Catharina Gillsjö

Catharina Gillsjö
University of Skövde · School of Health and Education (IHL)

Associate professor PhD, FNP, RN

About

34
Publications
4,407
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347
Citations
Citations since 2017
26 Research Items
248 Citations
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Introduction
Catharina is also a public health specialist nurse with an affiliation and PhD in Nursing from University of Rhode Island, US. Her research interest includes older adults´ health and well-being and their living with health problems in various contexts. Her interest also encompass development and use of health and welfare technology to promote and preserve health. She is interested in national and international collaboration in education, research and in Skaraborg Health Technology Center.

Publications

Publications (34)
Article
Full-text available
Background Since COVID-19 emerged, over 514 million COVID-19 cases and 6 million COVID-19-related deaths have been reported worldwide. Older persons receiving home health care often have co-morbidities that require advanced medical care, and are at risk of becoming severely ill or dying from COVID-19. In Sweden, over 10,000 COVID-19-related deaths...
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When the COVID-19 pandemic began to spread around the world, Swedish municipalities were unprepared. Different guidelines on how to act in relation to the disease varied and protective equipment was lacking. This study aims to describe the experiences of health and social care providers of working at municipality level during the COVID-19 pandemic....
Article
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Background An increasing older population, along with the organizational principle of remaining at home, has moved health care from institutions into the older person’s home, where several health care providers facilitate care. The Mobile Integrated Care Model strives to provide cost-efficient, coherent, person-centered health care in the home. In...
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An increasing number of older persons have complex health care needs. This, along with the organizational principle of remaining at home, emphasizes the need to develop collaborations among organizations caring for older persons. A health care model developed in Sweden, the Mobile Integrated Care Model aims to promote work in teams across organizat...
Article
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Demographic changes can be observed all over the world. The number of seniors located in the societies of well-developed countries continues to rise. Both enterprises and governments need to be prepared for such changes. Consequently, public spaces need to evolve to reduce problems related to ageism and be friendly to all. Much attention is current...
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Purpose This study aimed to describe community-dwelling older adults’ perceptions of health and well-being in life after retirement. Methods This study is part of a larger project using a mixed-methods design to address lifestyles’ influence on community-dwelling older adults’ health. Individual semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 ol...
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Background Collaborative Health Care (CHC) is a unique model in which ambulance services, home health care, hospital care and the national telephone helpline for healthcare in Sweden – Swedish health care direct (SHD1177) collaborate to provide the fastest possible health care for inhabitants living in eleven municipalities in western region of Swe...
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Background: Delirium is common in older hospitalized patients. It has serious consequences e.g., poor health outcomes, mortality and increased costs. Despite that, many cases are undetected. Early detection of delirium is important in improving outcomes and use of assessment tools improves detection rates. The 4AT is a brief screening tool for del...
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Introduction: Given the aging population and the high prevalence of cognitive impairment in older hospitalized patients, it is essential to provide good fundamental care to these vulnerable patients, who easily might be affected by poor outcomes as delirium. Risk factors for delirium are, for example, cognitive impairment, old age, pain, and sleep...
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Long-term musculoskeletal pain is a major, disabling, and often undertreated health problem among the increasing number of older adults worldwide. However, there is limited knowledge of community-dwelling older adults’ experiences of living with this type of pain. The aim of the study was to deepen the understanding of the phenomenon: how older adu...
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Background: Aging often involves health problems and difficulties, such as physical and psychological impairments, isolation, and loneliness, causing social and existential consequences. Studies have explored aging from different perspectives. However, few studies have examined healthy older adults’ genetic backgrounds, lifestyles, and meaning in l...
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Introduction: Ageing is often associated with multiple long-term health problems influencing older persons’ well-being in daily living. It is not unusual that the point of interest in research is often on the management of the actual health problem instead of being holistic and person-centred. Purpose: To describe the phenomenon of living with long...
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Purpose This study aimed to explain and understand the existential meaning of the finality of life from the perspective of healthy older adults. Method Participants were recruited from a major project on older adults’ life situations. They were interviewed about their thoughts on the end of life, and their responses were interpreted using a lifewo...
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Background: Long-term musculoskeletal pain is a major, often undertreated, disabling health problem among an increasing number of older adults. Reflective STRENGTH-giving dialogues (STRENGTH) may be a tool to support older adults living with long-term pain. The main aim of this pilot study was to investigate the immediate and longitudinal effect o...
