Catherine Curtin

Catherine Curtin
Stanford University | SU · Department of Surgery

Doctor of Medicine

About

138
Publications
11,340
Reads
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2,664
Citations
Citations since 2017
71 Research Items
2150 Citations
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Introduction
Catherine Curtin currently works in the Department of Surgery at the Palo Alto VA and Stanford University. Catherine does research in Surgery, Plastic Surgery and Orthopedic Surgery. She is particularly interested in pain, peripheral nerve injury and upper limb use after spinal cord injury.

Publications

Publications (138)
Article
The minor procedure room (MPR) offers numerous advantages over the traditional operating room for performing many common hand surgeries. MPRs require less space, are subject to more practical architectural design standards, and facilitate more judicious use of disposable materials and unnecessary instruments than common hand surgeries. MPRs reduce...
Article
Full-text available
Opiates used for acute pain are an established risk factor for chronic opioid use (COU). Patient characteristics contribute to progression from acute opioid use to COU, but most are not clinically modifiable. To develop and validate machine-learning algorithms that use claims data to predict progression from acute to COU in the Medicaid population,...
Article
Introduction: People with cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) identify improving upper extremity (UE) function as a top priority. In addition to comprehensive rehabilitation, UE surgeries, including nerve and tendon transfers, enhance function. However, barriers exist to disseminating information about surgical options to enhance UE function. Objec...
Article
Background: The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons recently proposed quality measures for the initial surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). One measure addressed avoidance of adjunctive surgical procedures during carpal tunnel release; and a second measure addressed avoidance of routine use of clinic-based occupational and/or p...
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Objective The goal of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of simultaneous [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for non-invasive visualization of muscular, neurovascular, and skin changes secondary to complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). Subjects Seven adult patients with...
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Full-text available
Objectives: The primary objective of this evaluation is to determine the impact of virtual reality (VR) distraction on acute and chronic pain in Veterans within the Veterans Affairs Health Care System (VA). A secondary objective is to determine the impact of VR on the experience of stress and anxiety in Veterans utilizing VR for the indication of p...
Article
Purpose To assess whether certain distal radius fracture (DRF) patients, such as opioid users or complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) patients, receive more hand therapy. Methods Using the IBM MarketScan Research Databases from January 1, 2012, to December 31, 2016, we identified a cohort of DRF patients and created 4 subgroups of interest: frequ...
Article
Background: The goal of this study was an assessment of availability postoperative pain management quality measures and National Quality Forum-endorsed measures. Postoperative pain is an important clinical timepoint because poor pain control can lead to patient suffering, chronic opiate use, and/or chronic pain. Quality measures can guide best pra...
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Multiple publications have highlighted the prevalence of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) as a cause of hand infections. We hypothesized that these publications have shifted the empiric treatment of hand infections. The aim of this study was to identify the current standard of care, the most common causative bacteria, and factors...
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Patients with persistent complex limb pain represent a substantial diagnostic challenge. Physical exam, and tests such as nerve conduction, are often normal even though the patient suffers from severe pain. In 2015, we initiated a team-based approach to evaluate such patients. The approach included physicians from several specialties (Anesthesiolog...
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IntroductionChronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) is a global issue with high prevalence. This study compared acute pain descriptors among patients undergoing carpal tunnel release (CTR) or trigger finger release (TFR). We hypothesized worst pain intensity on postoperative day (POD) 10 would be best to predict the time to pain resolution.Methods In this...
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There is growing evidence that thrombotic and inflammatory pathways contribute to the severity of COVID-19. Common medications such as aspirin, that mitigate these pathways, may decrease COVID-19 mortality. This retrospective assessment was designed to quantify the correlation between pre-diagnosis aspirin and mortality for COVID-19 positive patien...
Preprint
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There is growing evidence that thrombotic and inflammatory pathways contribute to the severity of COVID-19. Common medications such as aspirin, that mitigate these pathways, may decrease COVID-19 mortality. This assessment was designed to quantify the correlation between aspirin and mortality for COVID-19 positive patients in our care. Data from th...
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Background: Preoperative patient-specific risk factors may elucidate the mechanisms leading to the persistence of pain and opioid use after surgery. This study aimed to determine whether similar or discordant preoperative factors were associated with the duration of postoperative pain and opioid use. Methods: In this post hoc analysis of a rando...
Article
Background One of the most feared complications following treatment of Dupuytren contracture is complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). This study aims to provide a national perspective on the incidence of CRPS following treatment of Dupuytren contracture and identify patient factors to target for risk reduction. Methods Using the Truven MarketScan...
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Full-text available
Background: The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and American Society for Surgery of the Hand recently proposed three quality measures for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS): Measure 1 - Discouraging routine use of Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosis of CTS; Measure 2 - Discouraging the use of adjunctive surgical procedures during car...
