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Carolina Puerta-Piñero

Carolina Puerta-Piñero
European Commission. DG Joint Research Center · Food Security Unit /GTCAP Team

PhD

About

52
Publications
28,029
Reads
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908
Citations
Citations since 2016
16 Research Items
478 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080
Introduction
I am (trying to be...) a landscape ecologist that wants to figure out how plant & animal (including ourselves!) interactions deal within a changing World. Currently, I am working on disentangling how the ecosystem services enhance productive systems as well as the role of agriculture and livestock in the maintenance of biodiversity and the services that it provides.
Additional affiliations
November 2019 - December 2019
University of Granada
Position
  • teacher
March 2014 - November 2019
Institute of Agricultural Research and Training (IFAPA)
Position
  • Research Associate
October 2013 - January 2014
Education
January 2004 - March 2008
University of Granada
Field of study
  • Ecology
September 1998 - July 2003
University of Granada
Field of study

Publications

Publications (52)
Article
Full-text available
Ecological processes within forests provide vital ecosystem services to society, most of which depend on the persistence of tree cover that can be altered after the impact of a disturbance. The aim of the present study was to examine the role of seed dispersal and resprouting that mediate resilience to large fires and evaluate the economic costs th...
Article
Land use changes and shifts in disturbance regimes (e.g. wildfires) are recognized worldwide as two of the major drivers of the current global change in terrestrial ecosystems. We expect that, in areas with large-scale land use changes, legacies from previous land uses persist and affect current ecosystem responses to climate-associated disturbance...
Article
Tree deaths open gaps in closed-canopy forests, which allow light to reach the forest floor and promote seed germination and seedling establishment. Gap dependence of regeneration is an important axis of life history variation among forest plant species, and many studies have evaluated how plant species differ in seedling and sapling performance in...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding how plant-animal interactions shape plant regeneration is traditionally examined at local scales. In contrast, landscape ecologists working at regional scales often have to infer the mechanisms underlying vegetation patterns. In this study, we empirically explored how landscape attributes (patch connectivity, size, shape, irradiance,...
Article
Full-text available
Light is the most important physical variable that affects patterns of biomass allocation. A quantitative understanding of biomass allocation patterns is crucial to quantifying ecosystem dynamics and might have many practical uses in silviculture. In this research, we investigated the allocation of the aboveground biomass to leaves, branches, and bo...
Poster
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo se centra en evaluar los impactos socioeconómicos y ambientales asociados a diferentes tipologías de manejo agrario en el área de influencia socioeconómica (AIS) del Parque Nacional de Sierra Nevada (PNSN), con el fín último de identificar estrategias de manejo y gestión sostenible tanto para el sector productivo, como p...
Article
Full-text available
Afforestation programs in Spain were performed mainly between 1930-1970 decades. The study of the state and functioning of these anthropogenic forests has a wide debate among scientists and stakeholders. Forest inventories represent a crucial source of data to evaluate the long-term functioning of these forests at broad spatial scales. This article...
Article
Full-text available
Los pasados días 29 y 30 de octubre 2015, se celebró en el Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid, España, la II edición de reunión anual de REDTROP, red temática en biología tropical de la Asociación Española de de Ecología Terrestre (AEET). Entre los dos días, y como en la ocasión anterior en Granada en octubre de 2014, hubo buen ambiente, ganas de colab...
Article
Full-text available
Análisis espacial en plántulas de Euterpe edulis (Arecaceae) en el bosque Atlántico ¿Afecta la densidad de adultos a su distribución? Las actividad de frugívoros y dispersores de semillas determina la distribución de las plantas. Estudiamos la influencia de la dispersión de semillas en la distribución espacial del palmito (Euterpe edulis) en el bos...
Chapter
Full-text available
Introducción El bosque mediterráneo actual es un ecosistema muy modificado por el hombre. Desde el Neolítico, grandes extensiones de bosque han sido destruidas para crear cultivos o pastiza-les, o enormemente transformadas en monte bajo para la obtención de carbón y leña. Por un lado, el fuego repetido ha afectado de manera importante bosques de pi...
Book
Full-text available
SOSTENIBILIDAD EN ESPAÑA 2011 327 l Observatorio de la Sostenibilidad de España (OSE) ha preparado el presente capítulo espe-cial sobre bosques, en el marco de su Informe Sostenibilidad en España 2011, con ocasión de la celebración del Año Internacional de los Bosques. La Asamblea General de Naciones Unidas acordó en 2006 celebrar en 2011 este impo...
Chapter
Full-text available
Resumen Los incendios forestales son recurrentes en los ecosistemas mediterráneos, y la extracción de la madera quemada es práctica común. La repoblación con encinas no suele realizarse mediante siembra debido a las altas tasas de depredación de bellotas. El objetivo de nuestro estudio fue investigar si diferentes tipos de manejo de la madera quema...
Article
Full-text available
Artículo publicado en Open Access bajo los términos de Creative Commons attribution Non Comercial License. RESEÑAS BIBLIOGRÁFICAS ecosistemas REVISTA CIENTÍFICA DE ECOLOGÍA Y MEDIO AMBIENTE ISSN 1697-2473 / Open access disponible en www.revistaecosistemas.net Tal y como señala la propia editorial, " la obra está dirigida a todas las personas intere...
Article
Full-text available
Post-fire salvage logging is widely implemented worldwide, but there is an increasing concern about its potential impact on the ecosystem. Moreover, there is scant information about the effect of salvage logging on ecosystem processes mediated by species interactions. We manipulated a burnt pine forest to experimentally analyze the effect of burnt-...
Article
Full-text available
Post-fire salvage logging (i.e. felling and removing burnt trees, often elimi-nating the remaining woody debris) is a practice routinely performed by forest managers worldwide. In Mediterranean-type ecosystems, salvage logging is considered a measure to reduce future reforestation costs, but this assumption remains largely untested. We made a cost...
Article
Seed dispersal is qualitatively effective when it increases recruitment probability. A poorly studied factor likely affecting recruitment is the spatial distribution of dispersed seeds. Seed-caching animals are thought to disperse seeds in a way that reduces clumping and density to impede cache pilfering. Furthermore, dispersal might differ dependi...
Article
The management of burnt wood after a fire may affect seed predation by vertebrates due to the change produced in habitat structure. We analyze the effect of burnt wood management on post-dispersal seed predation in the Holm oak. Three plots were established in a burnt forest, with three treatments per plot: (1) non-intervention (NI, all trees left...
Article
Full-text available
There is an emerging interest in analyzing the effects of seed predation and its consequences for plant recruitment across the landscape. The main goals of this study were to assess (1) whether seed predation varies among spatial levels of the landscape, (2) whether there are differences between pre- and post-dispersal seed predation and, (3) wheth...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen de Tesis Doctoral, Departamento de Ecología de la Universidad de Granada, Marzo 2008. Dirección: José María Gómez Reyes y Mario Díaz Esteban.
Book
Resumen, Introducción, Discusión y Conclusiones escritas en español Tesis Univ. Granada. Departamento de Ecología. Leída el 28 de marzo de 2008
Article
Full-text available
Fluctuating asymmetry (FA), random nondirectional deviations from perfect symmetry, has been proposed as a useful indicator of environmental stress. Nevertheless, FA acts as a nonspecific indicator of stress; thus, factorial designs are needed to disentangle which of the factors may induce FA. We used an experimental approach in which seedlings of...
Article
Full-text available
In this study we assessed the effectiveness of rodents as dispersers of Quercus ilex in a patchy landscape in southeastern Spain. We experimentally followed the fates of 3,200 marked and weighed acorns from dispersal through the time of seedling emergence over three years. Rodents handled about 99% of acorns, and dispersed 67% and cached 7.4% of th...
Article
The Mediterranean region emerges highly heterogeneous at every spatio-temporal scale. Key species shape a mosaic of patches (landscape units) composed of different microhabitats. Within these ecosystems irradiance appears as one of the most changing factors affecting communities’ dynamic. However, the impact of irradiance on the species performance...
Article
We illustrate experimentally the importance of species-specificity in the soil-mediated interactions among plants inhabiting heterogeneous landscapes. Topsoils from nine microhabitats were used to experimentally grow Quercus ilex acorns in the laboratory. We recorded germination, emergence, acorn left and seedling performance (HGR, biomass and root...
Article
1. This paper explores the idea that functional heterogeneity (variability of a system property affecting ecological processes) is only a fraction of the available structural heterogeneity (variability of a property measured without reference to ecological effects) caused by non-random propagule dispersal. We report the effect of acorn dispersal by...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
I know the ones from UN-FAO world-wide, but looking for something with deeper details related to agronomy and/or rural areas if possible.

