Carlos Golijow

Carlos Golijow
Laboratorio de Diagnóstico Molecular

PhD

About

58
Publications
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Publications

Publications (58)
Article
El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar la performance de 3 kits comerciales de real time RT-PCR para la detección de SARS-CoV-2 en muestras de hisopados nasofaríngeos, mediante el criterio de mayoría. Se seleccionaron 100 muestras de ARN informadas en el SISA como detectables (n=50) o no detectables (n=50) con el GeneFinder-COVID-19 Plus RealAmp,...
Article
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La pandemia de la COVID-19 planteó el rápido diseño y aprobación excepcional de diversos métodos de diagnóstico. En la unidad de diagnóstico COVID- 19 de la FCV-UNLP, se realizó el diagnóstico molecular de la presencia de SARS-CoV-2 en 1114 hisopados de pacientes derivados por el Ministerio de Salud de la Provincia de Buenos Aires. Las muestras de...
Article
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Sexually transmitted infections (STI) are a group of bacterial, viral, parasite and fungal diseases of high public health concern worldwide, affecting both men and women. The aim of the present study was to establish the prevalence of a set of STI causative microorganisms in urine samples from a sexually active population presenting urological symp...
Article
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In Argentina, conventional culture methods for the isolation of diarrheal bacteria continue to be the most widely used form of diagnosis in many clinical laboratories. In this work we validated 11 in-house real-time polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) assays for the specific and rapid detection of Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., enteroinvasive E. col...
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p>Background. Multiplex real time PCR is increasingly used to diagnose respiratory viruses and has shown to be superior to traditional methods, such as culture and antigen detection. Objective. Standardization and validation of a multiplex real-time PCR assay for the detection of 13 respiratory viruses. Methods. The assay was validated using RNA co...
Article
In human tumor cells, experimental and clinical evidence indicates that some factors involved in signal transduction and cell growth can also modulate the response to chemotherapeutic treatment. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of folic acid (FA) as a modulator of carboplatin (CBDCA) activity. Genotoxicity and cytotoxicity i...
Article
Objectives: To estimate the frequency of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and the genotype distribution of HPV among women with a Pap smear showing atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US) attending the Program for the Detection and Control of Cervical Cancer in Bogotá, Colombia. Study design: Cervical samples from 200 w...
Article
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Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most important sexually transmitted infections (STIs) worldwide. However, little information is currently available about the patterns of infection among sexual partners. Therefore, the objective of this study was to characterize type-specific HPV genital infection positivity and concordance in a group of 25...
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HPV infection is currently associated with the risk of lesions in the oral cavity and the oropharynx and has been recognized as a possible etiologic agent of a set of head and neck cancers. However, the detection of HPV in healthy individuals is rare, and little is known about the HPV types present in the oral cavity. A variety of sampling methods...
Poster
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En el marco del proyecto ‘‘Dinámicas territoriales y formulación de lineamientos estratégicos para la inversión en Infraestructura: Zonificación y Promoción del sector Apícola en la Provincia de Buenos Aires’’ (Consejo Federal de Inversiones y Ministerio de Asuntos Agrarios Bs As, 2013- 2014) se propuso llevar a cabo el estudio a nivel genético de...
Article
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Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause of cervical cancer and its precursor lesions. Transformation may be induced by several mechanisms, including oncogene activation and genome instability. Individual differences in DNA damage recognition and repair have been hypothesized to influence cervical cancer risk. The aim of this study was to evalu...
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Although the implication of genetic factors in cervical cancer development remains to be elucidated, accumulative epidemiological evidence suggests that polymorphisms of cytokine genes may be involved in the etiology of cervical carcinoma. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) are two multifunctional cytokines implicated in...
Article
Epidemiological evidence suggests that genetic factors, such as variants in cancer suppressor genes, may play an important role in the etiology of cervical carcinoma. TP53 is an outstanding cell cycle regulator, mutated in most human cancers, and RNASEL is thought to be involved in antiviral and apoptotic responses. To determine whether TP53 Arg72P...
