Carlos A Sariol

Carlos A Sariol
University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus · Unit of Comparative Medicine

MD, MS

About

71
Publications
5,674
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1,131
Citations
Additional affiliations
November 2001 - present
University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus
Position
  • Director, Unit of Comparative Medicine

Publications

Publications (71)
Article
The link between CD4⁺ T and B cells during immune responses to DENV and ZIKV and their roles in cross-protection during heterologous infection is an active area of research. Here we used CD4⁺ lymphocyte depletions to dissect the impact of cellular immunity on humoral responses during a tertiary flavivirus infection in macaques. We show that CD4⁺ de...
Article
In October 2020, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Serological Sciences Network (SeroNet) was established to study the immune response to COVID-19, and "to develop, validate, improve, and implement serological testing and associated technologies" (https://www.cancer.gov/research/key-initiatives/covid-19/coronavirus-research-initiatives/serologica...
Article
Background: Global efforts are needed to elucidate the epidemiology of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the underlying cause of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), including seroprevalence, risk factors, and long-term sequelae, as well as immune responses after vaccination across populations and the social dimensions...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background In October 2020, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Serological Sciences Network (SeroNet) was established to study the immune response to COVID-19, and “to develop, validate, improve, and implement serological testing and associated technologies.” SeroNet is comprised of 25 participating research institutions partnering with the Freder...
Article
Full-text available
Background The COVID-19 vaccine trials did not include subjects with IBD or immunosuppression, limiting the effectiveness data of the vaccine in this population. The impact of biologics with different mechanisms of action on antibody concentrations and neutralizing capacity produced by the vaccine may alter prevention strategies. We aim to describe...
Preprint
Dengue (DENV) and Zika (ZIKV) are flaviviruses that co-circulate throughout the tropical and subtropical regions. The link between CD4 ⁺ T and B cells during immune responses to DENV and ZIKV and their roles in cross-protection during heterologous infection is an active area of research. Here we used CD4 ⁺ lymphocyte depletions to dissect the impac...
Article
Full-text available
Significant hallmarks of aging are immune function decline and rising cumulative inflammation. These immunosenescent signatures are also found in individuals who experience chronic social adversity, independently of age. However, no studies to date have examined how social adversity alters immune function across the lifespan –data that are essentia...
Preprint
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Aging results in declines in immune function and increases in inflammation, which underlie many age-related diseases. These immunosenescent signatures are similar to those seen in individuals exposed to social adversity, who may age more rapidly than those unexposed. Yet, it is unclear how social adversity alters immunity across demographic factors...
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The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has impacted public health systems all over the world. The Delta variant seems to possess enhanced transmissibility, but no clear evidence suggests it has increased virulence. Our data show that pre-exposed individuals had similar neutralizing activity against the authentic COVID-19 strain and the Delta and Epsilon variants....
Preprint
Full-text available
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has impacted the public health systems all over the world. The Delta variant seems to possess enhanced transmissibility, but no clear evidence suggests it has increased virulence. Our data shows that pre-exposed individuals had similar neutralizing activity against the authentic COVID-19 strain and the Delta and Epsilon vari...
Article
Although divergent dengue viruses (DENVs) have been isolated in insects, nonhuman primates, and humans, their relationships to the four canonical serotypes (DENV 1–4) are poorly understood. One virus isolated from a dengue patient, DKE-121, falls between genotype and serotype levels of sequence divergence to DENV-4. To examine its antigenic relatio...
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Both the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and emergence of variants of concern have highlighted the need for functional antibody assays to monitor the humoral response over time. Antibodies directed against the spike (S) protein of SARS-CoV-2 are an important component of the neutralizing antibody response. In this work, we report that in a subset of patients—d...
Preprint
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Patients with immune conditions and immune-modifying therapies were excluded from the Covid-19 vaccine trials. Studies have shown conflicting response to different vaccines in persons receiving immune suppressors or biologics. The aim of this study is to evaluate humoral and cellular response to Covid-19 vaccines in patients with Inflammatory Bowel...
Preprint
Full-text available
On this work we report that despite of a decline in the total anti-Spike antibodies the neutralizing antibodies remains at a similar level for an average of 98 days in a longitudinal cohort of 59 Hispanic/Latino exposed to SARS-CoV-2. We are also reporting that the percentage of neutralization correlates with the IgG titers and that in the first co...
