Carolina Inostroza

Carolina Inostroza
University of Concepción · Departamento de Psicología

PhD in Psychology

About

27
Publications
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115
Citations

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Full-text available
Experiencing violence has effects on people's well-being. Participants: Two samples of Chilean women, one of 425 university students and another of 118 mental health consultants (total 543, aged between 18 and 66 years). Design: Secondary cross sectional analysis of partner or intrafamily violence in the last year, depressive symptoms, hopelessness...
Article
Background: Suicidal behavior is more common among young people and those who identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual. Aim: To assess suicidal behavior among young people self-identified as cisgender lesbian, gay, and bisexual. Material and methods: The Okasha Suicide Scale was answered online by1,683 Chilean people aged 18 to 30 years, self-identifi...
Article
Background: The mass media are relevant in shaping the population’s attitudes towards mental disorders. In low- and middle-income countries there is little information about the portrayal of people with mental disorders in the mass media. Aim: The general objective of the study was to assess the tone and content of Chilean newspaper articles about...
Article
Suicide is a global public health problem that has been addressed internationally with national prevention programs. Chilean National Suicide Prevention Program (PNPS) will be described and compared with international evidence. Effective components are: National prevention program, specific preventive strategies at universal, selective, and indicat...
Article
Full-text available
For several decades now, there has been a strong interest in quantifying the magnitude of mental health problems in the general population. In spite of the growing methodological sophistication of investigations, there remain conceptual issues. The aim of this article is to critically analyse both the community prevalence studies of mental disorder...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study aimed to assess the measurement properties (reliability, factor structure, and criterion validity) of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) as an instrument for screening major depressive disorder (MDD) in elderly primary care users in Chile. Method: About 582 participants aged between 65 and 80 years were enrolled from pr...
Article
Full-text available
Promotion and prevention are increasingly recognized as essential strategies in mental health. It has been shown that promotional and preventive programs in this area can be effective. It is expected that spreading these programs may help to decrease the gap between the assistance needs in mental health and the resources available. Besides describi...
Article
Full-text available
Reflecting on negative emotional experiences can be adaptive but it can also maintain or intensify detrimental emotional states. Which factors determine whether reflection can have one consequence or another is unclear. This study focused on two research programs that have concentrated on this topic in the last decades: processing-mode theory (PMT)...
Article
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Background: Evidence about the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions to reduce the incidence of depression and anxiety and promote subjective well-being in older people is limited, particularly in Latin-American countries. This study thus aims to assess a program specifically designed to address this issue in persons aged 65 to 80 and attend...
Article
Background Parenting training is a proven strategy for the promotion of positive parenting practices and for the prevention and treatment of behavior problems in children. The processes that explain this efficacy are less clear. The aim of this study was to assess the mediating role of parenting practice modification, encouraged through the impleme...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of FBT in comparison with usual care in people with schizophrenia treated at an outpatient psychiatric department of a public hospital in Chile. Method Quantitative study, with a randomized, controlled clinical trial design (CTCT) and pre-post measurements, with two arms. Fifty-four people with schizophrenia...
Article
The Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ) is a widely used instrument to assess parenting practices. Recent studies show positive psychometric qualities and a robust factorial structure of a brief form. The aim of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of this brief form with parental figures of children from two to six years old in C...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Occupational accidents are highly stressful events that frequently occur and impact both the physical and mental health of workers. The aim of this study was to longitudinally assess a predictive model of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in workers who have suffered a recent accident. Method: Two hundred and forty-four workers (77...
Article
Background: Simple and brief questionnaires with adequate psychometric properties are useful for the early detection of depressive disorders. Aim: To analyze the psychometric behavior of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) in Chile. Material and methods: Data were collected from 1,738 adult patients, consulting in primary health care cent...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Evidence for the effectiveness of parental training as a strategy for promotion of positive parental practices and prevention of child behavior problems in low and middle income countries is not conclusive. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of a universal positive parental training program designed for this context, "Día a Día...
Article
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the psychological impact of Kangaroo Mother Care ?KMC? on mother–infant bonding in cases of premature delivery. Examined variables were mother– infant relationships, maternal anxiety levels, and infant interactive signals. The KMC method requires that babies be undressed and held upright between th...
Article
Full-text available
The child Behavior checklist/1.5-5 and the caregiver/teacher report Form are one of the most widely internationally recognized instruments to evaluate desadaptative behaviors which may affect the current and future development of preschool children. The psychometric behavior of both instruments was evaluated in a socioeconomically diverse sample of...
Thesis
Full-text available
ABSTRACT The aim of this study is to identify the modulating role of hopelessness, coping styles and impulsivity in the influence of well-known predictors of suicidal behavior. 151 psychiatric outpatients (M=43.8, SD=12.3 years; 78.1% female) answered GHQ-12, Beck's hopelessness, BISS-15S impulsivity's questionnaires, Okasha suicidality scale, and...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Suicide is a relevant subject to public health. Its incidence has increased in Chile during the last decade. The current study aims to analyze psychological factors mediating the influence of depressive symptomatology in suicide ideation and attempt in mental health patients. Method: 96 mental health patients from public services and...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Suicide is a relevant subject to public health. Its incidence has increased in Chile during the last decade. The current study aims to analyze psychological factors mediating the influence of depressive symptomatology in suicide ideation and attempt in mental health patients. Method: 96 mental health patients from public services and...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: KIPS is an observational instrument that allows assessing the quality of parental practices of both mothers and fathers of children from two to 71 month old. Study Aim: To evaluate inter-judges agreement and other psychometric properties. Method: A team of certified evaluators coded 30 recordings from games of mothers with their child...
Article
Full-text available
Family support, depressogenic inferential style and rumination were longitudinally analysed in a sample of female adolescents wherein depression is more prevalent compared to adolescente male population. The sample comprised a group of 142 first grade secondary school students, with an average age of 14.2 years. The assessment was undertaken 6, 13...
Article
Full-text available
Este estudio analiza prospectivamente la relación entre soporte familiar, estilo inferencial depresogénico y rumiación negativa con sintomatología depresiva en adolescentes. Se focaliza en adolescentes de sexo femenino, donde la depresión es más prevalente. Participaron 142 estudiantes de primer año de secundaria, con un promedio de edad de 14.2 añ...

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Projects (4)
Project
Repetitive thinking and stress as predictors of anxious-depressive symptomatology and problematic substance use in university students: An ecological evaluation of moments. Objective: To determine the effect of daily life stress and repetitive thinking in the prediction of anxious-depressive symptoms and problematic substance use in university students. https://s3.amazonaws.com/documentos.anid.cl/iniciacion/2022/fallo/Nomina-Aprobados-Iniciacion-2022.pdf
Archived project