Carme Miralles-Guasch

Carme Miralles-Guasch
Autonomous University of Barcelona | UAB · Departamento de Geografía

About

111
Publications
28,206
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,435
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2002 - present
Autonomous University of Barcelona
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (111)
Article
Full-text available
The theories of Jane Jacobs have gained momentum as a framework to address the challenges faced by present-day cities. Of special relevance is the concept of urban vitality as an indicator of street vibrancy and quality of life among city residents. This study aims to revisit her principles from an applied perspective by developing an updated index...
Article
Immobility and lack of physical activity (PA) are global problems among seniors (≥65 years old). While being active is preferable to not doing physical activity, not leaving the house for long periods might increase mortality risk, lead to social isolation, depression, cognitive impairment, besides other health problems. However, going out of home,...
Article
El creciente interés por el estudio de la vida cotidiana en las ciudades ha llevado a recuperar las ideas de Jane Jacobs, una de las figuras más influyentes del pensamiento urbano. Uno de sus conceptos más célebres es el de vitalidad urbana, a partir del cual se identifican elementos del entorno construido que convierten los espacios urbanos en lug...
Article
Engaging in physical activity plays a vital role in a healthy ageing process due to its associated mental and physical health benefits. Green spaces such as parks or public gardens are safe, accessible, and attractive environments that generally allow people to engage in physical activity. Therefore, residing in neighbourhoods that are well provide...
Article
Physical neighborhood attributes such as greenness, walkability and environmental pollution may have an influence on people’s behavior and health. It has been claimed that part of such effects may come from the promotion of physical activity and the strengthening of social cohesion. In this study, we recruited samples of pregnant women in two Spani...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores how older adults' time out-of-home and physical activity (PA) are associated with the provision of urban open spaces (green spaces, plazas, and boulevards) and microelements (street trees and benches) in their neighborhoods. The authors used data from 103 residents in Barcelona and matched it to official geospatial data. The aut...
Article
Este estudio evalúa las ideas de Jane Jacobs, conocida activista y pensadora urbana, aplicadas a la ciudad de Barcelona. Para ello, en primer lugar, se sintetizan las seis condiciones básicas de Jacobs para la vitalidad urbana por distritos y por barrios. En segundo lugar, se relaciona la vitalidad urbana en los barrios con los principales patrones...
Article
Full-text available
The urban planning ideas proposed by Jane Jacobs in the 1960s remain relevant to this day, promoting a perspective on the relationship between urban morphology and the community that takes into consideration the experiences of the people themselves in the planning of cities. With Jacobs' ideas in mind, this article seeks to explore the urban territ...
Article
Full-text available
Urban mobility is currently undergoing significant changes in cities worldwide, as gendered mobilities are converging and automobility is on a downward trend among younger cohorts. The aim of this study was to examine the dynamics of gendered mobilities over generations and across three different urban contexts in the Barcelona Metropolitan Region...
Article
La ubicació suburbana del campus de la UAB implica que el 94,2% de la comunitat universitària fa servir el transport motoritzat en el desplaçament quotidià al seu lloc d’estudi o treball. En tractar-se d’uns desplaçaments definits per un mateix motiu i una única destinació, es facilita l’anàlisi de la influència que el gènere i l’edat exerceixen en...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo de este estudio es el de explorar la influencia de las características del entorno residencial en los patrones de caminar de hombres y mujeres, mediante la utilización de datos de movimiento geolocalizados o tracking. Para ello, se ha seleccionado un grupo de jóvenes adultos que estudian o trabajan en la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelon...
Article
Metropolitan university campuses (MUCs) are of interest for policymaking given their general highly car-oriented nature, and the subsequent need to promote policies that enhance sustainable accessibility outcomes. Hence, a growing body of research has emerged over the last decade focusing on travel behavior associated with those metropolitan enclav...
Article
Full-text available
Residential greenness may positively impact diverse human health indicators through the reduction of air pollution, the improvement of psychological health, and the promotion of physical activity. Previous studies indicate a weak but positive association with pregnancy outcomes. Our aim was to test the multiple pathways from residential greenness t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Senior centers offer important opportunities for physical activity and social interaction. Seniors who visit a senior center regularly can gain physical activity from transportation and from specific activities offered within the senior center. However, there is very little knowledge regarding the specific physical activity gains obtai...
Article
Having identified a set of geographic-based considerations, this study aims to analyse physical activity (PA) engagement and its relationship with its hosting environment in a Mediterranean metropolis. This is conducted based on GPS and accelerometer data from a sample of young adults living in different neighbourhood types. The results of the stud...
Article
Full-text available
Walking is the most accessible form for seniors to engage in daily light or moderate physical activity. Walking activity depends on both individual and environmental factors, the latter including how walkable a given setting is. Recent papers have pointed at the relevance of also considering meteorological conditions in relation to the walking beha...
