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Carlos H. Salvador

Carlos H. Salvador

PhD in Ecology

About

45
Publications
39,592
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309
Citations
Introduction
I am interested on population ecology of wild animals for management and conservation. I like the challenge to estimate population parameters such as abundance, survival and mortality, hunting rate, and to analyse their pop viability, extinction threats, invasion process and wildlife harvesting. The main techniques and methods of interest are GIS, Telemetry, PVA, Capture-Recapture and Occupancy with Camtraps and live traps. My current researches are the control of wild boar invasion at Fritz Plaumann State Park and the Conservation Planing of Santa Catarina´s guinea pig. As collaborator of F.Fernandez´s lab - LECP/UFRJ, I´m still involved with the Refauna Project, specifically with the reintroduction of Tapir in Rio de Janeiro State and the Peccaries in Araucaria Forest.
Additional affiliations
April 2014 - December 2015
University Studies Abroad Consortium
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Teaching: Natural Resource Management
January 2014 - May 2018
Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Position
  • Pos doc student
Description
  • I took part at the project about Reintroduction Biology. My main task was the reintroduction of peccary at Araucárias National Park and tapir at Três Picos State Park. I left the project after reintroducing 6 tapirs at REGUA.
April 2013 - December 2013
Federal University of Santa Catarina
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Teaching: Zoology, Population Ecology, Conservation Biology, Environmental Legislation,
Education
March 2008 - June 2012
March 2004 - May 2006

