Catherine D Carrillo

Catherine D Carrillo
Canadian Food Inspection Agency · Science Branch

Ph.D.

About

82
Publications
8,598
Reads
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1,269
Citations
Introduction
My current research program is focused on the application of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) technologies for the detection, identification and characterization of foodborne bacterial pathogens. I am also interested in the application of this information to the development of improved approaches for recovering pathogens from foods.
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - present
Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Ottawa
Position
  • Researcher
September 2006 - December 2012
Health Canada
Position
  • Researcher
January 2001 - August 2004
National Research Council Canada
Position
  • Visiting Fellow
Education
September 1994 - September 2000
University of Ottawa
Field of study
  • Molecular Biology
September 1989 - April 1994
University of Guelph
Field of study
  • Microbiology/Molecular Biology

Publications

Publications (82)
Article
Full-text available
The timely identification and characterization of foodborne bacteria for risk assessment purposes is a key operation in outbreak investigations. Current methods require several days and/or provide low-resolution characterization. Here we describe a whole-genome-sequencing (WGS) approach (GeneSippr) enabling same-day identification of colony isolate...
Article
Full-text available
Bacterial pathogens, such as Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and Shigella spp., are important causes of foodborne illness internationally. Recovery of these organisms from foods is critical for food safety investigations to support attribution of illnesses to specific food commodities; however, isolation of bacterial cultures can be c...
Article
Shiga toxin (Stx) is the definitive virulence factor of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC). Stx variants are currently organised into a taxonomic system of three Stx1 (a,c,d) and seven Stx2 (a,b,c,d,e,f,g) subtypes. In this study, seven STEC isolates from food and clinical samples possessing stx2 sequences that do not fit current Shiga t...
Article
Shiga toxin–producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157:H7/nonmotile and some non-O157 STEC strains are foodborne pathogens. In response to pork-associated O157 STEC outbreaks in Canada, we investigated the occurrence of STEC in Canadian retail raw ground pork during the period of 1 November 2014 to 31 March 2016. Isolated STEC strains were characterize...
Article
Full-text available
Bacterial carbapenem resistance is a major public health concern since these antimicrobials are often the last resort to treat serious human infections. To evaluate methodologies for detection of carbapenem resistance, carbapenem-tolerant bacteria were isolated from wastewater treatment plants in Toronto, Ottawa, and Arnprior, Ontario. A total of 1...
Article
Next Generation Sequencing technologies significantly impact the field of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) detection and monitoring, with immediate uses in diagnosis and risk assessment. For this application and in general, considerable challenges remain in demonstrating sufficient trust to act upon the meaningful information produced from raw data,...
Article
Full-text available
Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) technologies are rapidly being adopted for routine use in food microbiology laboratories worldwide. Examples of how WGS is used to support food safety testing include gene marker discovery (e.g., virulence and anti-microbial resistance gene determination) and high-resolution typing (e.g., cg/wgMLST analysis). This has...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing prevalence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Campylobacter spp. is a global concern. This study evaluated the use of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) to predict AMR in Campylobact er jejuni and C. coli . A panel of 271 isolates recovered from Canadian poultry was used to compare AMR genotype to antimicrobial susceptibility testing (A...
Article
Extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli (ExPEC) include several serotypes that have been associated with colibacillosis in poultry and with urinary tract infections (UTIs) and newborn meningitis in humans. In this study, 57 antimicrobial-resistant E. coli from apparently healthy broiler chickens were characterized for their health and safety ri...
Article
This study investigated virulence potential of poultry antimicrobial resistant extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC). A total of 46 E. coli isolates from poultry meat, feces, or humans were sequenced and identified as ExPEC. Based on their characteristics, eight of these ExPEC isolates were evaluated for their potentials using a Caenorhabditis...
Article
This study investigated effects of in-feed encapsulated cinnamaldehyde (CIN) and citral (CIT) alone or in combination (CIN+CIT) on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) phenotypes and genotypes of E. coli isolated from feces of 6-, 16-, 23- and 27-days old broiler chickens. Five dietary treatments included the basal diet (NC), the basal diet supplemented...
