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Carolyn A Ristau

Carolyn A Ristau
formerly Barnard College of Columbia University, New York City, USA. Retired. Now Associate of the University Seminars Columbia University. · Psychology

PhD University of Pennsylvania

About

34
Publications
5,189
Reads
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345
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 1977 - June 1992
The Rockefeller University
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (34)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To study cognitive aspects of parental responses to chick distress calls, 21 pairs of Piping Plovers (Charadrius melodus) on barrier island beaches in Eastern USA were observed over three field seasons. The procedure involved placing a Sound Source (SS) for pre-recorded distress calls from unknown chicks in either open or hidden terrain. 120 trials...
Article
Full-text available
Article
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To counter human ultrasociality, alternative communities can arise (ongoing), and, unlike insects, lower echelons can unite and rebel. Examples include movements such as: “Black Lives Matter,” “Fight for $15,” “Occupy,” and the “Village Movement.” To strengthen ultrasociality, a surplus bottom echelon can be reduced: for example, by means such as i...
Article
Full-text available
An attack such as 9/11 engenders both increased in-group solidarity and other prosocial responses and increased hostility to out-group(s) including those perceived as similar to the presumed perpetrators. We report retrospective data collected from 5 to 11 months after 9/11, from 209 New York City taxi drivers. Judgments of their patrons by the tax...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive Ethology, the field initiated by Donald R Griffin, was defined by him as the study of the mental experiences of animals as they behave in their natural environment in the course of their normal lives. It encompasses both the problems defined by Chalmers as the ‘hard’ problem of consciousness, phenomenological experience, and the ‘easy’ pr...
Article
Full-text available
Carey's superb discussion of the origin of concepts is extended into the field of cognitive ethology. I also suggest that agency may be a default mechanism, often leading to over-attribution. The problem therefore becomes one of specifying the conditions in which agency is not attributed. The significance of attentional/focusing abilities on concep...
Article
Full-text available
Previous papers have described the process facilitated by Pro-Natura International - Nigeria, an NGO working in the Niger Delta: in 1997 entering the Ijaw swamp community of Akassa, staying to learn from them, befriending them, helping them to understand the problems they described and potential solutions; and, assisting them to build the instituti...
Chapter
Full-text available
Interpreting the data on the cognitive and linguistic abilities of non-human species needs to be done with care. The results of particular studies need to be understood in the light of (1) the ontogeny of the ability in question and the specific training procedures involved in demonstrating it; (2) the settings within which abilities are observed?l...
Article
Full-text available
Cognitive ethology began with Donald R. Griffin's 1976 publication of The Question of Animal Awareness. More recently mutual influences can be found between cognitive ethology and comparative, developmental, experimental and cognitive psychology and philosophy of science and of mind. Present scientific work emphasizes: 1) animal cognitive capacitie...
Conference Paper
Research from laboratory experiments provides evidence for avian cognitive abilities, including category formation as well as significant communicative capacity. Field research yields results strongly suggestive of purposive behavior by birds and an ability by at least some parent birds to learn rapidly to distinguish between dangerous and benign i...
Article
Full-text available
REVIEWS DOLPHIN COGNITION AND BEHAVIOR: A COMPARATIVE APPROACH. Ronald J. Schusterman, Jeanette A. Thomas and Forrest G. Wood, eds. 1986. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ. 393 pp. Imagine a creature living in the sea, without arms or hands to manipulate objects in the tasks we set creatures to test their intelligence; communicating by be...
Article
Responds to the E. S. Savage-Rumbaugh et al (see record 1984-22384-001) article on nonhuman artificial language learning in chimpanzees. The present author expresses concern with the experimental paradigm used, focusing on (a) the naming/request distinction and (b) a need for testing in nonroutine situations that can permit spontaneous, varied, fl...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter provides history of the ape language research, indicating past and current work. It raises some relevant theoretical issues and relates the research to investigations or issues in the fields of experimental and developmental psychology, linguistic analysis, anthropology, and ethology. The ape language projects are best considered in th...
Chapter
Full-text available
Results from the ape language projects can be interpreted as revealing cognitive abilities. Some of the work begins to deal with the question of meaning. Does the ape use individual lexical items in "word-like," conceptual way, and can he combine the words in meaningful ways, utilizing some simple grammatical rules? The distinction is raised betwee...
Chapter
This report examines ways in which studies of animal communication can increase our understanding of animal minds. The report begins by offering working definitions of two particularly difficult concepts, consciousness and intentionality. Second, the report examines whether the use of such definitions helps to understand the mental events that may...
Article
Full-text available
review my evidence suggesting that plovers exhibit purposeful behaviour / field studies were undertaken to investigate the plovers' use of 'injury feigning' or broken wing displays / 'injury feigning' is among the most intense of a repertoire of anti-predator behaviours deception / attentiveness to the gaze of another (PsycINFO Database Record (c...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Archived project
Through field experimentation, to explore the possibility of purposeful behavior in the plover's use of its Broken Wing Display. Other field experiments study the situational factors affecting the plover's responses to acoustic communication, learning and memory.
Archived project
To understand the accomplishments of the various artificial language and cognition projects conducted with apes and other species. To place them in the context of natural communication systems of animals and human children. To understand the underlying cognitive capacities of the communication/language and possible evolutionary precursors.
Project
To better understand the cognitive, emotional and communicative capacities of animals, particularly as they live in their normal environments.These goals are accomplished primarily by observation and experiments conducted in the field.