Publications

Publications (45)
Article
Full-text available
Wild pigs (Sus scrofa L.) are considered one of the 100 worst invasive species, causing adverse social, economic, and environmental impacts worldwide. Understanding their historical invasion process and following the distribution across the territory can serve as a preoccupant alert for the species’ quick expansion. Our goal was to update the infor...
Article
Full-text available
Recognizing the imperative to evaluate species recovery and conservation impact, in 2012 the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) called for development of a "Green List of Species" (now the IUCN Green Status of Species). A draft Green Status framework for assessing species' progress toward recovery, published in 2018, proposed 2 s...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiversity loss is currently one of the most important societal concerns worldwide, and it is caused mainly by habitat loss and fragmentation, biological invasion, and climate change (Vitousek et al. 1996, Newbold et al. 2015, Bellard et al. 2016). Introduced species can have positive effects on human well‐being, especially when used for liveliho...
Article
Full-text available
Mammalian carnivores are considered a key group in maintaining ecological health and can indicate potential ecological integrity in landscapes where they occur. Carnivores also hold high conservation value and their habitat requirements can guide management and conservation plans. The order Carnivora has 84 species from 8 families in the Neotropica...
Book
Full-text available
Species Action Plan (sensus IUCN and ICMBio) of the Santa Catarina´s Guinea Pig (Cavia intermedia). There are two parts: 1 - the species´s biology review and threats assessment (e.g., population, genetics, behavior, habitat, conservation status, threats etc) and 2- The Action Plan itself. This Action Plan has 4 specific objectives and 28 actions....
Article
Full-text available
The Araucárias National Park (ANP) is one of the largest remaining areas of the Araucaria Forest, a threatened ecosystem in Brazil. The ANP protects biodiversity, including threatened species of carnivore mammals. In addition to the fauna listed in the ANP Management Plan, we recorded five carnivore species: Galictis cuja and Conepatus chinga (new...
Article
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Pigmentation polymorphism occurs in many mammals but is considered rare in natural populations. Here, we report the first record of pigmentation polymorphism in a Neotropical squirrel, Guerlinguetus ingrami , at a private reserve in southern Brazil. The number of records for leucistic squirrels was approximately half that for brown squirrels. We al...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This abstract reports the experience of controlling the invasion of wild boar in the Fritz Plaumann State Park, Southern Brazil. The aim of this project was to develop an action plan for this protected area and we did meanwhile a pilot to count and remove wild boars and then to set better actions. The eradication was not planed at the beginning, bu...
Article
Full-text available
Xenarthrans—anteaters, sloths, and armadillos—have essential functions for ecosystem maintenance, such as insect control and nutrient cycling, playing key roles as ecosystem engineers. Because of habitat loss and fragmentation, hunting pressure, and conflicts with domestic dogs, these species have been threatened locally, regionally, or even across...
Article
Full-text available
Xenarthrans—anteaters, sloths, and armadillos—have essential functions for ecosystem maintenance, such as insect control and nutrient cycling, playing key roles as ecosystem engineers. Because of habitat loss and fragmentation, hunting pressure, and conflicts with domestic dogs, these species have been threatened locally, regionally, or even across...
Article
Full-text available
Chrysocyon brachyrus (maned wolf) has a wide distribution in South America, but there are few data to Southern Brazil. From studies conducted between 2000 and 2017, we report ten new recent records of the maned wolf in the states of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul. These records were based on tracks, visual records, road kills, camera traps an...
Book
Full-text available
This booklet is about the Santa Catarina´s Guinea pig (Cavia intermadia), locally known as Preá-de-Moleques. This material belongs to the Pró-Preá project and it was developed for the warness and education program. The booklet collects updated information about the species and its habitat and it was written for professors of public school. The Pró-...
Article
We present a novel and simpler way to measure human influence: the cellphone coverage. Besides, we also evaluated its influence in the probability of occurrence of medium and large wild mammals in Brazilian Atlantic Forest, as a study case. As a first step, we have demonstrated the correlation between cellphone coverage and human footprint globally...
Data
PORTARIA INTERMINISTERIAL No 232, DE 28 DE JUNHO DE 2017, do Ministério do Meio Ambiente (MMA) e de Estado da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (MAPA). Diário do Oficial da União de 8 de novembro de 2017
Chapter
Full-text available
Este livro apresenta uma caracterização da fauna vertebrada terrestre que é estudada na área da Usina Hidrelétrica Salto Pilão (UHE Salto Pilão), localizada junto ao Rio Itajaí-Açu, entre os municípios de Apiú- na, Ibirama e Lontras, no Vale do Itajaí, Santa Catarina. As informações contidas nesta publicação fazem parte do Programa de Monitoramento...
Article
Full-text available
Payments for ecosystem services (PES) have spread rapidly across the globe in the last two decades, emerging as an important alternative to halt deforestation and biodiversity loss. The motivations of farmers to take part in PES programs, however, is still largely unknown. Most of the recent studies on the theme have investigated factors influencin...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter belongs to the Brazilian Action Plan for Wild Boar. The official name is the National Plan for Prevention, Control and Monitoring the Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) in the wild in Brazil. The Plan was launched as the attachment of the Ordinance no. 232 of June 28th 2017 by the Ministry of Environment (MMA) and Agriculture (MAPA). The Plan has...
Chapter
Full-text available
