Catarina Casanova

Catarina Casanova
University of Lisbon | UL · ISCSP - School of Social and Political Sciences

PhD
Associate professor (Lisbon University)

About

77
Publications
11,982
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315
Citations
Introduction
Catarina Casanova is a tenure track associate professor at the School of Social and Political Sciences (ISCSP), University of Lisbon. She conducts research in both biological (primate behaviour and conservation) and environmental anthropology (humans/non-humans interface, animal studies and multi-species anthropology). C. Casanova is a full researcher at CIAS (Center for Research in Anthropology and Health, Coimbra University). For contact: ccasanova@iscsp.ulisboa.pt
Additional affiliations
February 2002 - present
University of Lisbon
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
October 1998 - February 2002
University of Cambridge
Field of study
  • Biological Anthropology

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
Full-text available
O babuíno da Guiné (Papio papio), que é simultaneamente a espécie de babuínos mais ameaçada e a menos investigada, foi reportado como estando a diminuir na Guiné-Bissau devido à intensa pressão exercida pelas atividades antropogénicas. Es-tes resultados motivaram investigação dirigida à biologia, ecologia, evolução, parasitologia e conservação das...
Research
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Despite the fact that in the last decades, several mental health studies have shown that companion animals contribute to psychological and social well- being in humans (e.g., positive impacts have been observed in the elderly medicated for chronic diseases such as anxiety, dementia, and depression), bonds between humans and other animals continue t...
Article
Humans have used non-human primates (hereafter referred to as primates) as food source, medicine, parts of rituals, pets, and models for various studies worldwide. Here we investigated the extent of the use of primates by humans in three areas in northeastern Brazil, the country’s most impoverished region. We carried out our study in three biomes (...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: Illegal hunting and trade threaten the high biodiversity of Guinea-Bissau (GB) in West Africa, particularly for nonhuman primates (NHP). Primate carcasses are sold at bushmeat markets and at restaurants and the primate pet trade is active. Traditional medicine practitioners also use NHP body-parts further promoting the commerce of NHP ski...
Article
Full-text available
Other animals are present in the lives of human beings at least since the Palaeolithic period, assuming several roles and meanings: work, food, companionship, power, social status. As in other European countries, the presence of pets in Portuguese families has been growing and in 2018 these pets were already more than 7 million. Although not as num...
Article
Full-text available
In the early hours of July 19 (2020) in Santo Tirso (Portugal), a forest fire hit two illegal companion animal shelters. Half a hundred died. Hundred and ten non-humans were rescued alive. The information conveyed by the media potentially suggests an animal hoarding case. Based on the Facebook posts of two of the largest Portuguese organizations st...
Chapter
Full-text available
What we think about nature and landscape is deeply cultural. Habitats are not abstract places. Many landscapes are produced by human cultures, even the ones named «wild» or «pristine». We identify the changes occurred in the landscape of Cantanhez National Park (CNP) according to local peoples' perceptions since the period before the «liberation wa...
Article
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The West-African sooty mangabey (Cercocebus atys) is threatened by habitat loss, hunting for meat consumption, and mortality during crop-foraging events. The species' overall demographic trend is unknown. Presence and distribution in Guinea-Bissau, a country neighbored by Senegal and Republic of Guinea, was confirmed in 1946 but the species was dec...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstracts of the 7th Iberian Congress of Primatology 8th Congress of the Portuguese Primatology Association 12th Congress of the Spanish Primatology Association Sociedade de Geografia de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal, October 9-11, 2019
Article
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7th Iberian Congress of Primatology “Empathy, Education and Conservation: Primates in a Shared World” 8th Congress of the Portuguese Primatology Association 12th Congress of the Spanish Primatology Association Sociedade de Geografia de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal, October 9-11, 2019
Article
Full-text available
The structure and dynamics of primate social groups are shaped by the social relationships of its members. These relationships are based on different types of interactions and vary in relation to the identity of the interactants and over time. Social network analysis tools represent a powerful and comprehensive method to characterise social interac...
Chapter
In this chapter I will start by describing what were the first primatological studies performed by Portuguese “scientists”. Some of these studies already mentioned tool-use and tool-build, only “rediscovered” by Goodall in the 60’s. From the XVth and XVIth centuries I will move to a description of important primatologists (biological anthropologist...
