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Carlos Hernandez

Carlos Hernandez

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39
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Publications

Publications (39)
Article
The synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs731236, located in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene (Taq I) has been associated with both decreased levels of the protein in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and a fibrosis-related complication in Crohn´s disease (CD). Interactions between VDR and a protein-disulfide isomerase-associated 3 (P...
Article
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Vitamin D (VD) deficiency has been associated to Crohn’s disease (CD) pathogenesis, and the exogenous administration of VD improves the course of the disease, but the mechanistic basis of these observations remains unknown. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) mediates most of the biological functions of this hormone, and we aim to analyze here the expression...
Article
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NSAIDs inhibit tumorigenesis in gastrointestinal tissues and have been proposed as coadjuvant agents to chemotherapy. The ability of cancer epithelial cells to adapt to the tumour environment and to resist cytotoxic agents seems to depend on rescue mechanisms such as autophagy. In the present study we aimed to determine whether an NSAID with sensit...
Article
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Succinate, an intermediate of the tricarboxylic acid cycle, is accumulated in inflamed areas and its signaling through succinate receptor (SUCNR1) regulates immune function. We analyze SUCNR1 expression in the intestine of Crohn's disease patients and its role in murine intestinal inflammation and fibrosis. We show that both serum and intestinal su...
Article
Full-text available
Background Vitamin D signaling modulates inflammation through the vitamin D receptor (VDR). The synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs731236, located in the VDR gene, has been associated with a higher risk of Crohn’s disease (CD). We analyzed differences in VDR expression levels among CD patients who were homozygous for allelic variants...
Article
Full-text available
Background Vitamin D signals through the vitamin D receptor (VDR) which is a member of the nuclear receptor family of transcription factors that play an immunoregulatory role in the gut. Defective signalling due to vitamin D deficiency or decreased mucosal VDR levels has been related to Crohn’s disease (CD). We aim to analyse the acute effects of V...
Article
Full-text available
Background and pourpose: A defective autophagy is involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory disorders such as IBD. Cross talk interactions between autophagy and inflammation have been reported and we analyse the effects of autophagy stimulators on murine colitis. Experimental approach: Mice were treated with intrarectal administration of TNBS...
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Background: A defective autophagy is involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory disorders such as IBD. Cross talk interactions between autophagy and inflammation have been reported and we analyse the effects of autophagy stimulators on murine colitis. Methods: Mice were treated with intrarectal administration of TNBS (3.5 mg/20 mg mice) and body...
Article
Full-text available
Background Vitamin D signaling modulates inflammation through the vitamin D receptor (VDR) which is a member of the nuclear receptor family of transcription factors. The presence of C instead of T in the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs731236 in the VDR gene has been associated with a higher risk for Crohn's disease (CD). We analysed the rel...
Article
Full-text available
Background: STAT6 plays a crucial role in M2a macrophage polarization in vitro and these cells mediate mucosal healing in an acute model of TNBS-colitis through the expression of Wnt ligands [1]. We have recently reported that STAT6 deficiency favours fibrosis in a murine model of TNBS colitis [2] and we aim to characterize here the functional rele...
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Background: Intestinal fibrosis is a common complication of IBD. We have recently reported in STAT6 knockout mice treated with TNBS that intestinal fibrosis is associated with up-regulation of M2c macrophages which express high levels of Wnt10b. The aim of the present study is to analyze the direct effects of Wnt10b in fibrosis development in a mur...
Poster
Background:IntestinalfibrosisisacommoncomplicationofIBD.Fibrosisisaconsequenceoflocalchronicinflammationandischaracterizedbyanexcessiveextracellularmatrixdepositionandlossofnormalfunction.Residentmacrophagesplayakeyroleinmaintainingintestinalhomeostasisaswellasininjuryrepair,andtheirphenotypeevolvesduringthephasesofinflammation,remissionandwoundhea...
Article
Objective: The association of Abacavir (ABC), a guanosine analogue, with cardiovascular toxicity is a long-lasting matter of controversy engendered by the lack of a mechanism of action. Clinical data point to an acute mechanism of vascular inflammation. Previous studies have shown that ABC induces leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions, an indica...
Poster
Intestinal fibrosis, which is caused by excessive extracellular matrix deposition, is a common complication of inflammatory bowel disease. Macrophages assume a wide spectrum of different functional phenotypes (M1, M2a, M2b, and M2c) that differ in the expression of surface proteins, transcription factors, and cytokine production. It is believed tha...
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Background & aims: IBD is a chronic disorder of the gastrointestinal tract characterized by mucosal inflammation and epithelial damage. Biologic therapy has significantly improved the course of the disease but there are still a high percentage of patients that do not respond to current therapies. We aim to determine the effects of the flesh ethano...
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Background: The Notch signaling pathway plays an essential role in mucosal regeneration, which constitutes a key goal of Crohn's disease treatment. Macrophages coordinate tissue repair and several phenotypes have been reported which differ in the expression of surface proteins, cytokines and HIF. We aim to analyze the role of HIF in the expression...
Article
The complete repair of the mucosa constitutes a key goal in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) treatment. The Wnt signaling pathway mediates mucosal repair and M2 macrophages that coordinate efficient healing have been related to Wnt ligand expression. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) mediates M2 polarization in vitro and we...