Article
Full-text available
Campylobacter fetus is currently classified into three main subspecies, but only two of these, C. fetus subspecies fetus and C. fetus subsp. venerealis originate principally from ruminants where they inhabit different niches and cause distinct pathogenicity. Their importance as pathogens in international trade and reporting is also different yet th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Next Generation Sequencing technologies significantly impact the field of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) detection and monitoring, with immediate uses in diagnosis and risk assessment. For this application and in general, considerable challenges remain in demonstrating sufficient trust to act upon the meaningful information produced from raw data,...
Article
Full-text available
Pigs are major reservoirs of resistant Enterobacteriaceae that can reach humans through consumption of contaminated meat or vegetables grown in manure-fertilized soil. Samples were collected from sows during lactation and their piglets at five time points spanning the production cycle. Cefotaxime-resistant bacteria were quantified and isolated from...
Article
Full-text available
Next Generation Sequencing technologies significantly impact the field of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) detection and monitoring, with immediate uses in diagnosis and risk assessment. For this application and in general, considerable challenges remain in demonstrating sufficient trust to act upon the meaningful information produced from raw data,...
Article
Following two O121 Shiga toxin–producing Escherichia coli (STEC) outbreaks linked to wheat flour, this study was conducted to gain baseline information on the occurrence of bacterial pathogens and levels of indicator organisms in wheat flour in Canada. A total of 347 prepackaged wheat flour samples were analyzed for Salmonella species, STEC, Lister...
Article
Full-text available
Persistent contamination of food manufacturing environments by Listeria monocytogenes is an important public health risk, because such contamination events defy standard sanitization protocols, for example, the application of quaternary ammonium compounds such as benzalkonium chloride (BC), providing a source for prolonged dissemination of the bact...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Deputy Heads of the Canadian federal food safety partner agencies (Public Health Agency of Canada, Health Canada and Canadian Food Inspection Agency) have identified the application of emerging science to support the management of food safety issues as a key priority for the modernization of regulatory food safety. One example of an emerging sc...
Article
Full-text available
Microbiological surveillance of the food chain plays a critical role in improving our understanding of the distribution and circulation of food-borne pathogens along the farm to fork continuum toward the development of interventions to reduce the burden of illness. The application of molecular subtyping to bacterial isolates collected through surve...
Article
Full-text available
Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) is used increasingly in public-health laboratories for typing and characterizing foodborne pathogens. To evaluate the performance of existing bioinformatic tools for in silico prediction of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and serotypes of Salmonella enterica, WGS-based genotype predictions were compared with the results...
Article
A previous soil metagenomics study recovered a novel cephalosporin resistance determinant, pbpTET A6, for which the exact resistance mechanism was unclear. Here, using a three-dimensional structure-guided mutagenesis approach, it is demonstrated that PBPTET A6 is a probable member of the Class-A penicillin binding proteins and that its ability to c...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the public health importance of flagellar genes for typing, it is important to understand mechanisms that could alter their expression or presence. Phenotypic novelty in flagellar genes arise predominately through accumulation of mutations but horizontal transfer is known to occur. A linear plasmid termed pBSSB1 previously identified in Salm...
Article
Heidelberg is among the top three Salmonella enterica serovars associated with human foodborne illness in Canada. Traditional culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing techniques can be time-consuming to identify Salmonella Heidelberg resistant to cephalosporins and fosfomycin. Rapid and accurate detection of such antibiotic-resistant Salmon...
Article
A 2016/2017 outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O121 in Canada, was linked to wheat flour, milled at a single facility on three consecutive days in October 2016. Most Probable Number (MPN) estimates of the concentration of STEC O121 in the recalled flour were made using the results of qualitative testing conducted during the o...
Article
Full-text available
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents an existential threat to the function of modern medicine. Genomics and machine learning methods are being increasingly used to analyze and predict AMR. This type of surveillance is very important to try to reduce the impact of AMR. Machine learning models are typically trained using genomic data, but the as...
Article
Full-text available
Citrobacter braakii and Citrobacter freundii are Gram-negative opportunistic pathogens associated with many infectious diseases, including septicemia, in humans and animals. Here, we report the draft genome sequences of seven C. braakii strains and one C. freundii strain isolated from Canadian wastewater treatment facilities.
Preprint
Full-text available
Due to the public health importance of flagellar genes for typing, it is important to understand mechanisms that could alter their expression or presence. Phenotypic novelty in flagellar genes arise predominately through accumulation of mutations but horizontal transfer is known to occur. A linear plasmid termed pBSSB1 previously identified in Salm...