Preprint
Full-text available
Natural infection of SARS-CoV-2 in humans leads to the development of a strong neutralizing antibody response, however the immunodominant targets of the polyclonal neutralizing antibody response are still unknown. Here, we functionally define the role SARS-CoV-2 spike plays as a target of the human neutralizing antibody response. In this study, we...
Preprint
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The current COVID-19 epidemic imposed an unpreceded challenge to the scientific community in terms of treatment, epidemiology, diagnosis, social interaction, fiscal policies and many other areas. The development of accurate and reliable diagnostic tools (high specificity and sensitivity) is crucial in the current period, the near future and in the...
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Little is known about the contribution of virus-specific and cross-reacting antibodies (Abs) or the cellular immune response generated by a primary dengue (DENV) infection on the course of a secondary zika (ZIKV) infection in vivo. Here we show that the length of time between DENV/ZIKV infections has a qualitative impact on controlling early ZIKV r...
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Zika virus (ZIKV) and dengue virus (DENV) are co-endemic in many parts of the world, but the impact of ZIKV infection on subsequent DENV infection is not well understood. Here we show in rhesus macaques that the time elapsed after ZIKV infection affects the immune response to DENV infection. We show that previous ZIKV exposure increases the magnitu...
Article
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Semen is the vehicle for virion dissemination in the female reproductive tract (FRT) in male-to-female HIV transmission. Recent data suggests that higher frequency semen exposure is associated with activation of anti-HIV mechanisms in HIV negative sex workers. Here, we use a non-human primate (NHP) model to show that repeated vaginal exposure to se...
Preprint
Full-text available
Prior exposure to a single serotype of dengue virus (DENV) predisposes individuals to severe disease upon secondary heterologous DENV infection. Here we show that the length of time between DENV/Zika (ZIKV) infections has a qualitative impact on controlling ZIKV replication. We identified limited but significant differences in the magnitude of the...
Preprint
Full-text available
The role of a previous Zika virus (ZIKV) immunity on subsequent Dengue virus (DENV) infections is poorly understood. This is relevant to anticipate the dynamics of forthcoming DENV epidemics in areas with previous ZIKV exposure. It is still uncertain if the immunity conferred by the recent ZIKV epidemic may contribute to protection or worsening DEN...
Article
Background Knowledge of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) composition and distribution in rhesus macaque colonies is critical for management strategies that maximize the utility of this model for biomedical research. Methods Variation within the Mamu‐A and Mamu‐B (class I) and DRB, DQA/B, and DPA/B (class II) regions of 379 animals from the C...
Article
The rise of Zika virus (ZIKV) and its unusual clinical manifestations provided ground for speculative debate. The clinical severity of secondary dengue virus (DENV) infections is associated with antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE), and it was recently suggested that previous exposure to DENV may worsen ZIKV clinical outcomes. In this Opinion artic...
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The rhesus macaque population at Cayo Santiago increases annually and is in urgent need of control. In-depth assessments of the colony's population genetic and pedigree structures provide a starting point for improving the colony's long-term management program. We evaluated the degree of genetic variation and coefficients of inbreeding and kinship...
Article
The rhesus macaque population at Cayo Santiago increases annually and is in urgent need of control. In-depth assessmentsof the colony's population genetic and pedigree structures provide a starting point for improving the colony's long-termmanagement program. We evaluated the degree of genetic variation and coefficients of inbreeding and kinship of...
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Full-text available
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a re-emerging virus that has recently spread into dengue virus (DENV) endemic regions and cross-reactive antibodies (Abs) could potentially affect ZIKV pathogenesis. Using DENV-immune serum, it has been shown in vitro that antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) of ZIKV infection can occur. Here we study the effects of pre-existin...
Data
Supplementary Figures, Supplementary Tables, Supplementary Note, Supplementary Methods and Supplementary References.
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The SPF breeding program at the Caribbean Primate Research Center supplies Indian-origin rhesus macaques of known genetic and virologic background for biomedical research. In this study, population genetic analyses using 14 short tandemrepeat sequences showed that the SPF colony has remained genetically homogenous over time, with sufficient amounts...
Article
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Background: A safe, effective tetravalent dengue vaccine is a global health priority. The safety and immunogenicity of a live attenuated, recombinant tetravalent dengue vaccine candidate (TDV) were evaluated in healthy volunteers from endemic countries. Methods: This multicenter, double-blind, Phase 2 study was conducted in Puerto Rico, Colombia...
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Unlabelled: Dengue virus serotype 2 (DENV2) is widespread and responsible for severe epidemics. While primary DENV2 infections stimulate serotype-specific protective responses, a leading vaccine failed to induce a similar protective response. Using human monoclonal antibodies (hMAbs) isolated from dengue cases and structure-guided design of a chim...