Article
Background: Aspirin (ASA) causes gastrotoxicity by hampering the epithelial defense against luminal contents through cyclooxygenase inhibition. Since cell survival in tough conditions may depend on rescue mechanisms like autophagy, we analyzed whether epithelial cells rely on this process to defend themselves from aspirin's damaging action. Metho...
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Coleopterans are the most diverse insect order described to date. These organisms have acquired an array of survival mechanisms through their evolution, including highly efficient digestive systems. Therefore, the coleopteran intestinal microbiota constitutes an important source of novel plant cell wall-degrading enzymes with potential biotechnolog...
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Macrophage infiltration is a negative prognostic factor for most cancers but gastrointestinal tumors seem to be an exception. The effect of macrophages on cancer progression depends on their phenotype, which may vary between M1 (pro-inflammatory, defensive) to M2 (tolerogenic, pro-tumoral). Gastrointestinal cancers often become an ectopic source of...
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A defective induction of epithelial autophagy may have a role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases. This process is regulated mainly by extracellular factors such as nutrients and growth factors and is highly induced by diverse situations of stress. We hypothesized that epithelial autophagy is regulated by the immune response that in...
Article
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Macrophages, which exhibit great plasticity, are important components of the inflamed tissue and constitute an essential element of regenerative responses. Epithelial Wnt signalling is involved in mechanisms of proliferation and differentiation and expression of Wnt ligands by macrophages has been reported. We aim to determine whether the macrophag...
Article
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Inflammation is part of a complex biological response of vascular tissue to pathogens or damaged cells. First inflammatory cells attempt to remove the injurious stimuli and this is followed by a healing process mediated principally by phagocytosis of senescent cells. Hypoxia and p38-MAPK are associated with inflammation, and hypoxia inducible facto...
Data
Hypoxia increases CD36 expression in PBMC and U937-derived macrophages. Graphs show the effect of hypoxia on the expression of CD36 in PBMC and U937-derived macrophages. Results are expressed as intensity of fluorescence in arbitrary units. Bars in the graphs represent mean± SEM (n = 3). Groups were compared using t-test analysis. Significant diffe...
Article
Nitric oxide (NO) modulates expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), a transcription factor regulating function of myeloid cells. Here, we have assessed the role played by NO, formed by inducible NOS (iNOS), in the inflammation induced by aspirin in the gut, by modulating HIF-1 activity. The role of iNOS-derived NO on leucocyte-endothelial...
Article
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Trefoil (TFF) peptides are involved in gastrointestinal mucosal restitution. An hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF-1)-dependent induction of TFF genes has been reported in gastric epithelial cells. Nitric oxide (NO) is associated with mucosal damage and modulates HIF-1 activity. The aim of the present study was to analyze the role of iNOS-derived NO i...
Article
Mucosal microcirculation is compromised during gastric damage induced by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin. Consequently, oxygen supply to epithelial cells is decreased. The trefoil factor (TFF) peptides are involved in mechanisms of defence and repair in the gastrointestinal tract but their regulation at sites of gastric injur...
Article
Full-text available
Gastric mucosal inflammation causes hypergastrinemia, and gastrin receptors have been detected in several leukocyte types. We have analyzed whether gastrin affects the leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions in vivo by monitoring leukocyte rolling, adhesion, and emigration in rat mesenteric venules using intravital microscopy. Mesenteric superfusio...
Article
The present study analyses the expression and distribution of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) in the brainstem of animals pre-treated with Escherichia coli or Helicobacter pylori LPS, at doses that modulate gastric motor function. Systemic administration of H. pylori LPS prevented in a dose-dependent manner (5, 40 and 100 microg kg(-1), i.v.)...
Article
Full-text available
We have investigated the mechanisms underlying acute changes in gastric motor function triggered by endotoxemia. In fundal strips from rats pre-treated with endotoxin (40 microg/kg, i.p. 30 min), mechanical activity was analyzed and the source of nitric oxide (NO) was visualized by confocal microscopy of tissue loaded with the fluorescent dye DAF-F...
Article
1 The role of nitric oxide (NO) in the effects of low endotoxemia on gastric damage and blood flow has been evaluated in indomethacin-treated rats. 2 Pretreatment (-1 h) with endotoxin (40 micro g kg(-1)) reduced gastric damage induced by indomethacin (20 mg kg(-1)) in conscious rats. 3 Endotoxin prevented the reduction in gastric blood flow (laser...
Article
This study examines the role of a central pathway involving glutamate receptors, nitric oxide (NO) and cGMP in the acute inhibitory effects of central interleukin 1β on pentagastrin-stimulated acid production. The acid-inhibitory effect of central interleukin 1β was prevented by intracisternal (i.c.) microinjections of interleukin 1β together with...
Article
A single intraperitoneal injection of endotoxin (40 microg/kg) significantly delayed gastric emptying of a solid nutrient meal. Blockade of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) with 30 mg/kg ip N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester or 20 mg/kg ip 7-nitroindazole [neuronal NOS (nNOS) inhibitor] significantly delayed gastric emptying in control animals but faile...
Article
The gastric mucosa of portal hypertensive rats exhibits important microvascular changes and a nitric oxide (NO)-dependent hyperemia. This study analyses whether portal hypertensive mucosa exhibits changes in its ability to withstand aggression. Portal hypertension was induced by partial portal vein ligation (PPVL) or common bile duct ligation (CBDL...

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