Carmen Brando

Carmen Brando
École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales | EHESS · Centre de recherches historiques (CRH)

PhD (Digital Humanities & Geographic information science)

About

33
Publications
2,829
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209
Citations
Introduction
Carmen Brando currently works at École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales. Carmen does research in Digital Humanities, Natural Language Processing and Linked Data. Their current project are Reden & Reden Online, Oronce Fine, among others.
Additional affiliations
September 2018 - November 2018
Universität Trier
Position
  • Fellow
Description
  • The integration of lexicographical and terminological knowledge of the historical languages of law in Europe by computational methods is the goal of MetaLEX. This project is led by F. Bretschneider and R. M. Kiesow from EHESS/CNRS and C. Moulin from TCDH.
May 2016 - present
École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales
Position
  • Engineer
Description
  • Digital humanities and geographic information science specialist.
June 2015 - May 2016
Institut national de l’information géographique et forestière
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (33)
Article
Full-text available
Places can be defined by different features including geographical coordinates, landscape elements and also subjective information like perception. The corpus collected by the Réseau des acteurs de l’histoire et la mémoire de l’immigration (RAHMI) contains oral interviews about Spanish Republicans journeys during Spanish Civil War and World War II....
Article
Full-text available
We present in this paper an automated method to map out positive or negative semantic modalities associated with place names in Arabic travelogue literature. This research sits at the crossroads of Natural Language Processing, Literary Studies, and Digital Humanities. Our pipeline identifies place named entities, analyzes their semantic context (wi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides an introduction to the contributions presented in this thematic issue dedicated to the spatial humanities. Three main themes are addressed: (1) the processing of spatial information in textual corpora resulting from work in the human and social sciences, mainly in literary studies; (2) problems of acquisition, spatialisation and...
Article
This article reports on the 4th ACM SIGSPATIAL Workshop on Geospatial Humanities, held in conjunction with the 28th ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems. The article outlines the objectives of the workshop, and briefly describes the technical program.
Article
In 2008, the Network of Actors for the History and Memory of Immigration (RAHMI) launched an experimental gathering program to collect the forgotten memory of immigrant populations involved in the local community. Various groups of people were targeted by this collection, which made it possible to record life stories, including those of Spanish Rep...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Résumé. Dans cet article, nous proposons une chaîne de traitement reposant sur deux outils existants, l'un pour la reconnaissance des entités nommées, et l'autre pour la résolution des entités nommées. Par la suite, l'évaluation et l'adaptation de ces systèmes à l'analyse des textes issus de la littérature française du 19 ème siècle sont présentés....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Résumé. Ce texte présente la plateforme collaborative en ligne Oronce Fine. Cette plateforme conforme aux technologies et standards du Web sémantique a pour objectif d'être le lieu d'accueil des données des projets scientifiques issus des disciplines, terrains et temporalités divers en sciences humaines et sociales. A travers cet outil le projet Or...
Presentation
Full-text available
En 1979, une étude des villes du chemin de Saint-Jacques-de-Compostelle de Pampelune à Burgos est entreprise. Six ans plus tard, le Ministerio de Obras Públicas y Urbanismo (MOPU) de Madrid, au travers de la Dirección General de Arquitectura y Vivienda et del Instituto del Territorio y Urbanismo, le charge d'identifier le tracé de l'ancien chemin d...
Conference Paper
Mainly appeared in the XVIth century, alpine architecture knew how to be known beyond its borders thanks to its chalets. Today, in the context of the project SOURVA "At the source of diversity or cultural variation" coordinated by anthropologist Emmanuel Désveaux, a study is being carried out to understand the temporal and spatial evolution of thes...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Traditional cartography, by its methodological and cultural foundations, allows for the creation of representations shaped by standard metrical and semiological principles. Nevertheless, expressivity is often neglected and can proved to be absent from these visual representations. Alternative portrayal of topology can be provided. Hybrid representa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Article available at http://editions-rnti.fr/?inprocid=1002355 Slides available at https://eric.univ-lyon2.fr/adoc/documents/423-Brando.pdf
Article
Full-text available