Article
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Apoptosis is the major component of programmed cell death, an essential process in embryogenesis, tissue turnover and proper function of the immune system. Lack of appropriate control is thought to play an important role in several pathologies, such as autoimmune diseases, AIDS and cancer. In malignant tumors, cells gradually acquire resistance to...
Article
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XRCC1 (X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1) plays a central role in the DNA base excision repair mechanism. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the XRCC1 gene are thought to modulate DNA repair capacity and have been linked to cancer risk in several studies. We conducted a case-control study comprising 217 cervical samples, including 103...
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The aim of the present study is to determine the presence and molecular integrity of high-risk HPV types in colorectal adenocarcinomas and to assess whether viral DNA is related to common proto-oncogene alterations, such as k-ras mutations and c-myc gene amplification, in colorectal cancer. Seventy-five colorectal adenocarcinomas were screened for...
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Demodectic mange is a well-known parasitic skin disease characterized by the presence of a larger than normal number of Demodex mites (Demodex canis) in the skin of dogs. Recent research has suggested that major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II expression is higher in the skin of dogs suffering from demodicosis than in normal ones. We have...
Chapter
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Over the past years, the knowledge on natural history and epidemiology of the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection has advanced tremendously. Besides numerous ongoing efforts to understand the biological basis of complex traits as cervical cancer, many questions concerning the interaction of the virus with its host remain unanswered. Worldwide, HPV...
Article
Based on in vitro studies, several modes of action for arsenic have been suggested, although the mechanisms responsible for arsenic carcinogenesis have not been well established. In our previous study a dose-dependent increment in DNA migration was detected at low doses of sodium arsenite, but at higher dose levels a reduction in the migration was...
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To evaluate the potential association between p53 codon 72 polymorphism and sporadic colorectal adenocarcinoma development,and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. One-hundred and nine controls and 53 patients with colon cancer from the city of La Plata, Argentina were analyzed. p53 codon 72 genotypes and HPV infection were identified using allele...
Article
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Several studies have shown that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) produce genotoxic effects in assays performed in vivo and in vitro. This study was undertaken to investigate the ability of benzo[a]pyrene (BP) and dibenzo[a,l]pyrene (DBP) to induce DNA damage in a human lung fibroblast cell line (MRC-5), using sister-chromatid exchanges test...
Article
The aim of the present study was to determine that prevalence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 1 and 2 in cervical samples from Argentine women and to assess the role of HSV-2 in cervical cancer. A sample of 79 normal and 200 neoplastic cervical tissues (35 invasive cervical carcinomas, 75 high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, 79 low-grade...
Article
The aim of the present work was to evaluate the presence of human papillomavirus genotypes in malignant and normal mucosa of the colon and rectum in order to determine if a relationship exists between HPV infection and colon neoplasms. Thirty normal colon tissues and 54 sporadic adenocarcinomas were screened for HPV positivity using nested-PCR. Det...
Article
Biotransformation of inorganic arsenic to form both methylarsinic acid (MA) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) has traditionally been considered as a mechanism to facilitate the detoxification and excretion of arsenic. However, the methylation of inorganic arsenic as a detoxification mechanism has been questioned due to recent studies revealing an impo...
Article
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the first void urine (FVU) as a non-invasive sampling method for HPV detection and genotyping in a high-risk population. Men presenting with HPV associated penile lesions or HPV positive partners attending a urological department in La Plata, Argentina were enrolled for HPV detection and genotyping. DNA...
Article
To examine the prevalence of Human papillomavirus and Chlamydia trachomatis DNA in cervical samples among women with normal and abnormal cervical cytology from La Plata, Argentina. Two hundred and seventy-nine women (200 with cervical neoplasia or ICC and 79 women with normal cytology) provided cervical samples for the detection of HPV and C. trach...