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Full-text available
The sudden emergence of COVID-19 has brought significant challenges to the care of Veterans. An improved ability to predict a patient’s clinical course would facilitate optimal care decisions, resource allocation, family counseling, and strategies for safely easing distancing restrictions. The Care Assessment Need (CAN) score is an existing risk as...
Article
Background and Objectives Acute postoperative pain following surgery is known to be associated with chronic pain development and lower quality of life. We sought to analyze the relationship between differing breast cancer excisional procedures, reconstruction, and short‐term pain outcomes. Methods Women undergoing breast cancer excisional procedur...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The goal of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for non-invasive visualization of muscular, neurovascular, and skin changes secondary to complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). Methods: Seven adult patients with CRPS in the lower...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The goal of this study is to demonstrate the feasibility of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for non-invasive visualization of muscular, neurovascular, and skin changes secondary to complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). Methods: Seven adult patients with CRPS in the lower...
Article
Full-text available
Background:. Current preoperative risk assessment tools are often cumbersome, have limited accuracy, and are poorly adopted. The Care Assessment Need (CAN) score, an existing tool developed for primary care providers in the U.S. Veterans Administration health-care system (VA), is automatically calculated for individual patients using electronic hea...
Article
Objective To increase access to high-quality and multiregional databases in global epidemiology of cleft surgeries through partnership with an NGO. Design The study retrospectively analyzes 34 801 primary palate surgeries in 70+ countries from the 2016 electronic health records of an non-governmental organization (NGO). The study also utilizes the...
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Introduction Prolonged compression of the extremities leads to limb ischemia and compartment syndrome. Altered consciousness with opioid overdose can cause of non-traumatic compartment syndrome (NTCS). This study aimed to investigate the US incidences of NTCS in light of the opioid epidemic. We hypothesized an increase in NTCS, paralleling the opio...
Article
Introduction: Clinical volume has been associated with rate of complications and mortality for various conditions and procedures. We aim to analyze the relationship between annual hospital burn admission, patient safety indicators (PSI), line infections, and inpatient mortality. We hypothesize that high facility volume will correlate with better o...
Article
Importance Patients with frailty have higher risk for postoperative mortality and complications; however, most research has focused on small groups of high-risk procedures. The associations among frailty, operative stress, and mortality are poorly understood. Objective To assess the association between frailty and mortality at varying levels of op...
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Introduction Despite the growing spotlight on value-based care and patient safety, little is known about the influence of patient-, reconstruction-, and facility-level factors on safety events following breast reconstruction. The purpose of this study is to characterize postoperative complications in light of hospital-level risk factors. Methods U...
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Postoperative pain scores are widely monitored and collected in the electronic health record, yet current methods fail to fully leverage the data with fast implementation. A robust linear regression was fitted to describe the association between the log-scaled pain score and time from discharge after total knee replacement. The estimated trajectori...
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Infections from Neisseria gonorrhoeae (N. gonorrhoeae) are on the rise. Disseminated gonorrhea infections have the unique propensity for causing extensor tenosynovitis of the hand, a topic which has not recently been discussed in the plastic surgery literature. We therefore present a case report of a patient with extensor tenosynovitis of the hand...
Article
Introduction: To assess bounds of shared decision making in orthopaedic surgery, we conducted an exploratory study to examine the extent to which patients want to be involved in decision making in the management of a musculoskeletal condition. Methods: One hundred fifteen patients at an orthopaedic surgery clinic were asked to rate preferred lev...
Article
This prospective cohort study used video electromyography synchronized analysis to determine the dynamic use of extrinsic and intrinsic finger flexion during grasp. Light fist formation primarily involved the flexor digitorum profundus with either the flexor digitorum superficialis or intrinsics. In contrast, both the flexor digitorum superficialis...
Article
Background: Pediatric burns account for 120,000 emergency department visits and 10,000 hospitalizations annually. The American Burn Association has guidelines regarding referrals to burn centers; however there is variation in burn center distribution. We hypothesized that disparity in access would be related to burn center access. Methods: Using...
Article
Introduction Burn injuries are common in the homeless population. Little is known regarding whether homeless patients experience different outcomes when admitted for burns. We aim to 1) characterize the admitted homeless burn population, and 2) investigate differences in inpatient outcomes between the homeless and non-homeless populations. Methods...
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There is currently no consensus on the optimal suture type for palmar skin closure following open carpal tunnel release and trigger finger release. We performed a retrospective analysis of patients in the Palo Alto Veterans Affairs (PAVA) Health Care System who underwent these procedures over a 2-year period to compare 30-day wound outcomes followi...