Book
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The idea of writing a book which brings together various contributions about history of primatology was born after the Symposium “History of Primatology Yesterday and Today: Tradition and Science” that we and other colleagues organized at the XXIVth Congress of the International Primatological Society in Cancun, from 12th to 18th August, 2012. The...
Chapter
Social perceptions and how they interfere with the way humans see nonhumans Social perceptions are composed of two different factors: (i) the individual and his/her cognitive abilities and (ii) the cultural context where he/she lives. This last factor comprises values, norms, beliefs (e.g. religion) and attitudes that were already operating in the...
Article
Full-text available
A large body of evidence suggests that female Old World monkeys maintain selective long-term grooming interactions with fitness benefits. The last two decades have produced evidence that the regulation of social interactions among primates can be, in part, explained by the Biological Markets theory, with grooming behaviour as the focus of these stu...
Article
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Dispersal is a demographic process that can potentially counterbalance the negative impacts of anthropogenic habitat fragmentation. However, mechanisms of dispersal may become modified in populations living in human-dominated habitats. Here, we investigated dispersal in Guinea baboons (Papio papio) in areas with contrasting levels of anthropogenic...
Data
Description of PCRs protocols and genotyping process. (PDF)
Data
Spatial autocorrelation analyses conducted at 66 and 26 km. (PDF)
Data
Description of sub-sets of samples used to test sex-bias in dispersal. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Community-based conservation programmes need to engage the support of all its members. Gender is a key component in shaping attitudes about conservation, and lack of attention to gender differences in perceptions can work against the aims of community-based conservation actions and initiatives. We present a study of the obstacles to women’s partici...
Article
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Resumo: Este trabalho pretende dar uma breve visão geral dos tópicos de discussão em torno do falso paradigma " natureza " vs. " cultura " , apontando o posicionamento biológico da espécie humana (Homo sapiens sapiens) referindo visões pautadas por perspectivas teocêntricas e antropocêntricas. Mencionando a responsabilidade da Antropologia em desco...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Relation of Collecting Non-Timber Forest Products with Hunting of Bushmeat in the Cross River National Park JD Folgadoa, CCN Casanovaa, I Imongb aUniversidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal; bWildlife Conservation Society, Nigeria Programme, Calabar, Nigeria E-Mail: joaodfolgado@hotmail.com The present project addresses in what way granting access...
Conference Paper
Within chimpanzee communities, males are well known for forming strong social bonds with one another. These bonds are most evident in the non-random patterns of associations, affiliations and proximity exhibited by males. In captivity, crowding conditions, demographic changes and other factors such as individuals’ maturity can modify social relatio...
Conference Paper
Living in groups entails several fitness benefits but also leads to conflicts of interest. The strategies that different species have evolved to manage these conflicts are diverse and in some species aggressive exchanges of various kinds are commonplace. In some species, aggressions are important contributing elements to the organization of their s...
Article
Full-text available
The world’s natural forests, whose rich ecosystems support wildlife and human populations, are declining and facing unprecedented changes. As human population rises and globalization disrupts local and more traditional communities around the planet, the fate of biodiversity seems condemned. It is people’s behaviour and the economic and political fa...
Chapter
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1. Introdução 1.1 Traços evolutivos nos primatas 1.2 Do fim do Cretácico (145 MA-65 MA) ao Miocénico (23 MA - 5 MA): principais personagens em cena 1.3. Os primeiros hominídeos bípedes 1.4 Os grandes primatas 1.4.1 Orangotangos 1.4.2 Gorilas 1.4.3 Chimpanzés 1.4.4 Bonobos 1.4.5 Humanos 1.5 O conceito de cultura e aquilo que é especificamente humano...
Article
Full-text available
Guinea baboons are heavily hunted for bushmeat consumption in Guinea-Bissau. We investigated whether hunting-driven mortality has affected population structure in this generalist primate using two genetic markers. Sampling was conducted in protected areas separated by anthropogenic landscape features. We predicted significant genetic differentiatio...
Article
Full-text available
Our study concerns local knowledge and perceptions of chimpanzees among farming communities within Cantanhez National Park, Guinea-Bissau. We submitted a survey questionnaire to 100 people living in four villages in the Park to enquire about their knowledge of chimpanzee ecology and human-chimpanzee interactions. Local farmers live in close contact...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aimed to gather baseline information about chimpanzee nesting and density in Lagoas de Cufada Natural Park (LCNP), in Guinea-Bissau. Old and narrow trails were followed to estimate chimpanzee density through marked-nest counts and to test the effect of canopy closure (woodland savannah, forest with a sparse canopy, and forest with...
