Carole Fortin

Carole Fortin
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Sainte-Justine University Hospital Center Research Center

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35
Publications
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432
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Publications

Publications (35)
Article
In a bimanual task, proprioception provides information about position and movement of upper arms. Developmental studies showed improvement of proprioceptive accuracy and timing adjustments of muscular events from childhood to adulthood in bimanual tasks. However, the cortical maturational changes related to bimanual coordination is not fully under...
Article
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The intervertebral efforts, i.e., forces and torques, during gait have been recognized as influencing the progression of scoliosis, due to the mechanical modulations according to the Hueter-Volkmann Law. Therefore, these efforts are key variables for posture correction and to control the progression of scoliosis. Using the intervertebral efforts du...
Article
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a multifactorial disorder characterized by a tridimensional deformation of the spine. AIS pathophysiology is still unclear and its aetiology is unknown. Results from several studies revealed balance control alterations in adolescents with AIS suggesting cortical sensorimotor processing impairments. Studies a...
Article
Introduction Several studies revealed balance control alterations in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) suggesting cortical sensorimotor processing impairments. This study aims at examining the cortical dynamics of sensorimotor information processing related to balance control in different sensory tasks in participants with AIS and in age-...
Article
Objective: This study aims at examining the cortical dynamics of sensorimotor information processing related to balance control in participants with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and in age-matched controls (CTL). Methods: Cortical dynamics during standing balance control were assessed in 13 girls with AIS and 13 age-matched controls usi...
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Introduction: Gait analysis has often been recognized as helpful for the therapeutic follow-up of adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (IS). Methods: A multibody model of the human body was developed to display the intervertebral efforts along the spine of each adolescent with IS, and highlight the efforts that significantly differ from typical...
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Background There is a lack of evidence-based quantitative clinical methods to adequately assess posture. Our team developed a clinical photographic posture assessment tool (CPPAT) and implemented this tool in clinical practice to standardize posture assessment. The objectives were to determine the level of acceptance of the CPPAT and to document pr...
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Background: Global postural re-education (GPR) is a physiotherapy treatment approach for pediatric idiopathic scoliosis (IS), where the physiotherapist qualitatively assesses scoliotic curvature reduction potential (with a manual correction) and patient's ability to self-correct (self-correction). To the author's knowledge, there are no studies re...
Article
Background context: Posture changes are a major consequence of IS (IS). Posture changes can lead to psychosocial and physical impairments in adolescents with IS. Therefore, it is important to assess posture but the test-retest reliability of posture measurements still remains unknown in this population. Purpose: The primary objective was to dete...
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O1 The functional properties of paraspinal muscles in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS): A systematic review of the literature Eric Parent, Alan Richter O2 The importance of the lateral profile in the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis Angelo Gabriele Aulisa, Vincenzo Guzzanti, Paolo Pizzetti, Andrea Poscia, Lorenzo Aulisa O3 Radiological...
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During action, Anticipatory Postural Adjustments (APAs) cancel the consequences of a movement on postural stabilization. Their muscular expression is characterized by early changes in the activity of the postural muscles, before the movement begins. To explore the mechanisms enabling the acquisition of APAs, a learning paradigm was designed in whic...
Data
Distribution of the inhibition onset values across trials in the learning situation. The number of trials was reported across a window starting at -115ms and ending at +78ms, with a 2-ms step. The limits (mean ± standard deviation) of the time-windows where the EMG responses occurred in the voluntary and imposed unloading situations are also indica...
Data
Distribution of the EMG pattern through subjects. The number of trials was reported for each subject during each series of the learning situation: for (A) the non-identifiable trials, (B) the single inhibition pattern and (C) the double inhibition pattern. (TIFF)
Article
Background context: Trunk imbalance (i.e. frontal trunk shift measured with a plumbline from C7 to S1) is part of the clinical evaluation in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) but its prevalence and relationship with scoliosis, back pain and health related factors is not well documented. Purposes: Principal objectives are to document trunk im...
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Background: Back pain has often been associated with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), which is a three-dimensional deviation of the vertebral column. In adolescents, chronic pain appears to be a predictor of health care utilization and has a negative impact on physical, psychological and family well-being. Back pain in this population tends t...
Article
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Background Correction of posture is an important goal of physiotherapy interventions in persons with idiopathic scoliosis (IS) to prevent scoliosis progression and to reduce morphologic deformities and their impact on quality of life. Currently, there are no clinical tools that globally quantify changes in posture attributable to scoliosis progress...
Article
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to explore whether differences in standing and sitting postures of youth with idiopathic scoliosis could be detected from quantitative analysis of digital photographs. Standing and sitting postures of 50 participants aged 10-20-years-old with idiopathic scoliosis (Cobb angle: 15° to 60°) were assessed from d...
Article
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The aim of this study was to explore, during adolescence, alterations in the use of a sensori-motor representation as unveiled by the measurement of anticipatory postural control in a bimanual load-lifting task. We hypothesised that adolescence constitutes a period of refinement of anticipatory postural control due to on-going updates of the body s...
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Background In the Global postural re-education (GPR) evaluation, posture alterations are associated with anterior or posterior muscular chain impairments. Our goal was to assess the reliability of the GPR muscular chain evaluation. Methods Design: Inter-rater reliability study. Fifty physical therapists (PTs) and two experts trained in GPR assesse...
Article
To determine overall, test-retest and inter-rater reliability of posture indices among persons with idiopathic scoliosis. A reliability study using two raters and two test sessions. Tertiary care paediatric centre. Seventy participants aged between 10 and 20 years with different types of idiopathic scoliosis (Cobb angle 15 to 60°) were recruited fr...
Article
Clinicians commonly assess posture in persons with musculoskeletal disorders and tend to do so subjectively. Evidence-based practice requires the use of valid, reliable and sensitive tools to monitor treatment effectiveness. The purpose of this article was to determine which methods were used to assess posture quantitatively in a clinical setting a...
Article
Study Design Reliability-validity study. Objectives The plumbline is commonly used to evaluate trunk list in a clinical setting. The purpose of this study was to evaluate reliability and validity of the plumbline to measure trunk list in persons with idiopathic scoliosis. Secondary objectives include evaluating effects of foot position on trunk li...
Article
Concurrent validity between postural indices obtained from digital photographs (two-dimensional [2D]), surface topography imaging (three-dimensional [3D]), and radiographs. To assess the validity of a quantitative clinical postural assessment tool of the trunk based on photographs (2D) as compared to a surface topography system (3D) as well as indi...
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Gait analysis is actually used in subjects with scoliosis to determine the change in lower limb parameters after surgery, but the reliability of these parameters still remained unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess the repeatability of traditional gait parameters in subjects with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and to estimate the...
Article
Full-text available
La scoliose idiopathique (SI) est une déformation tridimensionnelle (3D) de la colonne vertébrale et de la cage thoracique à potentiel évolutif pendant la croissance. Cette déformation 3D entraîne des asymétries de la posture. La correction de la posture est un des objectifs du traitement en physiothérapie chez les jeunes atteints d’une SI afin d’é...