Carsten G B Grupstra

Carsten G B Grupstra
Boston University | BU · Department of Biology

Doctor of Philosophy

About

28
Publications
3,094
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
207
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2017 - present
Rice University
Position
  • PhD Student
January 2017 - July 2017
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology
Position
  • Research Assistant
May 2015 - September 2015
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
Position
  • Master's Student
Education
July 2017 - May 2022
Rice University
Field of study
  • Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
September 2013 - May 2016
University of Amsterdam
Field of study
  • Limnology & Oceanography (Research Master)
September 2009 - June 2013
University of Amsterdam
Field of study
  • Interdisciplinary Sciences (Ecology Major)

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
Full-text available
Background The microbiomes of foundation (habitat-forming) species such as corals and sponges underpin the biodiversity, productivity, and stability of ecosystems. Consumers shape communities of foundation species through trophic interactions, but the role of consumers in dispersing the microbiomes of such species is rarely examined. For example, s...
Article
Climate change-driven ocean warming is increasing the frequency and severity of bleaching events, in which corals appear whitened after losing their dinoflagellate endosymbionts (family Symbiodiniaceae). Viral infections of Symbiodiniaceae may contribute to some bleaching signs, but little empirical evidence exists to support this hypothesis. We pr...
Article
Full-text available
Multicellular organisms harbor populations of microbial symbionts; some of these symbionts can be dispersed through the feeding activities of consumers. Studies of consumer-mediated microbiota dispersal generally focus on pathogenic microorganisms; the dispersal of beneficial microorganisms has received less attention, especially in the context of...
Article
Full-text available
The global decline of coral reefs heightens the need to understand how corals respond to changing environmental conditions. Corals are metaorganisms, so-called holobionts, and restructuring of the associated bacterial community has been suggested as a means of holobiont adaptation. However, the potential for restructuring of bacterial communities a...
Preprint
One way viruses can affect coral health is by infecting their symbiotic dinoflagellate partners (Symbiodiniaceae). Yet, viral dynamics in coral colonies exposed to environmental stress have not been studied at the reef scale, particularly within individual viral lineages. We sequenced the viral major capsid protein ( mcp ) gene of positive-sense si...
Article
Full-text available
Terrestrial runoff can negatively impact marine ecosystems through stressors including excess nutrients, freshwater, sediments, and contaminants. Severe storms, which are increasing with global climate change, generate massive inputs of runoff over short timescales (hours to days); such runoff impacted offshore reefs in the northwest Gulf of Mexico...
Preprint
Full-text available
Climate change-driven ocean warming is increasing the frequency and severity of bleaching events, in which corals appear whitened after losing their dinoflagellate endosymbionts (family Symbiodiniaceae). Viral infections of Symbiodiniaceae may contribute to some bleaching signs, but little empirical evidence exists to support this hypothesis. We pr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Here we present vAMPirus (https://github.com/Aveglia/vAMPirus.git), an automated and easy-to-use virus amplicon sequencing analysis program. Recent advances in sequencing approaches and technology have revealed the astounding diversity of viruses in natural environments. Amplicon sequencing is an effective approach for identifying genetic variants...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The microbiomes of foundation (habitat-forming) species, including stony corals, soft corals, and sponges, underpin the biodiversity, productivity, and stability of ecosystems. Consumers shape communities of foundation species through trophic interactions, but the role of consumers in dispersing the microbiomes of such species is rarely...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The microbiomes of foundation (habitat-forming) species such as corals and sponges underpin the biodiversity, productivity, and stability of ecosystems. Consumers shape communities of foundation species through trophic interactions, but the role of consumers in dispersing the microbiomes of such species is rarely examined. For example,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Predators drive top-down effects that shape prey communities, but the role of predators in dispersing prey microbiomes is rarely examined. We tested whether coral-eating (corallivorous) fish disperse the single-celled dinoflagellate symbionts (family Symbiodiniaceae) of their prey. Our findings demonstrate that: (1) coral-eating fish egest feces co...
Article
Many organisms are expanding their ranges in response to changing environmental conditions. Understanding the patterns of genetic diversity and adaptation along an expansion front is crucial to assessing a species’ long‐term success. While next‐generation sequencing techniques can reveal these changes in fine detail, ascribing them to a particular...
Article
Full-text available
The productivity of coral reefs in oligotrophic tropical waters is sustained by an efficient uptake and recycling of nutrients. In reef-building corals, the engineers of these ecosystems, this nutrient recycling is facilitated by a constant exchange of nutrients between the animal host and endosymbiotic photosynthetic dinoflagellates (zooxan-thella...
Article
Full-text available
Zooxanthellate corals are threatened by climate change but may be able to escape increasing temperatures by colonizing higher latitudes. To determine the effect of host range expansion on symbiont genetic diversity, we examined genetic variation among populations of Symbiodinium psygmophilum associated with Oculina patagonica, a range-expanding cor...

Network

Cited By