct the decision-makers and responsible for excavation on methodologies to be applied from the phase of field. The main results obtained by the appl...
Article
Full-text available
Studying the shells discovered during the archaeological excavations of Versailles have made it possible to identify two forms of these marine molluscs’ arrival during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. The first one is the living animal, while the second is the shell devoid of the animal’s flesh. Analysis of the flat oysters of the Gate of...
Article
Full-text available
Les amas coquilliers apparaissent comme des sites fantasmés dans la Préhistoire européenne, parfois tas de détritus de misérables « coureurs de grève », parfois témoignages de pêcheurs sédentaires à forte hiérarchie sociale. On mesure la charge conceptuelle qui pèse sur les quatre niveaux coquilliers de Bretagne, seuls vestiges connus comme épargné...
Conference Paper
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hXmlj6HLf5A Parler des hommes et des femmes qui ont fréquenté notre littoral par le passé, tel est l’objectif d’un archéomalacologue. Son matériel d’étude : la coquille découverte sur les sites archéologiques. Les plus anciens témoignages de la consommation de mollusques marins datent d’il y a 8 000 ans sur la côte...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During the winter 2013-2014, severe storm events caused a coastal erosion in the southern part of the Beniguet Island (Brittany, France). The associated shoreline retreat had uncovered three layers of shell middens interbedded into an aeolian sand dune deposit. From several radiocarbon dating crossed with the study of ceramic and lithic contents, t...
Article
Full-text available
Marine mollusc shells enclose a wealth of information on coastal organisms and their environment. Their life history traits as well as (palaeo-) environmental conditions, including temperature, food availability, salinity, and pollution, can be traced through the analysis of their shell (micro-) structure and biogeochemical composition. Adding to t...
Article
The marine shells are used in a recurring way by the Mesolithic populations of Europe as ornaments. The resumption of the excavations of the Rochefort cave (Saint-Pierre-sur-Erve, Mayenne, France) comes to complete the existing corpus. The scientific interest of these ornaments is also underlined by the distance of the site to the sea, more than 15...