Introduction South America is facing a new wave of biological invasion of Sus scrofa and the novelty is related to Eurasian wild boar phenotype instead of the most common invasive variety, the feral pig (Jaksic 1998; Jaksic et al. 2002; Herrero & Luco 2003; GISP 2005; Canevari & Vaccaro 2007; Deberdt & Scherer 2007; Ghione et al. 2008; Novillo & Oj...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental services provided by forests are essential to the social reproduction of populations in rural areas. Perceptions about the services provided by forests play an important role in the planning of landscapes; however, few studies have investigated this issue. This study aimed at understanding how farmers perceive the role of forests in m...
Article
Full-text available
Resumo As florestas estacionais são um dos ecossistemas mais ameaçados do bioma Mata Atlântica, com poucas áreas protegidas e escasso conhecimento faunístico. Visando contribuir com dados de ocorrência, distribuição e conservação de mamíferos, este estudo teve por objetivos fornecer uma lista de espécies de mamíferos de médio e grande porte do Parq...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
O javali europeu (Sus scrofa), espécie exótica invasora no Brasil, foi introduzido no país a algumas décadas para exploração comercial, porém a atividade comercial não se desenvolveu como esperado e muitos animais retornaram a natureza por soltura ou escape. Em vida livre, os javalis e seus cruzamentos com suínos domésticos se estabeleceram como po...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As stated in previous wild boar symposiums (e.g Sopron, Hungary), the wild boar and other suid forms are invading Brazil mainly in south and southeast. Nowadays, the wild boar is present in Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Paraná, São Paulo, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais Rio de Janeiro, Espirito Santo and Goiás, covering an area o...
Article
Full-text available
Many manuscripts comparing populations and/or analysing the structure of animal communities use indexes of captures as synonymous of abundance. However, the basic methods more suitable to this assumption - probabilistic estimates based on equal capture probability - have not been considered. In this study, the deviations caused by different types o...
Article
Full-text available
Feral pigs are the most common wild form of Sus scrofa outside the species’ native range. Nevertheless, there was a recent invasion of the Eurasian wild boar form in South America that has not yet been described. This work aimed to describe the phenotype of S. scrofa’s wild populations in the Neotropics. Adult males were collected in Araucaria Fore...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Feral pigs are the most common wild form of Sus scrofa out of the species´ native range. Nevertheless, there is an invasion of Eurasian wild boar form in South America not yet described. We aimed describe the phenotype of S. scrofa as alien species in a neotropical ecosystem, the Araucaria Forest, Southern Brazil. Considering a recent invasion of w...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents the distribution of neotropical otters (Lontra longicaudis) in coastal islands of Santa Catarina State. A total of 23 islands were surveyed, through 46 field trips. Otter's signs were found in 9 islands, representing 39% of the total. It is believed that the Lontra longicaudis use these islands as a support for its movement from...
Thesis
Full-text available
South American biodiversity coevolved with wild pigs, regarded as key species in its ecosystems and nowadays extinct or endangered in many parts. The invasion of an exotic pig, the Eurasian Sus scrofa, either feral or in its original wild form (wild boar), can become more an additional threat, through competitive exclusion, but its risks have not y...
Chapter
Full-text available
Este capítulo traz reflexões sobre um projeto de educação e sensibilização ambienta desenvolvido por cinco estudantes universitários de Biologia e um de Jornalismo, durante o ano de 2002, e primeiro semestre de 2003, com alunos de ensino médio de uma escola estadual, na Área de Proteção Ambiental (APA) de Anhatomirim, em Governador Ceslo Ramos-SC.
Article
Full-text available
http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2011v24n3p73 O Parque Estadual da Serra do Tabuleiro, situado no centro-leste do Estado de Santa Catarina, sul do Brasil, possui 85.000ha e abrange grande diversidade de ambientes (floresta ombrófila densa, incluindo manguezais e restingas, floresta ombrófila mista e estepe ombrófila). De 1991 a 2010 foram reali...
Article
Full-text available
The body size of vertebrates isolated on islands can undergo changes due to ecological features of these environments. This study aimed to compare the body size of the common opossum, Didelphis aurita, from different insular populations within the same archipelago in southern Brazil. The opossum populations showed corporal variation and different h...
Article
Full-text available
Cavia intermedia is a rare cavy, endemic to the 10-ha Moleques do Sul Island, southern Brazil. We conducted the 1st study of reproductive and growth patterns for this species in its natural environment. Based on 17 months of monthly population monitoring using capture–mark–recapture methods, females were reproductively active throughout the year. L...
Article
Full-text available
Cavia intermedia may be the mammal with the smallest geographical distribution in the world, because it is endemic to a 10-ha island and therefore vulnerable to extinction. The objective of this study was to understand the population dynamics of C. intermedia in order to define its conservation status and to provide information for its management....
Article
Full-text available
This is the first study about the ecological interaction between the ectoparasites and marsupials of the Didelphis genus and the second one about mammals in Santa Catarina State. Three insular populations and a mainland population were sampled. The fleas Leptopsylla segnis and Xenopsylla cheopis and the mites Amblyomma cajennense, A. aureolatum and...
Book
Full-text available
This is a booklet about the ecology and conservation of Cavia intermedia, the Santa Catarina´s guinea pig, one of the rarest mammals of world. This is the result of the research about its population ecology during 2004-2006. This material belongs to the project of environmental education and public warns carried out during 2006-2008 for the conserv...
Thesis
Full-text available
The study on Cavia intermedia allowed a theoretical and practical approach to one of the most important tools for species’ conservation, Population Viability Analysis (PVA), as well as the Island Syndrome, i.e. the set of characteristics manifested by rodent populations isolated on islands. The study took 17 months and it had a sample effort of 554...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Archived project
The project aimed to understand the effect of confinement of mammals on islands
Project
The main goal is to increase the knowledge about Cavia intermedia and to support its conservation
Archived project