Carme Carrion

Carme Carrion
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya | UOC · Health Sciences Studies

PhD

About

77
Publications
11,243
Reads
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Citations
Introduction
Carme Carrion currently works at the Faculty of Health Sciences and UOC eHealth Center, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya. Carme does research mainly in eHealth and Public Health fields. Her current projects are: Desing of assessment tools for overweight and obesity management and Design of Health apps.
Additional affiliations
April 2016 - present
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya
Position
  • Health Professor
September 1993 - July 2002
University of Barcelona
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Digital health interventions and mobile technologies can help to reduce the rates of obesity and overweight conditions. Although weight management apps are widely used, they usually lack professional content and evaluation, so the quality of these apps cannot be guaranteed. The EVALAPPS project aims to design and validate a tool to ass...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Adolescents transitioning from childhood to adulthood need to be equipped with sexual reproductive health (SRH) knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values that empower them. Accessible, reliable, appropriate, and friendly information can be provided through mobile phone-based health interventions.
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: In cross-sectional analyses, higher levels of patient empowerment have been related to lower symptoms of anxiety and depression. The aims of this study are: (1) to assess if patient empowerment predicts anxiety and depression symptoms after 12 and 24 months among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, and (2) to analyze whether a ch...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The main objective of this work was to explore and characterize the current landscape of mobile applications available to treat mood disorders such as depression, bipolar disorder, and dysthymia. Methods: We developed a tool that makes both the Apple App Store and the Google Play Store searchable using keywords and that facilitates t...
Preprint
BACKGROUND There are thousands of health apps available, including for mood disorders. However, their access is unstructured, and most are never download nor used. Their outcomes are rarely systematically measured and therefore effectiveness is disputed, even potentially damaging. The COVID-19 pandemic has posed and continues to pose a significant...
Preprint
BACKGROUND : Adolescents transitioning from childhood to adulthood need to be equipped with sexual reproductive health (SRH) knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values that empower them. Accessible, reliable, appropriate, and friendly information can be provided through mobile phone-based health interventions. OBJECTIVE This study will investigate t...
Article
Background: Adolescents transitioning from childhood to adulthood need to be equipped with sexual reproductive health (SRH) knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values that empower them. Accessible, reliable, appropriate, and friendly information can be provided through mobile phone-based health interventions. Objective: This study aims to investig...
Article
Purpose The prevalence of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections among adolescents in low and middle-income countries leads us to believe that sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information needs are still unmet. This paper investigates current sources and their limitations and then explores the role technology could play. Methods: In an e...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Adolescent pregnancies and sexually-transmitted infections continue to impact 15 – 19-year-olds across the globe. The lack of sexual reproductive health information in resource-limited settings can often be due to cultural and societal attitudes to adolescent sexual reproductive health. Innovative approaches, including mobile phone techn...
Article
Background: The use of apps for weight management has increased over recent years; however, there is a lack of evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of these apps. The EVALAPPS project will develop and validate an assessment instrument to specifically assess the safety and efficacy of weight management apps. Objective: The aim of this study w...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) is a diverse group of 20 communicable diseases that occur in tropical and subtropical conditions in 149 countries, affecting over one billion people and costing developing economies billions of dollars every year. Within these diseases, those that present lesions on the skin surface are classed as skin...
Article
Background Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) represent a diverse group of 20 communicable diseases that occur in tropical and subtropical areas in 149 countries, affecting over 1 billion people and costing developing economies billions of dollars every year. Within these diseases, those that present lesions on the skin surface are classified as sk...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Myositis is a heterogeneous family of diseases that includes dermatomyositis (DM), antisynthetase syndrome (AS), immune-mediated necrotising myopathy (IMNM), inclusion body myositis (IBM), polymyositis and overlap myositis. Additional subtypes of myositis can be defined by the presence of myositis-specific autoantibodies (MSAs). The purp...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Promotion of physical activity, healthy eating, adequate sleep, and reduced sedentary behavior in adolescents is a major priority globally given the current increase in population health challenges of noncommunicable diseases and risk factors such as obesity. Adolescents are highly engaged with mobile technology, but the challenge is t...
Chapter
Today, lifelong learning is fully integrated into our society. From the student point of view, lifelong learning has several characteristics that differentiate it from regular learning: domains of interest may be very broad; learning occurs in different depths; topics to study may be related both to work, family and leisure; students’ continuity ca...
Article
Introduction There are more than 320,000 accessible health apps, with the most downloaded of those related to physical exercise and weight control. However the initiatives for their validation address only partial aspects of the evaluation. The EVALAPPS project aims to develop an assessment tool for overweight and obesity management apps, based on...
Article
Introduction eHealth is a new approach for managing several health conditions, but up to now not so many interventions have shown their efficacy/effectiveness. The AUTAPP Project tries to add knowledge in eHealth interventions targeted to Mental Health disorders, specifically Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) management that requires complex intervent...
Article
Introduction E-health offers the opportunity of supporting the management of several diseases, but most of these tools are far from being based on scientific evidence and demonstrating their effectiveness and efficacy. The PSICODEM Project aims to develop a mobile personalized clinical decision support system (CDSS) based on evidence for contributi...