Article
Full-text available
Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) of bacterial pathogens is currently widely used to support public-health investigations. The ability to assess WGS data quality is critical to underpin the reliability of downstream analyses. Sequence contamination is a quality issue that could potentially impact WGS-based findings; however, existing tools do not readi...
Article
Full-text available
Campylobacter is the leading cause of food-borne bacterial disease in Canada and many developed countries. One of the most common sources of human campylobacteriosis is considered to be the consumption or handling of raw or undercooked poultry. To date, few Canadian studies have investigated both the prevalence of Campylobacter on retail poultry an...
Article
Full-text available
Enteritidis and Typhimurium are among the top Salmonella enterica serovars implicated in human salmonellosis worldwide. This study examined the individual and combined roles of catecholate-iron and hydroxamate-iron transporters in the survival in meat of Salmonella Enteritidis and Typhimurium. Catecholate-iron-III (Fe 3þ) and hydroxamate-Fe 3þ tran...
Article
Full-text available
Exposure to antimicrobial resistant (AMR) bacteria is a major public health issue which may, in part, have roots in food production practices that are conducive to the selection of AMR bacteria ultimately impacting the human microbiome through food consumption. Of particular concern is the prophylactic use of antibiotics in animal husbandry, such a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) of bacterial pathogens is currently widely used to support public-health investigations. The ability to assess WGS data quality is critical to underpin the reliability of downstream analyses. Sequence contamination is a quality issue that could potentially impact WGS-based findings; however, existing tools do not readi...
Preprint
Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) of bacterial pathogens is currently widely used to support public-health investigations. The ability to assess WGS data quality is critical to underpin the reliability of downstream analyses. Sequence contamination is a quality issue that could potentially impact WGS-based findings; however, existing tools do not readi...
Article
Full-text available
Next-generation sequencing plays an important role in the characterization of clinical bacterial isolates for source attribution purposes during investigations of foodborne illness outbreaks. Once an illness cluster and a suspect food vehicle have been identified, food testing is initiated for confirmation and to determine the scope of a contaminat...
Article
Full-text available
Background The aim of this study was to characterize the genomes of 30 Listeria monocytogenes isolates collected at a pig slaughterhouse to determine the molecular basis for their persistence. Results Comparison of the 30 L. monocytogenes genomes showed that successive isolates (i.e., persistent types) recovered from thew sampling site could be li...
Article
Full-text available
Using a combination of Illumina paired-end sequencing, Pacific Biosciences RS II sequencing, and OpGen Argus whole-genome optical mapping, we report here the first complete genome sequence of Yersinia massiliensis . The completed genome consists of a 4.99-Mb chromosome, a 121-kb megaplasmid, and a 57-kb plasmid.
Chapter
The recovery of Campylobacter species from food and environmental sources is challenging due to the slow growth of these bacteria and the need to suppress competing organisms during the isolation procedures. The addition of multiple selective antimicrobials to growth media can negatively impact recovery of some Campylobacter spp. Here, we describe...
Article
Full-text available
Listeria monocytogenes is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming bacterium which is an important foodborne bacterial pathogen for humans worldwide with high mortality rates. Here, we report a 2,964,284-bp draft genome sequence of Listeria monocytogenes strain ATCC 7644 (American Type Culture Collection).
Preprint
Full-text available
The genetic structure of bacterial populations can be related to geographical locations of isolation. In some species, there is a strong correlation between geographical distance and genetic distance, which can be caused by different evolutionary mechanisms. Patterns of ancient admixture in Helicobacter pylori can be reconstructed in concordance wi...
Preprint
Full-text available
The genetic structure of bacterial populations can be related to geographical locations of isolation. In some species, there is a strong correlation between geographical distance and genetic distance, which can be caused by different evolutionary mechanisms. Patterns of ancient admixture in Helicobacter pylori can be reconstructed in concordance wi...
Article
Full-text available
The genetic structure of bacterial populations can be related to geographical locations of isolation. In some species, there is a strong correlation between geographical distance and genetic distance, which can be caused by different evolutionary mechanisms. Patterns of ancient admixture in Helicobacter pylori can be reconstructed in concordance wi...
