Catherine E. Bowen

Catherine E. Bowen
Medical School Berlin | MSB · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

39
Publications
12,175
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631
Citations
Introduction
I am an independent researcher based in Vienna, Austria, with over ten years of experience conducting quantitative research on topics primarily related to the psychology of adult development, old age and aging. I am currently part of the 'Images of Aging: Via a Dynamic Life-span Model to New Perspectives for Research and Practice' network of scholars sponsored by the German Research Foundation.
Additional affiliations
April 2008 - July 2013
Jacobs University Bremen
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
Background and Objectives The COVID-19 pandemic has disproportionately affected older adults. Despite calls to include older people in societal decision-making, the extent to which older adults have participated in the pandemic-related public debate is unknown. This study investigated older adults’ (65+ years) voice and visibility as guests on pol...
Chapter
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I explore the extent to which Catholic order members (i.e., nuns and monks) represent a selected population with regard to their psychosocial characteristics, as well as whether female order members are selected differently than male order members. In the absence of data prior to order entry, I compare the psychosocial characteristics of N=1,158 nu...
Chapter
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Objectives: I compare the depressive symptoms of older (50+) Catholic order members (i.e., monks and nuns) and their peers in the general population to gain insight into the extent to which (gender differences in) depressive symptoms in later life are related to modifiable social and lifestyle factors. Order life is characterized by less exposure t...
Article
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The article “Views on ageing: a lifespan perspective”, written by Anna E. Kornadt, Eva-Marie Kessler, Susanne Wurm, Catherine E. Bowen, Martina Gabrian and Verena Klusmann., was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal on 11 October 2020 without open access.
Article
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The article “The uniqueness of subjective ageing: convergent and discriminant validity”, written by Svenja M. Spuling, Verena Klusmann, Catherine E. Bowen, Anna E. Kornadt and Eva-Marie Kessler., was originally published electronically on the publisher’s internet portal on 09 October 2020 without open access. With the author(s)’ decision to opt for...
Article
Full-text available
Views on ageing (VoA) have special relevance for the ageing process by influencing health, well-being, and longevity. Although VoA form early in life, so far, most research has concentrated on how VoA affect later middle-aged and older adults. In this theoretical article, we argue that a lifespan approach is needed in order to more fully understand...
Article
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Although a large body of research has demonstrated the predictive power of subjective ageing for several decisive developmental outcomes, there remains some controversy about whether subjective ageing truly represents a unique construct. Thus, information about the convergent and discriminant validity of different approaches to measuring subjective...
Article
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We use questionnaire data from the MIDUS study (N = 6325 and a subsample n = 2120) to examine the extent to which people in their late 20s, late 40s and late 60s think that positive characteristics apply to themselves, their age peers and other age groups. Results based on factor analysis confirmed the existence of age stereotypes, such that one co...
Article
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Whenever older people (aged 65 years or older) are mentioned in relation to COVID-19, it is nearly always as a risk group. The frequent portrayal of older people as vulnerable during the pandemic is, at the very least, an abridged version of the truth.1 Older chronological age is indeed a risk factor for COVID infection, disease severity, and morta...
Article
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Young adults in more developed countries can expect to celebrate their 85th, 90th and even their 100th birthdays. Although time horizons have a major influence on behavior and adult development, little is currently known about how young people feel about the prospect of living such long lives. We therefore explored young adults’ preferred life expe...
Article
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Well-being in retirement is thought to depend on person’s level of resources and how his or her resources change during retirement. However, to date few studies have directly investigated resource trajectories during retirement. The current study therefore examines how economic, personal, and social-relational resources change during the retirement...