Article
Full-text available
Urban green spaces (UGS) have been linked with a series of benefits for the environment, and for the physical health and well-being of urban residents. This is of great importance in the context of the aging of modern societies. However, UGS have different forms and characteristics that can determine their utilization. Common elements in UGS such a...
Article
In order to design strategies focused on reducing car use and favoring alternative modes of transportation, it is first necessary to analyze and understand the current use of transport. While current discussions on modal share is present in Polish media and political debate in the context of class conflict, the gender aspect that we propose in this...
Article
The aim of the present study is to analyze the interrelation between daily mobility and gender in the context of economic change. The financial crisis that has affected Spain from 2008 has witnessed significant shifts in daily mobility, which have not been equal for all socio-demographic groups. This study was undertaken in the Barcelona Metropolit...
Article
The present study delves into the explanatory factors of the walking patterns of residents in metropolitan regions, who tend to be pressed for time when travelling to their daily destinations or activities. We particularly focus on the effects of the commuting distance on the amount of walking that can be achieved, which has health, socioeconomic a...
Article
Full-text available
Being physically active in natural environments has been linked with multiple mental and physical health benefits. However, not all urban contexts can provide their residents the same access to green areas for walking and sport activities. Mediterranean cities provide open spaces for physical activity that differ from those of Northern European cit...
Article
Travel behavior of the present generation of youths is being increasingly explored due to their relevance in shaping future accessibility needs and mobility habits. The present study offers an original perspective on this topic by identifying territorial disparities that emerge in youth mobility patterns in rural and urban areas. Unlike most previo...
Article
Jane Jacobs has presented theories on the attributes that the built environment of cities ought to present in order to ensure pedestrian activity, which she considers to be the main reflection of vibrant street life. While her theses were mainly constructed around the neighborhood as the unit in which these urban conditions should be met, it has to...
Article
The aim of this study was to explore the exposure to green elements of residents in a compact and dense Mediterranean city, with a main focus on the exposure to traditional green elements such as parks and gardens and also less-explored elements such as public squares, boulevards, and beaches. Differences between walking and residential environment...
Article
The present study identifies groups of travellers according to their routine choice of means of transport in the context of the Barcelona Metropolitan Region. Clustering procedures are used to classify travellers according to the self-reported frequency of use of different travel modes. The extracted segments are then profiled with regards to their...
Article
The collective dimension of everyday life plays a key role on how daily mobility patterns are drawn, especially considering relationships at the household level. However, previous literature regarding spatiotemporal behaviour has, above all, focused on individual characteristics detached from their immediate social contexts. By adopting a relationa...
Article
Full-text available
p>La crisis económica internacional ha tenido impactos en múltiples aspectos de la vida cotidiana en España. Como soporte indispensable de la vida cotidiana, la movilidad también se ha visto afectada por la pérdida de puestos de trabajo y la caída de la capacidad de gasto de las familias. La dimensión de los cambios sin embargo depende en gran part...
Article
Full-text available
The spatial dimension of daily mobility depends on where people choose to perform their daily activities in urban environments. This study explores the influence of multiple geographical scales, characterising metropolitan regions on the cognitive images of individuals, whose daily mobility is restricted by an interurban daily commute to a universi...
Article
In line with a growing interest in complementing surveys with tracking technologies, this paper aims to explore what differences between perceived and real travel time can be found by using a smartphone-based tracking application. This is justified based on the fact that self-reported trip durations in traditional mobility data sources are based on...
Article
The effects of neighborhood morphology and walkability over active travel patterns of ageing older adults are still largely unknown. We used a difference-in-differences design to compare the changes in active transport indicators on older adults ageing for ten years in different areas of the Barcelona Metropolitan Region (Spain). Participants were...
Article
This study explores the multiple temporal dimensions that commuting to a suburban location can have as an intensive and recurrent daily practice. Focusing on the suburban commute to a university campus in the Barcelona Metropolitan Region, a mobility survey is first combined with tracking data to explore the clock-time side of this phenomenon. The...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the spatial extent of daily mobility by analysing the activity spaces of suburban commuters. It deepens knowledge of the transport-related consequences of functionally segregated areas within metropolitan regions, detecting the most significant factors (personal and environmental) affecting the size of activity spaces of people...
Article
Full-text available
En el contexto actual de sociedad global y del conocimiento, la universidad ha intensificado su colaboración en el territorio hasta obtener un papel destacado en el desarrollo de las regiones. Actualmente, la universidad contribuye a la internacionalización del territorio en el cual se establece, a partir de la influencia que ésta tiene en los dife...
Article
Transport is a major user of carbon-based fuels and is seen as crucial intervention sector for meeting CO2emission reduction targets. While the academic literature has traditionally focused more on correlating built environment factors (i.e. urban density, trip distance, etc.) and production of CO2in the transport sector, only limited attention has...
