Catherine Aubertin

Catherine Aubertin
Institute of Research for Development | IRD · 208 - Local Heritage (PaLoc)

PhD

About

267
Publications
29,892
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1,017
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Introduction
My research focuses on local translations of international conventions (biodiversity and climate) and the use of economic and legal tools for biodiversity conservation: markets, REDD mechanisms, payments for environmental services (PES)... and more specifically on the access and benefit sharing systems (ABS) of the Nagoya protocol.

Publications

Publications (267)
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper presents some results of the research project "Participation, conservation and livelihoods: Evaluating the effectiveness of participatory approaches in protected areas" undertaken in 2006-08, in an interdisciplinary and interagency team (IUCN, UNESCO-MAB, IRD and IHEID). Amid various mechanisms designed to reduce or halt biodiversity ero...
Article
Full-text available
Desde os anos 1990 o estado do Amapá apostou num desenvolvimento territorial sustentável a partir da valorização econômica dos produtos da sociobiodiversidade e do reconhecimento dos saberes associados a estes recursos e detidos pelos povos e comunidades tradicionais (PCT). Este modelo de desenvolvimento endógeno se deu em sinergia com as dinâmicas...
Book
The Nagoya Protocol is a major international agreement for global biodiversity governance and was meant to put an end to the uncompensated exploitation of natural resources and knowledge in the Global South. Its objectives were to ensure greater justice and equity between providers and users of genetic resources, raise the profile of the contributi...
Book
Accord international majeur pour une gouvernance mondiale de la biodiversité, le protocole de Nagoya devait permettre d'en finir avec l'exploitation sans contrepartie des ressources naturelles et des savoirs des pays du Sud. Son objectif était d'assurer une plus grande justice et équité entre fournisseurs et utilisateurs de ressources génétiques, d...
Article
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Ao estudar a contribuição do Brasil na Convenção das Nações Unidas sobre as alterações climáticas para a COP21 (INDC), mostramos como o País afirma tanto a sua soberania quanto uma dupla postura de quem está fazendo o dever de casa e é líder na arena internacional. A queda do desmatamento na Amazônia permitiu ao Brasil reduzir suas emissões de gase...
Article
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This paper shows, from three perspectives, how the environmental policies in French Guiana, trying to deal with the local cultural diversity, tend to ethnicize social relations. The Guiana Amazonian Park, which seems to be a reaffirmation of the state’s presence in the southern French Guiana, experiments modes of governance which increase inter-eth...
Article
Les liens de la pandémie de Covid-19 avec l'effondrement de la biodiversité donnent l'occasion de réfléchir aux difficultés rencontrées lors des négociations de la convention sur la diversité biologique (CDB), particulièrement celles relatives à son troisième objectif : le partage juste et équitable des avantages découlant de l'utilisation des ress...
Article
Le juriste impliqué dans la question autochtone étudie chacun des nouveaux textes, de toute nature, pour vérifier les avancées de la protection de ces populations, d’en comprendre les raisons et d’en identifier les possibles développements (personnels et/ou géographiques). C’est dans cet esprit qu’a été accueilli le recours formé par France Liberté...
Book
Colloque International sur les Plantes Aromatiques et Médicinales de l’Outre-Mer , Cayenne, GUY, 07-/11/2016 - 12/11/2016
Article
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The imperative of sustainable development suggests reconsidering the status and use of natural resources. It leads French Guiana to claim self-rule regarding the management of its natural resources, paramount among them: the tropical forest. Reference to market-based instruments in environmental policies has created new commodities. International c...
Article
Biopiracy accusations are common in the world of biodiversity research. At the end of 2015, a French NGO accused researchers from the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD) of biopiracy. These researchers had applied for a patent for a natural bioactive molecule against malaria, the Simalikalactone E, isolated from Quassia amara L. (Sima...
Article
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Assessing Brazil’s contribution (INDC) to the United Nations convention on climate change to COP21, we present a study showing how the country affirms both its sovereignty and dual posture as a model learner and a leader in the international arena. The decline in deforestation in the Amazon rain-forest has allowed Brazil to reduce its greenhouse ga...
Article
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En Guyane, la création d’une filière biomasse-énergie est un enjeu majeur pour l’autonomie énergétique et le développement économique de la région. Ce projet ambitieux, porté par une politique de développement des ressources forestières et d’accès au foncier agricole sur le territoire, se heurte toutefois à plusieurs difficultés, notamment pour con...
Article
Après avoir obtenu une réduction de 76 % du taux annuel de déforestation grâce à des politiques command and control, indépendamment du recours aux instruments de marché, le gouvernement brésilien élabore une stratégie nationale de REDD + qui s'appuie sur la réforme de son code forestier. Cet article traite de l'affirmation de la souveraineté du Bré...