Article
Full-text available
Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli serotype O157:H7 is a major cause of foodborne outbreaks and hemolytic-uremic syndrome. Here, we report the draft genome sequences of three antibiotic-resistant E. coli O157:H7 strains isolated from feedlot cattle. These draft genome sequences will aid in the development of sequence-based tools for the detection o...
Article
Full-text available
Foodborne illness attributed to enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), a highly pathogenic subset of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), is increasingly recognized as a significant public health issue. Current microbiological methods for identification of EHEC in foods often use PCR-based approaches to screen enrichment broth cultures for characterist...
Chapter
Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli are the bacterial species most commonly associated with foodborne illness worldwide. Methods for isolation of these organisms from complex food matrices rely on conditions that allow for the growth of these organisms while inhibiting competitors. This chapter reviews the methodologies developed to isolate, identify,...
Preprint
Full-text available
The genetic structure of bacterial populations can be related to geographical locations of isolation. In some species, there is a strong correlation between geographical distances and genetic distances, which can be caused by different evolutionary mechanisms. Patterns of ancient admixture in Helicobacter pylori can be reconstructed in concordance...
Article
Full-text available
The determination of Shiga toxin (ST) subtypes can be an important element in the risk characterization of foodborne ST-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) isolates for making risk management decisions. ST subtyping methods include PCR techniques based on electrophoretic or pyrosequencing analysis of amplicons and in silico techniques based on whole...
Article
Genomic antimicrobial resistance (AMR) prediction tools have the potential to support foodborne illness outbreak investigations through their application in the analysis of bacterial genomes from causative strains. The AMR marker profile of a strain of interest, initially identified in outbreak-Associated clinical samples, may serve as the basis fo...
Article
Full-text available
Escherichia fergusonii is a Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming member of the Enterobacteriaceae family and is a bacterium with both biotechnological applications and implication in human clinical disease. Here, we report the draft genome sequences of three isolates of E. fergusonii from beef trim (GTA-EF02), ground beef (GTA-EF03), and ch...
Article
Full-text available
Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Berta has been isolated in multiple animal species and has been implicated in human disease. Here, we report a 4.7-Mbp draft genome sequence of S. enterica serovar Berta (ATCC strain 8392) and a nalidixic acid-resistant isolate derived from this strain.
Article
Full-text available
Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Mishmarhaemek is a Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacterium implicated in human clinical disease. Here, we report a 4.8-Mbp draft genome sequence of a nalidixic acid-resistant isolate of S. serovar Mishmarhaemek.
Article
Campylobacter species, particularly thermophilic campylobacters, have emerged as a leading cause of human foodborne gastroenteritis worldwide, with Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli, and Campylobacter lari responsible for the majority of human infections. Although most cases of campylobacteriosis are self-limiting, campylobacteriosis represe...
Article
Full-text available
Hafnia paralvei is a Gram-negative member of the Enterobacteriaceae family, closely related to the opportunistic pathogen Hafnia alvei. We report here the first draft genome sequence of H. paralvei, from the beef trim isolate GTA-HAF03, consisting of a 5.0-Mbp assembly encoding 4,382 proteins and 90 predicted RNAs. FOOTNOTES Address correspondence...
Article
Full-text available
Citrobacter braakii is a Gram-negative bacterium belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family. Here, we report 5.2- and 5.0-Mb genome assemblies for C. braakii strains GTA-CB01 and GTA-CB04, respectively. FOOTNOTES Address correspondence to Prabh Basra, prabhjeetbasra{at}cmail.carleton.ca, or Catherine D. Carrillo, catherine.carrillo{at}inspection.gc...
Article
Harmonisation of methods between Canadian government agencies is essential to accurately assess and compare the prevalence and concentrations present on retail poultry intended for human consumption. The standard qualitative procedure used by Health Canada differs to that used by the USDA for both quantitative and qualitative methods. A comparison...
Article
Full-text available
Bacillus megaterium is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped, spore-forming bacterium of biotechnological importance. Here, we report a 5.7-Mbp draft genome sequence of B. megaterium ATCC 14581, which is the type strain of the species.
Article
Campylobacter is the most frequent cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in Canada, and the illness is commonly associated with poultry consumption. Whereas Canadian retail poultry is often contaminated with campylobacters, studies on the prevalence of this organism are inconsistent due to variability in sampling and microbiological methodology. To de...