Carmen Requena

Carmen Requena
Universidad de León | UNILEON · Department of Psychology, Sociology and Philosophy

About

39
Publications
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360
Citations
Citations since 2016
10 Research Items
159 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022051015202530

Publications

Publications (39)
Article
Full-text available
Antecedentes: la sociedad envejece a pasos agigantados y propone un reto importante al conjunto de profesionales, ya que una de las mayores preocupaciones en el transcurso de los años es la pérdida de funciones cognitivas como la memoria. Con base en ello, es relevante conocer qué estrategias pueden ayudar a preservar la capacidad mnésica de las pe...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN Antecedentes: la sociedad envejece a pasos agigantados y propone un reto importante al conjunto de profesionales, ya que una de las mayores preocupaciones en el transcurso de los años es la pérdida de funciones cognitivas como la memoria. Con base en ello, es relevante conocer qué estrategias pueden ayudar a preservar la capacidad mnésica d...
Article
INTRODUCTION Semantic content processing is associated with the potential N400, and the P600 is linked with the processing of syntactic and grammatical rules. AIM To verify whether the semantic processing of complex visual stimuli such as repetition, identity, order and double incongruence is recursive or computable. SUBJECTS AND METHODS 27 unive...
Article
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En el contexto de la gerontología narrativa emerge la perspectiva subjetiva del conocimiento del comportamiento en la última etapa de la vida. Esta perspectiva tiene por objeto empoderar a las personas mayores a la vez que la narrativa de su propia vida contribuye a completar la formación de los estudiantes de humanidades en contextos sociales, edu...
Article
Introducción Con la jubilación, el aumento del tiempo no estructurado o libre de obligaciones supone un hándicap para preservar las funciones cognitivas. Objetivos 1) Analizar la planificación del tiempo no estructurado de mayores sanos, y 2) verificar la relación entre el tipo de ocio y las funciones cognitivas. Metodología Setenta y dos jubilados...
Article
Getting to know the capacities and limitations of the reasoning brain can help us to understand why some learning situations are efficient while others are not. Brain imaging techniques can offer this information, hence current neuroscience is inclined to use service-learning methodologies which include emotion when measuring mental and brain learn...
Article
We find ourselves in the era of information technology and virtual communication. For this reason, it is more necessary than ever to implement educational resources based on social competence if we want that the invasion of machines won’t impose their rules over society in the twenty-first century, namely: productivity, moral indifference, emptying...
Article
This work merges from our interest for the evolution of deductive reasoning across the life cycle from youth to older age. With time, reasoning resources seem to be compromised and constrained, even if on the other side they seem more flexible. The literature on deductive reasoning considers that deduction only takes place between integrable premis...
Article
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Purpose of the study: Everyday memory of older persons does not improve with intensive memory training programs. This study proposes a change in these programs based on a time-extended and massive intervention format. Design and methods: The sample of 1007 healthy older persons (mean age 71.85; SD = 5.12) was randomized into 2 groups. The experi...
Article
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INTRODUCCIÓN Es un hecho cierto que el envejecimiento es un fenómeno imparable en todas las sociedades del mundo. En España, el 17% de la población son personas mayores de 65 años y el 4,4% tienen más de 80 años, lo que crea una mayor demanda de los recursos sociales y sanitarios 1,2. Las buenas prácticas de los profesionales del ámbito social y sa...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción Con la jubilación, el aumento del tiempo no estructurado o libre de obligaciones supone un hándicap para preservar las funciones cognitivas. Objetivos 1) Analizar la planificación del tiempo no estructurado de mayores sanos, y 2) verificar la relación entre el tipo de ocio y las funciones cognitivas. Metodología Setenta y dos jubila...
Article
div> This work aims to investigate the promotion of healthy aging and factors contributing on the quality of life of old people. A sample of 56 healthy, independent old people from the province of León (Spain) differing in the type of free time-entertainment (new information, memory and cards game) participated in this study. Emotional well-being s...
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El propósito de este estudio es arrojar luz sobre la promoción del envejecimiento saludable y la calidad de vida de las personas mayores. Se ha comparado el bienestar emocional de una muestra de 56 personas sanas e independientes de la Provincia de León (España) en función del tipo de ocio que practican en su tiempo libre (actividades relacionadas...
Article
Los datos más recientes sugieren que la disfunción cardíaca, cuantificada por el gasto cardíaco, está relacionada con el funcionamiento cognitivo. Objetivo: determinar si el funcionamiento cardíaco actúa como predictor de la función cognitiva en personas institucionalizadas con índice cardíaco normal. Método: estudio observacional con una muestra d...
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Even if behavioral studies relate leisure practices to the preservation of memory in old persons, there is unsubstantial evidence of the import of leisure on brain activity. Aim: This study was to compare the brain activity of elderly retired people who engage in different types of leisure activities. Methods: Quasi-experimental study over a sample...
Article
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RESUMEN: Tradicionalmente, las investigaciones realizadas desde la psicología del deporte se interesan por variables personales que optimizan el rendimiento. No obstante, es sabido que el contexto deportivo influye tanto en el rendimiento profesional como personal. El objeto de esta investigación fue revisar la bibliografía publicada en relación a...
Article
