Carmen Sánchez-Guevara Sánchez

Carmen Sánchez-Guevara Sánchez
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid | UPM · Departamento de Construcción y Tecnología Arquitectónicas

PhD

About

47
Publications
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Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to assess the energy poverty risk in the municipalities in Andalusia (Spain) to know their existing differences to prioritise the aids in the municipalities with greater needs. For this purpose, a composed indicator is developed. This new indicator is based on the so-called High Energy Requirements (HER) index, where proxy indicator...
Article
While a significant body of literature has been published on thermal comfort in dwellings, the particular challenge presented by vernacular dwellings in striking a balance between improving thermal comfort, energy savings, and heritage conservation has not been adequately investigated. The occupants’ way of life, embodying regional cultural practic...
Chapter
The analysis of energy poverty at the national and regional level, as well as its methodologies and definitions, is a widely discussed issue. With a view to intervention and prioritisation, it is essential to have a description of the problem at smaller scales, allowing the identification of the most vulnerable areas and their description. This wil...
Conference Paper
The results obtained identify the factors that should be considered in public health policies that target the district level to reduce the impact of cold waves.
Conference Paper
The results obtained in this study show that there are factors below the municipal level (district level) that should be considered as focus areas for health policy in order to decrease the impact of heat and promote the process of adaptation to heat in the context of climate change.
Article
The thermal comfort assessment of vernacular dwellings, as well as their inherently linked thermal dynamic modelling process, present specific challenges which remain unaddressed in the literature. The overarching purpose of this review is to identify and analyse the main methods and challenges in thermal comfort evaluation and modelling of vernacu...
Article
Full-text available
The characteristics of urbanism and its construction properties are critical factors in shaping energy demand and citizens' quality of life. Urban typology approaches classify the urban built environment through common patterns, facilitating building energy analysis and energy retrofitting. However, current methods struggle between detailed local b...
Article
Full-text available
Field measurement campaigns have grown exponentially in recent years, stemming from the need for reliable data to validate urban climate models and obtain a better understanding of urban climate features. Also contributing to this growth is the Local Climate Zone (LCZ) scheme, firstly developed to enhance the accuracy in the contextualisation of ur...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decades, urban climate researchers have highlighted the need for a reliable provision of meteorological data in the local urban context. Several efforts have been made in this direction using Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), demonstrating that they are an accurate alternative to numerical approaches when modelling large time series. Ho...
Article
El barrio de Lourdes, situado al sureste de Tudela, se origina a partir de las necesidades habitacionales planteadas por el éxodo rural de mediados del siglo XX. Dada su naturaleza de respuesta rápida, económica y autoconstruida su deterioro se ha ido evidenciando considerablemente hasta nuestros días. Entre 2010 y 2011, desde el Ayuntamiento de Tu...
Book
Full-text available
El presente documento recoge los resultados de las Jornadas de investigación Territorios segregados y (des) Gobernanza urbana celebradas los días 9 y 10 de octubre 2019 en la Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura organizadas por el Grupo de investigación en Arquitectura, Urbanismo y sostenibilidad (giau+s) de la Universidad Politécncia de Madrid...
Chapter
Full-text available
Recent research has addressed the special relationship between energy poverty and women. Despite that not many studies are yet available, results show that there might be strong gender inequalities connected with household’s energy deprivation. Furthermore, differentiated health impacts have been detected between men and women, putting women into a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Present research compiles existing weather files for Madrid, Spain. It explores whether they can still be considered representative of the actual climatic conditions of the region. We compare the accuracy of existing weather files using a brand-new weather file, created following the standard ISO 15927-4 [5] with 10 recent years of the nearby meteo...
Article
Full-text available
The intensity and duration of hot weather and the number of extreme weather events, such as heatwaves, are increasing, leading to a growing need for space cooling energy demand. Together with the building stock’s low energy performance, this phenomenon may also increase households’ energy consumption. On the other hand, the low level of ownership o...
Preprint
Full-text available
Field measurement campaigns have grown exponentially in recent years, stemming from the need for reliable data to validate urban climate models and obtain a better understanding of urban climate features. Also contributing to this growth is the Local Climate Zone (LCZ) scheme, firstly developed to enhance the accuracy in the contextualisation of ur...
Article
While there is much research that focuses on the association between cold waves and their impacts on daily mortality at the city level, few analyze the impact related to social context and demographic variables at levels lower than the municipal. The objective of this study was to determine the role of the percentage of people over age 65, income l...
Article
El objetivo del presente trabajo es analizar cómo los riesgos en la salud asociados a los eventos térmicos extremos se ven modificados por sexo y factores socioeconómicos y demográficos. Empleando la regresión de Poisson se calcularon los riesgos de morbimortalidad asociados a las olas de calor y frío. Se utilizó como variable dependiente la mortal...
Article
Although there is significant scientific evidence on the impact of heat waves, there are few studies that analyze the effects of sociodemographic factors on the impact of heat waves below the municipal level. The objective of this study was to analyze the role of income level, percent of the population over age 65, existence of air conditioning uni...
Article
Full-text available
Almost 23% of households in the city of Madrid are at risk of energy poverty according to the Technical Study on Energy Poverty in Madrid. Women are the main breadwinners in over half these households, and may either be pensioners or heads of single-parent families, highlighting the existence of gender inequalities in relation to energy poverty. Re...
