Caroline Bradbury-Jones

Caroline Bradbury-Jones
University of Birmingham

PhD

About

172
Publications
66,479
Reads
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4,207
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2015 - present
University of Birmingham
Position
  • Reader in Nursing
May 2013 - present
The University of Manchester
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2009 - May 2013
University of Dundee
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (172)
Article
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Purpose Health and social care professionals are ideally placed to identify and address gender-based violence (GBV), yet research continues to demonstrate that the subject is being poorly covered at undergraduate level. This qualitative study explored health and social care students’ and educators’ views on GBV education, with a view to identifying...
Preprint
Background Over 200 million girls from over 30 countries worldwide have been subjected to Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). Globalisation has led to a rising prevalence of FGM in western countries such as the United Kingdom (UK). FGM has varied implications, including physical and mental health complications and legal consequences. It is therefore v...
Article
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Background Nurses and midwives role in sexual healthcare is essential to help patients, particularly women, ensure a satisfactory sexual wellbeing. Yet, these professionals often overlook this aspect of patients’ health. Little is known regarding nurses and midwives’ attitudes, views and experiences concerning sexual healthcare. Using a naturalisti...
Article
Technology is an ever-increasing part of most people’s lives and it has been crucial for the delivery of support by domestic violence and abuse (DVA) services during the COVID-19 pandemic. Paradoxically, this same technology has provided perpetrators with new and growing opportunities to continue or escalate their abusive behaviours. This article d...
Article
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Women with cerebral palsy have the same sexual and reproductive healthcare (SRH) needs and rights as non-disabled women across the life course. Multi-level barriers prevent their SRH needs from being met in a timely way. Grouped according to Bronfenbrenner’s socio-ecological model, these include physical and psychosocial determinants. The aim of th...
Article
Background: Cognitive training (CT) may be beneficial in delaying the onset or slowing dementia progression. CT has been evaluated quantitatively and qualitatively, but none have used mixed methods approaches. Objective: The aim of this study was to use a mixed methods approach to identify those who may selectively benefit from CT. Methods: Th...
Article
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Aims: To determine the barriers and enablers to regular, women-oriented screening programmes for women with cerebral palsy (CP); and to discuss the participants' suggestions for change. Design: Qualitative life course approach. Methods: Twenty-five life course interviews were conducted with women in 2020 who identified as having a diagnosis of...
Preprint
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are traumatic events during childhood known to affect health and wellbeing across the life-span. The purpose of this scoping review was to understand what we currently know about the experiences of siblings living with ACEs. Sibling relationships are unique, and for some the most enduring we experience. These re...
Preprint
This project found that the CARA (Cautioning and Relationship Abuse) Service has a significant impact on recidivism. On average, the CARA Service reduced offences by 81% in the first six months and by 56% in the first 12 months for West Midlands. CARA reduced offences by 39% in the first six months and by 41% in the first 12 months for Hampshire. T...
Article
This article explores the theoretical and practical role(s) of humour in facilitating outreach about sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) in Sierra Leone. While humour might be considered an insensitive way of approaching difficult issues, this project shows that incongruity can in fact be productive. Recognizing that humour itself can be a form...
Article
The relationship between theory and qualitative research has been much debated. In 2014, based on an analysis of qualitative studies, we published a five-point typology on the levels of visibility expounded in such studies. The typology captured a range of theoretical visibility – from seemingly absent to consistently applied. In 2020, we undertook...
Article
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Aims and Objectives This scoping review aims to identify whether transition programmes support new graduate nurses and nursing students in terms of dealing with workplace violence, bullying and stress and enhance new graduate nurses' resilience during the transition from education to clinical practice. Background Many new graduate nurses in their...
Article
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Research with survivors of gender-based violence in low- and middle-income countries is important to improve understanding of experiences of violence and the policies that can help combat it. But this research also implies risks for survivors, such as re-traumatization, safety concerns, and feelings of exploitation. These risks are magnified if res...
Article
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A ‘shadow pandemic’ of domestic violence and abuse (DVA) has emerged secondary to strict public health measures containing the spread of SARS-CoV-2. Many countries have implemented policies to allow the free movement of DVA survivors in attempts to minimise their exposure to abusive environments. Although these policies are well received, as a resu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Cognitive training (CT) may bebeneficial in delaying the onset or slowing dementia progression. CT has been evaluated quantitatively and qualitatively, but none have used mixed methods approaches. The aim of this study was to use a mixed methods approach to identify those who may selectively benefit from CT. Methods This was an explanato...
Article
Full-text available
Aims and objectives: To explore moral distress empirically and conceptually, to understand the factors that mitigate and exacerbate moral distress and construct a model that represents how moral distress relates to its constituent parts and related concepts. Background: There is ongoing debate about how to understand and respond to moral distres...
