Carolyn Wheeler

Carolyn Wheeler
James Cook University · ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies

PhD Candidate

About

11
Publications
2,001
Reads
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123
Citations
Introduction
Carolyn is a co-tutelle PhD candidate at the School for the Environment, University of Massachusetts Boston and the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University. Carolyn's current research centers around elasmobranch reproduction, physiology, and energetics in relation to thermal stress. Contact by email at carolyn.wheeler@my.jcu.edu.au
Additional affiliations
June 2019 - present
James Cook University
Position
  • PhD Student
September 2016 - December 2018
University of Massachusetts Boston
Position
  • Graduate Teaching Assistant
September 2016 - June 2019
New England Aquarium
Position
  • Technician
Education
July 2019 - December 2022
James Cook University
Field of study
August 2016 - December 2019
University of Massachusetts Boston
Field of study
  • Marine Science and Technology
August 2016 - December 2022
University of Massachusetts Boston
Field of study
  • Marine Science and Technology

Publications

Publications (11)
Article
Advancing our knowledge of the reproductive biology and mating systems of freeranging sharks is inherently challenging. The large size and mobility of the specimens are just a few of the problems that make such studies complicated, and in some respects, impractical. The tiger shark Galeocerdo cuvier is a large, roving, apex predator found in many o...
Article
Biological rhythms that are mediated by exogenous factors, such as light and temperature, drive the physiology of organisms and affect processes ranging from cellular to population levels. For elasmobranchs (i.e. sharks, rays, and skates), studies documenting diel activity and movement patterns indicate that many species are crepuscular or nocturna...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the long evolutionary history of this group, the challenges brought by the Anthropocene have been inflicting an extensive pressure over sharks and their relatives. Overexploitation has been driving a worldwide decline in elasmobranch populations, and rapid environmental change, triggered by anthropogenic activities, may further test this gr...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change is affecting thermal regimes globally, and organisms relying on their environment to regulate biological processes face unknown consequences. In ectotherms, temperature affects development rates, body condition, and performance. Embryonic stages may be the most vulnerable life history stages, especially for oviparous species already...
Article
Full-text available
The consequences of human influence can arise in vertebrates as primary, secondary, or even tertiary stressors and may be especially detrimental for slow growing species with long generation times (i.e., K-selected species). Here, we review the impacts of both direct and indirect human interactions on the reproductive biology of elasmobranchs. With...
Article
The validity of the shape of the urogenital opening was tested as a predicable means to determine the sex of Atlantic sturgeon captured in the Saco River estuary, Maine. Evaluation of 121 individuals ranging in size from 107 to 182 cm fork length were compared to non‐lethal radioimmunoassay determined sex data previously examined for these individu...
Article
Measuring circulating concentrations of steroid hormones can be used as a method for determining reproductive maturity and cycles in elasmobranchs. However, it is unknown how long steroid hormones remain stable in elasmobranch blood following capture, and thus how quickly these samples should be collected for the results of subsequent steroid hormo...
Article
Full-text available
An overall lack of information prompted the recent listing of Atlantic Sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus under the Endangered Species Act. Key to the restoration of the species and of particular importance is the need to characterize the use of critical habitat across the region, specifically in the Gulf of Maine, where the population was li...
Article
Full-text available
The Atlantic sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus) is a long-lived, anadromous fish species ranging from Labrador, CA to Florida, USA. In the Saco River, located in the Gulf of Maine, this species was not present during a survey study ending in 1982, but was found inhabiting the estuary in 2007. Although the reason for the return of this sturg...
Article
Full-text available
Elasmobranch fishes (sharks, skates, and rays) are particularly susceptible to anthropogenic threats, making a thorough understanding of their life history characteristics essential for proper management. Historically, elasmobranch reproductive data have been collected by lethal sampling, an approach that is problematic for threatened and endangere...

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