Carmen Maldonado Bernal

Carmen Maldonado Bernal
Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez | HIMFG · Laboratorio de Investigación en Inmunología y Proteómica

PhD

About

68
Publications
11,745
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1,512
Citations
Citations since 2016
27 Research Items
903 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - present
Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (68)
Article
Full-text available
Background: We analyzed the demographic, clinical, and diagnostic data of children and adolescents in Mexico, from the first case of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) to 28 February 2022. Methods: Using the open databases of the Ministry of Health and a tertiary pediatric hospital, we obtained demographic and clinical data from the beginning of the...
Article
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The genome of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) harbors the genetic machinery for assembly of the Fimbrial low-molecular-weight protein (Flp) type IV pilus. Presumably, the Flp pilus is essential for pathogenesis. However, it remains unclear whether the pili genes are transcribed in culture or during infection of host cells. This study aimed to shed...
Article
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At the end of 2019, an outbreak of a severe respiratory disease occurred in Wuhan China, and an increase in cases of unknown pneumonia was alerted. In January 2020, a new coronavirus named SARS-CoV-2 was identified as the cause. The virus spreads primarily through the respiratory tract, and lymphopenia and cytokine storms have been observed in seve...
Article
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PurposeMedulloblastoma is an embryonal brain tumor that predominantly occurs in childhood with a wide histological and molecular variability. Our aim was to investigate the expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), their association with the infiltration of immune cells and with the histological subgroups, and, also, with the overall survival of pa...
Article
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NK cells represent a heterogeneous subpopulation of lymphocytes of the innate immune system, which possess powerful antitumor activity. NK cells exhibit their function through a complex collection of receptors that act synergistically to recognize, regulate, or amplify the immune response. TLRs allow cells to detect PAMPs, MAMPs, or DAMPs, which ar...
Article
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Natural killer (NK) cells are specialized lymphocytes primarily involved in the response to infection and tumors. NK cells are characterized by the presence of specific surface molecules, as well as a wide repertoire of receptors that impart microenvironment-dependent effector functions. Among these receptors, Toll-like receptors (TLRs) can be acti...
Chapter
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Gastric cancer is one of the types of cancer that is associated with Helicobacter pylori infection. The infection starts in childhood, and 50–90% of the population in the world is infected. The clinical symptoms can be stomach pain, gastritis, atrophy gastric, and only 2–3% of the infected population developed gastric cancer. The majority of gastri...
Article
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Neutrophils or polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) are key participants in the innate immune response for their ability to execute different effector functions. These cells express a vast array of membrane receptors that allow them to recognize and eliminate infectious agents effectively and respond appropriately to microenvironmental stimuli that r...
Preprint
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Chronic inflammation can trigger events that would induce the malignant transformation of cells and carcinogenesis. Cytokines play a crucial role and can control the development and multiplication of cancerous cells. However, clinical data present controversy about the participation of these proteins in the establishment and development of cancer....
Article
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The objective of the present study was to investigate whether lymphopenia occurring after heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is related to apoptosis and or sepsis in children. The design was a prospective cohort study in a third level care hospital in Mexico City. In total, 68 children (31 girls and 37 boys) with congenital cardiopathy...
Article
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Recent studies demonstrated that the expression of coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR) is implicated in the pathophysiology of myocarditis. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between active and border‑ line myocarditis and CAR expression in endomyocardial tissues, and analyze the association between CAR expression a...
Article
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Recent studies demonstrated that the expression of coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR) is implicated in the pathophysiology of myocarditis. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between active and borderline myocarditis and CAR expression in endomyocardial tissues, and analyze the association between CAR expression and...
Article
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In recent years, progress has been made in understanding the pathological, genetic, and molecular heterogeneity of central nervous system (CNS) tumors. However, improvements in risk classification, prognosis, and treatment have not been sufficient. Currently, great importance has been placed to the tumor microenvironment and the immune system, whic...
Article
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Background Helicobacter pylori infection is recognized as the main risk factor for gastric cancer (GC), the fifth most common neoplasia worldwide. H. pylori interacts with the immune system, disrupting the cytokine network and inducing chronic inflammation. This work aimed to evaluate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) i...
Article
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The role of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the etiology and pathogenesis of cutaneous tuberculosis is controversial because of the difficulties associated with demonstrating the presence of these mycobacteria in tuberculid cutaneous lesions by routinely available microbiological and histological techniques. In this study, we aimed to demonstrate the...
Article
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Background: The inflammatory response directed against Helicobacter pylori (HP) is believed to be one of the main triggers of the appearance of gastric lesions and their progression to gastric cancer (GC). Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has been found responsible for about 10% of all GCs, but the inflammatory response has not been studied in GC patients...
Article
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After publication of the original article [1] the authors found the following author names were incorrect and needed to be amended:
Article
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Background Gastric adenocarcinoma is the third most common cause of cancer-associated death worldwide. Helicobacter pylori infection activates a signaling cascade that induces production of cytokines and chemokines involved in the chronic inflammatory response that drives carcinogenesis. We evaluated circulating cytokines and chemokines as potentia...