Article
This qualitative study explored the way middle-aged Lebanese women address their sexual difficulties. Data analysis revealed three overarching themes and subthemes. From these we developed a help-seeking behavior framework for sexual difficulties. The framework focuses on: the perception of the problem, the beliefs about help-seeking and the source...
Article
Disasters including public health crises like the COVID‐19 pandemic are known to increase instances of family violence against women, children, and other diverse populations. This paper discusses and provides evidence of disaster‐related vulnerability of and violence towards specific groups of people. We argue that the COVID‐19 pandemic presents th...
Article
Literature reviews generally analyse and synthesis the evidence (or lack thereof) in a particular topic area and they are an increasingly popular form of scholarly activity. The scoping review is a popular literature review approach that has been adopted across the social and health sciences over the last fifteen years. With this upsurge in use, di...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the principles involved in writing up a literature review and explores these according to the Eight E's Framework. These include: the overall approach/method nurses have taken to guide their review, the appropriateness of the methods used, nurses’ topic and review question, nurses’ search strategy, and nurses’ inclusion/exclu...
Article
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Background Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) is an epidemic that continues to affect both men and women in East Africa. Despite the high prevalence of SGBV in this region, sexual offense policies are often unclear, poorly enforced, or completely lacking. When policies do exist practitioners who assist survivors in the aftermath of the violati...
Article
Background: Domestic abuse is a global public health issue. The association between the development of central sensitivity syndromes (CSS) and previous exposure to domestic abuse has been poorly understood particularly within European populations. Methods: A retrospective cohort study using the 'The Health Improvement Network,' (UK primary care...
Article
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Objectives Babies born with the genetic condition albinism lack pigment in their hair, skin and eyes due to compromised melanin production. This leads to poor vision and the risk of early death due to skin cancer. In Uganda, one of the least developed countries in the world, their lack of pigmentation makes them very different in appearance within...
Article
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Background Infant moderate pressure massage is an effective evidence‐based intervention that counters the consequences of prematurity and exposure to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) environment. This touch‐based therapy reduces physiological stress and improves physical, cognitive and neurological development in stable preterm and low birth...
Article
Aims To synthesise the current, global evidence‐informed guidance that supports nurses and midwives to recognise and respond to intimate partner violence (IPV), and how these practices can be translated from face‐to‐face encounters to care that is delivered through telehealth. Background COVID‐19‐related social and physical distancing measures inc...
Article
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Aims To explore the palliative care experiences of forced migrant children, families, and healthcare professionals (HCPs) highlighting successes, challenges, and associated practice implications. Design Systematic literature review. Data Sources The following search engines were searched from 2008 ‐ 2018: Allied and Complementary Medicine Databas...
Article
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Aims: To consider the scope and quality of mixed methods research in nursing. Design: Focused mapping review and synthesis (FMRS). Data sources: Five purposively selected journals: International Journal of Nursing Studies, Journal of Nursing Scholarship, Journal of Advanced Nursing, Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, and Journal of Mixed Me...
Article
This article explores a hidden and under-acknowledged dimension of caring in family life: when older people with care needs act in a harmful, abusive or violent way towards the family member(s) who cares for them. Thirty-eight health and social care professionals, working in the UK, took part in five focus groups to explore their experience of work...
Article
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Introduction The shortage of nurses is projected to grow, and the number of new graduate nurses (NGNs) who are predicted to replace expert nurses has increased. Meanwhile, those NGNs leaving their job within the first year, give various reasons for leaving, including workplace bullying and violence. In response, some hospitals and universities have...
Article
In this article, we reflect on the framing of violence against women in mainstream media in the UK, and some policy documents and guidance, in the first four weeks of the COVID-19 induced lockdown. In so doing, we consider the implications associated with the frequent failure to acknowledge sexual violence as a unique, and discrete, element of viol...
Article
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There has been increasing debate in recent years about the conceptualization of moral distress. Broadly speaking, two groups of scholars have emerged: those who agree with Jameton’s ‘narrow definition’ that focuses on constraint and those who argue that Jameton’s definition is insufficient and needs to be broadened. Using feminist empirical bioethi...
Article
Objectives Describe the epidemiology of childhood maltreatment and domestic abuse (in women). Design Analysis of longitudinal records between 1 January 1995 to 31 December 2018. Setting UK primary care database: ‘The Health Improvement Network’ (THIN). Participants 11 831 850 eligible patients from 787 contributing practices. Childhood maltreatm...
Article
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Introduction Supporting people subjected to sexual violence includes provision of sexual and reproductive healthcare. There is a need to ensure an environment for safe and supported disclosure of sexual violence in these clinical settings. The purpose of this research is to gain a deeper understanding of how, why, for whom and in what circumstances...
