Carlos Jardon

Carlos Jardon
University of Vigo | UVIGO · Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences

PhD

About

177
Publications
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Introduction
Additional affiliations
September 1996 - September 2015
University of Vigo
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (177)
Article
Small businesses are vital in developing countries. Usually, the marketplaces in the most impoverished areas are subsistence marketplaces, and small businesses are frequently created as the only form of subsistence for the entrepreneur and their family. These businesses working in subsistence marketplaces have distinct marketing needs. These busine...
Article
The COVID-19 crisis experienced since early 2020 has been the first time in decades that all the boundaries between European Union member-states have been systematically re-set. This paper examines the economic impact derived from re-establishing the boundary on a particular cross-border region located between Galicia (Spain) and Portugal. The pape...
Article
In the literature on the firm-industry debate to explain organizational performance the firm effect has been more supported than the industry effect by empirical studies, mainly focused on manufacturing firms and long time periods. Unfortunately, little attention has been paid to the service sector. In this paper we study separately manufacturing a...
Article
Purpose The paper aims to reveal the attitude of the Russian competition authorities towards cross-border mergers involving foreign buyers. The study addresses the following question: Is the probability of Russian competition authorities' intervention significantly different when a foreign buyer takes part in the merger? This is the key test to rev...
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Los conocimientos locales ayudan a generar innovaciones sociales. Las universidades, que forman parte del sistema de innovación territorial, son importantes en la creación de innovaciones, pero su papel en la difusión de las innovaciones sociales es menos conocido. Las políticas sociales establecidas en Ecuador han dado pie a diferentes innovacione...
Article
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Local knowledge helps generate social innovations. Universities, which are part of the territorial innovation system, are important in creating innovations, but their role in diffusing social innovations is less well known. The social policies established in Ecuador have given rise to different social innovations. In particular, the metropolitan di...
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[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0249989.].
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Subsistence markets are characterized by being composed of economic agents with low levels of education, marketing and management skills, and income. There are common in developing countries. Promote entrepreneurship in these markets is a strategy to reduce poverty, contributing to sustainable development goals. Small‐scale timber businesses (SSTB)...
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Structural capital is one of the elements of intellectual capital, and measuring it in local public administration contributes to assessing value for society. This article analyzes the effects of structural intellectual capital on the innovation capacity of public administration in a Latin American city. The research was carried out with civil serv...
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El sector público debe responder con velocidad e innovaciones a las demandas de los ciudadanos. Esta capacidad puede evitar muchas muertes, como es en el caso de la pandemia de Covid-19. El presente estudio tiene como objetivo general identificar la influencia del capital intelectual humano en la capacidad de innovación del sector público. Para ell...
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The public sector must respond to the citizens’ demands with speed and innovation. This ability can prevent many deaths, as in the case with the Covid-19 pandemic. The present study has the general objective of identifying the influence of human intellectual capital on the public sector capacity to innovate. To this end, 158 public servants, who oc...
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El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar el impacto del capital intelectual sobre los resultados empresariales, desarrollando un modelo que es posible aplicar a organizaciones ubicadas en zonas de países en vías de desarrollo. Para el estudio se llevó a cabo un proceso de encuestación a las empresas del primer y segundo eslabón de la cadena de la ma...
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Resumen / Planteamiento general ¿Existen acciones y políticas urbanas a nivel latinoamericano que permitan afirmar que se está presentando una transformación innovadora en la com-prensión y aprehensión del espacio público hacia un instrumento de política urbana y social? Esta pregunta se intenta resolver en este ensayo a través de cuatro ejemplos e...
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Introducir la interrelacion entre innovacion social - gobierno local - ciencia aplicada y zonas metropolitanas
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Resumen El artículo analiza el concepto del espacio público implementado por la ad-ministración Municipio Distrito Metropolitano Quito (MDMQ) 2009-2014 como fuente de capital social y de cohesión territorial, comprobándose que dicho concepto se entiende de un modo más amplio del que era entendido en la tradición urbanista. Dicho concepto incluye un...
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This publication presents different expressions of social innovation grouped into diverse thematic sections and approaches which were applied in several cities and places in Latin America. - Local knowledge. Within this topic the main actors in the field of local governments, civil society, and universities as well as the identification of strengt...
Chapter
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Local knowledge helps generate social innovations. Universities, which are part of the territorial innovation system, are important in creating innovations, but their role in diffusing social innovations is less well known. The social policies established in Ecuador have given rise to different social innovations. In particular, the metropolitan di...
Book
Full-text available
This publication presents different expressions of social innovation grouped into diverse thematic sections and approaches which were applied in several cities and places in Latin America. 1) local knowledge. Within this topic the main actors in the field of local governments, civil society, and universities as well as the identification of streng...