Article
Full-text available
Dengue is considered the most important emerging, human arboviruses, with worldwide distribution in the tropics. Unfortunately, there are no licensed dengue vaccines available or specific anti-viral drugs. The development of a dengue vaccine faces unique challenges. The four serotypes co-circulate in endemic areas, and pre-existing immunity to one...
Article
Full-text available
The four dengue virus (DENV) serotypes, DENV-1, -2, -3, and -4, are endemic throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world, with an estimated 390 million acute infections annually. Infection confers long-term protective immunity against the infecting serotype, but secondary infection with a different serotype carries a greater risk of pot...
Article
Intravaginal exposure to SIV acutely recruits IFN-α producing plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) and CD4+ T-lymphocyte targets to the endocervix of nonhuman primates. We tested the impact of repeated cervicovaginal exposures to noninfectious, defective SIV particles over 72 hrs on a subsequent cervicovaginal challenge with replication-competent SIV...
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Dengue is the world's most common mosquito-borne viral infection and a leading cause of morbidity throughout the tropics and subtropics. Viruses are known to evade the establishment of an antiviral state by regulating the activation of interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), a critical transcription factor in the alpha/beta interferon induction path...
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Despite many years of research, a dengue vaccine is not available, and the more advanced live attenuated vaccine candidate in clinical trials requires multiple immunizations with long inter-dose periods, and provides low protective efficacy. Here we report important contributions towards the development of a second-generation dengue vaccine. First,...
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Pathogenic versus protective outcomes to Dengue virus (DENV) infection are associated with innate immune function. This study aimed to determine the role of increased TLR3- and TLR7/8-mediated innate signaling after Dengue infection of rhesus macaques in vivo to evaluate its impact on disease and anti-DENV immune responses. TLR3 and TLR7/8 agonists...
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Our previous studies have shown two distinct disease patterns (rapid and normal onset of clinical symptoms) in morphine-dependent SHIV/SIV-inoculated rhesus macaques. We have also shown that control as well as 50% of morphine-dependent macaques (normal progressor) developed humoral and cellular immune responses whereas the other half of the morphin...
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Mycobacterium mucogenicum is rarely associated to human infections. However, in the last year, a few reports of sepsis and fatal cases of central nervous systems have been documented. Here we report a fatal case of granulomatous meningoencephalitis of three weeks of evolution where DNA from a M. mucogenicum-like microorganism was identified postmor...
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A new door has been opened to health professionals since the completion of the map of the human genome was announced in 2003, coinciding with the 50th anniversary of the discovery of the DNA helical structure by Watson and Crick in 1953. The continuous updating of the technology has enabled scientists to simultaneously analyze thousands of variable...
Article
We reported previously the absence of systemic infection in a subset of macaques vaccinated with an HIV-1 DNA/MVA vaccine after 18 or more rectal challenges with low (physiologically relevant) doses of SHIV162P3. To further study the apparent protection, we looked for sequestered virus in gut tissues, lymph nodes, spleen, and testes obtained at nec...
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Macaques are the only animal model used to test dengue virus (DENV) vaccine candidates. Nevertheless, the pathogenesis of DENV in macaques is not well understood. In this work, by using Affymetrix oligonucleotide microarrays, we studied the broad transcriptional modifications and cytokine expression profile after infecting rhesus macaques with DENV...
Article
The breeding colony of free-ranging rhesus macaques was established in 1938 in Cayo Santiago (CS) with animals collected in northern India. The seroprevalence to cercopithecine herpesvirus type 1 (B virus) and simian retroviruses has been studied previously. This is the first report on the seropositivity to different viruses using samples collected...
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Ebola and Marburg viruses can cause hemorrhagic fever (HF) outbreaks with high mortality in primates. Whereas Marburg (MARV), Ebola Zaire (ZEBOV), and Ebola Sudan (SEBOV) viruses are pathogenic in humans, apes, and monkeys, Ebola Reston (REBOV) is pathogenic only in monkeys. Early immunosuppression may contribute to pathogenesis by facilitating vir...
Article
Historically, HIV vaccines specifically designed to raise cellular immunity resulted in protection from disease progression but not infection when tested in monkeys challenged with a single high virus exposure. An alternative approach, more analogous to human sexual exposures, is to repetitively challenge immunized monkeys with a much lower dose of...
