Carmen Morawetz

Carmen Morawetz
University of Innsbruck | UIBK · Institute of Psychology

Professor

About

46
Publications
10,890
Reads
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1,152
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2004 - December 2008
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
Position
  • Georg-August-Universität Göttingen

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Emotion regulation and empathy represent highly intertwined psychological processes sharing common conceptual ground. Despite the wealth of research in these fields, the joint and distinct functional nature and topological features of these constructs have not yet been investigated using the same experimental approach. This study investigated the c...
Article
Full-text available
Neural bases of cognitive reappraisal may depend on the direction of regulation (up- or down-regulation) and stimulus valence (positive or negative). This study aimed to examine this using a cognitive reappraisal task and conjunction analysis; on a relatively large sample of 83 individuals. We identified regions in which activations were common for...
Article
Full-text available
This is the Editorial to the E-Book and Special Issue on "Cognitive Control of Emotions in Special Contexts"
Article
Variations of sex hormones during the menstrual cycle can lead to changes in emotion processing. The ability to successfully regulate one's emotions is associated with better social abilities and mental health. While women show better performance in fear extinction learning under high estradiol (E2) compared to women under low E2 levels, little is...
Book
Full-text available
The ability to cognitively regulate our emotions has emerged as an important moderating factor to multiple forms of psychopathology and human behavior. For this reason, the field of emotion regulation has faced a growing interest and popularity within social, cognitive, and affective neuroscience over the past two decades. Moving from strictly loca...
Poster
Full-text available
Many people eat specific foods to distract themselves from, or cope with, negative affect such as stress, anxiety, or fear, [1,2,3]. Most such “comfort” foods are indulgent, sweet, carbohydrate- and fat-rich and therefore provide immediate satisfaction. Negative emotions can also increase the salience of immediate, concrete goals, thereby increase...
Article
Full-text available
Given the importance of emotion regulation in affective disorders, emotion regulation is at the focus of attempts to identify brain biomarkers of disease risk, treatment response, and brain development. However, to be useful as an indicator for individual characteristics of brain functions – particularly as a biomarker in a clinical context – ensur...
Article
Full-text available
When experiencing negative emotions, individuals often reach out for social support to help regulate their emotions. In times of an acute crisis, however, close friends might not be available, and physical closeness might be impossible. This functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study investigated the effect of social proximity on the effect...
Article
Full-text available
Given the importance of emotion regulation as a transdiagnostic factor in the development of psychopathology, a myriad of neuroimaging studies has investigated its neural underpinnings. However, single studies usually provide limited insight into the function of specific brain regions. Hence, to better understand the interaction between key regions...
Article
The ability to exert control over emotions, termed emotion regulation (ER), is vital for everyday functioning. ER success may be influenced by processes relating to the anticipation (prior to active regulation) and implementation (during active regulation) of ER strategy use. We investigated whether brain activity patterns recorded using electroenc...
Article
Recent models suggest emotion generation, perception, and regulation rely on multiple, interacting large-scale brain networks. Despite the wealth of research in this field, the exact functional nature and different topological features of these neural networks remain elusive. Here, we addressed both using a well-established data-driven meta-analyti...
Article
Full-text available
The consumption of indulgent, carbohydrate-and fat-rich foods is often used as a strategy to cope with negative affect because they provide immediate self-reward. Such dietary choices, however, can severely affect people's health. One countermeasure could be to improve one's emotion regulation ability. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging...
Article
Full-text available
Emotion regulation impacts the expected emotional responses to the outcomes of risky decisions via activation of cognitive control strategies. However, whether the regulation of emotional responses to preceding, incidental stimuli also impacts risk-taking in subsequent decisions is still poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the interpl...
Chapter
Die moderne affektive Neurowissenschaft entstand als interdisziplinäres Forschungsfeld in den 1990er Jahren (vgl. Davidson/Sutton 1995; Panksepp 1998) und beschäftigt sich mit den neuronalen Grundlagen von Emotionen. Dies umfasst die Wahrnehmung von Emotionen sowie ihre Verarbeitung und Kontrolle und schreibt ihnen eine zentrale Rolle in der Modula...
Article
Full-text available
Reading is not only one of the most appreciated leisure activities of the elderly but it clearly helps older people to maintain functional independence, which has a significant impact on life quality. Yet, very little is known about how aging affects the neural circuits of the processes that underlie skilled reading. Therefore, the aim of the prese...
Article
Potentially decision-relevant stimuli have been proposed to undergo immediate semantic processing. The current study investigated whether information regarding the general desirability (‘Wanting’) of visually presented ‘everyday’ objects was rapidly and automatically processed. Participants completed a foreground task while their electroencephalogr...
Article
Full-text available
The reading system can be broken down into four basic subcomponents in charge of prelexical, orthographic, phonological, and lexico-semantic processes. These processes need to jointly work together to become a fluent and efficient reader. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we systematically analyzed differ- ences in neural activati...
Article
Full-text available
The reading system can be broken down into four basic subcomponents in charge of prelexical, orthographic, phonological, and lexico-semantic processes. These processes need to jointly work together to become a fluent and efficient reader. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we systematically analyzed differences in neural activation...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies reported that negative stimuli induced less affect in bilinguals when stimuli were presented in bilinguals' second, weaker language (L2) than when they were presented in their native language (L1). This effect of L2 use was attributed to increased emotional distance as well as to increased levels of cognitive control during L2 use....
Conference Paper