Article
Full-text available
West African managed forests are zones where domestic stock does not thrive, and bushmeat continues to be a major source of animal protein for many people. Given rising human populations across Africa the harvesting and trade in bushmeat is unsustainable, resulting in dramatic declines of local populations of wild animals. Accessing local villagers...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Folia Primatologica 2014 (85):42–75 Published online: January 10, 2014 DOI: 10.1159/000357512 4th Iberian Primatological Congress Girona, Spain, October 2–5, 2013 Editors: Miquel Llorente, Olga Feliu, Girona, Fernando Peláez, Ana Morcillo, Madrid, Spain; Catarina Casanova, Lisboa, Portugal
Article
Full-text available
Like many primate species in West Africa, habitat loss and intensive hunting are threatening the poorly studied Guinea Baboon (Papio papio). These factors contributed to a significant population contraction during the last 30 years. Our study presents genetic diversity estimates for the Guinea Baboon based on a 391 base pair fragment of the mitocho...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As human population grows and globalization disrupts local and traditional communities everywhere in the planet, there are stronger and wider threats to wildlife and biodiversity. In spite of all the humanity’s achievements, difficulties in providing well-being to many human communities are increasing. The world’s natural forests, whose rich ecosys...
Chapter
Full-text available
As human population grows and globalization disrupts local and traditional communities everywhere in the planet, there are stronger and wider threats to wildlife and biodiversity. In spite of all the humanity’s achievements, difficulties in providing well-being to many human communities are increasing. The world’s natural forests, whose rich ecosys...
Article
Full-text available
The slow life histories of great apes (hereafter 'apes') combined with a growing inventory of predation incidents suggest that apes may be strongly affected by direct predation, as well as by predation risk. Predation risk may shape and increase behavioural flexibility by forcing individuals to adapt their behaviour to predator patterns. Forest leo...
Article
Full-text available
Cantanhez National Park in southern Guinea-Bissau is a mosaic of forest, mangrove, savanna, and agricultural fields, with a high prevalence of oil-palm trees (Elaeis guineensis). It hosts many different animal species, including the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus). Very little is known about the ecology of chimpanzees inhabiting this area. The m...
Article
Guinea baboons are heavily hunted for bush-meat consumption in Guinea-Bissau. We investigated whether hunting-driven mortality has affected population structure in this generalist primate using two genetic markers. Sampling was conducted in protected areas separated by anthropogenic landscape features. We predicted significant genetic differentiati...
Article
Full-text available
While the “Darwin Year 2009” celebrations take place world-wide and answering to the challenge posed by Antropologia Portuguesa, the present work aims to highlight the meticulous observation and innovative thinking by Charles Darwin and simultaneously to describe some of the most significant bench mark discoveries regarding primate evolutionary pro...
Article
Full-text available
The illegal commerce of non-human primates body parts for traditional medicine or ornamental purposes can pose serious threats to wild populations. The impact assessment of illegal trade has been hampered by the difficult determination of the origin of these items, in particular if illegal transnational routes exist. In September 2008, in the bigge...
Chapter
Full-text available
Article
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We present evidence of agonistic buffering in captive chimpanzees, recorded from 1993 until 2005, mainly from ad libitum sampling in over 2000 hr of observation. A total of 33 agonistic buffering episodes were analyzed for context and effects of this complex social behavior. Agonistic buffering was directed at the whole chimpanzee colony as they su...
Article
Full-text available
On the origins of politics: The chimpanzees’ communities as referential models In this paper we consider different definitions of politics and apply them to several examples of social relationships in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). We also present some definitions of alliance, coalition, justice, morality and other concepts. Taking in account the...

Projects

Projects (6)
Project
Study of how humans perceive animals in the Pantanal (Mato Grosso)
Project
Develop an understanding of drivers and patterns in grooming behaviour in primates
Archived project
Genética da Conservação do Chimpanzé Ameaçado da Guiné-Bissau: um contributo da Antropologia Biológica para a conservação da biodiversidade (PTDC/CS-ANT/099184/2008 - Anthropology). Principal Research. Overall rating: 85/Excellent. Recommendation of Funding: 155.000 EUR. Recommendation of Funding for Human resources: 50.976,00 EUR. Project finished.