Data
Supplementary Figure 1. Age distribution of patients with intestinal type GC and according to the titer of EBV reactivation antibodies. No statistical differences were found, with the three groups presenting similar average age. Supplementary Figure 2. Levels of Interferon gamma (INF-?) in plasma of patients with GC and in gastritis according to th...
Article
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Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality worldwide, and uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) is the main etiologic agent. Fimbriae assembled on the bacterial surface are essential for adhesion to the urinary tract epithelium. In this study, the FimH, CsgA, and PapG adhesins were fused to generate bi...
Article
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Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is the most severe form of tuberculosis. It is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis; MT) and it is very difficult to diagnose. The symptoms are similar to other infectious neurological diseases, such as neurocysticercosis, neuroborreliosis, or herpes viral infection. The aim of this study was to identif...
Article
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Cancer is the second most common cause of death among children aged 1-14 years. Leukemia accounts for one-third of all childhood cancers, 78% of which is acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The development of cancer has been associated with malignant cells that express low levels of immunogenic molecules, which facilitates their escape from the ant...
Article
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Children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) often present fever. Febrile states are usually associated with infectious processes that generate an inflammatory response involving various molecules, including cytokines. However, an inflammatory response may also occur in the absence of infection. We hypothesized that the levels of inflammatory c...
Article
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TLRs and NLRs participate in the immune system recognition of Helicobacter pylori. However, little is known about the mechanisms leading to inflammasome activation by H. pylori and if NLRs in neutrophils are involved in the process. We studied how NOD-like receptor family, pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome components are involved in IL...
Article
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Colonization of the gastric mucosa by Helicobacter pylori can lead to peptic ulcer and gastric adenocarcinoma. TLRs are signaling receptors involved in the recognition of microorganisms, and polymorphisms in their genes may influence the innate and adaptive immune response to H. pylori, affecting the clinical outcomes of the infection. We assessed...
Article
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Helicobacter pylori (Hp) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs(NSAID) are the major causes of gastric-disorders. Oral GABA-treatment down-regulates inflammatory-responses in rheumatoid-arthritis (RA) models. We investigate the anti-inflammatory effect of oral-ingestion of GABOB in dyspeptic-patients with RA and NSAID intake to establish if Hp-c...
Article
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Inflammation is a central feature of liver fibrosis as suggested by its role in the activation of hepatic stellate cells leading to extracellular matrix deposition. During liver injury, inflammatory cells are recruited in the injurious site through chemokines attraction. Thus, inflammation could be a target to reduce liver fibrosis. The pandemic tr...
Article
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The purpose of this paper is to review current information about the role of inflammation caused by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in neurological diseases such as Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, and other inflammatory diseases including ischemic stroke. Infection with H. pylori usua...
Article
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Introduction: Polymorphisms in genes that encode proteins of the innate immune system, such as the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), could affect the immune response as well as the prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Activated TLR4 induces expression of a spectrum of proinflammatory cytokines, which have been implicated in insulin resistance....
Article
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Background: Gastric cancer represents a major health burden worldwide and is often diagnosed at an advanced stage. Biomarkers for screening and prevention of gastric cancer are missing. Changes in peripheral blood mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) have emerged as a potential preventive/diagnosis biomarker for cancer risk. We aimed to determine whether peri...
Article
Full-text available
Helicobacter pylori infection represents one of the most common bacterial infections worldwide. The inflammatory response to this bacterium involves a large influx of neutrophils to the lamina propria of the gastric mucosa. However, little is known about the receptors and molecular mechanisms involved in activation of these neutrophils. In this stu...
Article
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Asthma is a common pulmonary disease with chronic inflammation of the airways, and obesity is a chronic state of low-grade inflammation. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are involved in the innate immune response. This study was designed to analyze whether obesity has an effect on the immune response of patients with asthma. We included obese asthmatic,...
Article
Full-text available
Innate and adaptive immune responses in humans have evolved as protective mechanisms against infectious microorganisms. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have an important role in the recognition of invading microorganisms. TLRs are the first receptors to detect potential pathogens and to initiate the immune response, and they form the crucial link betwee...
Article
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SUMMARY Protozoan parasites of genus Leishmania are the causative agents of leishmaniasis. Leishmania promastigotes primarily infect macrophages in the host, where they transform into amastigotes and multiply. Lipophosphoglycan (LPG), the most abundant surface molecule of the parasite, is a virulence determinant that regulates the host immune respo...
Article
Helicobacter pylori infection is mainly acquired during childhood, and establishes a chronic infection that may lead to peptic ulcer or gastric cancer during adulthood. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are expressed by distinct cell types throughout the gastrointestinal tract, and play an important role in regulation of the innate immune response. Few wo...
Article
Full-text available
Helicobacter pylori contains a pathogenicity island, cagPAI, with genes homologous to components of the type IV secretion system (T4SS) of Agrobacterium tumefaciens. The T4SS components assemble a structure that transfers CagA protein and peptidoglycan into host epithelial cells, causing the increased release of interleukin 8 (IL8) from the cells....
