Carmen Anthonj

Carmen Anthonj
University of Twente | UT · International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC)

PhD - Medical Geography

About

32
Publications
20,699
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584
Citations
Citations since 2016
29 Research Items
579 Citations
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Introduction
Dr. Carmen Anthonj is an Assistant Professor on GeoHealth at the Faculty ITC. Her research focuses on water- and health-related infrastructure, knowledge and behaviour. She considers water and health challenges, including water-related infectious disease exposure and provision of WASH, from a broader nexus perspective, including implications of inequality, extreme weather events, education, cultural context and is interested in use of local knowledge to inform health-related interventions.

Publications

Publications (32)
Article
Full-text available
Health-related risk perceptions are important determinants of health behaviours and components of behaviour change theories. What someone thinks or feels will motivate or hinder their intention or hesitancy to implement a certain behaviour. Thus, a perceived potential risk to our health and well-being can influence our health-promoting and/or healt...
Article
Background: Risk perceptions have the potential of motivating and shaping health-related behaviour, i.e. the application of protective health measures. They may reduce or accelerate the risk and exposure to diseases and are therefore valuable, particularly in environments such as wetlands that entail multiple risk factors exposing humans to disease...
Article
Background: Schools, depending on their access to and quality of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and the implementation of healthy behaviours, can be critical for the control and spread of many infectious diseases, including COVID-19. Schools provide opportunities for pupils to learn about the importance of hygiene and WASH-related practice, a...
Article
The previous paucity of data and research on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in schools in Brazil have been preventing an assessment of how safe and healthy schools are to reopen during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aimed first to assess the current situation of WASH in schools in Brazil and, second, to evaluate to what extent Brazilian sc...
Article
Epidemien wie Ebola, Zika, SARS, MERS und Covid-19 haben gezeigt, wie sich in der globalisierten Welt Krankheitserreger schnell ausbreiten. Weitere Epidemien von ähnlicher Tragweite sind auch in Zukunft zu erwarten. Die Entwicklung solcher Ausbrüche langfristig vorauszusagen oder ihren Ursprung zu prognostizieren, ist unmöglich. Allerdings bieten d...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Large parts of Malawi`s population lack access to health care. A high burden of disease, chronic poverty, and a growing population accelerate the need for extending and improving health care. One region that is struggling with service provision is Malawi´s rural district Phalombe. In addition to adequate resources, acceptability of serv...
Article
Full-text available
The global COVID-19 pandemic has revealed the extent to which schools are struggling with the provision of safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). To describe the WASH conditions in schools and discuss the implications for the safe reopening of schools during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, a systematic review of peer-reviewed literature...
Article
The linkages between water security and global health vary in space and time. Just like water connects every aspect of life, geography relates everything to everything else. Therefore, in order to address challenges at the interface of water security and global health, the use and application of medical geography, a sub-discipline of geography, is...
Article
Full-text available
Even as progress has been made in extending access to safe water and sanitation under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), substantial disparities in water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) services persist in high-income countries around the world. These gaps in service occur disproportionately among historically marginalized, rural, informal,...
Article
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Accelerating, sustaining and universalizing WASH must rely on multiple options that can be scaled up at reasonable costs to the government, the providers of maintenance and, ultimately, users. One of the many potential solutions that deserve attention and could help meet these objectives are rainwater harvesting (RWH) solutions. The debate of wheth...
Article
In recent years, composting has increasingly been promoted as a reliable method for sanitizing Faecal Sludge (FS) from onsite sanitation systems, particularly where there are opportunities to use the recovered nutrients in agriculture. However, there remain gaps in our understanding of the fate of infectious faecal pathogens during composting, part...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to provide a deeper understanding of green spaces as health-promoting campus environments. Our study of a campus green space at the University of Bonn, Germany, is one of the first attempts to quantify health-promoting effects of Academic Greenspace among students, adding to our understanding of how green spaces can serve as everyda...
Article
In 2019, 30,000 people were forced to leave their homes due to conflict, persecution, and natural disaster each day. Eighty-five percent of refugees live in developing countries, and they often face underfunded and inadequate environmental health services. Many displaced persons live in camps and other temporary settlements long after the displacem...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is shaking the foundations of public health governance all over the world. Researchers are challenged by informing and supporting authorities on acquired knowledge and practical implications. This Editorial applies established theories of risk perception research to COVID-19 pandemic, and reflects on the role of risk p...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is shaking the foundations of public health governance all over the world. Researchers are challenged by informing and supporting authorities on acquired knowledge and practical implications. This Editorial applies established theories of risk perception research to COVID-19 pandemic, and reflects on the role of risk p...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores the use of medical geography as one of the most suitable disciplines to address complex and context-specific water-related global health challenges, as it offers various holistic and interdisciplinary approaches.
Article
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The 14th issue of the WaSH Policy Research Digest examines a perplexing yet critical challenge in trying to reach universal access to safe drinking water and sanitation for all—reaching underserved minorities in high-income countries.
Article
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This WaSH Policy Research Digest examines the use of multiple water sources by households in two small island developing states; a phenomenon that can contribute to resilience, especially to climate-related change. The accompanying literature review adds insight into the extent to which multiple source use occurs globally, and the risks and advanta...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Sub-Saharan African wetlands, settlement areas to growing populations, expose their users to diseases as necessary health infrastructure remains underdeveloped. Methods: Mixed methods were adopted to assess the health-seeking behaviour of different exposure groups (farmers, pastoralists, service sector workers) in a Kenyan wetland co...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the patterns, trends, and factors associated with functional community water points in rural Ethiopia and identifies potential areas of improvement in terms of practitioner response to functionality and functionality monitoring. It was part of an integrated WaSH and nutrition program implemented by UNICEF Ethiopia and the Govern...
Article
Full-text available
We examine factors associated with the use of basic water supply and sanitation services as part of an integrated community-based nutrition programme which included a drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) intervention and emphasise findings related to health risk perceptions. Data were collected from 2658 households in four regions in Ethio...
Article
Wetlands are a source of water out of which humans derive their livelihoods in Sub-Saharan Africa. They are often over-utilized and expose humans to disease-causing infectious agents. This calls for an evaluation of the role of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and their effects in disease prevention and transmission in wetlands. A health risk a...
Article
Worldwide the pressure on water is increasing. In parts of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), natural wetlands constitute the only accessible water resources, providing water free of charge, agricultural potential and livelihoods in otherwise uninhabitable landscapes, which is why they are being used extensively. The degradation and contamination of water w...
Article
Wetlands can be both a blessing and a curse. They are beneficial sources of safe water and nutrition and places from which humans derive their livelihoods. At the same time, wetlands are known to be sources of disease-causing microorganisms and invertebrates that can threaten human health. Safe water, sanitation and personal hygiene (WASH) are cruc...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Floods are a disaster situation for all affected populations and especially for vulnerable groups within communities such as children, orphans, women, and people with chronic diseases such as HIV and AIDS. They need functioning health care, sanitation and hygiene, safe water, and healthy food supply, and are critically dependent on the...

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Projects (3)
Project
Der Arbeitskreis Medizinische Geographie und Geographische Gesundheitsforschung bietet ein Forum für Studenten/Fachleute/Wissenschaftler aus Geographie, Medizin, Epidemiologie, räumlicher Statistik,…, die sich mit den Zusammenhängen von Krankheit, Gesundheitssystem, und Gesundheit aus räumlicher Perspektive beschäftigen. Durch globale Umweltveränderungen, das Bevölkerungswachstum und die Globalisierung sind raumwirksame Entwicklungen für die Gesundheit in den vergangenen Jahren immer bedeutender geworden.