In our work, we are interested in facilitating the exploration by scholars of the geography of texts: in particular, historical narrative texts describing routes. Semantic annotation constitutes the first step to enrich such text with the necessary information for producing analytical maps. The present article focuses on the disambiguation of spati...
Article
More applications in the Digital Humanities rely on Linked Data for the semantic enrichment of digital collections by means of URI, typically for providing background information about authors, works of art and historical places, mentioned in these collections. In this sense, Named Entity Linking (NEL) is the task of automatically assigning the app...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ce travail concerne un corpus oral de récits de vie et un corpus web com-posé des propositions de Parisiens liées à des projets d'aménagement urbain. Dans ces corpus, les toponymes renvoient à des noms officiels (ex : Congo) répertoriés dans les gazetiers, mais aussi à des lieux génériques (ex : un endroit très beau). Pour rendre compte du contenu...
Conference Paper
Ongoing initiatives promoted by cultural institutions and public administrations engage in the development of textual corpora issued from the general public. In this work, we deal with a spoken corpus of life stories and a crowd-sourced Web corpus of people's contributions related to urban planning issues in their city. Located information constitu...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes a graph-based Named Entity Linking (NEL) algorithm named REDEN for the disambiguation of authors’ names in French literary criticism texts and scientific essays from the 19th and early 20th centuries. The algorithm is described and evaluated according to the two phases of NEL as reported in current state of the art, namely, cand...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to discuss the challenges and benefits of the annotation of place names in literary texts and literary criticism. We shall first highlight the problems of encoding spatial information in digital editions using the TEI format by means of two manual annotation experiments and the discussion of various cases. This will lead to the ques...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present outgoing research whose goal is to assess quality of Linked Data for its usage in domain-specific Named-entity Linking (NEL). NEL is the task of assigning appropriate referents, typically an Uniform Resource Identifier (URI), to mentions of entities (e.g. persons or places) identified in textual documents. Nowadays, many of these approac...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present article discusses first experiments in toponym linking of Modern French digital editions aiming to provide an external referent to Linked Data sources. We have so far focused on testing two knowledge bases - French DBpedia and Geonames - for recall. Results highlight quality issues in these data sets for usage in NLP-tasks in domain-spe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper proposes a graph-based algorithm baptized REDEN for the disambiguation of authors’ names in French literary criticism texts and scientific essays from the 19th century. It leverages knowledge from different Linked Data sources in order to select candidates for each author mention, then performs fusion of DBpedia and BnF individuals into...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present REDEN, a tool for graph-based Named Entity Linking that allows for the disambiguation of entities using domain-specific Linked Data sources and different configurations (e.g. context size). It takes TEI-annotated texts as input and outputs them enriched with external references (URIs). The possibility of customizing indexes built from va...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper proposes a graph based methodology for automatically disambiguating authors’ mentions in a corpus of French literary criticism. Candidate referents are identified and evaluated using a graph based named entity linking algorithm, which exploits a knowledge-base built out of two different resources (DBpedia and the BnF linked data). The al...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper addresses the issue of quality in the context of collaborative edition of spatial content. The overall approach is grounded on the definition of explicit and adequate specifications for such content, i.e. the data model, the conceptual model, conventions for data acquisition, possible integrity constraints, possible relationships with ex...
Conference Paper
This paper proposes an approach aimed at obviating empty answers for a family of conjunctive queries involving value constraints. Contrary to the approaches based on a relaxation of the predicates involved in the query, the principle suggested here consists in replacing the query by a similar one which has been processed previously and whose answer...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper proposes an approach aimed at obviating empty answers for a family of conjunctive queries involving Boolean or fuzzy value constraints. Contrary to the approaches based on a relaxation of the predicates involved in the query, the principle sug- gested here consists in replacing the query by another one similar which has been processed pr...

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