Carol J.P. Colfer

Carol J.P. Colfer
Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research | CGIAR · Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)

PhD, MPH

About

203
Publications
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Introduction
Carol J.P. Colfer is semi-retired. She does some work for the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, as a Senior Associate; and some for the Southeast Asia Program at Cornell University where she is a Visiting Scholar. Carol is a Cultural Anthropologist, with experience studying governance, health, education, forest management, and human well being. She has worked in the rural US, Indonesia and the Middle East doing long term ethnographic research; and comparative studies in Asia, Africa and Latin America. She is now writing a book on masculinities in forests.
Additional affiliations
January 2005 - present
Center for International Forestry Research
Description
  • My recent work has focused on gender and forests
January 1979 - present

Publications

Publications (203)
Article
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We address two aspects of forest lives—violence and care—that are central to forest outcomes but often invisible in mainstream discussions on forests. We argue that questions of violence and care work in forests open up debates about what forests are, who defines them, and how. We draw primarily on feminist work on forestry, violence, and care to e...
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This study examines three soil classification systems - Buganda, World Reference Base, and US Soil Taxonomy - in order to evaluate their relative strengths and feasibility for making linkages between them. Nine field sites and 16 pedons were considered across the soil landscapes of the Buganda catena. Each identified field pedon diagnostic horizons...
Chapter
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Sustainable Development Goals: Their Impacts on Forests and People - edited by Pia Katila December 2019
Chapter
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Sustainable Development Goals: Their Impacts on Forests and People - edited by Pia Katila December 2019
Chapter
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Sustainable Development Goals: Their Impacts on Forests and People - edited by Pia Katila December 2019
Chapter
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Forestry cannot be thought of in isolation from its relations with other sectors and other parts of people’s lives – for both the health of the forests and the well-being of forest peoples. • Forest governance and everyday management are upheld by a superstructure of gendered forest relations – invisible to mainstream forestry – that often disadvan...
Book
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Forests provide vital ecosystem services crucial to human well-being and sustainable development and have an important role to play in achieving the seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Little attention, however, has yet focused on how efforts to achieve the SDGs will impact forests and forest-related livelihoods, and how these impacts m...
Article
Six Rapid Rural Appraisal tools were tested by exploring four questions about gender and forests in two communities in the State of Washington. Tools selected include: Who Counts Matrix, Pebble Sorts (2), Participatory Mapping, Visioning, and an Interview Guide. The resulting data were supplemented by a questionnaire and ethnographic methods. The f...
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Decentralization has enlivened new, bottom-up approaches for forestry governance in Southeast Asia. In Indonesia, social forestry and adat (indigenous) rights have come to the fore. The landmark 2013 Constitutional Court decision MK35/2012 allows adat communities greater control over their traditional forest areas. MK35 is the subject of much atten...
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p>Gender biases persist in forestry research and practice. These biases result in reduced scientific rigor and inequitable, ineffective, and less efficient policies, programs, and interventions. Drawing from a two-volume collection of current and classic analyses on gender in forests, we outline five persistent and inter-related themes: gendered go...
Book
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This enlightening book brings together the work of gender and forestry specialists from various backgrounds and fields of research and action to analyse global gender conditions as related to forests. Using a variety of methods and approaches, they build on a spectrum of theoretical perspectives to bring depth and breadth to the relevant issues and...
Article
Dickman et al . (2015; Front Ecol Environ 13[6] : 325–31) suggested that “moral relativism” and “misguided respect” for cultural practices impede biological conservation. They favor a world in which conservation scientists armed with universal norms will more readily implement their solutions without the consent of local stakeholders. While we ackn...
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Analyses of intra-household decision-making in Sulawesi are linked to gender issues shown to affect involvement in landscape management. These include agriculture, food, money, life chances, and attitudes toward domestic violence. The picture portrayed is encouraging, showing the social sophistication of a group often marginalized: This group shows...
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The dry forest biome covers extensive areas of the global tropics. However, the understanding of these forest formations from both human and biophysical perspectives varies widely both geographically and in terms of disciplinarity. While considerable resources have been made available for the sustainable management of the humid tropical forests, th...