Article
Full-text available
Intellectual capital is defined as the set of intangible assets that generate value for the company. Normally, the models that measure the intellectual capital make use of investments in intangible assets, as indicators of the generation of value by the company; or are based on a holistic measure, using another focus to validate. This research prop...
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Los negocios de subsistencia son muy importantes en los países en vías de desarrollo y, en particular, en Ecuador. Estas empresas se desarrollan normalmente en mercados situados en el fondo de la pirámide. Su competitividad se basa en el capital relacional, esencialmente. El tipo de mercados, las características de estos negocios y la cultura local...
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The paper analyzes the connection between technological knowledge and organizational culture in small subsistence businesses (SSBs). It uses data from a proportional representative sample of 980 surveys in the canton of La Maná (Cotopaxí, Ecuador) to test if culture conditions the different components of technological knowledge in SSBs. This work v...
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Purpose – Structural capital is a component of intellectual capital. Its measurement is essential to obtain the real value of intellectual capital and its influence on profitability. This article aims at understanding the impact of structural capital on timber and related industries value chain of Galicia (Spain).Design/methodology/approach – The w...
Article
This study analyses the mechanism through which dynamic capabilities affect performance in a group of Russian companies. It suggests a new method to measure indicators of dynamic capabilities with economic and financial data, using activity cost elasticity with respect to total cost in order to analyse the increase in investment in this activity ve...
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RESUMEN Los negocios de subsistencia son muy importantes en los países en vías de desarrollo y, en particular, en Ecuador. Estas empresas se desarrollan normalmente en mercados situados en el fondo de la pirámide. Su competitividad se basa en el capital relacional, esencialmente. El tipo de mercados, las características de estos negocios y la cultu...
Article
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In developing countries, the business environment is more uncertain, so normally, companies must continually seek new ways to compete, based on their innovation capability. This is especially necessary in small businesses that are created as a way of subsistence of the entrepreneur and their family (subsistence small businesses). The innovation of...
Article
Purpose Small-scale forestry-based enterprising communities are particularly associated with their territory and, therefore, are very conditioned by the local culture. This paper aims to explore the relationship between culture and competitiveness in small-scale Latin-American forestry-based enterprising communities. Design/methodology/approach Th...
Article
This research was aimed at analyzing the moderating role of region on the impact of internal and external sources of knowledge on product innovation from a multilevel perspective. This study has made a contribution to the knowledge and innovation management field for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), by analyzing the utilization of interna...
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The octopus fishery on the Campeche Bank (Yucatán, Mexico) is considered the third largest in the world. In Yucatán, two fleets target this resource: an artisanal fleet and a semi-industrial fleet. The artisanal fleet only catches Octopus maya, while the semi-industrial fleet catches two species, O. Maya and O. “vulgaris” Type II, because it operat...
Book
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Applied Geography can be used in all sub-areas of geography, but it appears as a particularly effective approach in studying planning strategies. It aims to apply existing methodological knowledge to new objects. This procedure requires constant reflection on: existing theoretical concepts - practical challenges. Establishing a dialogue between uni...
Article
The present study aims to analyse the relationship between the strategic management of sustainable innovation, business models, and business performance of manufacturing companies. The study is characterised as quantitative and consisted of a survey with 51 Brazilian industrial companies. Results showed that strategic management for sustainable inn...
Article
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Resumen: El concepto de desarrollo sustentable aúna un triple objetivo de mejora social, económica y medioambiental, objetivos buscados por las innovaciones sociales. La evolución del Distrito Metropolitano de Quito (DMQ) en los últimos años ha señalado una transformación, considerada como modelo de desarrollo sustentable. Este trabajo analiza los...
Article
While different approaches have been used to measure the human capital effect on company performance, it is less common testing the effects of the human capital as a source of value in a mostly unorganized sector like the wood and related industries in the Galicia (Spain) / Portugal region. The paper aims at measuring the effect of a single dimensi...
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REDES MUNICIPALES COMO INSTRUMENTO PARA… ∎ 1 REDES MUNICIPALES COMO INSTRUMENTO PARA DIFUNDIR INNOVACIONES SOCIALES: EL DISTRITO METROPOLITANO DE QUITO COMO TERRITORIO CREATIVO MUNICIPAL NETWORKS AS AN INSTRUMENT TO SPREAD SOCIAL INNOVATIONS: THE QUITO METROPOLITAN DISTRICT CASE KLAUS GIERHAKE  CARLOS MARIA FERNANDEZ-JARDON }  RESUMEN: Las innov...