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
1. Transfering research and innovation to winemaking sector 2. Obtaining stilbene extracts from winemaking by-products and studying their possible applications 3. Vineyard management to improve red wine grape quality 4. Pre-harvest UV-C light treatment to keep active the vine defenses 5. Analysis of the vineyard agronomic behavior and grape varieties and the evaluation of their resilience to climate change. 6. Grape and wine aromatic characterization as a quality parameter in wines 7. Characterization of our vine germplasm bank by SNPs
Project
Under a general context dominated by quick and frequent changes (e.g. in agriculture intensification, climate, land uses), knowing how different drivers of change affect the performance of productive systems is prevailing. It is then basic to analyse how these changes influence biodiversity and their ecosystem services. Vineyards are one of the oldest agricultural systems in the Mediterranean region. This systems are linked to a narrow and old relationship between human management and natural surrounding environments, with a high social, economic and environmental interests. BACO wants, from an innovative and multidisciplinary perspective, to evaluate the role of climate, landscape and management on biodiversity and ecosystem services linked to vineyards. Within this framework, it proposes the following objectives: i) characterize the landscape, environment, climate and type of management of the main vineyards in the region; ii) evaluate the influence of landscape, environment and management on the biodiversity linked to vineyards and iii) estimate the ecosystem services that this biodiversity provides, together with their economic value.