Article
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This review provides a synthesis of existing research on best practice recommendations for the use of participatory and creative methods to research gender-based violence in the Global South. Following a five-stage scoping review process, 44 papers, which each related to at least two of the three parts of the topic, were selected for inclusion. A f...
Article
At the Journal of Clinical Nursing, we have a broad mission; that is to advance all spheres of nursing through the generation and dissemination of knowledge encompassing the full range of nursing practice and scholarship. We welcome papers from the full range of methodologies, and seek to encourage critical perspectives that shape the art and scien...
Article
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Background: Peer review is at the heart of the scientific process. With the advent of digitisation, journals started to offer electronic articles or publishing online only. A new philosophy regarding the peer review process found its way into academia: the open peer review. Open peer review as practiced by BioMed Central (BMC) is a type of peer re...
Chapter
Whilst debate continues regarding how to define moral distress (MD), one constant has been the belief that healthcare professionals often experience MD during end-of-life (EoL) care. In this chapter, we will discuss the concept of MD in the context of EoL care, drawing on a recent case that has attracted global attention and empirical data drawn fr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background : The study explores women’s perception and experience of sexual difficulties and how they are shaped by the male-centred sexual interactions and social norms. The study is part of a work programme guided by a qualitative research design to provide a comprehensive understanding of women’s sexuality. The need to address the subject was tr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The study explores women’s perception and experience of sexual difficulties. The need to address the subject was triggered by the scarcity of research that reflects on women’s subjective views on sexual difficulties. This is particularly crucial for middle-aged women who frequently experience hormonal and psychosocial changes that may a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The study explores women's perception and experience of sexual difficulties. The need to address the subject was triggered by the scarcity of research that reflects on women's subjective views on sexual difficulties. This is particularly crucial for middle-aged women who frequently experience hormonal and psychosocial changes that may a...
Article
COVID‐19 (the new strain of coronavirus) has been declared a global pandemic. Measures announced over recent weeks to tackle it have seen people’s day‐to‐day life drastically altered. These changes are essential to beat coronavirus and protect health systems (UK Home Office 2020). However, there are unintended, negative consequences. As the virus c...
Article
Background There is poor medication adherence in patients of South Asian origin with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). There are limited interventions to improve patient engagement. The objective of this study was to explore how patients of South Asian origin make sense of their disease after receiving written leaflets compared to online information or vi...
Article
Full-text available
Objective There is poor medication adherence in patients of South Asian origin with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). There is limited number of interventions to improve patient engagement. The objective of this study was to explore how patients of South Asian origin make sense of their disease after receiving written leaflets compared to online informati...
Article
Full-text available
In the unparalleled and extraordinary public health emergency in which we find ourselves, across the world nurses stand as we always do – at the front line. Nurses everywhere are staffing our clinics, hospital wards and units – in some situations, literally working until they drop, and in some regions, they are doing so while dealing with a lack of...
Article
Background Domestic abuse ( DA ) against women is a global public health problem. Although the possible health burden could be substantial, the associations between DA and subsequent cardiometabolic disease (cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes mellitus) and all‐cause mortality are poorly understood. Methods and Results This r...
Article
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Objective To enhance understanding of the bodily and lifestyle effects of ageing with cerebral palsy (CP) for women, with a particular focus on experiences with sexual and reproductive healthcare (SRH) services in the UK and North America. Design A qualitative study underpinned by feminist disability theory and drawing on digital ethnographies to...
Chapter
In the domestic violence and abuse (DVA) literature, it is only relatively recently that the impacts on children have been fully recognised, documented and researched. In this chapter, we explore the key issues for children and we emphasise the importance of ensuring that they are always considered in cases of suspected or known DVA. The chapter is...
Chapter
Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is a complex issue and it is important to understand how and why this happens. Such understanding can help find strategies to minimise DVA. Over past decades, many explanations have been proposed to explain DVA from various perspectives. This chapter aims to present an aggregated overview of that information to hel...
Article
Full-text available
Health and social care professionals are well placed to identify and respond to those affected by gender-based violence; yet students across a range of health disciplines describe a lack of knowledge, preparation and confidence in dealing with the issue. Our study aimed to explore health and social care students’ perceptions of their own knowledge...
Article
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global public health issue with a variety of ill health consequences associated with exposure. Due to the stimulation of chronic stress and inflammatory pathways, childhood abuse has been associated with the subsequent development of functional syndromes such as fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). A...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The voluntary sector provides a range of specialist services to survivors of sexual violence, many of which have evolved from grass roots organisations responding to unmet local needs. However, the evidence base is poor in terms of what services are provided to which groups of survivors, how voluntary sector specialist (VSS) services a...