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The concept of leadership is complex and has been studied from multiple approaches, especially from the psychological field and from the field of management. Small businesses created as way of subsistence for the entrepreneur and their family present a limited leadership. The cultural traditions of the forestry industry are based on the culture and...
Article
The regulatory framework of the red octopus (Octopus maya) fishery includes total allowable catches (TAC), which are based on studies conducted on the population that occurs in shallow waters. In fact, most of the biological studies of this species refer to the fraction of the population that occupies waters less than 30 m deep; however, O. maya ca...
Article
El comercio justo es un instrumento para paliar en parte las situaciones de pobreza de países en vías de desarrollo. Existen múltiples motivaciones que hacen que los consumidores opten por productos de comercio justo, normalmente asociadas a las actitudes, a la percepción del control del comportamiento y a las normas subjetivas. Este trabajo estudi...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to present a comparative analysis of the contribution made by intellectual capital (IC) to company performance at company and industry levels in the Russian context. It examines the performance effect of IC using a multilevel approach. Design/methodology/approach The study combines the resource- and industry-ba...
Article
Companies are realizing the importance of adopting strategic management of sustainable innovation in order to meet the constraints of the globalized world and achieve superior business performance. Thus, this study aimed to analyze the adoption of a strategic management of sustainable innovation in industrial companies from Galícia. The study was c...
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Resumen Esta investigación analiza, mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas, el concepto de "conocimiento local" a nivel de una institución municipal en países en vías de desarrollo, y especialmente su dinámica a través de las interacciones entre sus diferentes componentes. El conocimiento local aúna elementos de generación de valor, de capital soci...
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Los resultados de este trabajo muestran que existe una alta interdependencia de características de redes metropolitanas y procesos territoriales de innovación social, en particular, el concepto de geografía de redes metropolitanas produce información fundamental sobre los actores en el proceso de difusión de una innovación social. Con relación a la...
Conference Paper
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Molecular studies have shown that several morphotypes of octopus have been under the name of Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797, considered as cosmopolitan specie. Due to the significant oceanographical barriers that exist between the geographical distributions of these forms and the absence of any plausible gene flow mechanisms, this species group at p...
Conference Paper
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Octopus resource in Mexican Atlantic waters comprises two species Octopus vulgaris and O. maya. This resource has been exploited since 1949 in Campeche and since 1970 in Yucatan and Quintana Roo. The O. vulgaris exploitation is carried out without an adequate knowledge of many aspects of its biology and ecology in these areas. This scenario can hav...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The red octopus (Octopus maya) is an endemic species of the Campeche Bank. Its habitat depths range from 0 to 60 m. Nevertheless, the knowledge about many aspects of population dynamics of the species at depths greater than 20 m is scarce. This study aims to identify spatio-temporal variations and population structure of the red octopus between 30...
Article
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RESUMEN El trabajo analiza un enfoque europeo sobre las características para ciudades creativas, generalizándolo a territorios creativos, aportando tres novedades: por una parte, se lleva esta idea a América Latina; además, se discute en un área metropolitana (ciudad región) y finalmente, se analiza en el contexto de políticas comunales de desarrol...
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This paper examines whether or not the relative importance of the firm and industry effects in explaining performance variations is the same regardless of the firm size. In relation to size, we think that there has been particular neglect of studying medium-sized firms separately from SMEs in general. That is why we study separately large, medium-s...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore strategy-specific competencies with regard to intangibles and provides empirical evidence of intangible-based strategy groups for Russian companies. Additionally, the study examines the link between intangible-based strategy and company performance. Design/methodology/approach – The paper uses strat...
Article
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El presente artículo tiene como objetivo analizar las conductas y acciones de los agentes, relacionadas con los cambios producidos por la aparición del conocimiento tecnológico y la comunicación interempresarial y su efecto en el cambio organizativo de las Pymes del sector de la Foresto-industria y actividades relacionadas, a fin de facilitar la ge...
Article
Las actitudes y características personales de los emprendedores condicionan el tipo de emprendimiento que, a su vez, puede condicionar el éxito futuro de la empresa creada. Sobre esas actitudes y características se puede influir con diversas actuaciones que potencien el emprendimiento, siempre y cuando se ajusten previamente al perfil del sujeto so...
Article
Purpose This paper analyses the location as root of the specificity of the sources of competitiveness in subsistence small businesses (SSBs) of wood industry in order to improve the situation of poverty and the different behavior of subsistence entrepreneurs. Design/methodology/approach The research uses an exploratory analysis based on principa...