Data
Helicobacter pylori induced increases in human neutrophil IL8, ILβ, TNFα, and IL10, regardless of the status of cagPAI. Culture supernatants 0.5, 1, 3 and 6 h after infection with cagPAI+ or cagPAI– H. pylori strains were analyzed for cytokine secretion with ELISAs. A) cagPAI– strain 8822 induced the secretion of more IL8 than the other strains at...
Data
IL8 expression induced in AGS cells by cagPAI+ and cagPAI–H. pylori strains. In this study, the control used for the induction of IL8 was AGS cells infected with the two different types of strains of H. pylori, strain 26695 (cagPAI+) and strain 8822 (cagPAI–), in a kinetic assay with a maximum period of infection of 24 h. This corroborated the find...
Data
Effect of the integrity of H. pylori T4SS on cytokine production in human neutrophils. A) Strains lacking the cagPAI genes that encode VirB4 or VirD4 protein induced neutrophil IL8 secretion 6 h after infection, which did not differ from the secretion of IL8 induced by the cagPAI+ strain 26695. B) At 3 h and 6 h after infection, the virB4– strain i...
Article
Full-text available
Obesity in Mexico is alarmingly increasing in prevalence in adults and children, and it is a risk factor for the development of insulin resistance, as well as, of other metabolic alterations. The discovery of the expression of the Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in adipocytes, suggests an important role in innate immunity. In different models of obesity...
Article
Full-text available
Obesity in Mexico is alarmingly increasing in prevalence in adults and children, and it is a risk factor for the development of insulin resistance, as well as, of other metabolic alterations. The discovery of the expression of the Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in adipocytes, suggests an important role in innate immunity. In different models of obesity...
Article
Full-text available
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is characterized by a chronic low-grade inflammatory state. SNP in Toll-like receptor (TLR) genes has been associated with impaired inflammatory response. We genotyped the TLR4/D299G, TLR4/T399I and TLR2/R753Q polymorphisms. Low frequency was found with no association with T2D, nevertheless the TLR2 SNP was associated with low...
Article
Background. Asthma is characterized by chronic inflammation of airways and obesity by persistent systemic inflammation. Exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) may induce the development and severity of asthma. Toll like-receptor 4 (TLR4) recognizes LPS and can direct the response of T-helper cells. Level of expression of TLR4 in patients with asthma...
Article
Full-text available
Background. Asthma is characterized by chronic inflammation of airways and obesity by persistent systemic inflammation. Exposure to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) may induce the development and severity of asthma. Toll like-receptor 4 (TLR4) recognizes LPS and can direct the response of T-helper cells. Level of expression of TLR4 in patients with asthma...
Article
Full-text available
To study the role of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria in the pathogenesis of liver injury, specifically the activation of inflammatory mediators. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 20 out-patients were studied, 10 of them with cirrhosis. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated and exposed to lipopolysaccharide or lipoteichoic ac...
Article
Full-text available
Helicobacter pylori colonize the gastric epithelial, most infected people are asymptomatic, 10 to 20% develop atrophic gastritis, peptic ulcer and less than 3% gastric cancer. These diseases are determined by the relationship between virulence factors of bacteria, host factors such as, genetic predisposition, and immune response. The innate immune...
Article
Full-text available
Helicobacter pylori colonize the gastric epithelial, most infected people are asymptomatic, 10 to 20% develop atrophic gastritis, peptic ulcer and less than 3% gastric cancer. These diseases are determined by the relationship between virulence factors of bacteria, host factors such as, genetic predisposition, and immune response. The innate immune...
Article
El conocimiento del sistema inmune digestivo en las aves es un área de oportunidad considerando que en este lugar no sólo se realiza la función digestiva, sino que representa un ecosistema muy complejo donde interactúan bacterias benéficas y patógenas, mecanismos de resistencia y de respuesta inmune específica así como neuroendócrinos, con el objet...
Article
Full-text available
Existe una sólida relación entre la infección persistente, la inflamación crónica y el cáncer. Helicobacter pylori es la principal causa del cáncer gástrico, con 900 000 casos nuevos registrados cada año. Este patógeno estimula a las células del epitelio gástrico para secretar IL-8, un quimioatrayente de leucocitos que infiltra el tejido infectado...
Article
Full-text available
A strong association between persistent infection, chronic inflammation and cancer has been described. Helicobacter pylori is the main cause of gastric cancer, with 900,000 new cases yearly. Helicobacter colonization triggers the gastric epithelial cells to secret IL-8, a chemoattractant of immune cells, which persistently infiltrate the infected t...
Article
Full-text available
Helicobacter pylori is associated with peptic ulcer and gastric adenocarcinoma. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) participate in H. pylori recognition, and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TLRs are associated with impaired immune response. We aimed to evaluate the association of TLR2/R753Q and TLR4/D299G/T399I SNPs with gastroduodenal diseases; a...