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Carmen Le Foulon

Carmen Le Foulon
Centro de Estudios Públicos

PhD Political Science Columbia University

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26
Publications
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206
Citations

Publications

Publications (26)
Preprint
Full-text available
Social mobilization has increased steadily around the world since 2010. In Chile, protests by high school students over an increase in subway fare suddenly escalated into violence and a nationwide social upheaval in October 2019. Protests lacked visible leaders and clear demands, like some prominent protests elsewhere. We seek to advance existing k...
Article
Full-text available
En este artículo analizamos los programas presentados por los 155 convencionales constituyentes divididos en cuatro grupos: convencionales de pueblos originarios, convencionales independientes en cupos de partido, convencionales de partido y convencionales independientes. Exploramos los conceptos que emplean y las relaciones que se establecen entre...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo analiza los resultados de la elección de constituyentes a la luz del contexto político nacional, así como de tres innovaciones institucionales aplicadas: paridad de género; escaños reservados para pueblos originarios, y facilidades para la presentación de candidaturas independientes. El análisis presentado muestra la profunda renovaci...
Article
Existing research suggests that voters may view female politicians as less prone to corruption than male politicians. We argue that this voter belief can yield advantages to hypothetical female candidates as voters sometimes punish them less for bribe accusations. We test these propositions with hypothetical vignettes of sub-national executive race...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo muestra que la dicotomía «lo nuevo» versus «lo viejo» resulta insuficiente para aprehender las continuidades y rupturas entre las viejas y nuevas formaciones políticas de derecha en Chile. La actual centroderecha chilena es más compleja, sus adaptaciones ideológicas recientes revelan una mayor diversificación de sus sensibilidades int...
Article
Full-text available
¿Cuáles son los costos de mantener cerrados los establecimientos escolares hasta 2021?; esta es la pregunta que motiva este artículo. En el último tiempo hemos presenciado el llamado de parte de autoridades a retrasar el retorno a clases presenciales hasta el próximo año. Sin embargo, dicho llamado parece ignorar los efectos adversos que tiene esta...
Article
Full-text available
On 18 October 2019, after weeks of subway fare evasions in a protest for a fare increase, protesters occupied some stations of the Metropolitan Public Transport Network in Santiago, Chile’s capital city. An explosive and surprising escalation of violence ensued later that night marking the beginning of an ongoing social crisis that extended to othe...
Book
A partir de diversos enfoques de investigación y de una encuesta realizada a cerca de 700 líderes de la coalición Chile Vamos, este libro es una formidable exploración al carácter y comportamiento de los partidos de derecha chilenos: la Unión Demócrata Independiente, Renovación Nacional, Evópoli y el Partido Regionalista Independiente. La organizac...
Article
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Introduction: What are the positions of the Chilean government coalition elites on moral and contemporary issues? Is it possible to infer from such positions that the right has become more centrist? Is the coalition ruled by a unified doctrine? Materials and Methods: To answer these questions, we used data from an original and representative sur...
Article
Full-text available
La literatura ha demostrado la persistencia de una brecha de género en las actitudes sobre temas controvertidos que generalmente se asocian con una agenda de izquierdas: la pena de muerte, la garantía de los derechos humanos para delincuentes, los matrimonios entre personas del mismo sexo, la legalización de la marihuana y de la interrupción volunt...
Article
Full-text available
The joint initiation of legislation is one of the most important forms of collaboration within Congress, and the nature of such relations may affect its responsiveness. Through social network analysis, this article analyses the evolution of cohesion and polarization of policy networks for the Chilean Lower House from 2006 until 2017, comparing thos...
Article
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Introducción: ¿Cómo se posiciona la actual coalición de gobierno en Chile en torno a asuntos morales y coyunturales presentes en la región? ¿Qué permite inferir tal posicionamiento respecto de su carácter de derecha más o menos moderada? ¿Se rige la coalición por una doctrina o ideología unificada? Materiales y Métodos: Para responder estas pregun...
Article
This article studies the effect of sectoral crises on policy reform by emphasizing the conflictive incentives generated by public demands for a solution. On the one hand, the crisis provides the opportunity for bypassing veto points for technical innovation. On the other hand, if simultaneous with increasing electoral competition, it reduces the ti...
Article
Full-text available
Chile has one of the highest levels of wage inequality in the world, and has had for decades. Nonetheless, this paper argues that if the wage distribution is examined in its entirety, instead of concentra- ting on specific indicators such as the Gini coefficient or the coeffi- cient of variation of wages, significant changes in wage inequality can...
Article
Full-text available
En los últimos cuarenta años Chile ha experimentado un número significativo de eventos económicos, sociales y políticos. Muchas cosas han sido alteradas por esos eventos. Pero la desigualdad de ingresos parece no inmutarse ante estos cambios. Ello no nos pre- ocuparía demasiado si esta desigualdad estuviese en los niveles de los países escandinavos...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
This research project aims at making a contribution to the study of subnational politics in Latin America by linking the ample descriptive case-based evidence, available in Latin America, with established theories on “second-order elections” developed in European political studies. The conceptualization of second-order elections entails that subnational elections have “less at stake” and are therefore subordinated to “more important” national contests. This idea has been widely tested in Europe for regional and supra-national (European Union Parliament) elections. It has also been evaluated, to a lesser extent, for local elections in American politics. But a comparative perspective on subnational elections in Latin America still remains uncharted territory. This project has several interrelated goals. The general goal is to evaluate the interplay of national and subnational politics in Latin America by means of establishing whether subnational contests are (or better, which ones behave as) second-order elections. Another goal is theoretical in nature and aims at contributing to improving a framework often applied to parliamentary systems with theoretical insights from presidential countries. Therefore, in addition to contributing to the research agenda of Latin American subnational politics, this project advances a much-needed dialogue with scholars of European regional politics. A further empirical goal relies on the collection of quantitative and qualitative evidence to test our hypotheses about the importance of regional rather than national factors to understand the relevance of subnational elections. In this sense, we expect to find contextually-situated, yet potentially generalizable (within the scope of the theory), patterns of the interplay between national and subnational contests.