Carsten Hansen

Carsten Hansen
The University of Edinburgh | UoE · MRC Centre for Inflammation Research

About

27
Publications
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Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Full-text available
Cells need to rapidly and precisely react to multiple mechanical and chemical stimuli in order to ensure precise context-dependent responses. This requires dynamic cellular signalling events that ensure homeostasis and plasticity when needed. A less well-understood process is cellular response to elevated interstitial fluid pressure, where the cell...
Article
Full-text available
Listeria monocytogenes moves from one cell to another as it disseminates within tissues. This bacterial transfer process depends on the host actin cytoskeleton as the bacterium forms motile actin-rich membranous protrusions that propel the bacteria into neighboring cells, thus forming corresponding membrane invaginations. Here, we examine these mem...
Article
Full-text available
The plasma membrane allows the cell to sense and adapt to changes in the extracellular environment by relaying external inputs via intracellular signaling networks. One central cellular signaling pathway is the Hippo pathway, which regulates homeostasis and plays chief roles in carcinogenesis and regenerative processes. Recent studies have found th...
Chapter
Immunocytochemistry enables determination of cellular localization and relative abundance of proteins. This protocol describes a rapid and cost-effective approach to study the cellular localization of YAP (and TAZ), the transcriptional co activators of the Hippo pathway, in mammalian cells. Cells are seeded onto coated cover slips, cultivated and t...
Article
The Hippo pathway plays major roles in development, regeneration, and cancer. Its activity is tightly regulated by both diffusible chemical ligands and mechanical stimuli. The pathway consists of a series of kinases that can control the sub-cellular localization and stability of YAP or TAZ, homologous transcriptional co-factors. Caveolae, small (60...
Data
Movie S1. TIR Images of Caveolin1-GFP Expressed by Genome Editing in WT and ΔEHD1,2,3 NIH-3T3 Cells, Related to Figure 6A The movie plays at 15x real time.
Article
Caveolae introduce flask-shaped convolutions into the plasma membrane and help to protect the plasma membrane from damage under stretch forces. The protein components that form the bulb of caveolae are increasingly well characterized, but less is known about the contribution of proteins that localize to the constricted neck. Here we make extensive...
Article
Full-text available
The Hippo pathway plays a central role in tissue homoeostasis, and its dysregulation contributes to tumorigenesis. Core components of the Hippo pathway include a kinase cascade of MST1/2 and LATS1/2 and the transcription co-activators YAP/TAZ. In response to stimulation, LATS1/2 phosphorylate and inhibit YAP/TAZ, the main effectors of the Hippo pat...
Article
The Hippo pathway is a potent regulator of cellular proliferation, differentiation, and tissue homeostasis. Here we review the regulatory mechanisms of the Hippo pathway and discuss the function of Yes-associated protein (YAP)/transcriptional coactivator with a PDZ-binding domain (TAZ), the prime mediators of the Hippo pathway, in stem cell biology...
Article
Full-text available
Caveolae have long been implicated in endocytosis. Recent data question this link, and in the absence of specific cargoes the potential cellular function of caveolar endocytosis remains unclear. Here we develop new tools, including doubly genome-edited cell lines, to assay the subcellular dynamics of caveolae using tagged proteins expressed at endo...
Article
YAP (Yes-associated protein) is a transcription co-activator in the Hippo tumour suppressor pathway and controls cell growth, tissue homeostasis and organ size. YAP is inhibited by the kinase Lats, which phosphorylates YAP to induce its cytoplasmic localization and proteasomal degradation. YAP induces gene expression by binding to the TEAD family t...
Article
Full-text available
Yes-associated protein (YAP) and transcriptional co-activator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) are the major downstream effectors of the Hippo pathway, which regulates tissue homeostasis, organ size, regeneration and tumorigenesis. In this Progress article, we summarize the current understanding of the biological functions of YAP and TAZ, and how the r...
Article
Full-text available
The cavins are a family of proteins associated with caveolae, cavin-1, -2 and -3 being widely expressed while cavin-4 is restricted to striated muscle. Deletion of cavin-1 results in phenotypes including metabolic changes consistent with adipocyte dysfunction, and caveolae are completely absent. Deletion of cavin-2 causes tissue-specific loss of ca...
Article
Full-text available
Caveolae are abundant in endothelial cells and are thought to have important roles in endothelial cell biology. The cavin proteins are key components of caveolae, and are expressed at varied amounts in different tissues. Here we use knockout mice to determine the roles of cavins 2 and 3 in caveolar morphogenesis in vivo. Deletion of cavin 2 causes...
Data
Full-text available
Supplementary Figures S1-S5, Supplementary Table S1
Article
The pacsin (also termed syndapin) protein family is well characterised structurally. They contain F-BAR domains associated with the generation or maintenance of membrane curvature. The cell biology of these proteins remains less understood. Here, we initially confirm that EHD2, a protein previously shown biochemically to be present in caveolar frac...
Article
Caveolae are ampullate (flask-shaped) invaginations that are abundant in the plasma membrane of many mammalian cell types. Although caveolae are implicated in a wide range of processes including endothelial transcytosis, lipid homeostasis and cellular signalling, a detailed molecular picture of many aspects of their function has been elusive. Until...
Article
There is good evidence that, in addition to the canonical clathrin-associated endocytic machinery, mammalian cells possess multiple sets of proteins that are capable of mediating the formation of endocytic vesicles. The identity, mechanistic properties and function of these clathrin-independent endocytic pathways are currently under investigation....
Article
Caveolae are plasma membrane invaginations with a characteristic flask-shaped morphology. They function in diverse cellular processes, including endocytosis. The mechanism by which caveolae are generated is not fully understood, but both caveolin proteins and PTRF (polymerase I and transcript release factor, also known as cavin) are important. Here...
Article
Molecular modeling and structure-activity relationship studies were performed to propose a model for binding of the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) to the human serotonin transporter (hSERT). Homology models were constructed using the crystal structure of a bacterial homologue, the leucine transporter from Aquifex aeolicus, as the template and th...
Article
The serotonin transporter (SERT), which belongs to a family of sodium/chloride-dependent transporters, is the major pharmacological target in the treatment of several clinical disorders, including depression and anxiety. Interaction with a low-affinity allosteric site on SERT modulates the ligand affinity at the high-affinity binding site. Serotoni...