Preprint
BACKGROUND The use of Mobile Applications (apps) for managing overweightness/obesity has increased over recent years. However, there is a lack of evidence on the efficacy, effectiveness and safety of these apps. The EVALAPPS project will develop and validate an assessment tool for specifically assessing these dimensions in overweightness/obesity ma...
Article
Background The use of apps for weight management has increased over recent years; however, there is a lack of evidence regarding the efficacy and safety of these apps. The EVALAPPS project will develop and validate an assessment instrument to specifically assess the safety and efficacy of weight management apps. Objective The aim of this study was...
Article
Full-text available
The prevention of bone mass loss and related complications associated with osteoporosis is a significant public health issue. The Mediterranean diet (MD) is favorably associated with bone health, a potentially modifiable risk factor. The objective of this research was to determine MD adherence in a sample of women with and without osteoporosis. In...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Management of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) requires complex and integrated interventions, usually tailored for each individual due to the wide variety of symptoms that people diagnosed with ASD present. Some of these interventions could be a combination of psychosocial interventions addressed to the management of emotions, the impro...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Health apps are dynamic, versatile, illustrative tools that allow patient empowerment, healthy habits improvement, health data monitoring/storage, diagnosis and direct health provision. The initiatives that attempt to define their evaluation, account incomplete aspects. The objective of the AQuAS-UOC mHealth research group is to devel...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background In conjunction with the World Health Organization (WHO), Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC) has implemented training in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) for health professionals in countries where the condition is highly endemic through an interactive on-line course. With three editions of the course successfully complete...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Promotion of physical activity, healthy eating, adequate sleep, and reduced sedentary behavior in adolescents is a major priority globally given the current increase in population health challenges of noncommunicable diseases and risk factors such as obesity. Adolescents are highly engaged with mobile technology, but the challenge is to...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is mixed evidence to support current ambitions for mobile health (mHealth) apps to improve chronic health and well-being. One proposed explanation for this variable effect is that users do not engage with apps as intended. The application of analytics, defined as the use of data to generate new insights, is an emerging approach t...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND In recent years there has been a rise in the use of Mobile Applications (Apps) to prevent and treat adult overweight/obesity since they can facilitate the tracking of physical and dietary patterns, provide recommendations and advice, and include motivation strategies to achieve personalized goals. However, evidence available on the effic...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The use of apps to tackle overweight and obesity by tracking physical and dietary patterns and providing recommendations and motivation strategies to achieve personalized goals has increased over recent years. However, evidence of the efficacy, effectiveness, and safety of these apps is severely lacking. Objective: The aim of this st...
Article
Background: Cognitive therapy is a well-established intervention for treating elderly suffering from dementia. In particular, reality orientation and skills training seem to be effective interventions for reversing cognitive impairment among elderly, although findings are inconclusive. Therefore, a systematic update of the existing evidence of cog...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The objective of the conference is to share the perception on the state of the issue on mHealth, from a more academic point of view than the usual business visions. The collaboration with the group of researchers and panels of experts, together with the work of synthesis of the advances in the application of mHealth in scientific journals, are the...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To quantify how exhaustive and critical were stories reporting medical innovations published in print media and to analyze the characteristics that may be related. Method: Content analysis of the newspapers stories related to the discovery, introduction or improvement of a medical innovation through a questionnaire with ten criteria t...
Article
To blind or not researcher's identity has often been a topic of debate in the context of peer-review process for scientific publication and research grant application. This article reports on how knowing the name and experience of researchers/institutions influences the qualification of a proposal. We present our experience of managing the peer-rev...
Article
Full-text available
Background: To provide useful insights into the design of strategies to better put into practice health research outcomes in the case of cancer, heart disease and sexuallty transmitted infections, we designed a study to identify barriers and facilitators to implement clinical or public health guidelines recommendations.
Article
Full-text available
Background The mass availability and use of mobile health (mHealth) technologies offers the potential for these technologies to support or substitute medical advice. However, it is worrisome that most assessment initiatives are still not able to successfully evaluate all aspects of mHealth solutions. As a result, multiple strategies to assess mHeal...
Article
INTRODUCTION The use of health apps is rapidly increasing. They intend to promote health or to treat diseases; in some cases, substituting medical duties. No specific frameworks to assess mHealth solutions in a broad scope and in a comprehensive way have been identified. We aim to propose a framework for mHealth assessment. METHODS The framework d...
Article
Full-text available
Intro: The number of mobile health technologies (mHealth apps) in the market is rapidly increasing. Because these apps have the potential to support and/or substitute medical advice, it is worrisome that most assessment initiatives still have two main issues: 1) they are not able to successfully evaluate all aspects of health-related apps e.g. init...
Book
Full-text available
En 2005, todos los Estados Miembros de la OMS se comprometieron a luchar por una cobertura universal de salud, una expresión colectiva de la creencia de que todas las personas deben tener acceso a los servicios de salud que necesiten sin riesgo que ello les lleve a la ruina financiera o a un empobrecimiento. Trabajar por una cobertura universal de...
