Carolin Kindler

Carolin Kindler
Senckenberg Research Institute · Research Museum of Zoology

Dr. rer. nat.

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45
Publications
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553
Citations

Publications

Publications (45)
Article
Full-text available
Based on 1031 samples of grass snakes from Central Europe, we examine the recently reported occurrence of the southern subspecies of the barred grass snake (Natrix helvetica sicula) in southern Bavaria, Germany. Using 13 microsatellite loci and mtDNA coding for the cytb gene and the partial ND4 gene plus adjacent tRNAs, we show that N. h. sicula is...
Article
Full-text available
We examined the contact zone of two parapatric species of grass snake (Natrix astreptophora and Natrix helvetica) in southern France. To this end, we used comprehensive sampling, analysed mtDNA sequences and microsatellite loci, and built Species Distribution Models for current and past climatic conditions. The contact zone had established by the m...
Data
Table S1. Grass snake samples used in the present study. Haplotypes with asterisks could not be identified more precisely because obtained DNA sequences were too short. These short sequences were not used for drawing haplotype networks. Red haplotypes were newly identified in the present study. Samples used for HYBRIDLAB calculations bear symbols i...
Article
Full-text available
Grass snakes are widely distributed across the Western Palearctic. Recent phylogeo-graphic studies provided evidence that three distinct parapatric species exist. Two of these occur in Italy, Natrix helvetica and N. natrix, and a contact zone between both taxa has been suggested for northeastern Italy. Moreover, previous investigations revealed for...
Article
Full-text available
The distribution and hybridisation zone of the two grass snake species occurring in the German state of Baden-Württemberg are described, based on genetic data from maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA, up to 1983 bp) and biparentally inherited microsatellite DNA (13 loci). In agreement with previously published morphological evidence, the...
Article
The subfamily Saprininae is a group of moderately large histerid beetles that exhibits remarkable morphological and biological diversity. Although all species are predaceous, feeding on larvae of flies and other arthropods, numerous ecologically diverse lineages appeared during the evolution of the group, including taxa adapted for life in sand. Th...
Article
Full-text available
The subfamily Saprininae is a group of moderately large histerid beetles that exhibits remarkable morphological and biological diversity. Although all species are predaceous, feeding on larvae of flies and other arthropods, numerous ecologically diverse lineages appeared during the evolution of the group, including taxa adapted for life in sand. Th...
Article
First genetic record, distribution and south-alpine origin of the barred grass snake (Natrix helvetica spp.) in Bavaria. Based on the results of genetic studies, Kindler et al. (2017) elevated the barred grass snake (Natrix natrix helvetica) to species status. According to this paper, two mitochondrial lineages of grass snake (Natrix natrix) occur...
Article
Full-text available
Using 12 microsatellite loci, mitochondrial DNA sequences and previously published morphological evidence, we examined the phylogeographic and taxonomic structure of Natrix helvetica. Our results support tentatively the recognition of five subspecies: (1) N. h. helvetica (Lacepède, 1789) from Western Europe, (2) N. h. cetti Gené, 1839 from Sardinia...
Article
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Recent theoretical advances have hypothesized a central role of habitat persistence on population genetic structure and resulting biodiversity patterns of freshwater organisms. Here, we address the hypothesis that lotic species, or lineages adapted to comparably geologically stable running water habitats (streams and their marginal habitats), have...
Article
Full-text available
The Habitat Template Concept applied to a freshwater system indicates that lotic species, or those which occupy permanent habitats along stream courses, are less dispersive than lentic species, or those that occur in more ephemeral aquatic habitats. Thus, populations of lotic species will be more structured than those of lentic species. Stream cour...
Article
Full-text available
We examined phylogeographic differentiation of the red-eyed grass snake (Natrix astreptophora) using 1984 bp of mtDNA and 13 microsatellite loci from specimens collected across its distribution range in southwestern Europe and northwestern Africa. Based on phylogenetic analyses of mtDNA, European N. astreptophora constituted the sister clade to a w...
Article
Full-text available
Extra-Mediterranean glacial refugia of thermophilic biota, in particular in northern latitudes, are controversial. In the present study we provide genetic evidence for extra-Mediterranean refugia in two species of grass snake. The refuge of a widely distributed western European lineage of the barred grass snake (Natrix helvetica) was most likely lo...