Article
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Este artigo teve como objetivo apresentar as diversas formas assumidas pelos projetos de Pagamentos por Serviços Ambientais (PSA) no Brasil e analisar dois casos de PSA específicos na Amazônia: o Projeto Carbono Cajari, no sul do Amapá, e o Sistema de Incentivos por Serviços Ambientais (SISA), no Acre. A hipótese de trabalho foi que a apropriação e...
Book
The mobilisation centred on the 2015 Paris Climate Conference (COP 21) is an opportunity to highlight the vulnerability of environments and populations in the South in the face of climate warming. Some tropical regions are already suffering from its effects, with heat waves in the Sahel, disturbances to monsoon systems, the melting of the Andean gl...
Book
La mobilisation autour de la conférence Paris Climat 2015 (COP 21) est l’occasion de mettre en relief la vulnérabilité des milieux et des populations du Sud face au réchauffement climatique. Certaines régions de la zone intertropicale en subissent déjà les effets, que ce soient les vagues de chaleur au Sahel, la perturbation des systèmes de mousson...
Article
Full-text available
In the Cerrado, the expansion of soybean cultivation since the 1990s has coincided with the strengthening of environmental regulations. We analyze how the two main environmental policies - Protected Areas and the Forest Code - have played out at the ground level in western Bahia state. These policies in Cerrado have not been designed to curb the ex...
Article
Full-text available
After achieving a 76% reduction in the annual rate of deforestation in the Amazon using command and control policies, the Brazilian government developed a national REDD+ strategy, which it has since merged with its reform of the Forest Code. This is an important political, economic and environmental step in view of the amounts of land, carbon and m...
Article
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
The mobilisation centred on the 2015 Paris Climate Conference (COP 21) is an opportunity to highlight the vulnerability of environments and populations in the South in the face of climate warming. Some tropical regions are already suffering from its effects, with heat waves in the Sahel, disturbances to monsoon systems, the melting of the Andean gl...
Article
Full-text available
La mobilisation autour de la conférence Paris Climat 2015 (COP 21) est l'occasion de mettre en relief la vulnérabilité des milieux et des populations du Sud face au réchauffement climatique. Certaines régions de la zone intertropicale en subissent déjà les effets, que ce soient les vagues de chaleur au Sahel, la perturbation des systèmes de mousson...
Book
Les espaces protégés comme lieux de l’innovation sociale.De Madagascar, l’île rouge, à la forêt brésilienne
Article
Full-text available
Depuis quelques années, les recherches participatives sont à l'’honneur et présentées comme une des façons de rapprocher chercheurs et citoyens dans de nombreux domaines, alors que jusqu’à récemment elles exprimaient un type de recherche particulier dans le domaine des approches dites compréhensives. Notre dernier éditorial (NSS, 20, 4)1 s'’appuyai...
Article
Full-text available
Resumo Este artigo analisa como o Cerrado se tornou um desafio ambiental e político até vir a ser um tipo de laboratório para o desenvolvimento sustentável, já que o Brasil visa conciliar seu papel de grande produtor de alimentos e de defensor do meio-ambiente. Estudar o surgimento do Bioma Cerrado permite ilustrar as novas representações da biodiv...
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The purpose of this article is to explain Brazil’s position as a host to the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, Rio+20, to be held at Rio in June 2012. Brazil is indeed a leader for developping countries and intends to reformulate, in an original way, both conference themes: (a) Green Economy in the context of Poverty Eradication...
Article
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What is at stake in this paper is an understanding of how the Cerrado, a previously unknown territory, then dedicated to intensive farming, was promoted at the beginning of the 2000s as a biome and an issue for environmental concerns. Its projection on the international stage during the Conference of Copenhagen on Climate Change in 2009 thereafter...
Book
Protected areas, such as nature reserves, national parks and marine conservation areas, are the main tool of nature conservation policies and are increasing on a worldwide scale. They are one of the main forms of environmental planning, and conservation institutions have increasing means at their disposal. At the same time, the goals of protected a...
Article
Full-text available
O objetivo deste artigo é destacar o processo de negociação do Protocolo de Nagoya sobre a utilização dos recursos genéticos, adotado em outubro de 2010. Ao abordar os mitos e realidades associados à exploração da biodiversidade em uma perspectiva mais ampla, busca-se discutir como e por que os argumentos utilizados por países desenvolvidos e em de...
Article
Full-text available
Since the end of the 1980s, the development of genetic engineering and the extension of patents to life forms have suggested that new lucrative uses of natural substances might arise, and that new demands for these resources might appear especially in the pharmaceutical, cosmetics and food industries. The Convention on Biological Diversity, adopted...

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