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Rationale Experiences of the innovative method Reflective STRENGTH‐Giving Dialogue (STRENGTH), which is grounded in a lifeworld perspective and developed to improve quality of care, is described in this study. Innovative thinking in developing health and social care, which may include digital solutions, is required to ensure a meaningful and dignif...
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Background: In the last years of life, burden of disease and disability and need of health- and social care often increase. Social, functional and psychological factors may be important in regard to social- and health care utilization. This study aims to describe use of health- and social care during the last year of life among persons living in o...
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The aim of this study is to understand how healthy, older adults in Sweden perceive their life situation after retirement. The study is based on a lifeworld approach, and a phenomenographic method was used. Eighteen participants were interviewed, and data were analysed according to the phenomenographic principle of qualitatively different categorie...
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Growing old entails an increased risk of disabilities and illnesses such as dementia. The orientation in Sweden on national level is that individuals remain in their own homes if desired and receive person-centred home care. The aim of this study was to describe the experience of an educational program and its influence on daily provision of care t...
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Introduction: Advanced Practice Nurse (APN) is a fairly new role in the Swedish health care system. Aim: To describe patients' experiences of health care provided by an APN in primary health care. Methods: An inductive, descriptive qualitative approach with qualitative open-ended interviews was chosen to obtain descriptions from 10 participant...
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Aim: To explore the meaning of home among older Hispanic immigrants who are "aging out of place." Background: Emerging evidence supports the concept of older persons ageing in place. Nurse researchers have demonstrated that older person who age in place have better physical, psychological and cognitive outcomes. Less, however, is known about old...
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Background: A major health problem that frequently accompanies old age is long-term pain, but pain must be acknowledged by older adults and health care providers. Interventions are needed to alleviate pain and suffering while holistically providing health care that promotes wellbeing. The intervention project, Reflective STRENGTHGiving Dialogues© (...
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There is an increasing number of older adults living with long-term musculoskeletal pain and related disabilities. These problems are frequently unrecognized, underreported, and inadequately treated. Since many older adults desire to remain at home for as long as possible, it is important that individualized and holistically tailored care is provid...
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Abstract Background: Long-term musculoskeletal pain is a major health problem that significantly impacts quality of life among older adults. Many lack professional guidance and must learn on their own to live with pain. This calls for a holistic method that addresses older adults’ needs in their situations. The developed method has its foundation i...
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Background: Worldwide, there is an increasing number of older adults, the majority of whom remain living at home. Not infrequently they live with long-term pain, especially musculoskeletal pain, which is associated with increased disability (physical, psychological, social) and a negative impact on quality of life. A deeper understanding of how old...
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Long-term musculoskeletal pain is a global health problem among older adults. Yet little is known about how these older adults actually deal with daily life. This study’s aim is to describe the ways these older adults dealt with daily life at home. Phenomenography is used to collect and analyze data from semistructured interviews with 19 older adul...
Article
To identify and define the concept of home and its meaning in the lives of three older women. For many older adults home is the centre of daily life and increasingly important as a place where health care is delivered. Yet, as a concept, home remains theoretically and empirically underdeveloped. The Hybrid Model of Concept Development was used to i...
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Rapidly aging populations with an increased desire to remain at home and changes in health policy that promote the transfer of health care from formal places, as hospitals and institutions, to the more informal setting of one's home support the need for further research that is designed specifically to understand the experience of home among older...
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Experiences of the new role of advanced practice nurses in Swedish primary health care-A qualitative study The aim of this study was to investigate and describe the experiences of the first advanced practice nurses (APNs), a new profession for Swedish health care, and of their supervising general practitioners (GPs), regarding the new role and scop...

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Projects (4)
Project
Long-term musculoskeletal pain is a major health problem among older adults. Many lack professional guidance and feel forced to learn to live with pain on their own. The method Reflective STRENGTH-giving dialogue (STRENGTH) is developed to holistically meet older adults’ needs in a way that promotes health, well-being, meaning and strength in life. An intervention study has been conducted in which education and continuous supervision were given to 10 health care professionals (district nurses/nurses, physiotherapists, occupational therapists) that carried out dialogues with 20 community dwelling older adults living with long-term musculoskeletal pain at home. Data were collected before and after the intervention by interviews and questionnaires. Analysis of data are ongoing but some findings have been published. The findings show that the dialogues created a deepened caring relationship that contributed to an increased sense of security, courage, strength and meaning in life, which implies that the Reflective STRENGTH-giving dialogues have the potential to enhance older adult's sense of health and wellbeing if acknowledged in practice. The method has the potential to be used in a variety of contexts and disciplines.