Article
Full-text available
Mimicking venomous species is widespread among animals, especially snakes. This concerns both visual and behavioral mimicry. Raising the forepart of the body and flattening the neck are characteristic defense behaviors of cobras and mimicked by several non-venomous snake species that co-occur with them. Here we describe the cobra stance for grass s...
Article
Full-text available
A very European tale – Britain still has only three snake species, but its grass snake is now assigned to another species (Natrix helvetica)
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies found major conflicts between traditional taxonomy and genetic differentiation of grass snakes and identified previously unknown secondary contact zones. Until now, little is known about gene flow across these contact zones. Using two mitochondrial markers and 13 microsatellite loci, we examined two contact zones. One, largely corres...
Article
Full-text available
The grass snake (Natrix natrix) is Europe's most widely distributed and, in many regions, most common snake species, with many morphologically defined subspecies. Yet, the taxonomy of grass snakes is relatively little studied and recent work has shown major conflicts between morphologically defined subspecies and phylogeographical differentiation....
Article
Based on broad, nearly rangewide sampling, we reanalysed the phylogeography of the Lacerta viridis complex using the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene and the intron 7 of the nuclear β-fibrinogen gene. Using the mitochondrial marker, we identified in phylogenetic analyses 10 terminal clades clustering in four deeply divergent main lineages whose rela...
Poster
Full-text available
The grass snake (Natrix natrix) occurs in many morphologically defined subspecies throughout its range from North Africa over whole Europe to Asia. This widely accepted subspecies concept was recently challenged by the molecular phylogenetic analysis of Kindler et al. (2013), who identified a high number of clades that do not match previous subdivi...
Article
Full-text available
Using up to 2117 bp of mitochondrial DNA and up to 2012 bp of nuclear DNA, we analysed phylogeographic differentiation of six widely distributed species of African hinged terrapins (Pelusios spp.) representing different habitat types. Two taxa each live in savannahs or in forests and mesic savannahs, respectively, and the remaining two species occu...
Article
We show that Fennoscandia was invaded in the Holocene by three distinct mitochondrial lineages of Natrix natrix. Two of these lineages arrived from the south, and one from the east. One of the ‘southern lineages’ is confined to Gotland, where also the second ‘southern lineage’ is found. The latter is widely distributed in the southwestern Baltic re...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research has shown that the helmeted terrapin (Pelomedusa subrufa), a species that occurs throughout sub-Saharan Africa, in Madagascar and the southwestern Arabian Peninsula, consists of several deeply divergent genetic lineages. Here we examine all nominal taxa currently synonymized with Pelomedusa subrufa (Bonnaterre, 1789) and provide mit...
Article
The grass snake (Natrix natrix) is one of the most widely known and most common snakes in Europe. However, genetically grass snakes are understudied. The subspecies classification is very controversial and is mainly based on morphological differences such as body proportions, coloration and size. According to previous authors, 4 to 14 different sub...
Article
Full-text available
Grass snakes (Natrix natrix) represent one of the most widely distributed snake species of the Palaearctic region, ranging from the North African Maghreb region and the Iberian Peninsula through most of Europe and western Asia eastward to the region of Lake Baikal in Central Asia. Within N. natrix, up to 14 distinct subspecies are regarded as valid...
Article
Full-text available
Using phylogenetic and haplotype network anal-yses of 2036 bp of mitochondrial DNA, we compare sam-ples of the two hinged terrapin species Pelusios castanoides and P. subniger from continental Africa, Madagascar and the Seychelles to infer their biogeography. Owing to the long independent history of Madagascar and the Seychelles, the populations fr...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the phylogeography, phylogeny and taxonomy of hinge-back tortoises using a comprehensive sampling of all currently recognized Kinixys species and subspecies and sequence data of three mitochondrial DNA fragments (2273 bp: 12S rRNA, ND4 + adjacent DNA coding for tRNAs, cytb) and three nuclear loci (2569 bp: C-mos, ODC, R35). Combined and...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The aim of this study is to answer the question if hybridization and gene flow between different species of grass snakes occur.
Project
The main goal is the new classification of the Saprininae subfamily based on molecular markers.