Carolin Schuster

Carolin Schuster
Leuphana University Lüneburg ·  Institute of Psychology

About

17
Publications
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142
Citations

Publications

Publications (17)
Article
Full-text available
Value conflicts have been shown to impair negotiation behaviors and outcomes (Harinck & Ellemers, 2014). The present studies aim to replicate and extend this finding in a paradigm where the parties’ values were different, but not opposed. We hypothesized that activating values, rather than utilities, as motives in a negotiation would not only impai...
Article
Full-text available
In three experiments (Ns = 327/137/210), we investigated whether test grades and elaborated feedback in a stereotypically male (Math) and a stereotypically female subject (German) are biased by the student's gender. For this purpose, pre-service teachers graded and provided written feedback on tests which were allegedly from boys or girls. In addit...
Article
Full-text available
Values guide people in their lives as overarching principles of judgments and decision making. Focusing on Schwartz's circumplex value model, the present work is the first systematic literature review (SLR) to comparatively synthesize the empirical evidence regarding stability and change of values in adulthood. Besides understanding the extent of v...
Article
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Despite great efforts to increase women’s participation in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM), relatively few women choose careers in these fields. We argue that women might expect to feel less good in contexts where unfavorable gender stereotypes are activated in their minds (e.g., by strong underrepresentation) and, consequently, a...
Article
Full-text available
This article introduces and discusses the 15-item Scale for the Integrative Mindset (SIM) of negotiators, that is of people involved in joint decision-making processes. The scale is based on the integrative mindset (Ade, Schuster, Harinck, & Trötschel, 2018), which describes a set of three inclinations of parties approaching negotiations: a collabo...
Chapter
Forschendes Lernen ist Teil der Diskussion um gelingende Lehrkräftebildung in der Hochschullehre. Mit der Einführung von Langzeitpraktika in der Lehrkräftebildung hat das Konzept des forschenden Lernens in den letzten Jahren wieder verstärkt Aufmerksamkeit erfahren. Ein Ziel dabei ist, dass (angehende) Lehrkräfte Herausforderungen im Beruf mit eine...
Article
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The need for reducing meat consumption in affluent countries is increasingly recognized as crucial to minimizing carbon footprint. However, confronting individuals with rational arguments can prompt emotional discomfort, which is often relieved by engaging in rationalization processes stabilizing current consumption patterns. Mindfulness research s...
Article
To promote sustainable consumption, predictors of individuals’ intentions need to be understood. Focusing on the example of collaborative consumption, we look at facilitating and inhibiting factors in a preregistered correlational study (N = 378). We hypothesized the Value-Identity-Personal norm (VIP) model to explain variance in sharing intention....
Article
Full-text available
Three studies (N = 887) tested the hypothesis that value consistency predicts intended coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) health behaviors and overrides other utility-based motivational factors. Accordingly, Study 1 showed that intentions of social distancing were higher if it was perceived as more value-consistent. The higher value consistency, t...
Article
School grades do not only provide students with feedback on their current performance, they also determine the chances of admission to universities and the success of job applications. The question of whether teachers evaluate irrespective of gender is therefore very important. Traditionally, the issue of gender fairness has mostly focused on discr...
Preprint
This text is the bachelor thesis of Ulrike Wolf, supervised by Carolin Schuster. It is available online here: https://psyarxiv.com/xew85/. In reference to Belk’s theory of the extended self this thesis investigates how and to what extent the link between an object and one’s sense of self can affect consumption mode preferences. Two hypotheses are...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the present article, goals for teaching psychology to non-psychologists are discussed. First, the concept of evidence-based practice is critically reflected with regard to its relevance and feasibility for the application of basic and applied psychological knowledge by non-psychologists. As a broader goal, science-based professionalization is su...
Preprint
Full-text available
Value conflicts have been shown to impair negotiation behavior and outcomes (Harinck & Ellemers, 2014). Positions on values may be perceived as more incompatible than positions interests in utility-driven conflicts because incompatible values typically induce identity threat and a trade-off aversion. In two preregistered experiments (N=176/310), we...
Article
Full-text available
In this conceptual paper, we propose that both skill set development and mindset development would be desirable dimensions of negotiation training. The second dimension has received little attention thus far, but negotiation mindsets, i.e., the psychological orientations by which people approach negotiations, are likely to have a considerable influ...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has found that subtle reminders of negative stereotypes about one's group can lead individuals to underperform on stereotype-relevant tests (e.g., women in math, ethnic minorities on intelligence tests). This so called stereotype threat effect can contribute to systematic group differences in performance that can obscure the true...
Article
Wodurch lassen sich geschlechterspezifische Präferenzen für bestimmte Studienfächer oder Berufe erklären? Die Arbeitsgruppe Empirische Bildungsforschung untersuchte, inwieweit die Emotionen, die Mädchen unter bestimmten Rahmenbedingungen erwarten, ihre Präferenzen erklären. Anhand von Erfahrungen aus der Schulpraxis und bestehender Forschung werden...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The project aims to examine whether specific mindsets can help negotiators to reach more satisfying outcomes in conflicts about values.
Project
“We’ve begun to raise daughters more like sons, but few have the courage to raise our sons more like our daughters.” ― Gloria Steinem, Iconic Feminist Social scientists in many countries have been concerned about gender equality for decades. In many developed nations, research and educational programs now seek to remedy women’s underrepresentation in science, technology, and leadership positions. But gender equality is not only a women’s issue. Men’s roles are also constrained by the norms, beliefs, values, and institutions of their societies. Many countries are now starting to recognize that gender inequality in healthcare, early education, and domestic roles (referred to as HEED roles) is an important issue. For example, in 2010, the European Commission stated that “Gender equality needs the active contribution, support and participation of men and policies should also address gender-related inequalities that affect boys/men”. As social scientists, we believe that men’s relatively lower involvement in care-oriented roles is best understood in the context of cultural norms, values, and beliefs that can vary across nations. We have been recruiting social scientists in a unique cross-national collaboration. Our goal is to sample young men and women from a large number of countries to better understand the social-psychological factors that predict men’s interest in taking on care-oriented roles and occupations.
Project
This project aims at a better understanding of gender bias in performance evaluations and elaborated feedback in the mathematical and verbal domain.