Article
Full-text available
This policy brief is part of the ENGAGER 2017-2021 Action, supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology). COST is a funding agency for research and innovation networks. COST Actions help connect research initiatives across Europe and enable scientists to grow their ideas by sharing them with their peers. ENGAGER brings together...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the evaluation and quantification of energy poverty in Madrid, at the city and district level. The incidence of energy poverty is assessed by means of the High Share of Energy Expenditure in Income indicator combined with the monetary poverty perspective, enabling to identify different energy-poor household profiles. The study l...
Technical Report
Full-text available
WG2 considers the operationalisation of a multi-scalar, COST-wide framework on energy poverty. In the first of a series of policy briefs, we provide an overview of what is currently known about energy poverty in COST countries, the range of indicators available, and ways to improve data provision. This brief focuses on the pan-European level. Futur...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Este informe nace de la necesidad, por parte del Ministerio de Fomento, de conocer la capacidad de aprovechamiento de las cubiertas de los edificios de viviendas para la generación de energía térmica y eléctrica mediante instalaciones solares térmicas y fotovoltaicas. Posteriormente se pretende plantear la inclusión de estas soluciones en la nueva...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change is expected to increase the frequency and duration of hot weather and its associated adverse health effects. In dense urban areas, these phenomena will be exacerbated by the Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect and indoor overheating. This paper assesses population exposure and vulnerability to high summer temperatures by exploring the ge...
Article
Full-text available
The correct contextualisation of urban measurements is one of the challenges that urban climate researchers have been dealing with for decades. The Local Climate Zones scheme (LCZs) emerges as a system for characterising these measurements from the thermal perspective. The rapid embracing of the LCZs by researchers from many disciplines, altogether...
Patent
Full-text available
La invención se refiere a un abrigo meteorológico para sensores ambientales formado por una unidad de extracción de aire (1), que comprende una cubierta transparente (4) incorporada en una carcasa exterior (11) para alimentar a una célula fotovoltaica (5) que activa un ventilador (10), un contenedor central (2), para la ubicación de al menos un sen...
Article
Energy poverty affects an increasing number of households in the European Union. It is urgent the development of definitions and methods adapted to regional conditions that gather important housing construction and climatic differences between Northern and Southern countries beyond different income levels. Mainstream energy poverty methods are focu...
Conference Paper
Despite great advances on building energy evaluation, available climate data does not include the effects of the Urban Heat Island (UHI). This phenomenon, which increases the temperature in urban areas, is variable in both time and space, and implies an important lack of accuracy when simulating within an urban context. During this research the rel...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Urban Heat Island effect shows the differences among temperatures in urban areas and the surrounding rural ones. Previous studies have demonstrated that temperature differences could be up to 8 °C during the hottest periods of summer in Madrid , and that it varies according to the urban structure. Associated to this effect, the impact of temper...
Chapter
Full-text available
Despite great advances on building energy evaluation, available climate data does not include the effects of the Urban Heat Island (UHI). This phenomenon, which increases the temperature in urban areas, is variable in both time and space, and implies an important lack of accuracy when simulating within an urban context. During this research the rel...
Article
Full-text available
Fuel poverty can be defined as “the inability to afford adequate warmth in the home”. The concept was firstly developed due to health risks related to cold among low income households. However, in the last few decades, especially since the summer heat wave of 2003 that caused 35,000 deaths across Europe, a lot of research has been conducted about t...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Esta investigación se enmarca dentro del proyecto MODIFICA (modelo predictivo - Edificios - Isla de Calor Urbano), financiado por el Programa de I + D + i Orientada a los Retos de la sociedad 'Retos Investigación' de 2013. Está dirigido a desarrollar un modelo predictivo de eficiencia energética para viviendas, bajo el efecto de isla de cal...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Aunque los estándares de confort en los edificios de oficinas acondicionados con medios mecánicos se han estudiado ampliamente a través de la norma ISO 7730 basada en los estudios de Fanger, todavía no existe un enfoque consensuado para el confort térmico en las viviendas. Muchas de esas viviendas, que componen un bloque, se han construido...
Conference Paper
The comfort standards in mechanically conditioned office buildings have been widely studied through comfort model gathered in ISO 7730 [1] developed by Fanger [2]. There is not a consensual approach towards occupant’s comfort in dwellings yet. In Spain, the 35,5% [2] of the housing stock was built before 1980 which means it was built under no energ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During the last years, an increasing interest has been developed so as to address the problem of fuel poverty which is already affecting a huge number of European citizens. In 2013, the European Parliament has claimed to the Commission and State Members through several resolutions, the legislative development of policies in order to tackle energy v...
Article
Full-text available
Fuel poverty can be defined as ‘the inability to afford adequate warmth in the home’ and it is the result of the combination of three factors: low household income, lack of energy efficiency and high energy bills. Within this context, the present research is aimed at characterizing, for the first time, the housing stock of fuel-poor households in t...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the result performance improvement due to the use of a exchanger of an office building located in Ext The climate in this region is Continental M mild winters and very hot summers. The firs data measures allowed the validation of the si Heating and cooling building loads were ev without earth to air heat exchanger. Also, a co...