Book
Full-text available
In 2005, all WHO Member States committed to working to achieve universal health coverage (UHC), in a collective expression of the belief that all people in need should have access to health services without risk of financial ruin or impoverishment. Working for universal health coverage is a powerful mechanism for achieving improved health and well-...
Article
Acupuncture is a medical procedure with a very wide range of indications according to the WHO. However the indications require robust scientific evidence to support them. We have conducted a systematic review (2010–2015) in order to define in which pathologies acupuncture can be an effective strategy, STRICTA criteria that aim to set up acupuncture...
Poster
Development and validation of a CDSS that supports clinicians to prescribe lipid-lowering treatments in patients with high cardiovascular risk
Article
Full-text available
Global investment in biomedical research has grown significantly over the last decades, reaching approximately a quarter of a trillion US dollars in 2010. However, not all of this investment is distributed evenly by gender. It follows, arguably, that scarce research resources may not be optimally invested (by either not supporting the best science...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción y objetivos: La empatía es la capacidad de transmitir comprensión hacia las emociones de otros individuos. La empatía de los profesionales sanitarios se ha asociado a mejores resultados clínicos y de relación con el paciente. El objetivo del estudio era conocer el nivel de empatía de los estudiantes de Medicina, y su evolución después...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: Nowadays European health systems are facing the challenge of offering long-term care and support services to an increasing number of older people with a high prevalence of frailty, (multi) morbidity and disability. More and more integrated care initiatives are being implemented in healthcare systems to address the health and social de...
Article
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Background: The PEGASO Project aims to design a technological system aimed at European adolescents to promote healthy lifestyles. The objective was to explore teenagers and their parents and teachers perceptions with regards to mobile technology use in promoting a healthier lifestyle, in terms of food and physical activity. Methods: Qualitative stu...
Article
Acupuncture is a medical procedure with a very wide range of indications according to the WHO. However the indications require robust scientific evidence to support them. We have conducted a systematic review (2010-2015) in order to define in which pathologies acupuncture can be an effective strategy, STRICTA criteria that aim to set up acupuncture...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To identify the relevant barriers and enablers perceived by primary care professionals in implementing the recommendations of clinical practice guidelines (CPG). Methods: Two focus groups were conducted with primary care physicians and nurses in Catalonia (Spain) between October and December 2012. Thirty-nine health professionals were...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Behavioral patterns linked to physical activity and nutrition are established during adolescence and people tend to maintain them throughout their whole lives. Wearable life tracking devices might be a useful tool in order to achieve healthy lifestyles among teens. The objective of this study is to investigate what teens think of current wearable d...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to analyze the validity of the content included in a standardized questionnaire used to evaluate components related to professional values and attitudes during Problem-Based Learning (PBL) sessions. PBL is a well-established learning method used in the medical sciences of the School of Medicine of the University of Girona (...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this paper was to analyze the concept and evolution of translational research in order to explore if it can be used in fields other than health sciences such as higher education. A mini review was conducted using Medline as a main source for identifying papers. We selected papers that appeared to be relevant according to our object...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Clinician-patient communication is a basic skill that medical students should learn as part of their training process. Communication skills curriculums aim to develop effective communication with patients, carers, and colleagues by working on both verbal and non-verbal skills. These include being able to take a history and share information, and pa...
Article
Full-text available
The field of addiction has long been of prime medical concern due to its serious repercussions for health. The rates of mortality and morbidity deriving from maladaptive habits (especially tobacco and alcohol consumption) are of the utmost relevance to public health in developed countries, above all because they are preventable. It is therefore imp...
Article
Full-text available
Traditional learning and assessment systems are overwhelmed when it comes to addressing the complex and multi-dimensional problems of clinical communication and professional practice. This paper shows results of a training program in clinical communication under Problem Based Learning (PBL) methodology and correlation between student self-assessmen...
Article
Full-text available
Problem statement: Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is the main strategy used on curriculum of University of Girona's Medical Degree Program. It focuses not only on evaluating medical knowledge and skills, but also on appraisal of students' learning and teamwork abilities, communication skills and sense of responsibility, that is, professional values a...
Article
Pilot study to validate a Computerized Decision Support Systems (CDS) (HTE-DLP) for improving treatment of hyperlipidemia. Methods HTE-DLP was programmed to offer automatic specific reminders for lipid treatment. Seventy-seven patients with high cardiovascular risk were randomized. 10 expert physicians in cardiovascular-risk management were recrui...
Article
Full-text available
Problem-based learning (PBL) is the main strategy used on the curriculum of the University of Girona's medical degree program, comprising more than 60% of each educational module. It focuses not only on evaluating medical knowledge and skills, but also on appraisal of students' learning and teamwork abilities, communication skills and sense of resp...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The evolution of dementia depends on the underlying pathology, early diagnosis and the availability of effective treatment for some of the symptoms that interfere with the patients' or caregivers' quality of life. Even though there is no specific treatment to reverse dementia, some interventions such as reality orientation and skills tr...