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Tactile vision has been approached from a variety of angles using different techniques. So far, a certain kind of object (and text) recognition has been shown, though seeing as such has not been achieved yet, and it remains unclear. Trough repetitive passive tactile stimulation perceptual processing is transferred from temporo-parietal to occipital...
Article
Cortical reorganization after congenital blindness is not sufficiently known yet it does offer an optimum window of opportunity to study the effects of absolute sensorial deprivation. Cross-modality in people with blindness has been documented, but it may differ in congenital blindness and in early blindness. Vibrotactile passive stimulation of lin...
Data
Maximal cortical intensity projection in each Group 1 (G1) subject. Cortical intensity projection (LORETA) mean maps obtained in pre-test and post-test in each subject. (TIF)
Data
Maximal cortical intensity projection in each Group 3 (G3) subject. Cortical intensity projection (LORETA) mean maps obtained in pre-test and post-test in each subject. (TIF)
Data
Maximal cortical intensity projection in each Group 2 (G2) subject. Cortical intensity projection (LORETA) mean maps obtained in pre-test and post-test in each subject. (TIF)
Data
Blind volunteer subject undergoing EEG testing during the passive tactile training during week 12. At the end of the interview the principal investigator (Prof Ortiz) asks him, in Spanish, about his experience while his hand was stimulated. Sub-titres translate into English the conversation between both. (M4V)
Article
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Over three months of intensive training with a tactile stimulation device, 18 blind and 10 blindfolded seeing subjects improved in their ability to identify geometric figures by touch. Seven blind subjects spontaneously reported 'visual qualia', the subjective sensation of seeing flashes of light congruent with tactile stimuli. In the latter subjec...
Article
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Most research about psychopathy have been conducted on adults. It is important to focus on the study of psychopathy in children to better understand the evolution of this disorder. This article focuses on a brief review of the contributions from psychology, where trait callous unemotional is closely related to the presence of antisocial behavior an...
Article
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p> Conociendo el descenso que se produce en la práctica deportiva al entrar en la Universidad, y la relación existente entre el consumo de sustancias nocivas y la falta de ejercicio físico, hemos querido estudiar si esto también ocurre en los estudiantes de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte. Con este objetivo pasamos un cuestionario ela...
Article
Neuroplasticity is a process by which neurons increase their connectivity with other neurons in a stable fashion as a consequence of experience, learning and both sensitive and cognitive stimulation. Different authors have shown a huge process of brain plasticity in blind subjects towards other sensorial areas, mainly auditive and visual ones. From...
Article
The long life expentancy of the elderly motivates interest in their quality of life. Our study analyzes vital satisfaction as a global indicator of the three dimensions (physical, mental, and social) of the quality of life in relation to health. The subjects were 310 women, with an average age of 71.22 years old (SD 6.72), with minimum education, a...
Article
Full-text available
Conociendo el descenso que se produce en la práctica deportiva al entrar en la Universidad, y la relación existente entre el consumo de sustancias nocivas y la falta de ejercicio físico, hemos querido estudiar si esto también ocurre en los estudiantes de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el Deporte. Con este objetivo pasamos un cuestionario elabora...
Article
The present study analyzes the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Satisfaction with Life Scale. The sample of 310 active elderly women with primary school education and living in their own homes. The scale's reliability was examined with Cronbach's alpha and the exploratory factor analysis. The reliability show a value of 0.75. P...
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Objective The present study analyzes the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Satisfaction with Life Scale.
Article
To study the relationship between the objective variables of functionality and degree of life satisfaction in elderly people with an active lifestyle. The study took place using a sample of 340 elderly people, aged 60-85, who were all leading an active life. The tests applied were: Satisfaction with Life Scale, Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test, Mem...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract This study researches the effect of a wide range of different types of intervention (cognitive versus cognitive + motor versus non-intervention) on the memory and mental state of elderly women complaining of memory loss and leading a sedentary life. Subjects (N=102, 80% women, age M/SD = 76/5 years) were distributed randomly into the three...
Article
Objectivesto study the efficacy of combined treatment (anticholinesterase drugs and cognitive stimulation) in improving cognitive function in patients with moderate dementia after a 2-year follow-up.
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Several studies have shown that pharmacological and cognitive treatments for Alzheimers's disease improve cognitive function for short periods, but fewer studies have evaluated the efficacy of those treatments for longer (2-year) periods. An initial sample of 68 subjects with mild Alzheimer's disease underwent clinical and cognitive evaluation. Aft...
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A study was performed on patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) in order to evaluate the efficacy of a combined treatment (donepezil plus cognitive training) in both cognitive processes and affective states. Eighty-six subjects, 25 men and 61 women, with an average age of 75.58 years, were studied. Almost all the subjects had a basic educational le...
Article
Full-text available
Este estudio investiga el efecto de diversos tipos de intervención (cognitiva versus cognitiva + motora versus no intervención) en la memoria y el estado de ánimo emocional en mujeres mayores con quejas de memoria y con una vida pasiva. Los sujetos (N=102, 80% mujeres, edad M/SD = 76/5 años) se distribuyeron de forma aleatoria en los tres grupos de...

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