Article
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Background The phenomenon of ‘moral distress’ has continued to be a popular topic for nursing research. However, much of the scholarship has lacked conceptual clarity, and there is debate about what it means to experience moral distress. Moral distress remains an obscure concept to many clinical nurses, especially those outside of North America, an...
Article
E-professionalism is defined as the competence and values expected of professionals when engaged in online communication, and is a rapidly expanding area of nursing practice. The use of online social media is popular among nursing students, some of whom have created online platforms for peer support and influence. There are significant benefits of...
Article
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Austerity, by its very nature, imposes constraints by limiting the options for action available to us because certain courses of action are too costly or insufficiently cost effective. In the context of healthcare, the constraints imposed by austerity come in various forms; ranging from the availability of certain treatments being reduced or withdr...
Article
Family carers affected by violent, abusive or harmful behaviour by the older person for whom they care face social and epistemic challenges in developing and sharing knowledge about their experiences. These difficulties have contributed to a situation in which there is a paucity of evidence and public discourse about how we understand violence and...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is a serious public health issue, threatening the health of individuals the world over. Whilst DVA can be experienced by both men and women, the majority is still experienced by women; around 30% of women worldwide who have been in a relationship report that they have experienced violence at the hands...
Article
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a crime encompassing physical, psychological, financial, emotional, and sexual abuse by a current or former partner. The presence of love in abusive relationships tends to be marginalized in healthcare discourses. The authors' aim in this qualitative systematic literature review was to explore the interplay betwee...
Article
Background: Internationally, intimate partner violence (IPV) cohorts have demonstrated associations with depression and anxiety. However, this association has not yet been described in a UK population, nor has the association with serious mental illness (SMI).AimsTo explore the relationship between IPV exposure and mental illness in a UK populatio...
Article
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Background Medical misconduct is an international problem. It is judged according to whether a doctor has endangered the health of the public. Little is known about the risk factors associated with medical misconduct. To inform patient safety, we undertook a focused mapping review and synthesis (FMRS) of tribunal reports retrieved from the Medical...
Article
Gender-based violence (GBV) is a global public health issue which disproportionately affects women. Health-care providers have an important role in recognizing and addressing GBV in practice, yet research suggests that the issue remains underrecognized, with many qualified professionals reporting lack of confidence and a sense of unpreparedness. Pr...
Article
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Background In this paper we discuss the emergence of many different methods for doing a literature review. Referring back to the early days, when there were essentially two types of review; a Cochrane systematic review and a narrative review, we identify how the term systematic review is now widely used to describe a variety of review types and how...
Article
Globally, the oral health needs of children who have, or are suspected of having, experienced abuse or neglect has become a focus of concern. It is thus valuable and timely to map the contemporary nature of the research landscape in this expanding field. This review reports the findings of a scoping review of the international empirical literature....
Article
Objective: To assess the relationship between Intimate partner violence (IPV) (a highly prevalent form of domestic abuse) with the subsequent development of temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD). Methods: A retrospective open cohort study using a UK primary care database was undertaken. 18,547 women exposed to IPV were matched by age to 74,188...
Article
Over the past decade, the potential harms regarding young people's use of technology have attracted mounting political, media and research attention worldwide. One practice engaged in by many young people is that of “sexting” and the sharing of partially, or complete nude images (“selfies”). Such images are not always retained within private spaces...
Article
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Literature reviews are an important and popular part of synthesising evidence across a range of disciplines. There are numerous approaches, each with their distinctive features and purposes. The aim of this article is to advance the science of literature reviewing by describing a new form of review: The ‘Focused Mapping Review and Synthesis’ (FMRS)...
Article
Babies born with the inherited condition albinism, resulting in reduced melanin pigment in their hair, skin and eyes, are vulnerable in multiple ways in Africa: as children, as visually impaired, as socially ostracised, isolated and excluded, and as potential victims of witchcraft‐related violence targeted for their body parts for use in ‘lucky’ ch...
Article
Research into higher education has shown that for those who identify as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans* and/or Queer (LGBTQ), universities are places where both direct and indirect discrimination is experienced. This paper reports the findings from a systematic search and review on gender and sexual diversity in professional practice placements. Thi...
Article
Full-text available
Albinism includes a group of inherited conditions that result in reduced melanin production. It has been documented across the world, with a high frequency in sub-Saharan Africa. There is very little published research about the lives of people with albinism, but available evidence shows that myths abound regarding their condition. They are feared,...
Article
This paper surfaces issues about the often-used but widely under-reported practice of working with advisory fora. We critically reflect on our experiences working with an advisory network when co-designing a research study about a ‘sensitive’ subject. We discuss: 1) How the network evolved as a matter of ethical and pragmatic choices. 2) Potential...