Carlos Mendez

Carlos Mendez
Nagoya University | Meidai · Department of International Development(DID)

Ph.D in International Development

About

56
Publications
5,104
Reads
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115
Citations
Introduction
My research interests focus on the integration of econometrics, spatial data science, and machine learning methods to understand and inform the process of economic development. In particular, my current research deals with (1) the quantitative geography of development; (2) regional economic growth and convergence; (3) regional labor markets outcomes and macroeconomic shocks; and (4) structural change and firm productivity dynamics. For further details, see https://carlos-mendez.rbind.io
Additional affiliations
October 2018 - present
Nagoya University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
October 2016 - October 2018
Kyushu University
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Global Poverty and Development
April 2016 - October 2018
Kyushu University
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Introduction to Economics
Education
April 2012 - March 2015
Nagoya University
Field of study
  • International Development
April 2010 - March 2012
Nagoya University
Field of study
  • International Development
October 2009 - March 2010
Nagoya University
Field of study
  • International Development

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
Full-text available
Both long economic stagnation in Latin America and sustained growth and in East Asia imply a rapidly raising development gap between the two regions. Using a series of numerical decompositions, this article documents three facts about this gap. First, differences in welfare-adjusted development are larger than those predicted by per-capita GDP. Sec...
Article
Full-text available
The post-World War II period has seen substantial changes in labor productivity around the world. Motivated by these changes, this article documents four stylized facts about the world productivity distribution. First, there is a large and increasing disparity between its tails. Second, this disparity rapidly increased in the 1980s, slowed down in...
Article
Full-text available
Bolivia has experienced large socioeconomic transformations in the last decades. Among them, almost half of the population currently lives in the main metropolitan regions of the country. Motivated by the potential for growth and development convergence in these regions, this article documents the evolution of human development disparities and conv...
Article
Full-text available
This paper studies regional income convergence and its conditioning factors across 81 provinces of Turkey over the 2007–2019 period. Through the lens of a nonlinear dynamic factor model, we first test the hypothesis that all provinces would eventually converge to a common long-run equilibrium. We reject this hypothesis and find that the provincial...
Article
Full-text available
Convergence in human capital is a key precondition to achieve income convergence in the European Union; however, so far research on this topic has nearly been absent. Our paper contributes to the literature by investigating the human capital convergence dynamics within the EU over the period 1990–2016 using a nonlinear dynamic factor model. While w...
Article
Full-text available
Using a novel dataset constructed for this study, the spatio-temporal dynamics of income per capita across 34 provinces and 514 districts in Indonesia over the 2010–2017 period are analyzed. First, an exploratory spatial analysis suggests that spatial autocorrelation is only significant at the district level, and it appears to be robust from 2013 t...
Article
Full-text available
This paper evaluates social and economic convergence across 514 districts in Indonesia over the 2010-2018 period. By applying spatial panel-data methods, this paper re-examines the regional convergence hypothesis using a novel dataset on the human development index (HDI) and GDP per capita. These two indicators are used as proxies for social and ec...
Article
This paper studies the evolution of economic and social disparities across South America. By exploiting a novel multi-country subnational dataset, we evaluate the evolution of gross national income per capita (GNI) and the human development index (HDI) across 151 subnational regions over the 1990-2018 period. In particular , regional dynamics are e...
Article
We study sectoral productivity convergence through the input-output structure of the economy and its network representation. In particular, we study 106 production sectors in Japan over the 2003-2012 period and identify highly interconnected sectors using community detection algorithms. We next characterize the dynamics of these communities by eval...
Article
The discussion on regional income per capita convergence in Indonesia continues with an emphasis on whether regional per capita incomes tend to converge or diverge over the long run. This study evaluates the regional convergence hypothesis at the provincial level during the recent deindustrialization period 2001–2017 of Indonesia. First, the study...
Presentation
The slides can be accessed from this link: https://haginta.github.io/IRSA-slides/IRSA_slides.html#1
Article
Using a novel dataset, this article studies the spatial distribution of human capital constraints across 339 municipalities in Bolivia. In particular, five human capital constraints are evaluated: chronic malnutrition in children, non-Spanish speaking population, secondary dropout rate of males, secondary dropout rates of females, and inequality in...
Article
This article aims to re-examine the regional convergence hypothesis on income in Indonesia over the 2000–2017 period. By applying a non-linear dynamic factor model, this article tests the club convergence hypothesis using a novel dataset of income at the district level. The results show significant five convergence clubs in Indonesian districts’ in...
Presentation
Full-text available
Satellite nighttime light data are increasingly used for evaluating the performance of economies in which official statics are non-existent, limited, or non-comparable. In this paper, we use a novel luminosity-based measure of GDP per capita to study regional convergence and spatial dependence across 274 subnational regions of the Association of So...
Presentation
Full-text available
This paper studies the dynamics of national and subnational inequality in Africa. We exploit a novel satellite nighttime light dataset that allows us to measure and compare regional inequality across multiple countries and subnational regions over time. Specifically, we evaluate the spatio-temporal dynamics of a luminosity-based estimate of GDP per...