Emotions have long been suspected to play an important role in decision making, e.g. theoretic approaches propose that both cognitive and affective processes play a role in the valuation of choice alternatives. There are two main mechanisms, how affect can modulate decision-making processes: First, incidental affect, which can be defined as a basel...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to voluntarily regulate our emotional response to threatening and highly arousing stimuli by using cognitive reappraisal strategies is essential for our mental and physical well-being. This might be achieved by prefrontal brain regions (e.g., inferior frontal gyrus, IFG) down-regulating activity in the amygdala. It is unknown, to which...
Article
The experience of emotions and their cognitive control are based upon neural responses in prefrontal and subcortical regions and could be affected by personality and temperamental traits. Previous studies established an association between activity in reappraisal-related brain regions (e.g., inferior frontal gyrus and amygdala) and emotion regulati...
Article
Most of our social interaction is naturally based on emotional information derived from the perception of faces of other people. Negative facial expressions of a counterpart might trigger negative emotions and initiate emotion regulatory efforts to reduce the impact of the received emotional message in a perceiver. Despite the high adaptive value o...
Article
Full-text available
Human beings are social animals and they vary in the degree to which they share information about themselves with others. Although brain networks involved in self-related cognition have been identified, especially via the use of resting-state experiments, the neural circuitry underlying individual differences in the sharing of self-related informat...
Article
The use of top-down cognitive control mechanisms to regulate emotional responses as circumstances change is critical for mental and physical health. Several theoretical models of emotion regulation have been postulated; it remains unclear, however, in which brain regions emotion regulation goals (e.g., the downregulation of fear) are represented. H...
Article
Neurodegenerative diseases are primarily characterized by motor signs, but are also accompanied by emotional disturbances. Due to the limited knowledge about these dysfunctions, this review provides an overview of emotional competencies in Huntington's disease (HD), Parkinson's disease (PD), and multiple sclerosis (MS), with a focus on emotion reco...
Article
Reappraisal, the cognitive reevaluation of a potentially emotionally arousing event, has been proposed to be based upon top-down appraisal systems within the prefrontal cortex (PFC). It still remains unclear, however, how different prefrontal regions interact to control and regulate emotional responses. We used fMRI and dynamic causal modeling (DCM...
Article
Cooperation is an integral part of human social life and we often build teams to achieve certain goals. However, very little is currently understood about emotions with regard to cooperation. Here, we investigated the impact of social context (playing alone versus playing on a team) on emotions while winning or losing a game. We hypothesized that a...
Data
Full-text available
Some theories suggest that collective emotions, in particular emotional entrainment as the feeling of affective attunement with others during rituals, can increase the identification with a social group. Furthermore, emotional entrainment is supposed to emotionally 'charge' group symbols that are part of ritual practices and influence group-related...
Article
Full-text available
Our reputation is important to us; we've experienced natural selection to care about our reputation. Recently, the neural processing of gains in reputation (positive social feedback concerning one's character) has been shown to occur in the human ventral striatum. It is still unclear, however, how individual differences in the processing of gains i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction We live in a highly social environment, in which much of the work we do is accomplished through collaboration with others. How does this collaboration a our emotional experiences? For example, when collaborating and succeeding, do we feel more positive than when succeeding alone? Voluntary cooperation has been associated with self-repo...
Article
Full-text available
Differences between people with and without migraine on various measures of visual perception have been attributed to abnormal cortical processing due to the disease. The aim of the present study was to explore the dynamics of the basic interictal state with regard to the extrastriate, motion-responsive middle temporal area (MT-complex) with functi...
Article
Full-text available
Recent neuroimaging studies disagree as to whether the processing of emotion-laden visual stimuli is dependent upon the availability of attentional resources or entirely capacity-free. Two main factors have been proposed to be responsible for the discrepancies: the differences in the perceptual attentional demands of the tasks used to divert attent...
Article
Facial emotion perception plays a fundamental role in interpersonal social interactions. Images of faces contain visual information at various spatial frequencies. The amygdala has previously been reported to be preferentially responsive to low-spatial frequency (LSF) rather than to high-spatial frequency (HSF) filtered images of faces presented at...
Article
After adapting to a face image that has been distorted (e.g. locally contracted), the original face appears distorted in the opposite direction (e.g. expanded) (Webster & MacLin, 1999). Several lines of evidence suggest that this face distortion aftereffect (FDA) includes response changes at a high level of visual processing, but the sites and natu...
Article
As the amygdala is involved in various aspects of emotional processing, its characterization using neuroimaging modalities, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), is of great interest. However, in fMRI, the amygdala region suffers from susceptibility artifacts that are composed of signal dropouts and image distortions. Various techni...
Article
Visual spatial attention has been described as a process that favors the processing of sensory information that falls into the "spotlight of attention." Recent studies have provided support for an ability to split this attentional focus to selectively process spatially separate locations. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, the signature f...
Article
Health-related quality of life is a new outcome variable in neurology. Several generic measures aim at assessing this variable in adults with neurological diseases. Disease-specific measures are still rare; however, individuals with neurological diseases frequently suffer from cognitive impairment, yet are often excluded from health-related quality...
Article
Full-text available
Figure 2: Group-average of anatomical MRIs showing the bilateral amygdala region (left, arrows). Activation maps from the respective fMRI experiments for the comparison of fearful faces versus control. Figure 1: Anatomical MRI of a single subject showing the bilateral amygdala region (left, arrows). Corresponding EPI raw images reveal the different...

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Exploring the determinants of emotion regulation choice (intra- and interpersonally). Deepening the understanding of the interplay between emotion regulation, decision-making and social support. https://osf.io/9d7z2
Project
Generate highly cross-disciplinary, open-minded and open-ended research on how literature and poetry in particular are constructed in our mindbrains on the basis of artful verbal stimuli (cf. Jacobs15FNHUMdoi: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00186)