Article
Metropolitan university campuses are unique places usually connected to cities and towns by motorised-transport infrastructures, originating an intense travel demand by car. This has triggered a growing concern about how policy action can be more effective to achieve sustainable mobility patterns. This paper aims to gain insight into how factors as...
Article
The international financial crisis has affected people’s everyday activities, changing multiple aspects of their daily behavior. In countries deeply affected by the economic recession, the crisis has produced a significant incentive to change transport and mobility habits towards cheaper and affordable modes of transport. The impacts of the crisis...
Article
Full-text available
As planning for accessibility is becoming a priority for most cities, policies encouraging short-distance travelling and the use of active modes of transport are gaining force. Emphasizing short-distance travel and localized practices can produce positive sustainable outcomes but in order to design proper public policies, a deeper understanding of...
Article
In this study we introduce urban vitality as a determining factor for both physical activity (PA) and activity engagement in children living in Barcelona's Metropolitan Region. We compare the physical outcomes of children living in vital and non-vital areas using mobility data taken from a travel survey. Chi-square, and association tests were used...
Article
Full-text available
El sector del transporte es uno de los principales responsables de las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero, estas emisiones han venido aumentando en las últimas décadas llegando a valores nunca antes alcanzados a pesar de las mejoras tecnológicas imple-mentadas en los medios de transporte. Esta situación requiere de especial cuidado sobre todo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
En la planificación del transporte público, la proximidad a estaciones o paradas ha sido identificada como un criterio básico en la elección modal en nuestros desplazamientos cotidianos (Murray et al., 1998; Gutiérrez et al., 2011). Este estudio muestra el trabajo de mapificación de las residencias del colectivo universitario a partir de sus direc...
Article
Full-text available
Gender differences in mobility patterns between women and men have long been acknowledged. This study analyses how these differences are reproduced in different urban and rural contexts. Using mobility data from a large travel survey taken in 2006 in Spain, we examine the differences between gender mobility through age, modal split and trip purpose...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
RESUMEN: Los datos que las tecnologías de la información y de la comunicación (TIC) nos ofrecen son un interesante recurso para el campo de la investigación geográfica y, especialmente, para los estudios centrados en la movilidad. Esta comunicación es una primera aproximación al papel que juegan dichas tecnologías en el ámbito de los desplazamiento...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Transport is a major user of carbon-based fuels and is seen as crucial intervention sector for meeting CO2 emission reduction targets. While the academic literature has traditionally focused more on correlating built environment factors (i.e. urban density, trip distance, etc.) and production of CO2 in the transport sector, only limited attention h...
Article
To evaluate the importance of walkable environments and neighborhood’s vitality in people’s everyday life, this paper analyzes proximity travel in Barcelona. Data were taken from one of the major mobility surveys in Spain, which offers the depth required to identify short walking journeys that take place within the neighborhood scale. By analyzing...
Article
Full-text available
Para evaluar la importancia de la escala local y de barrio en la vida cotidiana y contribuir al debate acerca de la ciudad compacta, este documento define, mide y analiza los viajes de proximidad en la ciudad de Barcelona. Los datos proceden de una de las Encuestas de Movilidad Cotidiana (EMQ), que proporciona la muestra necesaria para identificar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El enfoque de las capacidades aboga por que la medición del progreso económico sea la medición del desarrollo de las capacidades de todas las personas (Sen, 1980, 1985 y 1985a y Nussbaum, 2002). Una de las principales políticas públicas de los Estados, tanto a nivel nacional como a nivel europeo, es la relativa a la movilidad y al transporte, y a l...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyzes mobility conditions in the Ripoll River industrial park located in the municipality of Sabadell (Spain). A multi-strategic methodological approach combining qualitative and quantitative methods along with direct observation is used. In addition to the territorial and economic context of the area, mobility is also affected by the...
Article
Full-text available
El artículo relaciona forma urbana y movilidad a través del análisis de las dinámicas de proximidad en la ciudad de Barcelona. El análisis se realiza a través de los desplazamientos de con tiempos menores a cinco minutos, los microdesplaza- mientos, como indicador del uso de la ciudad cercana y la vida de barrio. Primero se reflexiona sobre las din...
Article
This paper analyzes mobility conditions in the Ripoll River industrial park located in the municipality of Sabadell (Spain). A multi-strategic methodological approach combining qualitative and quantitative methods along with direct observation is used. In addition to the territorial and economic context of the area, mobility is also affected by the...
Article
Full-text available
La contribución de los desplazamientos de la población a las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero, en la medida en que utiliza medios de transporte mecánicos, principalmente el automóvil, es irrefutable. Muchos trabajos coinciden en que esa contribución bordea el 30 por ciento del total de emisiones. Sin embargo, no todos los medios de transpor...