Article
Purpose Subsistence small businesses (SSBs) do not seek the maximum benefit; they only seek a benefit that enough satisfies their basic needs. In consequence, a dual behaviour of companies is expected and possibly the competitiveness of these companies is different. The purpose of this paper is to study the dual behaviour of SSBs and the differenc...
Article
Small businesses created as a way of subsisting are very important in Latin America in alleviating extreme poverty. These businesses possibly need to innovate to compete. Innovativeness is strongly linked with intellectual capital, but the limitations of subsistence small businesses weaken this link. In particular, human capital possibly affects in...
Article
Purpose This paper studies the competitiveness of subsistence small businesses (SSBs) and the use of the place in order to get competitive advantages. In addition analyses the intellectual capital as possible mediator for the competitiveness of SSBs. Design/methodology/approach Data was obtained by conducting surveys with owners and managers of...
Article
This study uses a combination of multinational enterprises and dynamic capabilities perspectives to illustrate how the involvement of foreign investors is able to contribute to a company’s corporate performance. Using Russian companies as an empirical sample and applying PLS-SEM, we test hypotheses regarding the impact of dynamic capabilities in te...
Article
Purpose-The purpose of this paper is to analyse the demand for tickets in the Brazilian State Championships focussing in the impact generated by the brand teams as well as the play-off matches in the demand for tickets and, consequently, in the match day revenues. Design/methodology/approach-An equations system by three-stage least square estimat...
Article
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Resumen: La innovación social es clave para la mejora de los territorios, espe-cialmente en los países en vías de desarrollo. Este trabajo analiza los elementos de conocimiento local que facilitan la generación de innovaciones sociales en el caso del Distrito Municipal de Quito (DMQ). El conocimiento local se analiza en sus tres dimensiones: humano...
Book
Full-text available
The discussion on creative cities is gaining importance resulting in an increasing number of relevant publications. As a rule these studies have been dealing with economically oriented innovations usually treating the innovation processes in a kind of retrospective. The present study of the Metropolitan Distrikt Quito focusses on the aspect of soci...
Article
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Social innovation is key to improving the territories, especially in developing countries. This paper analyzes the elements of local knowledge that facilitate the generation of social innovations in the case of the Municipal District of Quito (DMQ). Local knowledge is analyzed in three dimensions: human, structural and relational. It is shown that...
Article
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There is limited knowledge about the configuration of the agents of a Regional Innovation System (RIS) and the technological functions necessary to successfully realize technological innovation, specifically those functions that are the product of interaction and cooperation between agents, as well as the role of intermediaries within the system. T...
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The work analyzes a European approach on the characteristics of creative cities, generalizing it to creative territories, contributing three novelties: on the one hand, this idea is brought to Latin America; In addition, it is discussed in a metropolitan area (city region) and finally analyzed in the context of communal development policies. In oth...
Article
This study explores the recovery in the Market Value Added (MVA) of European companies after the recent global economic crisis in 2008-2009. It introduces empirical evidence that intangible-intensive strategy in human and relational capital reinforces speed of the after-crisis correction for companies. Based on a panel dataset of more than 1600 lis...
Article
Using a unique panel database of more than 1,000 Russian public companies covering the period from 2004 to 2014, this study uses quantile regression techniques to investigate the moderating effects of foreign partners on company performance during the economic recession. The empirical findings are robust and confirm the positive impact of foreign o...
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The paper analyses the European concept of creative cities, generalizing the concept of creative territories, in a new context under three aspects: it deals with creative territories in Latin America, discusses creativity in the context of a metropolitan region and its surrounding areas (ciudad region) and examines creativity in the context of loca...
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Spatial innovation as an effective instrument of intervention in public spaces of South American Cities: Examples from Bogota, Mexico City, Montevideo and Quito This article aims to analyse in some depth the different problems concerning public space in four Latin American metropolitan zones, from a perspective of spatial innovation as an instrumen...
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Resumen: El paradigma de los entornos creativos está adquiriendo cada vez más importancia a nivel político, por lo que están proliferando los estudios que lo analizan. Sin embargo, el enfoque basado en el conocimiento, común en el ámbito empresarial, es aún muy incipiente en el mundo de la geografía. Este trabajo analiza los elementos de conocimien...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to theoretically justify the link between the endowment of intellectual capital (IC) and product novelty, and to find empirical evidence for such a link for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the Russian business environment. Design/methodology/approach The study implements an intellectual capital-b...
Article
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Existe un conocimiento limitado sobre la configuración de los agentes de un Sistema Regional de Innovación (SRI) y de las funciones tecnológicas necesarias para concretar exitosamente la innovación tecnológica, específicamente de aquellas funciones que son producto de la interacción y cooperación entre agentes, así como del papel de los intermediar...