Article
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Abstract: The dry forest biome covers extensive areas of the global tropics. However, the understanding of these forest formations from both human and biophysical perspectives varies widely both geographically and in terms of disciplinarity. While considerable resources have been made available for the sustainable management of the humid tropical f...
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From a broad review of 670 publications on gender and forests, ~130 were found to address the world's dry forests. These were examined with the intent to extract gendered social, cultural, political and economic patterns of relevance in such forests. Seven interrelated themes recurred in this literature: 1) population pressure, 2) migration, 3) int...
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Community-based conservation (CBC) has re-emerged as an alternative to the failures of state-controlled conservation. Participation of local communities and traditional knowledge are central to the CBC concept. Although various participatory approaches have been used, few studies have reviewed the effectiveness of these approaches, particularly in...
Article
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Article
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This paper revisits the legal status of land tenure in Cameroon in response to many publications which claim that 97% of land belongs to the State. In fact, the current Cameroonian land-tenure system is based on the distinction between public/State lands; private lands and national lands. Therefore, the review of the legislation in force and the th...
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SUMMARY This document is designed to aid foresters and other natural resource managers desiring to more effectively integrate gender in (primarily tropical) forest management. It identifies 11 issues that have been highlighted in the literature on gender. Sample issues, though potentially relevant at all scales — macro, meso, and micro — are examin...
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Gender and governance or management are topics that have been inadequately addressed by researchers, with resulting very slow progress towards gender equity globally. A collaborative landscape management project in South and Southeast Sulawesi (Indonesia) has been trying to strengthen women's voices in local management and governance and to encoura...
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This provides a conceptual framework for looking at gender in forests, divided into topics and by scale (with superficial attention to the time dimension).
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Recognising widespread uncertainty about how to address gender within the forestry world (researchers, as well as natural resource, development and conservation practitioners), this paper strives to provide targeted guidance. We divide gender methods into three main approaches, based on the availability of resources. In the first section, we provid...
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Who has rights to forests and forest resources? In recent years governments in the South have transferred at least 200 million hectares of forests to communities living in and around them. This book assesses the experience of what appears to be a new international trend that has substantially increased the share of the world's forests under communi...
Chapter
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A third contribution of AI to agricultural decision-aids (the first being Knowledge representation, the second is Search Strategies) is the choice between forward-chaining and backward chaining in terms of flow of the reasoning or inference through the decision-tree or set of rules. The forward-chaining method of reasoning begins with the observed...
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SUMMARY Health issues of forest women in developing countries merit more serious attention. This paper reviews existing literature on the interface of women, health and forests to highlight conservation opportunities and challenges. Most women in forests are collectors and users of forest species. However, existing conservation efforts, deforestati...
Chapter
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This reports the results of an attempt to do multi-scale collaborative landscape management in five tropical countries: Cameroon, Indonesia, Laos, Madagascar, and Tanzania, in the late-2000s.
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This paper argues that contextual constraints can significantly interfere with the conduct of research and development, and accordingly should be analyzed more honestly. It describes a five country research project, Landscape Mosaics, in which participatory action research (PAR) was intended as one of two central approaches in the original research...
Article
This article focuses on a team's collaborative conservation experience, beginning in 1991 in Danau Sentarum National Park in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. The experience of three teams is recounted as they worked collaboratively with local Malay and Iban communities to manage the flooded and lowland tropical forest area. Relations between conservatio...
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Rigorous conflict analysis is needed to develop sound conflict management strategies. The recently proposed "impairment approach" is based on conceptual considerations, but empirical application in natural resources management has been lacking. The approach defines conflict as a situation in which one actor feels "impaired" by the action of another...
Article
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this introduces a set of papers about the Danau Sentarum National Park in Indonesia.