Article
We developed an AIDS vaccine for Western and West-Central Africa founded on HIV-1 subtype CRF02_AG. Rhesus macaques were primed with Gag-Pol-Env-expressing plasmid DNA and boosted with a recombinant modified vaccinia virus Ankara (rMVA), expressing matched proteins. Two DNA vaccine constructs (IC1-90 and IC48) that differed by point mutations in ga...
Article
The demand for B-virus-free animals for biomedical research is increasing, while at the same time the availability of such animals is decreasing. The establishment of Specific Pathogen-Free (SPF) breeding macaque colonies is a priority of the National Institutes of Health. Nevertheless, it is well known that seroreactivity to B-virus can be difficu...
Article
Knowledge of the nucleotide sequence in the region of the putative VP1/2A junction of the Hepatitis A virus (HAV) genome has enabled differentiation of HAV strains and their classification into seven genotypes, in some of which sub-genotypes A and B can be defined. A 168 base segment encompassing the putative VP1/2A junction of 27 clinical wild-typ...
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This study describes the use of the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) to generate dengue 2 amplicons from paraffin-embedded autopsy tissues collected in Cuba 17 years ago. The presumptive diagnoses had been made only by clinical evolution without serologic confirmation. This study confirms once again that dengue 2 virus was d...
Article
A novel expression vector for yeast has been constructed from the regulatory elements present in the polI promoter and the enhancer/termination region (E/T) of rDNA. Under some conditions, this promoter/vector combination produces small RNAs such as the hammerhead RNA sequence at levels comparable to polII- and polIII-dependent systems. No stable t...
Data
Related entries: L20523-L20554, L07664-L07732.
Article
The purification and protein characterization of one of the Cuban isolated strains of hepatitis A virus was carried out. For this, it was necessary to separate the virus from the infected cell by extraction steps with detergents, concentration by ultrafiltration and finally, ultracentrifugation in saccharoseglycerol discontinuous gradient. Protein...
Article
Se reporta la secuencia nucleotída y aminoacídica de una zona de gran variabilidad en el genoma del virus dengue 2 a partir del ARN del virus original sin pase en ningún sistema de aislamiento y se compara con la primera cepa de dengue 2 aislada durante la epidemia de 1981 con 4 pases en ratón lactante. Los resultados demuestran que la secuencia nu...
Article
Se estudiaron 20 pares de sueros provenientes del Sistema de Vigilancia Seroepidemiológica Nacional de la vacuna triple viral que llegaron al laboratorio con el diagnóstico de rash febril. Mediante la técnica de inhibición de la hemaglutinación se observó una respuesta anormal de nticuerpos, tanto a rubeola como a sarampión, manifiesta por una caíd...
Article
It is reported the nucleotide and amino acidic sequence of a great variability region in the dengue 2 virus genome, starting from the RNA of the original virus with no passage in the isolation systems. It is compared with the first strain of dengue 2 isolated during the 1981 epidemic with 4 passages in lactating mouse. Results show that the nucleot...
Article
20 pairs of sera from the National System of Seroepidemiological Surveillance of the triple viral vaccine received in the laboratory with febrile rash diagnosis were studied. By using the hemagglutination inhibition test, it was observed an abnormal answer of antibodies to both rubella and measles through a falling of the antibody titre in one or b...
Article
Full-text available
The purification and protein characterization of one of the Cuban isolated strains of hepatitis A virus was carried out. For this, it was necessary to separate the virus from the infected cell by extraction steps with detergents, concentration by ultrafiltration and finally, ultracentrifugation in saccharosoglycerol discontinuous gradient. Protein...
Article
En el presente estudio se demuestra la presencia de 2 agentes con características culturales diferentes, tanto de una cepa de Cox A9, como en una productora de efecto citopatogénico ligero (ECP-L), ambas aisladas de pacientes con neuropatía epidémica. Mediante neutralización del Cox A9 con su suero hiperinmune homólogo se desarrolló en la dilución...
Article
Full-text available
In 1981, an epidemic of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) caused by dengue-2 virus occurred in Cuba. This was the first DHF epidemic reported in the Western Hemisphere. In this study, we have analyzed four dengue-2 Cuban strains for two short genomic fragments: one on the envelope (E) glycoprotein and one at the E/nonstructural protein-1 (NS1) gene ju...
Article
The presence of 2 agents such as a Cox A9 strain and another mild cytopathogenic effect-producing strain, both isolated from patients presenting with epidemic neuropathy is reported in this paper. A mild cutopathogenic effect which was propagated in successive dilutions was developed in the dilution 10(-4) by means of the neutralization test of a C...