Presentation
Full-text available
Using a novel district-level dataset of the human development index, this paper studies the evolution of regional disparities in Indonesia over the 2010-2018 period. In particular, the paper evaluates the role of spatial dependence on the speed of regional convergence. The main findings are three-fold. First, regional disparities have been decreasi...
Presentation
Full-text available
This paper aims to re-examine the regional convergence hypothesis on income in Indonesia over the 2000-2017 period. By applying a non-linear dynamic factor model, this paper tests the club convergence hypothesis using a novel dataset of income at the district level. The results show significant five convergence clubs in Indonesian districts' income...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Using a novel municipal-level dataset and spatial clustering methods, this article studies the distribution of human capital constraints across 339 municipalities in Bolivia. In particular , the spatial distribution of five human capital constraints are evaluated: chronic malnutrition in children, non-Spanish speaking population, secondary dropout...
Book
Testing for economic convergence across countries has been a central issue in the literature of economic growth and development. This book introduces a modern framework to study the cross-country convergence dynamics in labor productivity and its proximate sources: capital accumulation and aggregate efficiency. In particular, recent convergence dyn...
Chapter
This chapter studies convergence in aggregate efficiency across developed and developing countries, respectively. Through the lens of a non-linear dynamic factor model, the cross-country dynamics of aggregate efficiency are evaluated over the 1990–2014 period. Results reject the hypothesis that all countries would eventually converge to a common st...
Chapter
This chapter studies convergence in capital accumulation across developed and developing countries, respectively. Through the lens of a non-linear dynamic factor model, the cross-country dynamics of physical and human capital are evaluated over the 1990–2014 period. For developed countries, results reject the hypothesis that all countries would eve...
Chapter
This chapter presents a modern methodological framework to study economic convergence across countries. It starts with a brief overview of the classical convergence framework and its limitations. Next, it presents a modern club convergence framework that encompasses key economic phenomena such as technological heterogeneity and multiple equilibria....
Chapter
This chapter studies convergence in labor productivity across developed and developing countries, respectively. Through the lens of a non-linear dynamic factor model, the cross-country dynamics of potential GDP per worker are evaluated over the 1990–2014 period. Results reject the hypothesis that all countries would eventually converge to a common...
Chapter
This chapter describes a methodological approach to measure labor productivity, capital accumulation, and aggregate efficiency across countries. This approach is based on the well-known production function framework of the economic growth literature. The chapter also describes the construction of the database that is used in the rest of the book. C...
Chapter
This book introduces a modern club convergence framework to study the cross-country dynamics of labor productivity and its proximate sources: capital accumulation and aggregate efficiency. This chapter starts by outlining the contents of the book in terms of research questions that will be answered in subsequent chapters. Next, it provides a first...
Article
This paper studies regional convergence and spatial dependence of homicides and personal injuries in Colombia. In particular, through the lens of both classical and distributional convergence frameworks, two spatial scales are contrasted: municipalities and states. For both homicides and personal injuries, sigma convergence is only found at the sta...
Article
Full-text available
This paper studies the evolution of regional disparities in labor productivity, capital accumulation, and efficiency across Indonesian provinces over the 1990–2010 period. Through the lens of a nonlinear dynamic factor model, we first test the hypothesis that all provinces would eventually converge to a common steady‐state path. We reject this hypo...
Article
Full-text available
Satellite nighttime light data are increasingly used for evaluating the performance of economies in which official statics are non‐existent, limited, or non‐comparable. In this paper, we use a novel luminosity‐based measure of GDP per capita to study regional convergence and spatial dependence across 274 subnational regions of the Association of So...
Preprint
Full-text available
Reducing regional income disparities is a central challenge for promoting sustainable development in Indonesia. In particular, the prospect for these disparities to be reduced in the post-decentralization period has become a major concern for policymakers. Motivated by this background, this paper aims to re-examine the regional convergence hypothes...
Article
Full-text available
Using a novel district-level dataset of the human development index, this paper studies the evolution of regional disparities in Indonesia over the 2010-2018 period. In particular, the paper evaluates the role of spatial dependence on the speed of regional convergence. The main findings are three-fold. First, regional disparities have been decreasi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Reducing regional income disparities is a central challenge for promoting sustainable development in Indonesia. In particular, the prospect for these disparities to be reduced in the post-decentralization period has become a major concern for policymakers in Indonesia. Motivated by this background, this paper reexamines the regional convergence hyp...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using a novel dataset, this article studies the spatial distribution of human capital constraints across 339 municipalities in Bolivia. In particular, five human capital constraints are evaluated: chronic malnutrition in children, non-Spanish speaking population, secondary dropout rate of males, secondary dropout rates of females, and inequality in...
Article
Full-text available
Improving production efficiency at the regional level is often considered a means to reduce regional inequality. This article studies regional efficiency convergence across provinces in Indonesia over the 1990–2010 period. Through the lens of both classical and distributional convergence frameworks, the dispersion dynamics of the following three in...