Article
Cadmium (Cd) is a toxic heavy metal of continuing occupational and environmental concern with a wide variety of adverse effects. Several studies have shown that cadmium produces DNA strand breaks, DNA-protein cross-links, oxidative DNA damage, chromosomal aberrations, dysregulation of gene expression resulting in enhanced proliferation, depressed a...
Article
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based methods for herpes simplex virus (HSV) types I/II genotyping are described. These methods are based on the single-stranded conformation properties of DNA molecules obtained by PCR (PCR-SSCP) and restriction fragment analysis of PCR products (PCR-RFLP). With the aim to analyse these two genotyping techniques, ge...
Article
Despite the prominent role for Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection in the development of genital cancer, other genetic or environmental co-factors have also been involved. Studies of c-myc activation in cervical carcinomas have reported that gene over-expression (mainly gene amplification) are common in cervical squamous cell carcinomas and may co...
Article
[corrected] An experimental study has indicated that individuals homozygous for the Arg-encoding allele of p53 gene may have an increased susceptibility to HPV-related cervical cancer but many epidemiological studies have failed to repeat this result. Many epidemiological studies have failed in the attempt to repeat this results. The aim of the pre...
Article
Full-text available
Genital infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted viral diseases. High risk HPV are now considered the main etiologic agent of cancer of the uterine cervix and their high-grade precursor lesions. The aim of the present study was to investigate the endemic HPV-genotype spectrum in a population of women...
Article
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between viral type and copy number of human papillomavirus (HPV) with respect to the grade of cervical disease, and also to identify the existence of an HPV type-dependent viral load effect. DNA from 275 exocervical specimens, previously evaluated for histologic diagnosis, were evaluated...
Article
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between viral type and copy number of human papillomavirus (HPV) with respect to the grade of cervical disease, and also to identify the existence of an HPV type-dependent viral load effect. DNA from 275 exocervical specimens, previously evaluated for histologic diagnosis, were evaluated...
Article
Full-text available
Helicobacter pylori infection is presumed to be the major causal agent of chronic active gastritis in humans. The persistent infection with this pathogen would be an important factor in the pathogenesis of peptic ulcer and also gastric cancer. We investigated relationship between H. pylori characteristics in 42 patients with normal mucosa or gastri...
Article
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Human exposure to metals is frequent due to their ubiquity, wide use in industry, and environmental persistence. Direct and indirect genotoxic effects of cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As) were reported. However, the mechanisms of induction of genetic damage are not well known. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the degree of damage induced by...
Article
The aim of the present work was to evaluate the c-myc gene amplification process in cervical samples and to analyze the relationship between the activation of this proto-oncogene and the cytologic and/or histologic status. Thirty-four normal cervical samples and 105 abnormal cervical tissue scrapes, previously used for PAP or histopathologic diagno...
Article
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In the present study we used a simple and reliable method for HLA-DQA1 allele typing based on the single-stranded conformation polymorphism (SSCP) properties of DNA molecules obtained by PCR. The technique consists of PCR amplification of a DNA fragment comprising the second exon of the HLA-DQA1 gene, amplicon denaturation using a low ionic strengt...
Article
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Although data on genetic alterations leading to development of colorectal cancer are abundant, no specific genetic alteration has been demonstrated for each class of tumor. The colorectal cancer phenotype is originated from an accumulation of different genetic alterations. The nature of these alterations, their order of appearance, and their associ...
Article
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c-erbB-2 gene amplification has been described in a variety of human cancers, but it has been poorly studied in noncancerous cytological samples from genital specimens positive for human papillomavirus (HPV). Furthermore, the relationship between this genetic event and the presence of high-risk and low-risk HPV types is poorly studied. Eighty-four...
Article
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This study describes a fast and simple method for human papillomavirus (HPV) typing based on the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification of a portion of the viral genome and single strand conformation polymorphism using low ionic strength solutions (LIS-SSCP). PCR products were obtained using My09/My11 and Gp5/Gp6 primers in a nested reaction...