Article
The contribution of the population trips to the emission of greenhouse effect gasses, in as much as they use mechanical means of transportation, mainly the automobile, is undeniable. Many works agree on measuring this contribution at about 30 percent of the total greenhouse emissions. However, different means of transportation do not contribute in...
Article
Full-text available
The negative externalities of the massive use of private transport have been widely studied and verified by the scientific academy. These studies have focused either on the environmental or the social issues. However, the use of the automobile is widely accepted and even vindicated among a high number of citizens. This dilemma implies having to ana...
Article
The negative externalities of the massive use of private transport have been widely studied and verified by the scientific academy. These studies have focused either on the environmental or the social issues. However, the use of the automobile is widely accepted and even vindicated among a high number of citizens. This dilemma implies having to ana...
Article
Full-text available
Social and economic dynamics appear in metropolitan territories, and as such metropolitan areas have become territorial units of analysis. Hence they have become privileged observatories for the study of current urban reality. Here recent territorial dynamics of the metropolitan region are presented from the perspective of population redistribution...
Article
Full-text available
Social and economic dynamics appear in metropolitan territories, and as such metropolitan areas have become territorial units of analysis. Hence they have become privileged observatories for the study of current urban reality. Here recent territorial dynamics of the metropolitan region are presented from the perspective of population redistribution...
Article
Full-text available
Las áreas metropolitanas se han analizado desde las relaciones espaciales que desarrollan los desplazamientos por motivo trabajo. Este artículo quiere complementar esta visión unifuncional de las realidades metropolitanas, introduciendo los desplazamientos cotidianos como actividades que estructuran territorios desde todos los motivos que los induc...
Article
Full-text available
Metropolitan areas have been studies from the perspective of the spatial relationships mapped out by work commutes. This article attempts to complement this single-function view of reality of metropolitan life by presenting everyday journeys as activities that structure territories from the perspective of all travel-related motives, both work relat...
Article
Full-text available
Mobility in Barcelona’s Metropolitan Area: Between new challenges and old practices. The urban sprawl of the Barcelona Metropolitan Region (BMR) in recent decades has been linked to its pattern of functional specialisation and its low density. This urban model has been closely associated with the use of the private automobile, which contradicts pub...
Article
This paper provides detailed accounts of the transport patterns at the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), including its motivations, barriers and user preferences, and explores the main transport challenges faced by the UAB campus. This suburban university is an important transport activity generator in the Barcelona Metropolitan Region, whi...
Article
Universities are, among many other things, a territorial element: they can vary in form-ranging from the most compact to the most fragmented- and location-from the most central to the most suburban-. In the 1970s three campus universities were inaugurated in Spain-Madrid, Bilbao and Barcelona-, which coincided with a deficient perception of the met...
Article
The urban sprawl of the Barcelona Metropolitan Region (BMR) in recent decades has been linked to its pattern of functional specialisation and its low density. This urban model has been closely associated with the use of the private automobile, which contradicts public policy’s stated aim of ensuring sustainable mobility patterns by focusing on mode...
Article
Daily mobility is a growing and complex phenomenon comprising different facets that have recently been subject to reconsideration in terms of methodological approaches and conceptualisation -and Human Geography is no exception. This article takes an in-depth look into this transformation from three complementary perspectives: changes in the economi...
Article
In recent decades, the appearance of industrial estates in suburban areas, mainly separate from traditional urban stretches, has completely transformed urban landscapes. But, this new territorial model has not been accompanied by setting up new spatial boundaries which would allow for more efficient management or this new emerging territorial reali...
Article
Full-text available
L�aparició, en les darreres dècades, de polígons industrials en espais suburbans i segregats, en molts casos, de les trames ciutadanes tradicionals ha transformat profundament el paisatge urbà, però aquest nou model territorial no ha anat acompanyat de l�establiment de noves delimitacions espacials que permetin gestionar de manera més eficaç la nov...
Article
Full-text available
Daily mobility is a growing and complex phenomenon comprising different facets that have recently been subject to reconsideration in terms of methodological approaches and conceptualisation -and Human Geography is no exception. This article takes an in-depth look into this transformation from three complementary perspectives: changes in the economi...
Article
RESUMEN Las políticas públicas de movilidad se han desarrollado sin tener en cuenta la estructura social de esta. Por ello, la planificación de los transportes a los polígonos industriales priorizando un solo medio, el coche, ha supuesto la discriminación de aquellos colectivos no motorizados. En estos primeros años del s.XXI y a la luz de la Ley d...
Article
Full-text available
L¿informe està estructurat en quatre parts, que poden llegir-se de forma independent, tot i que tenen un fil conductor que es recull en les conclusions que tanquen l¿anàlisi. La primera part explica les característiques dels habitatges en què viu la població pel que fa al règim de tinença, a la superfície, a l¿any de construcció i a la tipologia. T...