Article
We study sectoral productivity convergence through the input-output structure of the economy and its network representation. In particular, we study 106 production sectors in Japan over the 2003-2012 period and identify highly interconnected sectors using community detection algorithms. We next characterize the dynamics of these communities by eval...
Presentation
Full-text available
This paper studies regional convergence and spatial dependence of homicides and personal injuries in Colombia. In particular, through the lens of both classical and distributional convergence frameworks, two spatial scales are contrasted: municipalities and states. For both homicides and personal injuries, sigma convergence is only found at the sta...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper studies regional convergence and spatial dependence of homicides and personal injuries in Colombia. In particular, through the lens of both classical and distributional convergence frameworks, two spatial scales are contrasted: municipalities and states. For both homicides and personal injuries, sigma convergence is only found at the sta...
Article
Full-text available
The cross-country convergence hypothesis is one of the central topics of long-run macroeconomics. This paper revisits this hypothesis in a context beyond GDP. It uses a novel welfare index that incorporates measures of consumption, leisure, life expectancy, and inequality. Based on a sample of 128 countries over the 1980–2007 period, the lack of gl...
Article
Full-text available
Since the early 1990s, there have been larger and increasing labor productivity differences across industries in Japan. More specifically, a clear pattern of sigma and beta divergence across industries is observed. To shed light on these stylized facts, we first evaluate the input–output structure of Japan through the lens of a community-detection...
Article
Full-text available
This article compares the distribution dynamics of two commonly used TFP estimation frameworks: the control function approach of Levinsohn and Petrin (2003) (LP for short) and the corrected control function approach of Ackerberg et al. (2015) (ACF for short). Using Brazilian firm-level data for the textile and furniture sectors, we estimate the tra...
Article
Abstract We study industries in Japan using community detection algorithms and evaluate their dynamics through the lenses of two alternative convergence frameworks. The results suggest robust convergence patterns for one of the communities found. We also observe different convergence clubs between and within communities. Overall, strong divergence...
Article
Full-text available
Almost half of the population of Bolivia lives in the metropolitan regions of La Paz, Santa Cruz, and Cochabamba. Motivated by the development potential of these regions, this paper evaluates the process of regional convergence in human development through the lens of three frameworks: beta, sigma, and distributional convergence. The overall result...
Preprint
Full-text available
Large productivity dispersion within narrowly defined sectors is widely documented. However, across studies, several statistics are used to assess dispersion and there is not enough discussion about differences among them. Using firm-level data for the textile and furniture sectors in Brazil over the 2003-2009 period, we estimated different TFP mea...
Preprint
Full-text available
Almost half of the population of Bolivia currently lives in the metropolitan regions of La Paz, Santa Cruz, and Cochabamba. Motivated by the potential for growth and development of these regions, this article documents the evolution of their human development differences over the 1992-2013 period. In particular, using the United Nations' human deve...
Research
Full-text available
This paper studies the cross-section dynamics of the proximate determinants of labor productivity: physical capital, human capital, and aggregate efficiency. Using a panel data set for 74 countries covering the 1950-2010 period, it first documents that labor productivity of the median country has been mostly stagnant, while cross-country difference...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the study of convergence in living standards across countries, per-capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has been usually used as a proxy for the measurement of national well-being. However, other important welfare aspects-beyond GDP-should also be considered. This paper revisits the cross-country convergence hypothesis in a context beyond GDP. It...
Article
Full-text available
Bolivia has experienced high economic growth rates in the last decade and a half. This fast growth, however, varies largely across its administrative regions. Considering this heterogeneous-growth context, this article documents the evolution of income disparities and convergence patterns of the Bolivian regions over the 1988-2014 period. In partic...
Chapter
This article first evaluates the proximate and deeper determinants of the socioeconomic performance of Latin America over the long run. Then, it points to four policy areas where progress is still needed. At a proximate level, a production accounting exercise suggests that it is not the lack of productive factors, but the way they are utilized and...
Book
Why are some countries much more prosperous than others? This book argues that differences in average labor productivity, patterns of structural change, and labor misallocation across sectors explain most of the observed differences in economic prosperity around the world. Using a quantitative (calibration) approach, it first shows that cross-count...

Projects

Projects (9)
Project
1. To explore the dynamics of poverty, income distribution and economic growth across districts in Indonesia, 2010-2018 2. To examine the convergence process in term of regional poverty across districts in Indonesia 3. To examine the determinants of poverty convergence in Indonesia 4. To find out the existance of local convergence clubs among districts and its influencing factors 5. To invetsigate the role of spatial-effects on the convergence and convergence club formation
Project
1. To examine whether human development convergence is taking place on district level in Indonesia 2. To examine the role of spatial dependence and spatial spill-over effects that influence the human capital growth process of Indonesia districts 3. To examine the major key determinants that boost convergence rate among districts in Indonesia