Article
Clinical and epidemiological data have linked cervical cancer to the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection. However, the presence of HPV infection alone is not enough to cause tumorigenesis, suggesting a role for additional host-cell genetic factors. The aim of the present work was to study the association of K-ras and c-erbB-2 mutations in cervica...
Article
Full-text available
Ninety-one non cancerous samples from genital specimens positives for VPH 16 or 18 and 27 non-infected samples as controls were studied. Mutations at codon 12 in K-ras gene was analyzed using enriched alelic PCR technique. Among the samples studied 17.58% showed mutations in this codon. Significant differences were observed between the control grou...
Article
The current study was designed to determine the association between K-ras point mutations and the presence of high- and low-risk HPV types in noncancerous samples. One hundred fifty-five noncancerous cytological samples from genital specimens positive for HPV-6, -16, or -18 were analyzed for codon 12 ras point mutations. DNA samples were subjected...
Article
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Many cattle breeds have been subjected to high selection pressure for production traits. Consequently, population genetic structure and allelic distribution could differ in breeds under high selection pressure compared to unselected breeds. Analysis of k -casein, a S1-casein and prolactin gene frequencies was made for Argentine Creole (AC) and Arge...
Article
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Most class II genes show a wide genetic variation both in the number of loci and the number of alleles among and within species. Sequence conservation during evolution has proven to be high enough in domestic animals for primer sequences developed for one species to be employed to amplify sequences of another. The aim of this work was to develop a...
Article
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During the last few years, the study of biological diversity has become important for the management and conservation of both wild and domestic species. About one third of the 3213 domestic breeds currently estimated to exist are at risk of extinction. Conservation Genetics allows the understanding of the significance of genetic diversity (a fundam...
Article
The Argentine Creole is a local breed of cattle with high reproductive performance. This breed also shows resistance to many subtropical diseases. The cytogenetic status of the Argentine Creole, in particular the incidence of 1/29 translocation and Y-chromosome morphology, is not known in Argentina. Taking these factors into account, the cytogeneti...
Article
Gene and genotype frequencies of BoLA-DRB3 were studied in seven herds of Argentine Creole cattle. Twenty-one out of thirty previously identified alleles were detected in this breed. The F statistics showed high degree of variability among the studied subpopulations suggesting that subdivision and genetic drift, rather than inbreeding, have been th...
Article
Full-text available
Gene frequencies at the k-casein locus were estimated in six different herds (N = 180) of Argentinean Creole cattle. The results showed a strong influence of subdivision and independent evolution on the divergence of the observed gene frequencies. These results suggest that the population structure of these herds favor the maintenance of polymorphi...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the first void urine (FVU) as a non-invasive sampling method for HPV detection and genotyping in a high-risk population. Men presenting with HPV associated penile lesions or HPV positive partners attending a urological department in La Plata, Argentina were enrolled for HPV detection and genotyping. DNA...

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Projects (6)
Project
La metagenómica (análisis de microbiomas) tiene el potencial de revolucionar las estrategias de detección de patógenos en los laboratorios de salud pública, al permitir la detección simultánea de todos los microorganismos presentes en una determinada muestra clínica, sin el conocimiento preexistente de sus identidades. Esto se logra a través de la secuenciación masiva de ADN (NGS). Un solo análisis metagenómico tiene el potencial necesario para detectar patógenos poco frecuentes, no cultivables o no descritos. Además, puede mostrar el papel de las disbiosis en ciertas enfermedades infecciosas y crónicas. Objetivo: Analizar mediante estrategias metagenomicas, la microbiota cervical en un grupo de mujeres positivas para la infección genital por virus de papiloma humano (VPH) de alto riesgo (VPH16 y/o VPH18) con diagnostico confirmado de citología negativa para neoplasia cervical, lesiones intraepiteliales escamosas de bajo grado; alto grado y cáncer cervical, pertenecientes al programa de promoción y control de cáncer del Distrito Capital (Bogotá), Colombia.