Conference Paper
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Using data from the German Ageing Survey (adults aged 40‒85), this study tested the convergent and discriminant validity of subjective aging measures by comparing three different measures of subjective aging with one another and relating them to established measures of general self-beliefs (optimism, self-efficacy, subjective health) and subjective...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Using questionnaire data from the MIDUS study (N=6.325) we examined the extent to which people in their late 20s, 40s, and 60s think that positive stereotypic “old” and “young” characteristics describe themselves, their age peers, and other age groups. A constellation of “old” characteristics (e.g., wise, caring, calm) was seen as more descriptive...
Article
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“Dementia worry” (DW; i.e., concern about developing dementia) is highly prevalent in the general population. However, research on the characteristics associated with lower and higher levels of DW is still limited. Based on previous empirical and conceptual work, we examined the extent to which DW was related to a comprehensive range of objective a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Young adults in developed countries can expect to celebrate their 90th birthdays. To date, little is known about how young people feel about the prospect of living such long lives. We therefore explored young people’s preferred life expectancy (how long one wants to live) based on questionnaire data from N=715 university students in Austria, Norway...
Article
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Objectives Previous studies have found that individuals’ health is associated with the social characteristics of their communities. However, interpreting the causality of the relationships is difficult due to a number of potential confounders on both the individual- and community-levels as well as potential selection effects. In the current article...
Article
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How long do people want to live? Why do some people want to live a very long time, and others would rather die relatively young? In the current study we examine the extent to which the preference to die young (<80 years, less than average life expectancy) or to live somewhat longer or much longer than average life expectancy (90-99 years or 100+ ye...
Chapter
Contrary to the hypothesis that personality is more or less stable after young adulthood, studies have robustly demonstrated that the Big Five personality traits continue to develop across the life span. Due to the centrality of the (paid) work context for adult life, developmental researchers have been interested in how aspects of working life may...
Chapter
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Resilience refers to the (i) maintenance and/or (ii) re-establishment of a certain normative or pre-disruption level of psychosocial functioning in the face of stress, threat and loss. Research on resilience in adulthood and old age has been studied with regards to specific, age-related experiences (e.g., trajectories of well-being during the cours...
Conference Paper
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Introduction: Several longitudinal studies have demonstrated that people who have more positive attitudes about aging enjoy better health and longer life spans. To date, however, most of research on the association between attitudes towards aging and health/longevity is based on data from middle-aged and/or older adults. Little is known about what...
Article
Both psychotherapists and their clients have mental representations of old age and the aging process. In this conceptual review, we draw on available research from gerontology, social and developmental psychology, and communication science to consider how these “images of aging” may affect the psychotherapeutic process with older clients. On the ba...
Article
Full-text available
Both psychotherapists and their clients have mental representations of old age and the aging process. In this conceptual review, we draw on available research from gerontology, social and developmental psychology, and communication science to consider how these “images of aging” may affect the psychotherapeutic process with older clients. On the ba...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Life expectancy (LE) has increased constantly over the last decades in developed countries. Do longer lives mean more years spent in ill health? We add to the knowledge about the relationship between population health and longevity by using a natural experiment. Namely, we compare healthy life expectancies for Catholic order members and their peers...
Article
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Objectives: Especially older adults underutilize professional mental health services. However, little is known about the factors associated with older adults' attitudes towards seeking mental health services (ATSMHS). We therefore investigated a wide range of contextual (e.g. physical access, residence) and personal (e.g. perceived social support,...
Technical Report
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How long do people want to live? Is it longer or shorter than they expect to live? Who wants to live a long life and who wants to die young? To date, there has been little empirical research on how long people want to live, and even less on the factors associated with individual differences in preferred life expectancy. We have therefore developed...
Article
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Objectives. Why are older people perceived as more competent in some countries relative to others? In the current study, we investigate the extent to which national variation in perceptions of older people's competence is systematically related to national variation in the extent to which older people participate in paid and volunteer work. Method....
Article
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According to recent surveys, dementia worry (DW) is a widespread phenomenon in mid-life and old age, at least in Western populations. DW has been shown to be only loosely related to sociodemographic factors. Unfortunately, the concept of DW has found only very little conceptual and empirical attention in previous research. In this conceptual review...