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Getafe's main challenge is to identify and fight hidden energy poverty (HEP). People affected by energy poverty in Getafe could be between 15 and 30% although only 1991 families seek support from the City Council. Energy Poverty is usually defined by the % of rent that a household dedicates to energy consumption, but for EPIU energy poverty implies people unable to keep households in a comfortable temperature whether it is because they cannot pay for a sufficient amount of energy for its domestic needs and/or because it is forced to allocate an excessive part of its income. This situation is aggravated by the economic situation of Getafe, whose average income is 5.071 € lower than the rest of the Madrid Region. In addition, 52% of its current housing stock was built between the 60s and 80s with low quality and energy efficiency standards and without heating systems in most cases. The city has two Urban Deprived Areas and Neighborhoods declared as critical areas for the rehabilitation and regeneration by Madrid’s regional government. These two areas have an increased incidence of Energy Poverty and are inhabited mainly by elderly and migrants.
Project
The aim of the project is the evaluation of the gender gap related to energy poverty in the city of Madrid
Archived project
Energy poverty (EP) – commonly understood as a household’s inability to secure socially- and materially-necessitated levels of energy services in the home – is prevalent across Europe. More than 50 million households in the European Union are struggling to attain adequate warmth, pay their utility bills on time, and live in homes free of damp and mould. These conditions adversely affect people’s health and well-being. Recognition of EP is growing across Europe, and the issue has been identified as a policy priority by a number of EU institutions, including the Energy Union Framework. Yet there has been a chronic lack of integrated discussion and interpretation of the problem within relevant scientific and policy communities. This has prevented the development of systematic understandings and effective policy responses. The core aim of this Action is to radically transform the extent and depth of scientific knowledge about EP in Europe. It will generate a step change in how EP is theorised, detected and addressed. This will be achieved by establishing multidisciplinary collaborations at the nexus of several domains in which EP has been treated separately to date – human geography, energy studies, economics, sociology and political science. The Action will also produce innovative methods for knowledge exchange among academics, public policy officials, civil society and representatives of vulnerable households, while fostering a new generation of scholars. It will offer a unified platform to harness the analytical insights and resources produced by the large but highly fragmented landscape of funded research projects on EP in Europe.