Article
Introduction Hospital acquired conditions complicate burn admissions and may increase the likelihood of mortality. In other surgical disciplines, lower patient volume has been associated with increased complications. We aim to analyze the relationship between annual hospital burn admissions, patient safety indicators (PSI), and inpatient mortality....
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Importance: Acute postoperative pain is associated with the development of persistent postsurgical pain, but it is unclear which aspect is most estimable. Objective: To identify patient clusters based on acute pain trajectories, preoperative psychosocial characteristics associated with the high-risk cluster, and the best acute pain predictor of...
Article
A 61-year-old man presented with chronic dorsal foot pain of 9 years that worsened with ambulation. Conventional diagnostic imaging and medical workup were unrevealing, and ankle arthrodesis had been recommended by an orthopedic surgeon for pain relief. Instead, the patient participated in a clinical imaging trial designed for identifying pain gene...
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Widely-prescribed prodrug opioids (e.g., hydrocodone) require conversion by liver enzyme CYP-2D6 to exert their analgesic effects. The most commonly prescribed antidepressant, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), inhibits CYP-2D6 activity and therefore may reduce the effectiveness of prodrug opioids. We used a machine learning approach...
Data
Unified medical language system’s depression terms used to identify key concepts from clinical notes for depression diagnoses and symptoms. (PDF)
Data
List of drugs included in the SSRI drug class and their trade names. (PDF)
Data
ICD-9, ICD-10 and CPT codes used for identifying the surgical procedures included in the study. (PDF)
Article
Background: Care of digit amputations ranges from revision amputation to replantation. Many factors determine the treatment type. We looked at the epidemiology of amputation and factors associated with escalation of care after presenting to the emergency department (ED). We hypothesized that disparities in care following digit amputation exist. Met...
Article
Background Human cadaveric skin (allograft) is used in treating major burns both as temporizing wound coverage and a means of testing wound bed viability following burn excision. There is limited information on outcomes, and clinicians disagree on indications for application in intermediate-sized burns. This study aims to improve understanding of a...
Article
Background: The ideal timing of soft-tissue coverage for open lower extremity fractures remains controversial. Using U.S. national data, this study aims to characterize secular trends and regional variation in the timing of soft-tissue coverage. Methods: Using discharge data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2002 to 2011), the authors identi...
Article
Background: Unplanned visits to the emergency department (ED) and inpatient setting are expensive and associated with poor outcomes in thoracic surgery. We assessed 30-d postoperative ED visits and inpatient readmissions following thoracotomy, a high morbidity procedure. Materials and methods: We retrospectively analyzed inpatient and ED adminis...
Article
Full-text available
The diagnosis of nerve compression relies on collecting diagnostic clues from the history, physical examination, imaging and diagnostic testing. There are several provocative tests to aid in the diagnosis of nerve compression. The ‘Scratch Collapse Test’ (SCT) has emerged as a new provocative test to assist in the localisation of peripheral nerve c...
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Full-text available
Background: The ability to accurately diagnose and objectively localize pain generators in chronic pain sufferers remains a major clinical challenge since assessment relies on subjective patient complaints and relatively non-specific diagnostic tools. Developments in clinical molecular imaging, including advances in imaging technology and radiotra...
Article
Background: Identification of a safe and effective medical therapy for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease remains a significant unmet medical need. Recent small cohort studies indicate that metformin, the world's most commonly prescribed oral hypoglycemic agent, may limit AAA enlargement. We sought to validate these preliminary observations i...
Article
Introduction: Innovations in topical burn treatment along with a drive toward value-based care are steering burn care to the outpatient setting. Little is known regarding what characteristics predict outpatient treatment of pediatric minor burns and whether there is a temporal trend toward this treatment paradigm. Methods: A retrospective cohort...
Article
Introduction: Despite advances in critical care and the surgical management of major burns, highly moribund patients are unlikely to survive. Little is known regarding the utilization and effects of palliative care services in this population. Methods: All major burn hospitalizations were identified within the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Patien...
Article
Background: Recent adaption of nerve transfer surgery to improve upper extremity function in cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) is an exciting development. Tendon transfer procedures are well established, reliable, and can significantly improve function. Despite this, few eligible surgical candidates in the United States undergo these restorative su...
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Full-text available
Background Although evidence-based guidelines recommend a multimodal approach to pain management, limited information exists on adherence to these guidelines and its association with outcomes in a generalized population. We sought to assess the association between discharge multimodal analgesia and postoperative pain outcomes in two diverse health...
Article
Introduction Despite significant advancements in burn survival following adoption of early excision/grafting and modern critical care techniques, there remain a proportion of major burns that are highly unlikely to survive. As a specialty, palliative care (PC) continues to gain traction in providing well-informed end-of-life decisions. There is a l...