Article
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Reports an error in "Personality Plasticity in Later Adulthood: Contextual and Personal Resources Are Needed to Increase Openness to New Experiences" by Andrea Mühlig-Versen, Catherine E. Bowen and Ursula M. Staudinger (Psychology and Aging, Advanced Online Publication, Jul 30, 2012, np). In the article, there was an error in Table 1. In the line "...
Article
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Objectives Research has consistently revealed a negative relationship between chronological age and promotion orientation, that is, the motivational orientation toward approaching possible gains. In addition, experimental research has demonstrated that activating positive self-relevant stereotypes (e.g., for men, the stereotype that men are good at...
Article
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The central objective of the present study was to investigate whether it would be possible to facilitate increases in openness to new experiences in later adulthood. Specifically, we investigated whether individuals with higher internal control beliefs (personal resource) provided with training to successfully prepare them for a challenging volunte...
Article
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"In this article we present the interdisciplinary, developmental and systemic approach to the study of work and aging that guides research at the Jacobs Center on Lifelong Learning and Institutional Development (JCLL). We introduce basic principles of adult development including its plasticity, multi-directionality, and embeddedness in contexts. We...
Chapter
Zahlreiche Studien haben empirisch bestätigt, dass das Klima – die psychische Umwelt oder Atmosphäre einer Organisation – einen großen Einfluss auf das Verhalten, arbeitsbezogene Einstellungen und die Produktivität der Mitarbeiter hat. In diesem Kapitel arbeiten wir wichtige Differenzierungen des Klimakonzeptes aus inklusive der Abgrenzung zwischen...
Chapter
We argue that positive personality development follows two distinct but interrelated trajectories that begin to diverge in adulthood; that is, personality adjustment and personality growth. We review empirical evidence stemming from a wide range of adult personality research to substantiate the usefulness of this distinction. We argue that aging, i...
Chapter
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In this chapter, we discuss the interplay between work and the psychological aspects of aging. There are of course many ways in which people can “ work, ” that is, be productive, in terms of their intellectual, emotional, and motivational outputs. We focus specifically on work in the form of paid employment and to a lesser extent on post-retirement...
Article
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We investigated the portrayal of older people's social participation on TV advertisements according to a set of theoretically meaningful indicators from communication science and gerontology. We examined a representative sample of 656 prime-time advertisements broadcast for a period of 2 weeks in 2005 in Germany. Five percent of the advertisements...

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Continuing rapid technological progress has the potential to displace an increasing number of occupations, particularly codifiable and routine work, in the coming decades. This project aims to assess i) predictors of technology-induced job loss across individuals (e.g., gender, immigrant status, age, education, cognitive ability, personality) and how aggregated risk is distributed across households, family constellations and regions; ii) (predictors of) individual response to and consequences of job loss; and iii) how parental job displacement affects offspring's health and social outcomes. Improving the knowledge base regarding these issues is important for developing policies to manage labor market risks and mitigate their social implications. DimJob is based in Norway and led by Vegard Skirbekk, Professor at Columbia University and research director at the Center for Fertility and Health, a Centre of Excellence at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.
Project
Over the past 20 years, research has substantiated the importance of images of aging for successful development and sustained quality of life over the full length of the life span. To date, a deep understanding of the origins of images of aging and the underlying processes by which they influence important outcomes is lacking. Such an understanding is necessary for translation of scientific findings into interventions and public policies. Our network aims at closing these research gaps. Our goals are to propose a common terminology in this research area, to examine possible determinants of images of aging, and to understand the mechanisms by which they are operating. We will consider the role of various context factors. To accomplish these goals, we will collaborate with national and international guests. Practical implementation of selected findings in collaboration with the Bundesärztekammer (German association of physicians) and the Psychotherapeutenkammer (German association of psychotherapists) is planned.