Article
Introduction Human cadaveric skin (allograft) is used in treating major burns both as temporizing wound coverage and a means of testing wound bed viability following burn excision. There is limited information on outcomes, and clinicians disagree on indications for application in intermediate-sized burns. This study aims to improve understanding of...
Article
Introduction Minor burns (<20% TBSA) in children are recommended for burn center evaluation, and a select cohort may be treated on an outpatient basis. Innovations in topical burn care, along with a push towards value-based care are steering burn treatment towards the outpatient setting. Little is known regarding what characteristics predict outpat...
Article
With increasingly ubiquitous electronic medical record (EMR) implementation accelerated by the adoption of the HITECH Act, there is much interest in the secondary use of collected data to improve outcomes and promote personalized medicine. A plethora of research has emerged using EMRs to investigate clinical research questions and assess variations...
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Full-text available
Importance Guidelines recommend using gabapentin to decrease postoperative pain and opioid use, but significant variation exists in clinical practice. Objective To determine the effect of perioperative gabapentin on remote postoperative time to pain resolution and opioid cessation. Design, Setting, and Participants A randomized, double-blind, pla...
Article
Physicians, policymakers, and researchers are increasingly focused on finding ways to decrease opioid use and overdose in the United States both of which have sharply increased over the past decade. While many efforts are focused on the management of chronic pain, the use of opioids in surgical patients presents a particularly challenging problem r...
Article
Addressing the opioid epidemic is a national priority.We analyzed national trends in inpatient and emergency department (ED) discharges for opioid abuse, dependence, and poisoning using Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project data. Inpatient and ED discharge rates increased overall across the study period, but a decline was observed for prescriptio...
Article
Importance There is increased interest in nonpharmacological treatments to reduce pain after total knee arthroplasty. Yet, little consensus supports the effectiveness of these interventions. Objective To systematically review and meta-analyze evidence of nonpharmacological interventions for postoperative pain management after total knee arthroplas...
Article
Introduction: Many people with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) develop shoulder pain, which can adversely impact transfers and independence. Yet effective treatments remain elusive. Case presentation: This report presents two patients with tetraplegia who had long-standing shoulder pain. Our exam showed muscle weakness and point tenderness, sug...
Article
Background: Major joint replacement surgical procedures are common, elective procedures with a care episode that includes both inpatient readmissions and postoperative emergency department (ED) visits. Inpatient readmissions are well studied; however, to our knowledge, little is known about ED visits following these procedures. We sought to charac...
Article
OBJECTIVE Orthopedic procedures are an important focus in efforts to reduce surgical site infections (SSIs). In 2008, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS) stopped reimbursements for additional charges associated with serious hospital-acquired conditions, including SSI following certain orthopedic procedures. We aimed to evaluate the CMS poli...
Article
Purpose: Minocycline is a microglial cell inhibitor and decreases pain behaviors in animal models. Minocycline might represent an intervention for reducing postoperative pain. This trial tested whether perioperative administration of minocycline reduced time to pain resolution (TPR) after standardized hand surgeries with known prolonged pain profi...
Article
Background: Carpal tunnel release is the most common upper-limb surgical procedure performed annually in the U.S. There are 2 surgical methods of carpal tunnel release: open or endoscopic. Currently, there is no clear clinical or economic evidence supporting the use of one procedure over the other. We completed a cost-minimization analysis of open...
Article
There are approximately 300,000 persons with spinal cord injury living in the United States, and nearly 60% of these persons have suffered tetraplegia with resultant alterations in body function, activity, and therefore participation. Restoring hand function can improve independence, and various studies have shown that persons with tetraplegia rate...
Article
Rates of diabetes and its associated comorbidities have been increasing in the United States, with diabetic foot ulcer treatment representing a large cost to the patient and healthcare system. These ulcers often result in multiple hospital admissions. This study examined readmissions following inpatient care for a diabetic foot ulcer and identified...
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Electronic health records (EHRs) were implemented to improve quality of care and patient outcomes. This study assessed the relationship between EHR-adoption and patient outcomes. We performed an observational study using State Inpatient Databases linked to American Hospital Association survey, 2011. Surgical and medical patients from 6 large, diver...
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Full-text available
Pain is a clinical challenge to health care providers who care for hand disorders. Pathologic pain that prevents recovery leads to dissatisfaction for both patients and providers. Despite pain being common, the root cause is often difficult to diagnose. This article reviews the examination and diagnostic tools that are helpful in identifying pathol...
Article
Traumatic nerve injuries can be devastating and life-changing events, leading to functional morbidity and psychological stress and social constraints. Even in the event of a successful surgical repair with recovered motor function, pain can result in continued disability and poor quality of life. Pain after nerve injury can also prevent recovery an...